Directions (Qs. 1-6): a number of sentences are given below which, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph

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Directions (Qs. 1-6): A number of sentences are given below which, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.
1. (A) Realists believe that there is an objective reality “out there” independent of ourselves.

(B) This reality exists solely by virtue of how the world is and it is in principle discoverable by application of the methods of science.

(C) They believe in the possibility of determining whether or not a theory is indeed really true or false.

(D) I think it is fair to say that this is the position to which most working scientists subscribe.

(a) ABCD (b) CDBA (c) DCBA (d) BCAD

A


2. (A) There is a strong manufacturing base for a variety of products.

(B) India has come a long way on the technology front.

(C) But the technology adopted has been largely of foreign origin.

(D) There are, however, areas such as atomic energy, space, agriculture, and defence where significant strides have been made in evolving relevant technologies within the country.

(a) ADCB (b) DBAC (c) BACD (d) CBAD
C

3. (A) In emission trading, the government fixes the total amount of pollution that is acceptable to maintain a desired level of air quality.

(B) Economists argue this approach makes air pollution control more cost-effective than the current practice of fixing air pollution standards and expecting all companies to pollute below these standards.

(C) USA uses emission trading to control air pollution.

(D) It then distributes emission permits to all companies in the region, which add up to the overall acceptable level of emission.

(a) BADC (b) ACDB (c) CBAD (d) DBAC

C

4. (A) The individual companies vary in size, from the corner grocery to the industrial giant.

(B) Policies and management methods within firms range from formal, well-planned organization and controls to slipshod day-to-day operations.

(C) Various industries offer a wide array of products or services through millions of firms largely independent of each other.

(D) Variation in the form of ownership contributes to diversity in capital investment, volume of business and financial structure.

(a) DBCA (b) CADB (c) BADC (d) ADCB

B

5. (A) All levels of demand, whether individual, aggregate, local, national or international are subject to change.

(B) At the same time science and technology add new dimensions to products, their uses, and the methods used to market them.

(C) Aggregate demand fluctuates with changes in the level of business activity, GNP and national income.

(D) The demand of individuals tends to vary with changing needs and rising income.

(a) CBDA (b) DCAB (c) BCAD (d) ADCB


D

6. (A) Secret persons shall strike with weapons, fire or poison.

(B) Clans mutually supporting each other shall be made to strike at the weak points.

(C) He shall destroy their caravans, herds, forests and troop reinforcements.

(D) The conqueror shall cause enemy kingdoms to be destroyed by neighbouring kings, jungle tribes, pretenders or unjustly treated princes.

(a) DCBA (b) ABCD (c) BDCA (d) ADCB


A


Directions (Qs. 7-19): Arrange the sentences A, B, C, D to form a logical sequence between sentences 1 and 6:

7. 1.What does the state do in a country where tax morality is very low?

(A) It tries to spy upon the tax payers.

(B) It investigates income sources and spending patterns.

(C) Exactly what the tax authority tries to do now even if inconsistently.

(D) It could also encourage people to denounce to the tax authorities any conspicuously prosperous neighbours why may be suspected of net paying their taxes properly.

6. The ultimate solution would be an Orwellian System.

(a) BACD (b) DBAC (c) ABCD (d) DCBA


A

8. 1. The fragile Yugoslav state has uncertain future.

(A) Thus there will surely be chaos and uncertainty if people fail to settle their differences.

(B) Sharp ideological differences already exist in the country.

(C) Ethnic, regional, linguistic and material disparities are profound.

(D) The country will also loose the excellent reputation it enjoyed in international arena.

6. at worst, it will once more become vulnerable to international conspiracy and intrigue.

(a) BCAD (b) ADCB (c) ACBD (d) DBCA

A

9. 1. India’s experience of industrialization is characteristics of the difficulties faced by a newly-independent developing country.



(A) In 1947 India was undoubtedly as underdeveloped country with one of the lowest per capita incomes in the world.

(B) Indian industrialization was the result of a conscious deliberate policy of growth by indigenous political elite.

