“The border between the postmodern and the modern” 14
Anne Rice (bo
Anne Rice (bornHoward Allen O'Brien on October 4, 1941) is a best-selling American author of gothic, erotic, and religious-themed books from New Olleans, Louisiana. She was married to poet and painter Stan Rice for 41 years until his death from cancer in 2002. Her books have sold nearly 100 million copies, making her one of the most widely read authors in modern history.
Rice spent most of her early life in New Orleans, Louisiana, which forms the background against which most of her stories take place. She was the second daughter in a Catholic Irish American family; Rice's sister, the late Alice Borchardt, also became a noted genre author. About her unusual given name, Rice said: "My birth name is Howard Allen because apparently my mother thought it was a good idea to name me Howard. My father's name was Howard, she wanted to name me after Howard, and she thought it was a very interesting thing to do."
Rice became "Anne" on her first day of school, when a nun asked her what her name was. She told the nun "Anne," which she considered a pretty name. Her mother, who was with her, let it go without correcting her, knowing how self-conscious her daughter was of her real name. From that day on, everyone she knew addressed her as "Anne."
In 1958, when Rice was 16, her father moved the family to north Texas, taking up residence in Richardson. Her mother had died three years before of alcoholism. Rice met her future husband, Stan Rice, while they were both students at Richardson High Scool. Rice graduated from Richardson High School, in 1959 and then began college at Texas Woman's University in Denton and later North Texas State College. She then relocated with Stan to San Francisco for a year where Anne attended San Francisco State University and obtained a B.A. in Political Science. During this time she also worked as an insurance claims examiner. Anne returned to Denton to marry Stan. He became an instructor at San Francisco State shortly after receiving his M.A. there, and Anne lived and worked in the San Francisco Bay Area from 1962 to 1988, experiencing the birth of the Hippie Revolution first hand as they lived in the soon to be fabled Haight-Ashbury district. "I'm a totally conservative person," she later told the New York Times (November 7, 1988). "In the middle of Haight-Asbury in the 1960s, I was typing away while everybody was dropping acid and smoking grass. I was known as my own square." She would not return to New Orleans until 1989.
Anne's daughter Michele was born on September 21, 1966, and died of leukemia on August 5, 1972. She returned to the Catholic Church in 1998 after several years of describing herself as an "atheist." She announced she would now use her life and talent of writing to glorify her belief in God but has not expressly renounced her earlier works. Her son Christopher Rice was born in Berkeley, California, in 1978 and is a best selling author.
On January 30, 2004, having already put the largest of her three homes up for sale, Rice announced her plans to leave New Orleans. She cited living alone since the death of her husband as the reason. "Simplifying my life, not owning so much, that's the chief goal", said Rice. "I'll no longer be a citizen of New Orleans in the true sense." Rice had left New Orleans prior to the events of Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, and none of her former New Orleans properties were flooded. She remains a vocal advocate for the city and related relief projects.
After leaving New Orleans, Rice settled in Rancho Mirage, California, allowing her to be closer to her son, who lives in Los Angeles.
She completed her first book, Interview with the Vampire, in 1973 and published it in 1976. This book would be the first in Rice's popular Vampire Chronicles series, which now includes over a dozen novels, including 1985's The Vampire Lestat and 1988's The Queen of the Damned. Along with several non-series works, Rice has written three novels in theLives of the Mayfair Witches sequence. Additionally, Rice wrote three erotic novels under the pseudonym "A. N. Roquelaure."
In October 2004, Rice announced in a Newsweek article that she would henceforth "write only for the Lord." Her subsequent book, Christ the Lord: Out of Egypt, she calls the beginning of a series chronicling the life of Jesus. The second volume, Christ the Lord: The Road to Cana, was published in March 2008.
Return to Roman Catholicism
In 2005, Newsweek reported, "[Rice] came close to death last year, when she had surgery for an intestinal blockage, and also back in 1998, when she went into a sudden diabetic coma; that same year she returned to the Roman Catholic Church, which she'd left at 18.".Her return has not come with a full embrace of the Church's stances on social issues; Rice remains a supporter of equality for gay men and lesbians (including marriage rights), as well as abortion rights and birth control. Rice has written extensively on the matter.
