Amritsar before partition was re-knowned in terms of industries of woolen tweeds, suiting’s, blankets, shawls etc but got setback later. Amritsar district in overall had 26, 080 numbers of small-scale industrial units with 1, 15, 423 numbers of workers and 13 numbers of
large/medium scale units with 5,910 number of
Fig no.39 Industries at the Focal Point, Mehta Road
orkers in 2007. In existing status, it has been observed that 69% of the district’s small-scale industries are located within the Amritsar city employing approximately 71%
of the workers engaged in SSI units.
Nearly 61.5% of the medium and large- scale units are located within the city which includes Khanna Paper Mill on Fatehgarh Churian Road, Verka Milk Plant, Northern Railway Mechanical Workshop, O.C.M Mill on Attari Road, Gopi Fabrics Pvt.Ltd etc.
The spatial analysis highlights that except industrial focal points which are considered as planned schemes, industries are scattered all along the major corridors of development. Industries scattered all over in Amritsar city, which creates problem of non-compatibility as well as pollution. There is an urgent need to develop industries in a comprehensive manner, they should have specific zone with all state of art infrastructure needs to be identified.
INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT AND PRODUCTION
Industrial employment from small scale/ medium/ large-scale industries in the Amritsar city has been analysed from 2003 to 2007 in comparison to the Amritsar District, which is shown in the table below:
Table 48: Comparison of Industrial Data at City and District Level, 2007
The table no 18 shows that the Amritsar city has the highest no. of small scale units (17,985 units) as compared to medium and large scale units which are only 8 in no. and also provides highest employment (81,772), the share of employment in city comes to 70.84% of the district.
Keeping in view the positive contribution made by small-scale industrial units in the employment generation, the similar contribution has been done in their investment as well as production in the district. Looking at the fixed capital investment in the year 2007, the total investment in case of small-scale industries was of the order of Rs 695.32 crores while in case of large and medium scale industries, it was of the order of Rs 921.33 crores. Similarly, small-scale industries also stand highest in case of production, in the year 2007, the production from small scale units stands at Rs 3,836.61 crores as against the large / medium scale units Rs 826.51 crores.
Fig no.40 Poor road infrastructure, water logging and open dumping of industrial waste in Focal Point, Amritsar
Within Municipal Corporation, Amritsar, the three Focal Points cover a total area of 359.52 acres with a total of 877 industrial sheds/ plots. A rural industrial estate also exists at Kathu Nangal with an area of 3.30 acres. The existing focal points although have provision of water supply, sewerage and storm water drainage but they lack maintenance. The internal roads in the old focal point are not well maintained. Open disposal of hazardous waste and other industrial waste has been observed which needs to be regulated.
A Sector specific Special Economic Zone (SEZ) dedicated to Textiles is coming up in Amritsar at Khasa village on GT Road towards Attari. The Punjab-based Ishan Developers and Infrastructure Limited, is developing The Integrated Textile Park on 100 hectares at village Khasa in Amritsar with the investment.
CHAPTER 4 INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT Although the primary responsibility of disaster management is of the State Governments, the Central Government plays a key role in providing financial and logistic help to the states in tackling both natural and human induced disasters. Till the recent past, India had an entirely different mechanism for disaster management.
4.1 NATIONAL LEVEL MECHANISM
The administration of natural disaster management is the responsibility of the Ministry of Home Affairs, where as certain disasters such as chemical and biological disasters as well as aviation disasters are dealt by the concerned Ministries. The elaborate structural framework in national level is given broadly for understanding.
41.1 National Crisis Management Committee Cabinet Secretary, who is the highest executive officer, heads the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC). Secretaries of all concerned Ministries/ Departments as well as Organizations are members of the Committee. The NCMC gives direction to the Crisis Management Group as deemed necessary. The NCMC gives directions to any Ministries/Departments/ Organizations for specific action needed for meeting the Crisis situation.
4.1.2 National Crisis Management Group The Central Relief Commissioner in the Ministry of home Affairs is the Chairman of the Crisis management Group, which consist of nodal officers from concerned Ministries. The CMGs function includes reviewing every year contingency plans formulated by various Ministries/Departments/ Organizations in their respective sectors. The other functions include:
1. To review measures required dealing with natural disaster.
3. To obtain information from the nodal officers on measures relating to the above.
4.1.3 National Disaster Management Authority
For better coordination of disaster management in national level, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is being constituted. This is a multi disciplinary body with nodal officers from all concerned departments/ministries/ organizations.