(C) Today India ranks fifth in the international community of nations if measured in terms of purchasing power.

(D) Even today, however, the benefits of Indian industrialization since independence have not reached the masses.

6. In India, there have been limited successes; one more example of growth without development.

(a) CDAB (b) DCBA (c) CABD (d) BACD


D

10. 1. The New Economic Policy comprises of the various policy measures and changes introduced since July 1991.

(A) There is a common thread running through all these measures.

(B) The objective is simple- to improve the efficiency of the system.

(C) The regulator mechanism involving multitude of controls has fragmented the capacity and reduced competition even in the private sector.

(D) The thrust of new policy is towards creating a more competitive environment as a means to improving the productivity and efficiency of the economy.

6. This is to be achieved by removing the barriers and restriction on the entry and growth of firms.

(a) DCAB (b) ABCD (c) BDAC (d) CDBA

B

11. 1. It is significant that one of the most common objections to competition is that it is bad.

(A) This is important because in a system of free enterprise based on private property chances are not equal and there is indeed a strong case for reducing that inequality of opportunity.

(B) Rather it is a choice between a system where it is the will of a few persons that decides who is to get what and one where it depends at least partly on the ability and the enterprise of the people.

(C) Although competition and justice may have little else in common, it is as much a commendation of competition of justice that it is no respecter of justice.

(D) The choice today is not between a system in which everybody will get what he deserves according to some universal standard and one where individual shares are determined by chance or goodwill.

6. The fact that opportunities open to the poor in a competitive society are much more restricted than those open to the rich, does not make it less true that in such a society the poor are more free than a person commanding much greater material comfort in a different type of society.

(a) CDBA (b) DCBA (c) ABCD (d) BADC

A

12. 1. The necessity for regional integration in South Asia is underlined by the very history of the last 45 years since the liquidation of the British Empire in this part of the world.

(A) After the partition of the Indian sub continent, Pakistan was formed in that very area which the imperial powers had always marked out as the potential base for operations against the Russian power in Central Asia.

(B) Because of the disunity and ill-will among the South Asian neighbours, particular India and Pakistan, the great powers from outside the area could meddle into their affairs and thereby keep neighbours apart.

(C) It needs to be added that it was the bountiful supply of sophisticated arms that emboldened Pakistan to go for war like bellicosity towards India.

(D) As a part of the cold war strategy of the U.S., Pakistan was sucked into Washington’s military alliance spreading the over the years.

6. Internally too, it was the massive induction of American arms into Pakistan which empowered the military junta of the country to stuff out the civilian government and destroy democracy in Pakistan.

(a) ACBD (b) ABDC (c) CBAD (d) DCAB

B

13. 1. Commercial energy consumption shows an increasing trend and poses a major challenge for the future.



(A) The demand for petroleum during 1996-97 and 2006-07 is anticipated to be 81 million tones and 125 million tones respectively.

(B) According to the projection of 14th Power Survey Committee Report, the electricity generation requirements from utilities will be about 415 billion units by 1996-97 and 824 billion units by 2006-07.

(C) The production of coal should reach 303 million tones by 1996-97 to achieve Plan targets and 460 million tones by 2006-07.

(D) The demand for petroleum products has already outstripped indigenous production.

6. Electricity is going to play a major role in the development of infrastructure facilities.

(a) DACB (b) CADB (c) BADC (d) ABCD

A

14. 1. The success of any unit in a competitive environment depends on prudent management of resources.


(A) In this context it would have been more appropriate if the concept of accelerated depreciation together with additional incentives towards capital allowances for recouping a portion of the cost of replacements out of the current generations had been accepted.

(B) Added to this are the negligible retention of profits because of inadequate capital allowances are artificial disallowances of genuine outflows.

(C) One significant cause for poor generation of surpluses is the high cost of capital and its servicing cost.

(D) The lack of a mechanism in India tax laws for quick recovery of capital costs has not received its due attention.