In the Author's Note from Christ the Lord: Out of Egypt, Rice states:
“I had experienced an old fashioned, strict Roman Catholic childhood in the 1940s and 1950s… we attended daily Mass and communion in an enormous and magnificently decorated church … Stained glass windows, the Latin Mass, the detailed answers to complex questions on good and evil—these things were imprinted on my soul forever… I left this church at age 18... I wanted to know what was happening, why so many seemingly good people didn’t believe in any organized religion yet cared passionately about their behavior and value of their lives… I broke with the church violently and totally... I wrote many novels that without my being aware of it reflected my quest for meaning in a world without God.”
In her memoir Called Out of Darkness, Rice also states:
“In the moment of surrender, I let go of all the theological or social questions which had kept me from [God] for countless years. I simply let them go. There was the sense, profound and wordless, that if He knew everything I did not have to know everything, and that, in seeking to know everything, I’d been, all of my life, missing the entire point. No social paradox, no historic disaster, no hideous record of injustice or misery should keep me from Him. No question of Scriptural integrity, no torment over the fate of this or that atheist or gay friend, no worry for those condemned and ostracized by my church or any other church should stand between me and Him. The reason? It was magnificently simple: He knew how or why everything happened; He knew the disposition of every single soul. He wasn’t going to let anything happen by accident! Nobody was going to go to Hell by mistake.”
Exit from organized religion
On July 29, 2010, Rice publicly renounced her dedication to her Roman Catholic faith, while remaining committed to Christ, on her Facebook page:
"For those who care, and I understand if you don’t: Today I quit being a Christian. I’m out. I remain committed to Christ as always but not to being “Christian” or to being part of Christianity. It’s simply impossible for me to “belong” to this quarrelsome, hostile, disputatious, and deservedly infamous group. For ten years, I’ve tried. I’ve failed. I’m an outsider. My conscience will allow nothing else."
A few hours later she added the following:
“In the name of Christ, I refuse to be anti-gay. I refuse to be anti-feminist. I refuse to be anti-artificial birth control. I refuse to be anti-Democrat. I refuse to be anti-secular humanism. I refuse to be anti-science. I refuse to be anti-life. In the name of Christ, I quit Christianity and being Christian. Amen.”
She reaffirmed her faith in Christ with stance of non-adherence to organized Christianity an hour or so later:
"My faith in Christ is central to my life. My conversion from a pessimistic atheist lost in a world I didn't understand, to an optimistic believer in a universe created and sustained by a loving God is crucial to me. But following Christ does not mean following His followers. Christ is infinitely more important than Christianity and always will be, no matter what Christianity is, has been, or might become."
Subsequently, in an interview, Rice further clarified her statements:
My commitment to Christ remains at the heart and center of my life. Transformation in Him is radical and ongoing. That I feel now that I am called to be an outsider for Him, to step away from the words, "Christian" and "Christianity" is something that my conscience demands of me. I feel that my faith in Him demands this of me. I know of no other way to express how I must remove myself from those things which seek to separate me from Him.
In an August 7, 2010 interview with the Los Angeles Times, she elaborated on her view regarding being a member of a Christian church:
"I feel much more morally comfortable walking away from organized religion. I respect that there are all kinds of denominations and all kinds of churches, but it's the entire controversy, the entire conversation that I need to walk away from right now."
In response to the question, "How do you follow Christ without a church?" Rice replied:
"I think the basic ritual is simply prayer. It's talking to God, putting things in the hands of God, trusting that you're living in God's world and praying for God's guidance. And being absolutely faithful to the core principles of Jesus' teachings.
