District disaster management



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Source: Statistical Abstract of Punjab, 2008

Amritsar district ranks 3rd in number of buffaloes in the Punjab State, hence is rich in milk and milk products. Pertaining to higher number of livestock, poultry and fish; the district ranks 1st in number of animals slaughtered. As shown in table no.25, 96.72% of the animals slaughtered in the city are sheep and goats. Average no. of animals slaughtered per day is 208. This reflects high demand of animal skin for the leather factories and also the demand of meat for consumption.



2.9.3 FISHERIES:

The district has natural resources of fishery within its boundaries. The natural fisheries abound in the riverside complex consisting of approximately 128 kms of Beas river, 40 km of Ravi river, 32 kms of Satluj river and 78 kms of Sakki Nala. Besides, there are drains, canals and dhands to the extent of about 400 kms of water courses. The commercially important fish (local name) are: Dhambra or Rohu, Thail, Morkah or Mrigal, Kalehan, Shingara, Saul, Mullec, Paddi, Mahanseer, Kangra etc.

2.10 ROAD NETWORK AND MEANS OF TRANSPORATION

The road network of Amritsar is primarily “Ring Radial” with an intense network of eleven radial roads leading to core city like spokes of a wheel. There are 2 National Highways, 3 State Highways, 6 M.D.R’s and 24 O.D.R’s & number of other important roads passing through the city providing stronger regional linkages (Refer map 8). N.H-1 acts as the central spine cutting the city into two parts namely north and south. These eleven radials emerging out of the city have acted as important nodes for the development.

The road network in the city has been studied in two parts: (i) walled city, (ii) outside walled city (Refer map 9). Walled city carrying one-sixth of the city population is heart of Amritsar city as it generated lot of trade activities, which on other hand generates lot of traffic. A wall and a circular road that runs along the wall both outside and inside the wall bound the old city. There are 14 entry points/ gates of the walled city leading to the various residential areas, specialized bazaars, Golden Temple and other activities within walled city. It has a road network characteristic to a typical medieval town of North India. Narrow winding streets characterize the road network, lanes and by-lanes laid out into introvert planning units. This part of the city is built on human scale with the major thoroughfares and surprising open spaces. The dense road network with narrow width fails to meet the existing transit demands of multi-modal transport with majority of motorized vehicles.

On the other hand, later development includes areas built outside the walled city i.e. north side of the Amritsar – Jalandhar rail line which divides the city into two halves. It is characterized by wide roads. The city does not have any distinct ring although the Circular Road as well as bye pass exist in the northern portion of the city but it is completely absent in the southern portion. The table below lists the important roads passing through the city along with details of road cross sections and right of way.


Table 14: Statement showing the details of Road Cross-Section and R/W of Inter and Intra City Road Falling in Amritsar Local Planning Area

Sr.

No.


Category of Road

Name of Road

Width of Road (Mtrs)

Remarks

R/W

L/B

C\W

R/B

National Highways

1

R1(NH-1)

GT Road(Lahore to Delhi)

  1. 60

  2. 62.70

  3. 54.4

  4. 613.5F

NA

17.35


24.30

252.62F


NA

10+8+10


6.50+2+6.5

108.26F


NA

17.35*


15.30*

252.62F


*Near village Dhodhiwind

*Dual carriage way Near Kot Khalsa

*Near Doburji Distributory

*Near Mehrabanpur



2

R1(NH-15)

Amritsar-Pathankot

30.48M


8.74

13

8.74

*Near village Alkare

3

R1 (NH-15)

Amritsar-Tarn Taran Road

32.56M

11.00

10.06

11.5

* Near village Chabba

State Highways

4

R2 (SH-25)

Amritsar-Ajnala-Dera Baba Nanak

26.70

10.00

6.70

10.00

*Near village Nagal

5

R2 (SH-21)

Amritsar-Bhikhiwind- Khemkaran

27.95M

9.35

6.70

11.90


*Near village Bohru

6

R2(SH-22)

AmritsarSri Hargobind Pur

25.80M

9.70

6.40

9.70

*Near village Chapu Ramsingh

Major District Roads

7

R3(MDR-65)

