Records for the BPA Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program date back to 1996, covering planning, outplanting, law enforcement, and fish habitat improvements as implemented by a variety of local, state, tribal, and federal agencies (1998 to present) (Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority 1999). Specifics are listed in Table 37. Non-BPA funded projects and activities are shown in Table 38.
Table 37. BPA-funded Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program activities within the Imnaha River subbasin (Bonneville Power Administration and Northwest Power Planning Council 1999)
BPA Project #
Project Description and Results
1989 to present
Lower Snake River Compensation Plan Hatchery Evaluations
The Nez Perce Tribe LSRCP evaluations program is structured to monitor aspects of LSRCP hatchery production performance, natural production status and performance, interactions of hatchery and natural juveniles, promote genetic conservation, and to contribute to the co-management of the LSRCP program. Adult escapement of both natural and hatchery origin chinook salmon and steelhead in several key spawning aggregates, pre-release sampling of LSRCP hatchery produced fish, monitoring of life stage survival of naturally and hatchery produced fish, and identification of the genetic stock structure are monitored.
1994 to present
Imnaha River Smolt Monitoring Program Project
Provide information and indices on spring emigration timing, estimated smolt survival, smolt performance and health of wild and hatchery steelhead smolts captured in the Imnaha River to Snake and Columbia River dams. This information is used to assist with in-season shaping of water budgets, evaluating spill requests, and monitoring general fish health as part of the Fish Passage Center Smolt Monitoring program. Our goals are to document migration trends of chinook salmon and steelhead smolts emigrating out of the Imnaha River and to estimate survival of steelhead smolts from the Imnaha River emigration traps, to the Snake and Columbia River dams.
1997 to present
Preserve Salmonid Gametes
Preserve male salmonid gametes through cryogenic techniques in order to maintain genetic diversity in populations with low levels of abundance and at high risk of localized extinction. Strives to ensure availability of a genetic sample of the existing male population through preservation in a salmonid germplasm repository. Our approach is to sample and cryopreserve gametes thereby preserving salmonid genetic diversity within the major subbasins in the Snake River basin.
1989-1993 and 1997 to present
Northeast Oregon Hatchery Master Plan
Plan and develop conservation production facilities in the Imnaha and Grande Ronde rivers necessary to implement salmon recovery programs for native, ESA listed salmon. Development of a comprehensive monitoring and evaluation program that allows adaptive management to optimize hatchery and natural production, sustain harvest, and minimize ecological impacts. Complete activities and sub-activities designed to provide data for resolving management questions and critical uncertainties relating to supplementation of chinook salmon.
1994 to present
Wallowa County Restoration Planner
Develops project proposals for Wallowa County’s Public Works Department and private landowners that go to the Grande Ronde Model Watershed Program and Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board for funding. Writes BA’s and NEPA compliance for county and private landowner projects. Facilitates coordination of watershed restoration efforts in Wallowa County and provides the linkage to efforts in Union County.
1997 to present
Implementation of the County/Tribe Plan
Provides funds for small habitat projects that miss the normal funding cycles for the Grande Ronde Model Watershed Program and Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board. Provides upfront money for surveying and preliminary design for Wallowa County’s Public Works Department and private landowners when other money is not available.
1992 to present
Grande Ronde Model Watershed Project
Selected in 1992 by the NPPC as the model watershed project in Oregon (includes the Grande Ronde and Imnaha subbasins). Completed a basin wide assessment in 1993. Completed an Operations-Action Plan in 1994. The 14 member Board represents a broad constituency. Subcommittees include a Standing Committee and a Technical Commmittee (which reviews all project proposals). The Program provides coordination of efforts in the Grande Ronde and Imnaha subbasins. The planner associated with the program writes project proposals and completes BA’s and NEPA for the projects.
In addition to the projects listed in this section, ODFW is implementing Chinook salmon and steelhead hatchery programs under LSRCP for conservation, supplementation and fisheries enhancement. ODFW has ongoing chinook salmon and steelhead research and monitoring projects the evaluate hatchery effectiveness, life history, genetics, supplementation, hatchery/wild interactions, natural escapement, smolt migration and survival, production and productivity and fisheries restoration. Details of these efforts are described in other sections of this document.
Table 38. Non BPA-funded Fish and Wildlife Program activities within the Imnaha (from Ashe et al. 2000)
Aspen by Hart Butte Lookout Riparian Enhancement
Wetland in Needham Creek subwatershed
Big Sheep Creek Riparian Enhancement
Streambank rock structures and riparian/upland exclosure fencing