Excerpts from Anne's Profession of Faith
“In 1998 I returned to the Catholic Church… I realized that the greatest thing I could do to show my complete love for Him was to consecrate my work to Him—to use any talent I had acquired as a writer, as a storyteller, as a novelist—for Him and for Him alone... Thence began my journey into intense Biblical study, intense historical research, and intense effort to write novels about the Jesus of Scripture, the Jesus of Faith, in His own vibrant First Century World... “
Excerpts from Essay On Earlier Works
“My vampire novels and other novels I’ve written... are attempting to be transformative stories… All these novels involve a strong moral compass. Evil is never glorified in these books; on the contrary, the continuing battle against evil is the subject of the work. The search for the good is the subject of the work… Interview with the Vampire... is about the near despair of an alienated being who searches the world for some hope that his existence can have meaning. His vampire nature is clearly a metaphor for human consciousness or moral awareness. The major theme of the novel is the misery of this character because he cannot find redemption and does not have the strength to end the evil of which he knows himself to be a part. This book reflects for me a protest against the post World War II nihilism to which I was exposed in college from 1960 through 1972. It is an expression of grief for a lost religious heritage that seemed at that time beyond recovery... One thing which unites [my books] is the theme of the moral and spiritual quest. A second theme, key to most of them, is the quest of the outcast for a context of meaning, whether that outcast is an 18th century castrato opera singer, or a young boy of mixed blood coming of age in ante-bellum New Orleans, or a person forced into a monstrous predatory existence like the young vampire, Lestat… In 1976, I felt that the vampire was the perfect metaphor for the outcast in all of us, the alienated one in all of us, the one who feels lost in a world seemingly without God. In 1976, I felt I existed in such a world, and I was searching for God. I never dreamed that the word, vampire, would prevent people from examining this book as a metaphysical work. I thought the use of the word was a powerful device... The entire body of my earlier work reflects a movement towards Jesus Christ. In 2002, I consecrated my work to Jesus Christ. This did not involve a denunciation of works that reflected the journey. It was rather a statement that from then on I would write directly for Jesus Christ. I would write works about salvation, as opposed to alienation.”
On amazon.com Rice has written reviews on some of her favorite artists, recordings, books and films. Her reviews cover artists such as violinists Hilary Hahn and Leila Josefowicz, books from scholars such as Prof. Ellis Rivkin, N.T. Wright (the Bishop of Durham), films such as The Nun's Story starring Audrey Hepburn and The Bourne Supremacy starring Matt Damon. For Kenneth Branagh's Hamlet, Rice wrote:
"This is one of the greatest productions of Shakespeare I've ever seen... [Branagh] delivers Shakespeare's glorious lines in a way that makes them clear, and brings them to life with incalculable power... This is one of those feasts for the eyes and ears like Amadeus or Immortal Beloved, or the Red Shoes."
In 1994, Neil Jordan directed adaptation of Interview with the Vampire, from Rice's own screenplay. The movie starred Tom Cruise as Lestat, Brad Pitt as the guilt-ridden Louis and was a breakout role for young Kirsten Dunst as the deceitful child vampire Claudia.
A second film adaptation, Queen of the Damned, was released in February 2002. Starring Stuart Townsend as the vampire Lestat and singer Aliyah as Akasha, Queen of the Vampires, the movie combined incidents from the second and third books in the series: The Vampire Lestat and The Queen of the Damned. Produced on a budget of $35 million, the film only recouped $30 million at the domestic(US) box office.
A 1994 film titled Exit to Eden, based loosely on the book Rice published as Anne Rampling, starred Rosie O'Donnelll and Dan Aykroyd. The work transformed from a love story into a police comedy, possibly due to the explicit S&M themes of the book. The film was a box office flop.
A film version of Christ the Lord: Out of Egypt was planned but later cancelled.
In 1997, she wrote a television pilot entitled Rag and Bone starring Dean Cain and Robert Patrick, which featured many of the common themes of her work.
The Feast of All Saints was made into a miniseries in 2001 by director Peter Medak.
Plans to adapt Rice's Lives of the Mayfair Witches trilogy into a twelve-hour miniseries to be aired on NBC were dropped after a change of studio head and subsequent loss of interest in the project.
In 1997, a ballet adaptation of Interview with the Vampire, premiered in Prague.
On April 25, 2006, the musical Lestat, based on Rice's Vampire Chronicles books, opened at the Palace Theatre on Broadway after having its world premiere in San Francisco, California in December 2005. With music by Elton John and lyrics by Bernie Taupin, it was the inaugural production of the newly established Warner Brothers Theatre Ventures.
Despite Rice's own overwhelming approval and praise, the show received mostly poor reviews by critics and disappointing attendance. Lestat closed a month later on May 28, 2006, after just 33 previews and 39 regular performances.
