Earliest oklahomans

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People, Places and Events

Circle the three words or phrases on the right which relate to the subject on the left.

(1) ISAAC PARKER: Congress; General; Judge; Confederacy; 88; notorious
(2) FORT SMITH: federal court; navy port; army post; C.C. Curtis; Isaac Parker;

John Thomas

(3) DAWES COMMISSION: enrollment; removal; Myrtle Dawes; trade; Seminole Agreement;

Indian Appropriations Act

(4) ATOKA AGREEMENT: coal; asphalt; railroads; 8 years; cattle trails
(5) “CRAZY SNAKE”: Pleasant Porter; Isaac Parker; Creek; Chitto Harjo; rebellion;



Name_____________________________ Date ____________________

1. One of the West’s most famous bank robbers and gang leader
3. Belle Starr’s first husband
4. A farm and outlaw haven
5. The outlaw for whom Belle Starr named her farm

2. An outlaw family
6. Bill __________ , the leader of an outlaw gang
7. A famous female outlaw

Student Activity Book Chapter 13   THE FINAL CONQUEST
I. VOCABULARY. Write a short definition of each word below.
1. incarceration ________________________ 7. alien _____________________________

2. jurisdiction _________________________ 8. speculation ________________________

3. refuge _____________________________ 9. vigorously _________________________

4. preside ____________________________ 10. penalize ________________________
5. larceny ____________________________ 11. subsequent ________________________
6. manslaughter _______________________ 12. reprimand ________________________

II. COMPLETION. Fill in the blanks in the sentences below with the word or words that would complete the sentence correctly.

1. The U.S. District Court that had authority over white people in Indian Territory was located at
2. Prisoners from Indian Territory were incarcerated at the federal prison in_____________________.
3. The federal judge who became known as “the Hanging Judge” was Judge____________________.
4. Indians repeatedly requested the establishment of a federal court in _________Indian Territory.
5. No other federal agency was so hated or distrusted by the Indians as the ___________________.
6. The law in Indian Territory was enforced by two hundred ___________________________
appointed by Judge__________________________.
7. The act that limited the authority of the Indian tribal courts was the ___________________ Act.
8. The Atoka Agreement involved the ________________ and ___________________tribes.
9. The ______________tribe rejected the Atoka Agreement, despite the fact that the tribal leaders had

approved it.

10. At the advice of____________________, the Creek Council rejected the 1897 Creek Agreement.
11. The ________________________Tribe was the first of the Five Tribes to accept land allotments.
12. Under the allotment system, tribesmen could not sell their land for a period of ___________years.
13. A leader of the full blood Creeks was Crazy Snake or _________________________________.

III. TRUE or FALSE. Write the word “true” in the blank if the statement is true; write the word “false” if the statement is false.

______1 . The major problem with the locations of the court and prison for Indian Territory was distance.
______2. After 1885, all cases involving murder, manslaughter, etc., were tried in state courts rather

than Federal courts.

______3. In the 1890 Census, Indians outnumbered non Indians three to one.
______4. Some gold was discovered in Oklahoma in the early 1890’s.
______5. When non Indians first came into Indian Territory, they could not own land.
______6. Allotments in Severalty freed lands for white ownership.
______7. After March 2, 1889, all Indian tribes in Indian Territory were affected by the Dawes Act.
______8. Most Indians vigorously protested the work of the Dawes Commission.

______9. The Dawes Commission did not begin enrollments until tribal governments approved.

______10. The Atoka Agreement preserved the tribal citizenship and tribal judicial system for the Indians.
______11. If Indians refused to select a land allotment, selections were made for them.
______12. The Crazy Snake Rebellion was a successful Creek rebellion.
IV. MAP. The federal courts that had jurisdiction at various times over Indian Territory were located at Van Buren and Fort Smith, Arkansas: Wichita and Topeka, Kansas; Paris, Texas; and Muskogee, Ardmore, and McAlester, Indian Territory. Mark and identify each of these courts on the map below.

Chapter 14

Lesson Plans for Oklahoma History Teacher_________________ Date__________________
Common Core

Content Standard 2: The student will evaluate the major political and economic events that transformed the land and its people prior to statehood.

2.7 Compare and contrast multiple points of view to evaluate the impact of the Dawes Act which resulted in the loss of tribal communal lands and the redistribution of lands by various means including land runs as typified by the Unassigned Lands and the Cherokee Outlet, lotteries, and tribal allotments.


Read Oklahoma Territory, chapter 14, pages 207-217.

Be prepared to participate in class discussion using the questions on page 217.

Complete the following in Student Activity Book:


Map—identify the Oklahoma counties and county seats that were in Oklahoma territory.

Complete the statements related to the history of this period.

Match the dates and events of this period

Identify events or places with the correct person, group, or place.

Choose from Activities on next page, Section II. Copy and distribute, or project them for group work.

Read Feature: Outlaws and Lawmen, pp. 244-251. Assign worksheet if time allows.
1. Trace the status of “No Man’s Land” from the time that Indian tribes were removed to Indian Territory to the time of statehood.

2. (a) How do provisional governments work? Why they are not completely effective?

(b) How does government by the consent of the people (provisional government) compare with government by consent of the people in the present United States?

3. Compare and contrast the nine territorial governors and their accomplishments.
4. How did the Organic Act of May 2, 1890, affect Oklahoma?