6. While this may apparently look costly from the point of view of the exchequer, the ultimate cost to the government and the community in the losses suffered through poor viability will be prohibitive.

(a) ADBC (b) BCDA (c) CBDA (d) DBAC

C

15. 1. Count Rumford is perhaps best known for his observations on the nature of heat.



(A) He undertook several experiments in order to test the theories of the origin of frictional heat.

(B) According to the calorists, the heat was produced by the “caloric” squeezed out of the chips in the process of separating them from the larger pieces of metal.

(C) Lavoisier had introduced the term “caloric” for the weightless substance heat, and has included it among the chemical elements along with carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen.

(D) In the ammunitions factory in Munich, Rumford noticed that a considerable degree of heat developed in a brass gun while it was being bored.

6. Rumford could not believe that the amount of heat generated could have come from the small amount of dust created.

(a) ABCD (b) CBDA (c) ACDB (d) CDAB


C

16. 1. The death of cinema has been predicted annually.

(A) It hasn’t happened.

(B) It was said that the television would kill it off-and indeed audiences plummeted, reaching a low in 1984.

(C) Film has enjoyed a renaissance, and audiences are now roughly double of what they were a decade ago.

(D) Then the home computer became the projected nemesis followed by satellite television.

(a) CADB (b) BDAC (c) ABDC (d) DABC

C

17. 1. The idea of sea-floor spreading preceded the theory of plate tectonics.

(A) The hypothesis was soon substantiated by the discovery that periodic reversals of the earth’s magnetic field are recorded in the oceanic crust.

(B) In its original version, it described the creation and destruction of the ocean floor, but it did not specify rigid lithospheric plates.

(C) An explanation of this process devised by F. J. Vine and D. H. Matthews of Princeton is now generally accepted.

(D) The sea-floor spreading hypothesis was formulated chiefly by Harry H. Hess of Princeton University in the early 1960s.

6. As magma rises under the mid-ocean ridge, ferromagnetic minerals in the magma become magnetized in the direction of the geomagnetic field.

(a) DCBA (b) ABDC (c) CBDA (d) DBAC

A

18. 1. Visual recognition involves string and retrieving of memories.

(A) Psychologists of the Gastalt School maintain that objects are recognized as a whole in parallel procedure.

(B) Neutral activity, triggered by the eye, forms an image in the brain’s memory system that constitutes an internal representation of the viewed object.

(C) Controversy surrounds the question of whether recognition is a single one-step procedure or a serial step-by-step one.

(D) When an object is encountered again, it is matched with its internal recognition and thereby recognized.

6. The internal representation is matched with the retinal image in a single question.

(a) DBAC (b) DCAB (c) BDCA (d) CABD


D

19. 1. The history of mammals dates back at least to Triassic time.

(A) Miocene and Pliocene time was marked by culmination of several groups and continued approach towards modern characters.

(B) Development was retarded, however, until the sudden acceleration of evolutional change that occurred in the oldest Paleocene.

(C) In the Oligocene Epoch, there was further improvement, with appearance of some new lines and extinction of theories.

(D) This led to Eocene time to increase in average size, larger mental capacity, and special adaptations for different modes of life.

6. The peak of the career of mammals in variety and average large size was attained in this epoch.

(a) BDCA (b) ACDB (c) BCDA (d) ACBD

A

Directions (Qs. 20-24): In each question, four parts of a sentence have been given. From the alternatives find the combination which best gives a meaningful sentence.

20. (A) There was the hope that in another existence a greater happiness would reward one

(B) Previous existence, and the effort to do less would be less difficult too when