Anne Rice's books have been adapted over the years into comics. Below is a list of known adaptations and issue runs; along with publisher and year.
Anne Rice's The Mummy or Ramses the Damned by Millennium Comics (1990)
Anne Rice's Interview with the vampire by Innovation Comics (1992)
Anne Rice's Queen of the Damned ( was never published) by Innovation Comics (1991)
Anne Rice's The Vampire Companion by Innovation Comics (1991)
Anne Rice's The Master of Rampling Gate (one shot) by Innovation Comics (1991)
Anne Rice's Vampire Lestat by Innovation Comics (1990)
Anne Rice's The Witching Hour by Millennium Publishing (1992)
Rice has an adamant stance against “fan fiction” based on her work, releasing a statement on April 7, 2000, that prohibited all such efforts. This caused the removal of thousands of "fanfics" from the FanFiction.Net website.
Cradle of Filth briefly includes Lestat in the song "Libertina Grimm" as "Count Lestat", and also in their original album “Principle of Evil Made Flesh” in the song “Eve the Art of Witchcraft” where they mention the Savage Garden.
Guitarist Steve Vai states in liner notes for his album “The Elusive Light and Sound” volume 1, that his song "Loveblood" was inspired by the film and the fact that he wished he was an actor so he could play the role.
Alternative rock band Concrete Blonde's song "Bloodletting (the Vampire Song)", the title track from the Bloodletting CD, is based on Rice's The Vampire Lestat. Stong released a song on the album “The Dream of the Blue Turtles” entitled "Moon Over Bourbon Street", after reading “Interview with the Vampire”.
The Australian pop band “Savage Garden” found their name in the Vampire Lestat, in which Lestat describes the world as "the savage garden."
Swedish heavy metal band Tad Morose recorded a song entitled "Servant of the Bones" about the book of the same name on their 2000 album Undead.
The metalcore band Atreyu declares in the song "The Crimson", "I'm an Anne Rice novel come to life."
Punk/goth band The Damned recorded a song called "The Dog" about the child vampire Claudia from Interview with the Vampire on their 1982 album “Strawberries”.
The Italian band Theatres des Vampires is named after a location featured in several books of “The Vampire Chronicles”. Their 1999 album is called “The Vampire Chronicles”.
“Malice Mizer”, a Japanese rock band based heavily on French culture, uses the phrase "Drink from me and live forever" in their song "Transylvania.""Drink from me and live forever" is a phrase from the first book “Interview With the Vampire”.
Mexican band Santa Sabina dedicates a song to Rice's vampire character Louis: "Una canción para Louis."
Psytrance project Talamasca was named after the secret society in both “the Vampire chronicles” and “the Mayfair Witches series”. This is a solo project by the French musician Cedric Dassulle, who also calls himself DJ Lestat.
Japanese visual Kei metal band “Versailles” first album, “Noble”, is subtitled "Vampires Chronicle." Furthermore, the sixth song is entitled "After Cloudia", insinuating a relationship with Claudia from the series. The lead singer, Kamijo has stated he models himself after Rice's character, Lestat de Lioncourt.
Italian gothic rock group Last Minute's first album, “Burning Theater”, was conceived as an unofficial soundtrack for Interview with the Vampire, including the title track and two others, all focusing heavily on the death of Claudia.
The Vampire Chronicles
Interview with the Vampire (1976)
The Vampire Lestat (1985)
The Queen of the Damned (1988)
The Tale of the Body Thief (1992)
Memnoch the Devil (1995)
The Vampire Armand (1998)
Blood and Gold (2001)
Blackwood Farm (2002)
Blood Canticle (2003)
New Tales of the Vampires
Vittorio the Vampire (1999)
The Lives of the Mayfair Witches
The Witching Hour (1990)
In these novels the Mayfair Witches become part of the Vampire Chronicles world.