Apart from these developments, the government of India has its national Contingency Action Plan prepared by the nodal ministry of disaster management. Also a National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) has been started functioning in the Ministry of Home Affairs with all sophisticated equipments and most modern technologies for disaster management.
4.2 STATE LEVEL MECHANISM Similar to the mechanism in national level, disaster management has been institutionalized in state level also. In the state of Punjab, the Lieutenant Governor is the chairman of Disaster Management Authority and the Chief Minister and the concerned ministers are members.
4.2.1 State Disaster Management Authority Along with other 10 states in India, Punjab has constituted the Amritsar District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) under the chairmanship of Lt. Governor of Amritsar and the Chief Minister and Ministers of relevant Departments as members. For Amritsar, the
Department of Revenue has been identifies as nodal department to tackle disasters, being the Divisional Commissioner as its nodal officer and convener of the DDMA.
4.2.2 State Crisis Management Group The State Crisis Management Group’s function includes reviewing every year contingency plans formulated by various Ministries/Departments/ Organizations in their respective sectors. The other functions include:
1. To review measures required dealing with natural disaster.
2. Coordinate activities of state Governments and districts in relation to disaster preparedness and relief
3. To obtain information from the nodal officers on measures relating to the above.
4.2.3 State Steering Committee
In the special set up of Amritsar, a State Steering Committee has been constituted under the chairman ship of the Chief Secretary of Amritsar with nodal officers from the government departments. This committee is responsible for implementation of Disaster Management Programmes in the NCT of Amritsar. The state steering committee has the following members:
1. Commissioner of Police, Amritsar
2. Vice Chairman, DDA
3. Principal Secretary, Home
4. Principal Secretary, PWD
5. Principal Secretary, Urban Development
6. Commissioner, MCD
7. Chairman, NDMC
8. Chairman of Amritsar Vidyut Board
9. Director General, Amritsar CD & HG
10. Chief Executive Officer, Amritsar Jal Board
11. Divisional Commissioner
12. Chief Fire Officer, Amritsar Fire Service
4.2.4 State Working Groups A couple of working groups are constituted in state level in line with the national set up. These working groups are given with particular responsibilities and they are the core group of such factions. Besides, there is an Emergency operation Centre at the state level to coordinate and perform disaster management activities in a disaster situation as well as in the preparatory stage. In state level the divisional commissioner act as the Incident Commander for the entire National Capital Territory of Amritsar.
4.3district Level Mechanism In Amritsar So far the Deputy Commissioner (Amritsar), with help of Additional District Magistrate under the Department of Relief and Rehabilitation, was looking after the entire disaster management activities in District Amritsar. But as Amritsar Disaster Management Authority (ADMA) has been set up and the proposed Bill for changing name of Relief and Rehabilitation Department as “Department of Disaster Management” is under preparation, the structure of district level disaster management took a new form. Apart from this, GOI- UNDP Disaster Risk Management Programme has been started with the support of United Nations Development Programme.
4.3.1 District Disaster Management Committee-Amritsar
District Disaster Management Committee is the high-powered committee at District level to look after disaster management and emergency response. This high- powered committee is chaired by the Deputy Commissioner (Amritsar) with all Policy Makers from the District/Nodal Officer of each line department/ADM (Amritsar)/SDMs and nodal officers from various Organizations as its members. ADM (Amritsar) is the convener of District Disaster Management Committee (DDMC).
Inclusion of new members and removal of existing members of the DDMC, as it is required, is under the discretion of the DDMC. But this shall be discussed in the Meeting prior to action. Also members from RWA, MTA, MCD councilors etc shall be nominated on rotation basis, so that maximum stakeholder ship can be assured.
A District Project Officer (DPO-Amritsar) has been appointed in the district directly under the Deputy Commissioner to look after the day-to-day affairs of disaster management in the district.
The DDMC members have to meet at least once in two months in normal situation and once in month or more in case of crisis situation. Minutes of DDMC meeting shall be circulated among the members. Also the roles and responsibilities of each member differ each other depends up on the department; there are some common responsibilities. Also each of the DDMC members is member of the Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) in the district.
4.3.2 Duties of DDMC Members-Amritsar The major functions and responsibilities of the District Disaster Management Committee members are given below. Besides these functions as DDMC member, each nodal officer will be accountable to his own department in terms of the disaster management. District Disaster Management Committee (DDMC-Amritsar) is an apex planning body and will play a major role in preparedness and mitigation. The detailed account of the functions of the DDMC has been given in table 4.1
DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE (DDMC) This is headed by the Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar.
