District disaster management


PUNJAB STATE ELECTRICITY BOARD (PSEB)

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PUNJAB STATE ELECTRICITY BOARD (PSEB)




Designation

Office Phone No.

Chief Engineer

2455001

SE-Civil Lines

2455000

XEN- Civil Lines

2448349

SDO-Civil Lines

2448347

SE-East

-

SE- H.Q.

-


SOPs for Nodal Agency:

• IC will call the TL of Primary Agency and get the ESF activated.

• TL of primary agency will call nodal officers of supporting agencies.

• TL would activate the District Quick response Team.

• The QRTs will be deployed at the affected site.

• TL will dispatch emergency repair teams equipped with tools, tents and food.

SOP for Quick Response Team on electricity

o The QRT members will reach the nodal office as soon as they get instructions to do so from the TL.

o QRT members would reach to the site immediately after receiving instructions from the nodal officer

o On the site QRT members will take stock of the situation from the IC at the site and their counter parts.

o The QRTs will coordinate, collect, process, report and display essential elements of information and facilitate support for planning efforts in response operations.

• Begin repairing and reconstruction work

• Assisting hospitals in establishing an emergency supply by assembling generators and other emergency equipments, if necessary.

• The members of QRTs will establish temporary electricity supplies for other key public and private water systems.

• The members of QRTs will establish temporary electricity supplies for transit camps, feeding centers, relief camps, District Control Room and on access roads to the same.

• The members of QRTs will establish temporary electricity supplies for relief material go downs.

• Compile an itemized assessment of damage, from reports made by various electrical receiving centers and sub-centers.

• Report about all the activities to the head office.

7.1.11 ESF 11


ESF-11 TRANSPORTATION

DTO(District Transport Officer)

Railway, PWD, Civil Defense, Scout, NCC, Airport, Municipal Corporation, City Bus, Minibus, and Truck association, Taxi and auto associations, private ambulances etc.

  • smooth transportation links at state and district level

  • quick and safe movement of material and humans are a priority

  • coordinate the use of transportation resources to support the needs of emergency support forces

  • requiring transport capacity to perform their emergency response, recovery and assistance missions


Situation assumptions

• The state civil transportation infrastructure will sustain damage, limiting access to the disaster area.

• Access will improve as routes are cleared and repaired.

• The movement of relief supplies will create congestion in the transportation services.


ACTION AREA/ RESPONSIBILITIES

INITIAL ACTION

  • Transportation of personnel, supplies, food and equipment.

  • Fuelling, service, maintenance and repair of vehicles and other ground support equipment.

  • Implementing traffic plan for the incident.



Amritsar District Transportation Officer


0183-2565244


SOPs for Nodal Agency:

  • TL of Transportation ESF will activate the ESF on receiving the intimation of the disaster from District EOC.

  • TL would inform Nodal Officers (NOs) of support agencies about the event and ESF activation.

  • TL establishes contact with the district EOC for FIR

  • TL requests for reports from local Transportation ESF contact person

  • TL communicates situation to support agencies and requests for detailed information on the status of transportation infrastructure in the affected area(s).


SOP for Quick Response Team on transport
o The QRT members will reach to the nodal office as soon as they will get instructions to do so from the TL.

o As quick response teams will receive instructions from the nodal officer they would reach to the site immediately.

o QRTs would report the situation and the progress on action taken by the team to the respective EOCs

o QRT will send a requirement schedule for the different modes of transportation e.g. trucks, boats, helicopters to be put on stand-by.

o QRTs will ensure timely re-establishment of the critical transportation links.

• The members of QRTs will establish temporary electricity supplies for relief material

go downs.

• Compile an itemized assessment of damage, from reports made by various electrical receiving centers and sub-centers.

• Reporting about all activities to the head office.
7.2 SOP FOR COMMUNITY TASK FORCES

Community or the local functionary is the most important mechanism in disaster management. Community Based Disaster Management (CBDM) is the latest methodology that is successfully experimented in India. CBDM is basically concerned all about with community disaster awareness initiatives, which is a comprehensive method to inform and train the local residents about how to prepare to cope up with natural as well as human induced disasters.