Blood and Gold (2001)
Blackwood Farm (2002)
Blood Canticle (2003)
The Life of Christ
Christ the Lord: Out of Egypt (2005)
Christ the Lord: The Road to Cana (2008)
Christ the Lord: The Kingdom of Heaven (date not announced)
Songs of the Seraphim
Angel Time (October 2009)
Of Love and Evil (November 30, 2010)
The Feast of All Saints (1979)
Cry to Heaven (1982)
The Mummy (1989)
Servant of the Bones (1996)
October 4, 1948 (1965)
Nicholas and Jean (first ch. 1966)
The Master of Rampling Gate (Vampire Short Story) (1982)
Called Out of Darkness: A Spiritual Confession (2008) (autobiographical)
Under the pseudonym Anne Rampling
Exit to Eden (1985)
Under the pseudonym A.N. Roquelaure
The Claiming of Sleeping Beauty (1983)
Beauty's Punishment (1984)
Beauty's Release (1985)
Second part of the job
The Cultural Identity in Postmodernity
At this time, the American cultural identity is undergoing a deep crisis, is a process of fragmentation of the modern individual focusing on the development of new identities, now subject to the plane of history, politics, representation and difference.
There is an analytical procedure that attempts to describe the process of shifting from traditional structure in modern and post modern societies as well as the decentralization of the frames of references that linked the individual to his social and cultural world. Such change would have been occasioned, in contemporary, mainly by the globalization process. Within the process of globalization, we can not rule out any pre-existing world view, failing to exclude interesting "markets" of the capitalist world system. The postmodern, as well, by their poly-culture, their multiplicity, their hyper-information, and serves the formation of an inclusive network of consumers. Thus, he causes a "crisis of representation" that haunts the art and the literature, there is a destruction of the references that had been guiding the thinking until very recently, valuing entropy, "anything goes", and all speeches are valid, generating a crisis of ethics and aesthetics.
Amidst this context it is in American society which appears that our author was included
What did Anne Rice to write this book?
During the formation of American culture, we know that the various significants processes left deep marks.
W orld War II
Nuvem em formato de cogumelo resultado da explosão nuclear sobre Nagasaki, Japão, em 9 de agosto de 1945, que chegou a 18 km de altura
“... This book reflects for me a protest against the post World War II nihilism to which I was exposed in college from 1960 through 1972...”
What led Anne Rice to choose as vampire a protagonist?
For 38 years, Rice was a "Christ-haunted atheist," she says in a video posted recently "I Am Second." His vampire novels were the reflection of his internal struggle to live in a world without God that she created. The vampire, she says, is the metaphor for the marginal and the person feels separated from God.
"And the reason for dissatisfaction was simple: I really believed in God," she says in the video. I not only believe him but loved him, and was not admitting it. "
Rice was raised in a Catholic home as a child, but rejected his faith when he was 18, with the aim of obtaining freedom and seek knowledge.
"I thought there were so many things forbidden to me to be Christian ... I felt a desperate need to be free," she recalls.
To better understand, we talk a little about the origin of vampires.
Roman Catholics believed that the bodies of his saints not deteriorated in the grave. Instantly, they remained intact, and gave off a sweet odor. However, the Orthodox Church found it difficult to keep this because it would shake the roots of Pagan, since the roots of the Vampires were naturally Pagan, and the Orthodox Church saw a corpse that had not deteriorated as a sign of bad. Inadvertently, both churches had not formed anything concrete regarding the Vampires, and placed them as part of the Pagan faith, which naturally was antiquated and anti-Christian.
Until then paganism was far from an organized religion, was a little more than a collection of knowledge and popular mythologies disorganized. These beliefs were held by peasants who had no formal education. Over time, the Roman Catholic Church grew worried about the stabilization of the Pagan mythology that could win aa new faith of Catholics, in which the Church was using to try to expand. As expected, it began an investigation into the vampire myth. The church, in an attempt to promote the end of paganism (which was called witchcraft) began to spread that vampirism was connected to Satan. They made a decree, of which reanimated corpses were like hell at the behest of Satan. As a result, these vampires fleeing from divine things, such as crucifixes, holy water and the wafer.
The great irony of this period was that the decree of the church gave a historical validity to the vampire.
Vampires continued to spread across Europe, which was filled with witches and vampire hunters, masses of exhumations and several bodies that were burned or stakes embedded in their hearts as an attempt to rid their villages of Vampires. And it became an area of continued studies conducted by the Church.
