District disaster management


Help From Voluntary Social Orgnisations

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Help From Voluntary Social Orgnisations

The SDM shall encourage the voluntary social organizations for extending their help to flood affected people for clothing and other food requirements. They will also be motivated to organize temporary relief camps and medicines. The honorary Secretary Distt. Red Cross Society and the Distt. Mandi Officer shall procure whart from the commission agents which shall be given to the flood affected people as and when required.

JEs/ SDOs On Duty At Vulnerable Points


The Drainage Department will pitch tents near vulnerable points on the drains and officials from their department will remain present round the clock.

Executive Engineer, Public Health and Xen, Water Supply and Sewerage Board will be overall in charge of the Distt. and they will be responsible to drain out water from the village in cases of flood and heavy rains.


Flood Fighting Equipmenty And Its Placement


The officer in charge of the Flood Control Room shall have a list of flood relief equipments available in the District. He shall also physically inspect all equipments available in the District. He shall also physically inspect all equipments before 30th June and certify that all relief equipments are in working order.

Stocks Of Tarpaulines To Be Maintained


The Tarpaulins cover will be supplied by the Food Corporation of India, Mark fed and PUNSUP. The DFSC, Amritsar will coordinate with such agencies in the district for supply of such material and shall store 5000 Tarpaulines in this office in this office for catering to the emergent situation. The DFSC will be Nodal officer for this purpose
E.C Bags

Executive Engineer, Drainage, Amritsar shall make arrangements for sufficient no. of E.C. bags so that it could be readily available at the time of emergencies.

Relief Camps

The Distt. Food and Supply Controller, Amritsar and chief Agriculture Officer, Amritsar will be overall in charge of these camps. The Distt. Food and Supply Controller will ensure proper supply of essential commodities and will keep ready the availability of 1000 bags of atta, 15 gtls of Dal and sufficient stock of vegetable oils and kerosene oil etc at call

Medical Facilities


Civil Surgeon, Amritsar will be responsible to supply all kind of medicines in the relief camps and other affected areas in Amritsar District.

He will ensure the availability of sufficient quantity of medicines including the medicines used for the care of the snake-bite, during the flood seasons with all the medical teams constituted by him.

He will also ensure that the medical teams will be operational and moving in the towns and village during the flood seasons and emergency team will be available in the hospital round the clock.

The SMO posted in the Sub Divisions will submit daily progress report to the SDMs concerned.

He will also ensure that proper arrangements for medical treatment if available in the relief camps. He will further ensure that adequate steps are taken to prevent any scope of out break of any epidermis like situation during and after the floods

Drinking Water Supply


The Xen. Public health, Amritsar E.O.M.Cs district Amritsar and secretaries in Market Committees will make all necessary arrangements ensure supply of clean and potable drinking water in relief camps in Distt. Amritsar

Fodder And Medicines For The Live Stock

The Deputy Director Animal Husbandry, Amritsar and Chief Agriculture Officer, Amritsar will ensure that the cattle in food prone village are vaccinated well in time and also maintain stock of medicine at their own level. The arrangements for fodder will also be made with the help of Distt. Mandi Officer, Asr. The teams constituted for the purpose, are to be sent to all blocks and other flood prone areas. The Tehsildar have been specifically directed to make a survey of total number of houses and cattle in different villages prior of flood season so that bogus claims can be avoided. Such information is to be sent before 1.7.2002 positively. Dry fodder should also be kept in sufficient stock.

Arrangement Of Telephone Facilities Separate Line To Army


SDO, Telephone, Asr. shall maintain regular check of the working of the telephones and list of all important numbers shall be sent to him by the DRO, Asr.

Communication


The police wireless system shall function as an alternative mode of communication in case of floods. The SSP Asr. will set up wireless sets in DCs office and in vehicles of all SDMs, Tehsildar and DRO. One high powered set shall be installed in District Flood Control Room with effect from 1.7.02 to 30.9.02

Assistance From Army/ Bsf And Punjab Home Gouard


The ADC, Asr. shall requisition Army help if situation so warrants. The concerned SDM shall inform when ever the help of army is required. The ADC is also requested to call a meeting with the Army Officers and get their contact numbers.

Electricity


The DFO, Asr. will cut the top branches of tress so that the flow of electricity is not hampered during floods. Electricity Department shall ensure regular supply of electricity. The DFO shall be responsible for ensuring immediate removal of fallen tress during the floods/ heavy rains.

Disposal Of Dead Bodies And Cara Cases

The Executive officer of Municipal Councils and Deputy Director, Animal Husbandry shall be responsible for the removal of dead bodies and the carcasses during the flood/ heavy rains.