7.2.1 Community Task Forces
A perfect community based disaster management will be possible only with the help of community task forces. Community Task Forces (CTF) are the voluntary service group constituted out of the local able-bodies males and females for community disaster management through preparedness, mitigation and relief0resuce as well. The CTFs will help in preparation of plan documents, which is a must in CBDM. These CTFs will be trained by the DDMC of District Amritsar in such a way that they could be volunteers incase of any emergency, other wise catalyst in creating awareness among the public in disaster management. The CBDM Plan shall be prepared through Participatory Learning Appraisal (PLA) methods. Each Community Task Force member has to perform his or her own duties and responsibilities. They are as follows:
7.2.2 CTF 1 Warning and Communication Group
Pre-Disaster

1. Ensure that communication equipments are in working order

2. Ensure an emergency contact directory with all relevant numbers

3. Carry a hazard map demarcating the most vulnerable/safe areas and households


On receipt of warning

1. Assemble in a central location and listen to radio together to determine the situation

2. Pay attention to local warnings and their interpretation

3. Crosscheck the warning received on radio, with the nearest control room

4. Disseminate the warning using megaphones/mikes sirens etc., door-to-door

During disaster

1. Remain in the safe shelters and provide the evacuees with regular updates

After a Disaster

1. Get the de-warning from District Control Room and announce the same

2. Disseminate precautionary information on post disaster health hazards and remedies

3. Give immediate assessment to the authority on damage, massive casualty etc

4. Guide the search and rescue team with geographic information and high damage

7.2.3 CTF 2 Evacuation and Temporary Shelter Management Group
Pre-Disaster

1. Monitor the infrastructure needs of the Community such as roads, school etc.

2. Co-ordinate with the local authority to identify/location for setting relief camps.

3. Check for plaster cracks and damp patches in safe shelters that require repairs

4. Stock dry food and other safe food stocks, fuels, etc.

5. Ensure that the shelters are easily approachable.

6. Ensure that the shelters are cleaned regularly
On Receipt of Warning

1. Evacuate people from their homes and clear the area as soon as possible

2. Move stocks of dry food, fuel and medicines to the shelters

3. Organize space to house evacuee families

4. Help the old, disabled, pregnant women, children etc to settle in the shelter

5. Ensure that strict sanitary practices are adhered to in the shelter

6. Register the evacuees and give them identification slips/cards
During disaster

1. If caught inside withstand with their backs against a strong indoor wall

2. If outside during disaster, run to an open space away from trees, buildings etc

3. If in a moving vehicle, stop and stay inside

Post Disaster

1. To ensure that evacuees are fed and housed until the de-warning is received

2. Organize tents and materials for construction of temporary shelters

3. Collect stocks of food, clothing, and fuel etc.

4. Clean and disinfect the shelter all throughout the stay and before leaving

5. Help NGOs and their engineers in conducting meeting and rehabilitation activity

6. Monitor the rehabilitation and reconstruction process of the community


7.2.4 CTF 3 Damage Assessment Group
Pre-Disaster

1. Carry a hazard map demarcating the most vulnerable/safe areas and households

2. Prepare and store sufficient number of assessment formats required
During disaster

1. Remain in the safe shelters and provide the evacuees with regular updates

2. Call emergency meeting of the group and assign duties and area of assessment
After a Disaster

1. Give immediate assessment to the authorities on damage, missing, casualty etc

2. Give detailed report of assessment to the authority.

3. Guide the search and rescue team with geographic information


7.2.5 CTF 4 Search And Rescue Group
Pre-Disaster

1. Familiarize themselves with existing response mechanisms of the government

2. Arrange for the necessary S&R equipment from Govt and Pvt Agencies

3. Use the equipment properly and maintain it well

4. Have a detailed map of the Community indicating vulnerable areas/safe areas

5. Organize themselves into pairs (buddy system)

6. Prepare back up teams ready for rotation of personnel
On Receipt Warning

1. Organize a meeting of the S&R members

2. Contact the administration for detailed information

3. Identify the vulnerable areas in which their help is required and decide the action plan

4. Gather the equipments required

5. Assist the evacuation team in moving people to the safe shelter

6. Co-ordinate with the First Aid team to provide primary health care

7. Shift the seriously injured persons to hospital/PHC

Post Disaster

1. Conduct a general hazard assessment to determine the possible hazards

2. Make a quick head count and maintain a list of missing persons

3. Clear debris and fallen trees in order to reach trapped victim.

4. Communicate with the sub-division and District levels on additional assistance

5. Coordinate closely with the first aid team for primary health care to rescued victims

6. Coordinate with the evacuation team to shift rescued persons to open space/tents

7.2.6 CTF 5 First Aid and Trauma Counseling Group
Pre-Disaster

1. Maintain a list of pregnant women, infants, disabled, sick, old etc

2. Keep First Aid kits ready and ensure that expired drugs are replaced with new ones

3. Distribute basic medicines and demonstrate their use

4. To keep stretchers/local alternative ready to carry injured people
On receipt of Warning

1. Ensure that contents of all First Aid kits are satisfactory.