Then the Vampires influenced films, literature, novels, showing how the Satanic creatures when confronted with things of the true God.
The Catholic religion is actually a collection of myths of other peoples, and within the Catholic religion there are some similarities between the concepts of vampirism and Catholicism. In the Catholic tradition eat the bread, which symbolizes the flesh, and drink the wine, symbolizing the blood. Both were representations of Christ, for eternal life next to God. Here we can observe a certain similarity in our concept of vampires, creatures possessing eternal life, and that also feed on human blood, however, their eternal life is actually a kind of condemnation which are destined to meet in order lonely, far away from God. The myth of Dracula, also helped me to put the vampire in its highest level. Vlad Tepes was a cruel king who ruled a region now known as Romania, was a convinced Christian, who helped protect the region against the Moors. He had as usual impale his enemies and take their blood with bread.
In the scenario of the eighteenth century, vampires are survivors of an extinct past, embodying the tradition as a nature as to bring its violence and its indifference, recognized by the archaic thinking. In this sense have a Dionysian dimension (comes from Dionysus - the one that erases all stain of sin), linked to pleasure and cruelty, the passion and death, the insurgencies, the bourgeois order of work and home and family ethos. Configuring tradition as political and social history of feudalism and the old regime aristocrats are always symbolizing the oppression of the dominant order, which brings with it the concept of superiority, so that we see in them traces Apollonian. (From the God Apollo -one that frees the body)
However, Anne Rice brought the vampire into a new concept: "What if vampires were like us?" And if they had one common feature, rather than fantastic? "Rice introduces into this question of homosexuality, pedophilia, sadism, all within this universe of the Goth subculture so strange for the man said "normal" of the society.
Indeed, like vampires, we also kill to survive and live in a universe similar to the metaphor used by her.
To make peace, make war!
Review of the book Interview with Vampire
Louis de Pointe du Lac: He was born in France, to a Roman Catholic family who emigrated to North America when he was very young. His mother, sister and brother, Paul, lived just outside New Orleans on one of their two plantations, named Pointe du Lac. This was the place where Louis' brother died, after a terrible quarrel with Louis. Louis had always thought that he was to blame and never got over the guilt of his brother's death. He became self-destructive, cynical and desperate, and longed for the release of death, but lacked the courage to commit suicide. He took to frequenting taverns, whore houses and other places of ill repute. He got into fights and duels in order that someone might make the decision for him and kill him to end his misery.
He is very vain and concerned with fashion.Lestat is portrayed in the books as being bisexual, and has male and female lovers. He is attracted to whomever most interests him at the time.
In Interview with the Vampire, he is painted as anti-hero, he is materialistic, shows no respect for the mortal life, and pursues their victims in a perverse way. Likewise Lestat appears as cynical and barbarians, can also act in a polite and considerate.
He needs someone who can keep their luxuries and spending, so he choses his victims well, the chosen to become a vampire must keep him.
Claudia was poor,she lived in a neighborhood ravaged by the plague in New Orleans. She lost both of her parents to the plague, and is first introduced as a crying child of five or six years old in her house, next to her mother's dead body. She is small and delicately shaped, with golden ringlets for hair and pale skin. She is found by Louis de Pointe du Lac, the protagonist of Interview with the Vampire, and begs him to “wake” her mother.
Claudia is taken to the vampires' townhouse in the heart of New Orleans, and there she is turned into a vampire by Lestat. Lestat tells her that she is his and Louis' “daughter” and that now that she is in their family, Louis will not leave them.
Claudia becomes self-educated and philosophical under Louis' tutelage and also an indiscriminate murderer under Lestat's guidance.
As the years pass, Claudia becomes increasingly dissatisfied being constantly “dressed as a doll” by her two fathers, and her frustration takes her to hate them both more than she ever thought possible.
In the book Interview with the Vampires, he is the leader of a group of vampires.However, in this book he shows a submissive character, he does not agree with the group but does nothing to change the situation .
Por que Louis é a transição do modernismo na literatura pós-moderna?