8.2.Earthquake
Prevention

EARTHQUAKES - Do's and Dont's


 




 

Do’s and Don’ts

What to Do Before an Earthquake

  • Repair deep plaster cracks in ceilings and foundations. Get expert advice if there are signs of structural defects.

  • Anchor overhead lighting fixtures to the ceiling.

  • Follow BIS codes relevant to your area for building standards

  • Fasten shelves securely to walls.

  • Place large or heavy objects on lower shelves.

  • Store breakable items such as bottled foods, glass, and china in low, closed cabinets with latches.

  • Hang heavy items such as pictures and mirrors away from beds, settees, and anywhere people sit.

  • Brace overhead light and fan fixtures.

  • Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections. These are potential fire risks.

  • Secure a water heater, LPG cylinder etc., by strapping it to the wall studs and bolting it to the floor.

  • Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products securely in closed cabinets with latches and on bottom shelves.

  • Identify safe places indoors and outdoors.

    1. Under strong dining table, bed

    2. Against an inside wall

    3. Away from where glass could shatter around windows, mirrors, pictures, or where heavy bookcases or other heavy furniture could fall over

    4. In the open, away from buildings, trees, telephone and electrical lines, flyovers, bridges

  • Educate yourself and family members
  • Know emergency telephone numbers (doctor, hospital, police, etc)


  • Have a disaster emergency kit ready

    1. Battery operated torch

    2. Extra batteries

    3. Battery operated radio

    4. First aid kit and manual

    5. Emergency food (dry items) and water (packed and sealed)

    6. Candles and matches in a waterproof container

    7. Knife

    8. Chlorine tablets or powdered water purifiers

    9. Can opener.

    10. Essential medicines

    11. Cash and credit cards

    12. Thick ropes and cords

    13. Sturdy shoes

  • Develop an emergency communication plan

    1. In case family members are separated from one another during an earthquake (a real possibility during the day when adults are at work and children are at school), develop a plan for reuniting after the disaster.

    2. Ask an out-of-state relative or friend to serve as the 'family contact' After a disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. Make sure everyone in the family knows the name, address, and phone number of the contact person.

  • Help your community get ready

    1. Publish a special section in your local newspaper with emergency information on earthquakes. Localize the information by printing the phone numbers of local emergency services offices and hospitals.

    2. Conduct a week-long series on locating hazards in the home.

    3. Work with local emergency services and officials to prepare special reports for people with mobility impairments on what to do during an earthquake.

    4. Provide tips on conducting earthquake drills in the home.

    5. Interview representatives of the gas, electric, and water companies about shutting off utilities.

Work together in your community to apply your knowledge to building codes, retrofitting programmes, hazard hunts, and neighborhood and family emergency plans.

What to Do during an Earthquake



Stay as safe as possible during an earthquake. Be aware that some earthquakes are actually foreshocks and a larger earthquake might occur. Minimize your movements to a few steps to a nearby safe place and stay indoors until the shaking has stopped and you are sure exiting is safe.

If indoors

  • DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.

  • Protect yourself by staying under the lintel of an inner door, in the corner of a room, under a table or even under a bed.

  • Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.

  • Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.

  • Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly supported, loadbearing doorway.

  • Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.

  • Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.

  • DO NOT use the elevators.

If outdoors

  • Stay there.
  • Move away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and utility wires.


  • Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits, and alongside exterior walls. Most earthquake-related casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects.

If in a moving vehicle

  • Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires.

  • Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake.

If trapped under debris

  • Do not light a match.

  • Do not move about or kick up dust.

  • Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.

  • Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if one is available. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.

After an earthquake

  • Keep calm, switch on the radio/TV and obey any instructions you hear on it.

  • Keep away from beaches and low banks of rivers. Huge waves may sweep in.

  • Expect aftershocks. Be prepared.

  • Turn off the water, gas and electricity.

  • Do not smoke and do not light matches or use a cigarette lighter. Do not turn on switches. There may be gas leaks or short-circuits.

  • Use a torch.

  • If there is a fire, try to put it out. If you cannot, call the fire brigade.

  • If people are seriously injured, do not move them unless they are in danger.

  • Immediately clean up any inflammable products that may have spilled (alcohol, paint, etc).
  • If you know that people have been buried, tell the rescue teams. Do not rush and do not worsen the situation of injured persons or your own situation.


  • Avoid places where there are loose electric wires and do not touch any metal object in contact with them.

  • Do not drink water from open containers without having examined it and filtered it through a sieve, a filter or an ordinary clean cloth.

  • If your home is badly damaged, you will have to leave it. Collect water containers, food, and ordinary and special medicines (for persons with heart complaints, diabetes, etc.)

  • Do not re-enter badly damaged buildings and do not go near damaged structures.