Amritsar-Chogawan-Rania

23.10

10.80

6.70

5.60




8

R3 (MDR-64)

Amritsar-Fatehgarh Churian

24.10

4.5

(6.70+1.4+6.70)

4.8

* Dual carriage way Near MCA

* Near Tungawala

9


R3 (MDR-63)

Amritsar-Ajnala-Chogawan

32

11.15

9.70

11. 15

*Near UBDC

10

R3 (MDR-61)

Attari-Jhabbal-Tarn Taran-Goindwal

0

26.40

26.40

12

-

11

R3 (MDR-66)

Rayya More-Baba Bakala/Batala

17.40

4.0

6.7

6.7

* Near Baba Bakala

12

R3

Link Road Between GT Road & Ajnala Road

21.7

8.1

5.6

8.1

*Near village Chahia


Source: Master Plan, Amritsar
Table 15: List of O.D.R’s falling in the Amritsar along with Cross-sectional Details

S.No.

Category of Road

Name of Road

Length (kms)

Metalled Width (ft)

1

R4

Jandiala to Tarn Taran

16.22

23

2

R4

Harsa Chhina-Fatehgarh Churian

16.38

12

3

R4

Beas-Dera Baba Jaimal Singh-Sathiala-Butala

N.A

5.72-33’

9.60-18’


4.80-10’

4

R4

Jandiala-Veroval

21.62

18’

5


R4

G.T Road to Gehri Mandi Railway Crossing

3.10

18’

6

R4

Gehri mandi Bazar

0.50

23’

7

R4

Chheharta Dhand Bir Road

17.15

15.80-18’

1.35-22’


8

R4

Rajatal-Naushera Dhalla road

4.58

12’

9

R4

Approach to Warrpal Rly Station from NH-15

2.41

12’

10

R4

Approach to Attari Rly Station from NH-1

1.80

18’

11

R4

Majitha Bye pass


0.96

10’

12

R4

Mall Road Amritsar

4.34

48’

13

R4

Approach to Verka Railway station from NH-15

0.13

15’

14

R4

GT Road to Govt. Polytechnic

0.85

10’

15

R4

Albert Road, Amritsar

0.89

22’

16

R4

Approach to Jaintipur Rly Station from NH-15

0.24

10’

17

R4

Approach to Kathunangal Rly Station from NH-15

1.40

10’

18

R4


G.T. Road to Khurmanian-Bopa Rai Baj Singh

6.15

12’

19

R4

Rayya lidder jalalabad

16.76

18’

20

R4

Old GT road with in Amritsar MC

1.85

22’

21

R4

Mall Road Amritsar,

Disst. Court to Lawerance Road Xing

Lawerance road Xing to PWD complex


2.86

1.48


2x22

48’


22

R4

Amritsar Sohian Fatehgarh Churian road

23.05

18’

23

R4

Fatehgarh Churian Ramdass road.

15.42

23’

24

R4

Cheecha Hoshiar Nagar road.


6.52

12’

Source: P.W.D Office, Amritsar

The total length of roads existing in the Amritsar M.C. area is 495.20 kms in the year 2001, which has increased to 524.41 kms in 2004 and 611.13 kms in 2006. There has been an increase of 29.21 kms in the total road length in the city in the last four years and an increase of 87 kms in past two years. This increase has been observed in the category of surfaced roads. Almost 90% of the city roads are surfaced (metalled) roads, among which, 98% are Black Top roads with remaining 2% as cement concrete and water bond macadam roads. The unsurfaced roads have been sub-divided into Motorable and Non Motorable ones. Motorable roads have major share among the unsurfaced roads, which is of the order of 95% in 2004.


Table 16: Length of Roads within Amritsar M. C. (in kms)

Year

Total Length (km)

Surfaced Roads (km)

Unsurfaced Roads (km)

Water Bond Macadam

Black Top

Cement Concrete

Total

Motorable


Non Motorable

Total

2001

495.20

3.40

431.45

7.60

442.45

48.00

4.75

52.75

2004

524.41

1.40

451.66

7.60

460.66

50.00

2.75

52.75

2006

611.13

10.70

527.03

13.40

551.13

55

5

60


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