(C) It would be less difficult to bear the evils of one’s own life if

(D) One could think that they were but the necessary outcome of one’s in a

(a) CABD (b) BDCA (c) BADC (d) CDBA

D

21. (A) he can only renew himself if his soul



(B) He renews himself and

(C) The writer can only be fertile if

(D) Is constantly enriched by fresh experience

(a) CBAD (b) CADB (c) BDCA (d) BACD

A

22. (A) But a masterpiece is



(B) Untaught genius

(C) A laborious career than as the lucky fluke of

(D) More likely to come as the culminating point of

(a) CDAB (b) ADCB (c) CDBA (d) ACDB

B

23. (A) What interests you is the way I which you have created the illusion



(B) They are angry with you, for it was

(C) The public is easily disillusioned and then

(D) The illusion they loved; they do not understand that

(a) ACBD (b) BDCA (c) CBDA (d) BCAD

B

24. (A) An adequate physical and social infrastructure level



(B) The pattern of spatial growth in these towns as also to

(C) The failure of the government to ensure

(D) The roots of the riots are related to

(a) ACBD (b) DBCA (c) ABDC (d) CBDA

B

Directions (Qs. 25-29): In each of the following questions, the answer choice suggest the alternative arrangements of four sentences A, B, C, and D. Choose the alternative which suggests a coherent paragraph.

25. (A) To have settled one’s affairs is a very good preparation to leading the rest of one’s life without concern for the future.

(B) When I have finished this book I shall know where I stand.

(C) One does not die immediately after one has made one’s will; one makes one’s will as a precaution.

(D) I can afford then to do what I choose with the years that remain to me.

(a) DBAC (b) CABD (c) BDAC (d) CBDA

B

26. (A) It is said that India has always been in a hurry to conform to the western thought especially the American.


(B) Even the smaller countries have the guts to take a firm contrarian stand if they feel the policies happen to compromise their country’s interest.

(C) It’s one thing to sprout theories on liberalization, and entirely another to barter the interests of the nation in its name.

(D) In this case too, while a large number of countries are yet to ratify the GATT, India has not only ratified the treaty, but is also preparing to amend the Patents Act.

(a) CABD (b) DCAB (c) CBDA (d) BDCA

C

27. (A) But instead you are faced with another huge crag and the weary trail continues.



(B) No, the path winds on and another mountain bars your way.

(C) When for days you have been going through a mountain pass a moment comes when you are sure that after winding around the great mass of rock in front of you, you will come upon the plain.

(D) Surely after this you will see the plain.

(a) CDBA (b) BADC (c) CADB (d) BCAD

C

28. (A) During one exhibition, however, some air became mixed with the hydrogen, and in the words of the shaken performer: “The explosion was so dreadful that I imagined all my teeth had been blown out!”



(B) An entertainer would finish his act by blowing the hydrogen he had inhaled towards a lighted candle; as the hydrogen caught fire, flames would shoot menacingly from his lips.

(C) A paper filled with hydrogen amazed guests by zooming off in to space.

(D) When people learn about its unique lighter-than-air property, they began to use it in all sorts of parlour stunts.

(a) DCBA (b) DBAC (c) CABD (d) ACBD

A

29. (A) It is exciting and various.


(B) I am a writer as I might have been a doctor or a lawyer.

(C) The writer is free to work in what he believes.

(D) It is so pleasant a profession that it is not surprising if a vast number of persons adopt it who have no qualifications for it.

(a) CADB (b) ABDC (c) DBCA (d) BDAC

D



Directions (Qs. 30-34): Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6 to form a logical sequence of six sentences.

30. 1. It is often said that good actors can get out of a play more than the author has put into it.

(A) A good actor, bringing to a part his own talent, often gives it a value that the layman on reading the play had not seen in it, but at the utmost he can do no more than reach the ideal that the author has seen in his mind’s eye.

(B) In all my plays, I have been fortunate enough to have some of the parts acted as I wanted; but in none have I had all the parts so acted.

(C) That is not true.

(D) He has to be an actor of address to do this; for the most part the author has to be satisfied with an approximation of the performance he visualized.

6. This is so obviously inevitable for the actor who is suited to a certain role may well be engaged and you have to put up with the second or third best because there is no help for it.

(a) BACD (b) DACB (c) CADB (d) DCBA

C

31. 1. I can think of no serious prose play that has survived the generation that gave it birth.


(A) They are museum pieces.