5. What is another name for the Public Land Strip and where was it located?

6. How did the settlers in the Public Land Strip protect themselves from outlaws?

7. What are “school lands?”

8. Which town did the Organic Act name as territory capital?

9. Discuss reasons that Barnes may have vetoed the public building bill.

10. When allotments left no school lands for a tribe, where did its students go?

II. Activities
Arbitration Committee and Land Disputes
Crossword Puzzle (long)
Time Line - Place the names of territorial governors and their terms on the time line. List any information of importance for each man’s term.
III. Internet Search:

IV. Suggested Reading:
Nancy Antle, Beautiful Land: A Story of the Oklahoma Land Rush (New York: Viking, 1994)
Joyce Carol Thomas, I Have Heard of a Land (New York: Harper Collins, 1997)

Arbitration Committee and Land Disputes Name_____________________
Set up an arbitration committee to settle land disputes.
A. In one dispute, two settlers claim the same parcel of land. Each claims that the other is a “sooner.” There are no witnesses on either side to support or disclaim the allegation. The committee must arbitrate a settlement.

SUGGESTIONS: Divide the land equally; draw lots; effect a partnership; question the parties to determine if one of them is Iying; look at any physical evidence such as claim stakes, times of claim filings, description of the parcel of land for accuracy; examine qualifications; ask each party what he expects to contribute to the community if he stays; how each ­expects to improve the land.

B. In another dispute, a man who had filed a claim as the head of the household died before he could move onto the claim. His widow alleges that the claim is hers as the surviving head of household. A male settler says that the death of the male claimant released the parcel of land and he has now filed a claim on the land as the new owner.
SUGGESTION: Obtain a copy of homesteading rules and determine the rightful owner.

CROSSWORD Name_______________________ Date____________________



2. The President signed this on May 2, 1890.

6. A county in Oklahoma Territory.

7. The Cherokee _________was a strip of land.

8. President who signed the Organic Act.

10. A person who takes the law into his own hands.

12. The real Cherokee Strip was in _____.

13. The cattle stealers who lived in No Man’s Land were called _____.

16. Gov. Frantz was a _____ Rider.

18. He was the first territorial governor.

20. President _____ appointed Gov. Jenkins.

21. He was the only Democrat among the territorial governors.

1. Some people called Governor Seay this name, meaning “someone from the North who took advantage of the South.”

2. Means “Land of the Red Man”

3. Initials of the fifth territorial governor.

4. Provisional governments were _____ .

5. The President had the power to _____ governors to the territory.

9. Another name for the Public Land Strip.

11. This school was established at Edmond.

12. Town nominated as territorial capital.

14. A college for blacks was here.

15. _____ Strip was a strip of land in Kansas.

17. He took office on Feb. 1, 1892.

19. Ferguson was a/an _____ outside the territory.

Student Activity Book Chapter 14   OKLAHOMA TERRITORY
I. VOCABULARY. Write a definition of each word or term below.
1. Oklahoma__________________________ 7. “soddie”__________________________
2. implement (verb)_____________________ 8. bicameral _________________________
3. provisional __________________________ 9. endowment ________________________
4. vigilante __________________________ 10. subscription _______________________
5. “dugout” __________________________ 11. carpetbagger _______________________
6. school lands _______________________ 12. indemnity lands _____________________
II. MAP. Identity the Oklahoma counties and county seats that were in Oklahoma territory.

III. COMPLETION. Fill in the blanks with the word or words that would best complete the sentence.
1. Oklahoma Territory was the _____________________________half of Indian Territory.
2. Official government for Oklahoma Territory was not established until the Oklahoma ____________

______________________Act was passed.

3. Schools were supported by___________________________.
4. There were _____________counties named in the act establishing a government for

Oklahoma Territory.

5. “No Man’s Land” became __________________County.
6. The capital of Oklahoma Territory was located in________________________.
7. The act also established a Supreme Court made up of _______________judges.

8. The act established a ______________________legislature.

9. Eight of the territorial governors belonged to the _____________________party.
10. The least controversial of the territorial govenors was Govenor__________________.
11. The last territorial governor was Governor_____________________.
12. The last territorial governor was appointed by President______________________.
13. The sections of land set aside for school lands were Sections _______ and________.
14. In the Cherokee Outlet, Sections ____and ____were set aside for endowments for higher education.
15. When the First Territorial Legislature met, they spent much of their time arguing about the location of the__________________________________.
IV. MATCHING. Match the date to the event.
______1. When meetings were held to elect the first public officials A. August 5, 1890

and to set up a temporary government

B. April 23, 1889
______2. When the President signed a bill to establish a government C. May 2, 1890

of Oklahoma Territory

D. December 23, 1890
______3. When the election was held to select the first legislative assembly
______4. When the act passed that established the public school system
V . MATCHING. Match the name to the identification; some may be used more than once and some may not

be used at all.

______1. A Choctaw chief who coined the word “Oklahoma” A. George W. Steele

B. Chitto Harjo

______2. Public Land Strip C. No Man’s Land

D. Chickasaw Nation

______3. Cimarron Territory E. Allen Wright

F. Pushmataha

______4. Robber’s Roost G. William Cary Renfrow

H. The Cookson Hills

______5. First Territorial Governor
______6. A Creek who led a rebellion

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