Following the list of activities to be taken up by the DDMC:-
Act as a source of information for earthquake safety as well as earthquake loss reduction measures.
Review earthquake related hazards and risks in the city.
Prepare recommendations to identify and mitigate the risks.
Help in co-ordination of the activities at all levels.
Priortize recommendations and adoptions of suitable policies as part of loss-reduction measures, enforce legislations for registration and regulation of builders, promoters and real estate developers for creation of safe habitat.
Review the progress (as per the work plan) in implementing the programme and mainstreaming various initiatives on earthquake vulnerability reduction project in the city.
The DDMc will call in the working groups every quarter to review the progress of the project. The quarterly update will be shared with the chief secretary of Punjab, who in turn will share it with the joint secretary, Disaster Management, Ministry of Home Affairs.
C : Convener, Task Force The Chairperson- DDMC will call the conveners of each task force and the team leaders of each emergency support function every quarter to review the progress of the project. The quarterly update will be shared with the chief secretary and the relief commissioner of the state who in turn will share it with joint Secretary Disaster Management, Ministry of Home Affairs.
Following are the member of the DDMC:
Chairperson as Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar, Head of emergency Operation Center. Team Leader—ESF 12 (COORDINATION) Convener Task force 1--(EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE PLAN)
S.P. Police, Amritsar, Team Leader—ESF 1 (COMMUNICATION)
District Fire Officer, Amritsar, Team Leader—ESF 2 (EVACUATION-SEARCH AND RESCUE)
Civil surgeon, Amritsar Team Leader--ESF 3 (EMERGENCY MEDICAL RESPONSE)
ADM (Food and civic supplies) Team Leader--ESF 4 (RELIEF-WATER-FOOD-SHELTER)
ADM (Law and Order), Amritsar Team Leader--ESF 5 (LOGISTIC-ELECTRICITY-WATER) --ESF 12 (LAW & ORDER)
District Transport Officer, Amritsar Team Leader--ESF 6 (TRANSPORT)
Deputy collector, Land Reform Team Leader--ESF 7 (DAMAGE)
Secretary, Rotary Club Team Leader--ESF 8 (VOLUNTEERS AND DONATIONS)
Superintending Engineer, PWD (ROAD) Team Leader-- ESF 9 (PUBLIC WORKS)
Special Officer, Municipality Team Leader--ESF 10 (ROAD-DEBRIS CLEARANCE)
District public relation Officer, amritsar Convener Task Force 2 (AWARENESS GENERATION before Earthquake) Team Leader--ESF 11 (AWARENESS GENERATION, PUBLIC INFORMATION AND HELP LINES during earthquake)
MD, MEDIA Convener task force 3 (TECHNO LEGAL EVALUATION AND AMENDMENT)
Chairperson, Institute of engineers, India (IEI), Local Chapter, Amritsar convener Task Force 4 (TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING)
The DDMC came into currency because of the frequent occurrence of disasters in the district. The primary aim of the committee is to have proper coordination among all the line departments. The Deputy Commissioner is the chairman of the DDMC and the district level response is coordinated under his guidance.
The DDMC exists to assist the Deputy Commissioner:-
Reviewing the threats of disaster.
Analyzing the vulnerability of the district to such disasters.
Evaluating the preparedness.
Considering suggestions for the improvement of the District Disaster Management Plan.
Range of activities designed to maintain control over disasters/emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping at-risk people to avoid or recover from impact of a disaster viz. deal with situations prior to, during and after a disaster.
Disaster Risk Management- A systematic process of using administrative decisions, organizations, operational capacities to implement policies, strategies, coping capacities to lessen impacts of hazards- it comprises prevention (structural and non-structural measures) & mitigation (to limit the risk/vulnerability) and preparedness. E.g. Floods: physical measures like dams, embankments, channeling of streams, relocating communities or capacity development.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE COMMITTEE
To educate the public on different hazards and what protective steps should be taken.
To make arrangements for emergency action.
To effect evacuation from ward community when necessary.
Rescue and Rehabilitation.
Post Earthquake/Flood/Cyclone action/other calamity and review.
District Disaster Management Committee
There shall be a core committee which is constituted as under:
Name of D.M.C
Deputy Commissioner, Amritsar
Commissioner of Police ,Amritsar (City)
S.E.PWD B&R,Division No1
S.E.PWD B&R Division No.2
District Commandant Home Guard & Civil Defense, Amritsar