Preparation

  1. Hazard prone area Micre zoning. Drawing of detailed maps of hazard prone area with special in sights keeping in mind evacuation and relief processes.

  2. Authorization Plan- As earthquake is a sudden phenomenon, the Organizational command structure is likely to be affected and can be thrown out of gear. To carry relief and rescue work in the event of a major earthquake, the following levels of command structure may be followed and simulated so that in the absence of one level, the next level may assume the responsibility.

  1. Deputy Commissioner

  2. Municipal Commissioner

  3. Additional Deputy Commissioner (General)

  4. Civil Defense Coordinator

  1. Similarly other important organizations like Health, PWD etc. will be asked to formulate and submit their authorization plan.

  2. An earthquake resistant control room structure should be created. Provision shall also be made to designate an alternate site for the control room in case damage to the control room center.

  3. To avoid problem of coordination and different perspectives and capabilities of different agencies (which may in turn be detrimental to the plan effectiveness), the disaster related needs and equipped with the resources detailed.



EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT GUIDELINES
Guidelines for Earthquake Resistant Buildings


Earthquake Resistant Provisions in Masonry Buildings with Strip Foundation

Zone

Max. Height

Mortar Mix

Bands

Vertical-Reinforcement

Diameter of Vertical Reinforcement

Mortar Mix for Band/Vertical Reinforcement

Bracing of Pitched Roof.

III

Four storey (Less than 15 m)

1:6 Cement sand or 1:2:9 cement-lime-sand

  1. Lintel band

  2. Roof band/Gable

  3. Plinth Band

For Rock/ Hard/Medium soil-not mandotry for soft soil at joint and corners

For Rock/ Hard/Medium soil-not mandotry

For soft single bar

12mm (TOR) or 16mm(MS)

1:3 Cement Sand or M 20 Concrete

Bracing at Tie Level

IV

Four storey (Less than 15 m)


1:6 Cement sand or 1:2:9 cement-lime-sand

  1. Lintel band

  2. Roof band/Gable

  3. Plinth Band

At joints and corners for Rock/ Hard/Medium soft soil

At jambs and openings of soft soil

Single bar

12mm (TOR) or 16mm(MS)

1:3 Cement Sand or M 20 Concrete

Bracing at Tie Level

V

Four storey (Less than 15 m)

1:4 Cement sand or 1:1:6 cement-lime-sand

  1. Lintel band

  2. Roof band/Gable

  3. Plinth Band

At Joint and corners.

At jambs of opening.

Single bar

20mm (TOR) or 25mm(MS)

1:3 Cement Sand or M 20 Concrete

Bracing at Tie Level


ACTION PLAN FOR EARTHQUAKE


Action Points

EARTHQUAKE

PLANNING AND PREPARATION

Identification of earthquake prone areas


IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEMS

  • Loss of humen life

  • Casualities buried under fallen debris

  • Destruction and damage to buildings

  • Disruption of communication by land, sea and air

  • Disruption of civic amenities e.g. electricity, water, transport, medical, telephones

  • Civil supplies etc.

  • Large scale fires

  • Floods in certain areas.

  • Landslide in hilly areas.

  • Disposal of human bodies and animals.

  • Exposure to disease and danger of epidemics.

  • Breakdown of law and order.

  • Breakdown of normal Government machinery in affected areas due to Government servants themselves being affected by earthquake.

  • Loss of morale.

  • Movement of population.

ADVANCE PREPARATORY ACTION PLAN

  • Preoaration of Plans and skeleton organization in advance.

  • Training of personnel.

  • Establishment of alternative means of mobile communications.

  • Mobilization of Fire Services including auxiliary firemen.

  • Plans of rescue of casualities trapped under-debris.

  • Provision of hospital, medical and nursing staff.

  • Medical plans for improvised first aid posts and emergency hospitals.

  • Removal of Debris.

  • Emergency sanitation, alternative supplies of water, salvage and custody of valuables, procurement, distribution accounting of gift stores, care of animals etc.

  • Provision of welfare facilities

AFTER AN EARTHQUAKE

  • Instant reaction


  • Establishment of Control

  • Military Assistance

  • Corpse Disposal

  • Medical

  • Epidemics

  • Salvage

  • Deployment of Resources

  • Outsides Relief

  • Camp-work and Employment

  • Information



REHABILITATION


    1. Damege Assessment.

    2. Restoration of personal belongings, vehicles/other resources requisitioned etc.

    3. Repair of damaged roads/bridges/buildings any other etc.

    4. Control of spread diseses any epidemic.

    5. Provision of safe drinking water.

    6. Checking of public buildings from safety point of view.

    7. Restoration of normal community functions.

    8. Dispelling any rumors as to the safety of the area affected.



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