(B) They are revived now and then because a famous part tempts a leading actor or a manager in want of a stop gap thinks he will put on a play on which he has no loyalties to pay.

(C) A few comedies have haphazardly traveled down on a couple of centuries or so.

(D) The audience laughs at their wit with politeness and at their farce with embarrassment.

6. They are not held nor taken out of themselves.

(a) CDBA (b) CABD (c) ABDC (d) BACD

A

32. 1. The wind had savage allies.


(A) If it had not been for my closely fitted helmet, the explosions might have shattered my eardrums.

(B) The first clap of thunder came as a deafening explosion that literally shook my teeth.

(C) I did not hear the thunder I actually felt it – an almost unbearable physical existence.

(D) I saw lightening all around me in every shape imaginable.

6. It was raining so torrentially that I thought I would drown in mid air.

(a) BCAD (b) CADB (c) CBDA (d) ACDB

A

33. 1. All human beings are aware of the existence of a power greater than that of the mortals – the name given to such a power by individuals is an outcome of birth, education and choice.



(A) Logically, therefore such a power should be remembered in good times also.

(B) Their other philanthropic contributions include the construction and maintenance of religious places such as temples or gurudwaras.

(C) Industrial organizations also contribute to the veneration of this power by participating in activities such as religious ceremonies and festivities organized by the employees.

(D) This power provides an anchor in times of adversity, difficulty and trouble.

6. The top management/managers should participate in all such events, irrespective of their personal choice.

(a) CADB (b) BCAD (c) DACB (d) DBCA

C

34. 1. A thorough knowledge of the path or course to be followed is essential for achieving success.


(A) Seniors must show the path clearly by laying down the precise expectations of the management in terms of job description, key result areas and personal targets.

(B) They should also ‘light the path’ by personal example.

(C) Advice tendered or help offered must be objectively evaluated for its effectiveness in achieving the desired goal.

(D) A display of arrogance and a false sense of ‘self worth’, in order to belittle those who come to help, prove dysfunctional.

6. The individuality of each employee must be respected.

(a) CDAB (b) CADB (c) BADC (d) ABCD

D


Directions (Qs. 35-43): Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6 so as to form a logical sequence of six sentences.

35. 1. Currency movements can have a dramatic impact on equity returns for foreign investors.

(A) This is not surprising as many developing economies try to peg their exchange rates to the U.S. dollar or to a basket of currencies.

(B) Many developing economies manage to keep exchange rate volatility lower than that in the industrial economies.

(C) India has also gone in for the full float on the current account and abolished the managed exchange rate.

(D) Dramatic exceptions are Argentina, Brazil and Nigeria.

6. Another emerging market specific risk is liquidity risk.

(a) ADBC (b) CDAB (c) BDAC (d) CABD

D

36. 1. Total forgiveness for a mistake generates a sense of complacency towards target achievement, among the employees.

(A) In such a situation, the work ethos gets distorted and individuals get a feeling that they can get away with any lapse.

(B) The feeling that they develop is whether I produce results or not, the management will not punish me or does not have the guts to punish me.

(C) Also, excess laxity damages management credibility because for a long time the management has maintained that dysfunctional behaviour will result in punishment and when something goes wrong, it fails to take specific punitive action.

(D) The severity of the punishment may be reduced by modifying it but some action must be taken against the guilty so as to serve as a remainder for all others in the organization.

6. Moreover it helps to establish the management’s images of being firm, fair and yet human.

(a) DCBA (b) BACD (c) DBCA (d) CABD

D



37. 1. But the vessel kept going away.

(A) He looked anxiously around.

(B) There was nothing to see but the water and empty sky.

(C) He could now barely see her funnel and masts when heaved up on a high wave.

(D) He did not know for what.

6. A breaking wave slapped in the face and choking him.

(a) DBCA (b) ACDB (c) CADB (d) ABCD

B


38. 1. Managers must lead by example they should not be averse to giving a hand in manual work; if required.

(A) They should also update their competence to guide their subordinates; this would be possible only if they keep in regular touch with new processes, machines, instruments, gauges, system and gadgets.