2. Move into the safe shelter.

3. If caught inside, stand with their backs against a strong in door wall (in EQ)

4. If outside during the earthquake, run to an open space (in EQ)

5. If in a moving vehicle, will stop and stay inside (in EQ)


Post-Disaster

1. Attend to the injured people

2. Counsel the traumatized people

3. Listen to and calm the victims affectionately and patiently

4. Help doctors and paramedics shift the ill and the injured to hospitals

5. Isolate the cases with infectious diseases and prevent them from spreading

6. Provide preventive medication if there is danger of cholera, dysentery etc

7. Inform the relief group about medical supplies that are running low.



7.2.7 CTF 6 Relief Co-Ordination Group

Pre-disaster

1. Familiarize with damage and needs assessment formats

2. Assess the estimated need of relief materials

3. Mobilize stocks of food grains and medicines from government, NGOs, etc.

4. Stocks materials like ropes, bamboos, tarpaulin etc in the safe shelter identified

5. Keep a record of the stock available and maintain and dispatch them as required

6. Always be impartial and sincere to the duty the victims

7. Be transparent in the accounting and stocks by giving timely correct information.

On receipt of Warning

1. Coordinate with the evacuation and temporary shelter management team to move stocks of food, water and so on to the safe shelter

2. Move to the safe shelter

3. If caught inside, will stand with their backs against a strong indoor wall (in EQ)

4. If outside, run to an open space away from trees, buildings and electric lines (in EQ)

5. In a moving vehicle, will stop and stay inside (in EQ)

Post Disaster

1. Conduct a complete damage and need assessment

2. Based on a preliminary need assessment as follows, communicate preferences to the District Control Room
The size, scope of the relief items required

Likely duration of the distribution of relief material

The estimated number of people affected

Local capacity, resources and external help

The immediate needs of the victims
3. Communicate the assessment findings to other Task Force groups and local authorities

4. Establish a distribution centre or community kitchen begin distribution

5. Ensure that food and other materials are distributed in an equitable manner

6. Prioritizes the elderly persons, pregnant women, children etc.

7. Maintain a list of the households receiving assistance

8. Make a physical inventory of stocks when external assistance arrives

9. Work closely with the communication group to stay in touch with control room

10. Organize a meeting to evaluate the experience, internalize learning

11. Keep the undistributed relief material in a safe place/go down and preserve it
7.2.8 CTF 7 Water And Sanitation Group
Pre-Disaster Preparedness Activities

1. Ensure sufficient supplies of chlorine tablets etc. for disinfecting drinking water

2. Ensure sufficient stocks of lime powder for disinfecting large water bodies

3. Ensure that sufficient water is stored in proper tanks and jerry cans in safe shelters

4. Ensure that there is list of contact persons at Distcom and Jal Board for assistance

5. Raise prior awareness amongst the community about how to treat water sources

6. Set a minimum standard in advance for distribution of water in emergency

7. Ensure sufficient number of raised platforms, deep tube wells etc constructed

8. Stock long steel rods, kerosene and fuel wood to dispose corpus and carcasses

9. Help of the local administration to construct temporary sanitary facilities

10. Identify the tractors and lab ours required for sanitation purposes

11. Contact Jal Board for assistance in acquiring diesel engines and generators

On Receipt of Warning
1. Assess the drinking water supply and available water resources

2. Organize for alternate power supply by procuring generators/diesel engines

3. Ensure that the sanitation facilities at the safe shelter are in working order

4. Move into the safe shelter for ones own safety


Post Disaster

1. Make immediate repairs of broken or burst pipes

2. Coordinate with AJB/MCA/NDMC for procurement of water tankers if required

3. Disinfect large water bodies with lime powder

4. Coordinate with the Sanitary Inspectors for taking drinking water samples

5. Ensure that water is distributed in an equitable manner

6. Ensure that sufficient water is available in bathing units and toilets at relief camps

7. Demarcate areas for safe excreta disposal around the relief camp

8. Guide the local authorities to construct latrines away from groundwater sources.

9. Coordinate with the local authority to construct sufficient bathing cubicles for females

10. Spray bleaching powder and other disinfectants to prevent infectious disease

11. Ensure that solid waste is put in refuse containers or buried in a refuse pit

12. Ensure that there are no medical wastes such as needles, drugs etc. lying around

13. Co-ordinate with the first aid team to inoculate against water borne diseases

14. Construct temporary soak pits for onsite disposal of wastewater

15. Co-ordinate with the search and rescue team for disposal of carcasses



16. Ensure that dead bodies are registered and cremated after legal/religious formalities

CHAPTER 08
DISASTER MANAGEMENT OF DISTRICT AMRITSAR

8.1. FLOOD

Introduction
In Amritsar District, particularly in Ajanala Tehsil, the villages along and across Dhussi Bandh have received heavy Loss of standing crops, damaging to the houses, Loss of cattles heads and human lives on account of heavy floods in River Ravi and over-flowing of various Nallahs like Sakhi, Hansli, Patti Rohi, Kasur, Hudiara Drain etc. also caused damage in other part of the distt. There is recorded history of various floods in the year 1947, 1950, 1954-55, 1976, 1988, 1993 and 1995.



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