(B) Work must be allocated to different groups and team members in clear, specific terms.
(C) Too much of wall-building is detrimental to the exercise of the ‘personal charisma’ of the leader whose presence should not be felt only through notices, circulars or memos, but by being seen physically.

(D) Simple, clean living among one’s people should be insisted upon.

6. This would mean the maintaining of an updated organization char; laying down job descriptions; identifying key result areas; setting personal targets; and above all monitoring of performance to meet organizational goals.

(a) BDAC (b) BCDA (c) ADCB (d) ACDB

C

39. 1. The top management should perceive the true worth of people and only then make friends.


(A) Such ‘true friends’ are very few and very rare.

(B) Factors such as affluence, riches, outward sophistication and conceptual abilities are not prerequisites for genuine friendship.

(C) Such people must be respected and kept close to the heart.

(D) Business realities call for developing a large circle of acquaintances and contacts; however; all of them will be motivated by their own self-interest and it would be wrong to treat them as genuine friends.

6. There is always a need for real friends to whom one can turn for balanced, unselfish advice, more so when one is caught in a dilemma.

(a) ABCD (b) ADBC (c) ACDB (d) ACBD

D

40. 1. Managers, especially the successful ones, should guard against ascribing to themselves qualities and attributes which they may not have, or may have in a measure much less than what they think they have!



(A) External appearances can be deceptive.

(B) To initiate action without being in possession of full facts can lead to disastrous results.

(C) Also one should develop confidents who can be used as sounding boards in order to check one’s own thinking against that of the others.

(D) It is also useful to be receptive to feedback about oneself so that a real understanding of the ‘self’ exists.

6. A false perception can be like wearing coloured glasses – all facts get tainted by the colour of the glass and the mind interprets them wrongly to fit into the perception.

(a) DCAB (b) BADC (c) DABC (d) BCAD

D

41. 1. Conflicting demands for resources are always voiced by different functions/departments in an organization.



(A) Every manager examines the task entrusted to him and evaluates the sources required.

(B) Availability of resources in full measure makes task achievement easy because it reduces the effort needed to some-what make do.

(C) A safety cushion is built into demand for resources to offset the adverse impact of any cut imposed by the seniors.

(D) This aspect needs to be understood as a reality.

6. dynamic, energetic, growth oriented and wise management is always are confronted with the inadequacy of resources with respect to one of the four Ms (men, machines, money and materials) and the two Ts (time and technology).

(a) DABC (b) ACBD (c) ABCD (d) BCDA

A

42. 1. Despite the passage of time, a large number of conflicts continue to remain alive, because the wronged parties, in reality or in imagination, wish to take revenge upon each other, thus creating a vicious circle.


(A) At times, managers are called upon to take ruthless decisions in the long-term interests of the organization.

(B) People hurt others, at times knowingly, to teach them a lesson and at other times because they lack correct understanding of the other person’s stand.

(C) The delegation of any power to any person is never absolute.

(D) Every ruthless decision will be accepted easily if the situation at the moment of committing the act is objectively analyzed, shared openly and discussed rationally.

6. Power is misused; its effects can last only for a while, since employees are bound to confront it some day.

(a) BCAD (b) ADBC (c) DABC (d) BADC

B

43. 1. Managers need to differentiate among those who commit an error once, those who are repetitively errant but can be corrected, and those who are basically wicked.



(A) The persons in this category will resort to sweet-talk and make all sorts of promises on being caught, but, at the first opportunity will revert to their bad ways.

(B) Managers must take ruthless action against the basically wicked and ensure their separation from the organization at the earliest.

(C) The first category needs to be corrected softly and duly counseled; the second category should be dealt with firmly and duly counseled till they realize the danger of persisting with their errant behaviour.

(D) It is the last category of whom the managers must be most wary.

6. The punishment must be fair and based on the philosophy of giving all the possible opportunities and help prior to taking ruthless action.

(a) ADCB (b) CDAB (c) CADB (d) BDAC

D




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