The Vampire Chronicles
Interview With The Vampire
Louis Pointe du Lac is a fictional character created by novelist Anne Rice. In the book "Interview with the Vampire," is told the story of his life and tells how Louis became a vampire. Born in the eighteenth century, financially stable and beautiful, sees his world crumble with the death of his brother, who after a serious quarrel between them fell from a ladder. Louis feels guilty. From this episode, wrapped in sorrow and pain, goes to live so risky and no future, awaiting the same fate as his brother, indulging in vices and a dissolute life, in short, her life was an open invitation to the risks. Invitation could be accepted by anyone, but was accepted by Lestat, the vampire hero and villain of the vampire chronicles, the most attractive and alluring (and a devil reckless and irresponsible in the eyes of Louis), which makes him a vampire. Louis never got used to kill and have respect for life and refuses to take human life, causing him to feed on blood of rats and chickens. Lestat lived mocking him for it until the day that Louis met Claudia in a room, hugging the body of the mother and did not resist and snapped. Then wanted to stop living with Lestat, Louis believed to have killed her, but Claudia became a vampire by Lestat, as a gift for Louis. Claudia and they become great friends and she later tries to kill Lestat by blaming him for the fact that never become adults. Shortly after this near-murder, they move to Paris, where they find a congregation of
vampires led by Armand the vampire, seductive and wise that attracts the attention of Louis and Claudia jealousy. Armand's subjects but could not stand not knowing where he was the creator of both, and were sure they had both killed who created them, which to them is a crime. Claudia was killed, which caused in Louis to an uncontrollable desire for revenge. After revenge, Louis returned to New Orleans. In the book is evident in the constant search for the origins of the vampire Louis, knowledge of self, its nature and its moral religious and ethical considerations. Louis appears in rare episodes of "The Vampire Chronicles" after the book "Interview with the Vampire."
Have the vampires Lestat and Armand will appear in other tales of writers. Lestat will tell his story in "The Vampire Lestat" and will appear in others as "The Queen of the Damned.".
Armand is a character present in "The Vampire Chronicles" by writer Anne Rice.
We will first show the main question:
“The border between the postmodern and the modern”
We consider that the boundary between the post-modern and modern is very inaccurate. Actually there is a continuity between modern attitudes and postmodern in relation to art and literature.
Postmodernism, "the pursuit of a question of values in a society (supposedly) without values." It is still largely a response before a negation of modernism.
For Stuart Hall (203, p8 - 11), the cultural identity of the individual arises from the same belong to a number of cultures that include ethnicity, race, language, religion, nationality, being susceptible to three forms of design: the first refers to the subject of the Enlightenment, marked as an individual-centered, rational and individualistic, while the second would be the sociological subject, which appears in the nineteenth century and reflects the growing degree of complexity that fits into the modern world and the need for
alterity relations for understanding the inner core of each be, and the third design, would be the postmodern subject, marked as subject without a fixed identity, fragmented and in constant change with the cultural systems. The figure of the vampire in the literature, offers an outlook for observations of this phenomenon to changes in the structure of identity culture throughout the ages, because this figure reflects and embodies desires, the aspirations and fears of man before his darker side and everything that may have been denied him, to the detriment of institutions social uplifting of all times and in the process of acquiring new knowledge and changes in the very heart of social structures to
which it belongs.
Louis, represents perfectly the figure of the vampire, seeking an identity, which throughout the story goes through a series of modifications and adjustments, he's actually trying to adapt to their new reality, trying to survive within this darkness represented by the other hand, surviving the fears and anxieties.
The postmodern context has as its basic premise the vagueness, ambiguity and paradox in his writings, hybrids like the vampires. Louis, sintomatiza the postmodern condition: he is a being who lives far, traveling centuries and continents, totally adrift, confronted with the inability to answer the last question that tears: What is the meaning of all this? The vampire is aware of being an esprit de corps and empty immutable and is dazed and confused by the glare of artificial lights at night urban twentieth century. The theater features actors vampire vampires pretending to be mortals pretending to be vampires, accusing the dash while scenic and cynical nowadays. The vampire is amoral: God or nature that would kill them, and initiated awareness and existential melancholy.
Recalling the second dialogue between Armand and Louis.
Armand: "You are the spirit of the acts." Louis: "I'm not the spirit of any age. I'm at odds with everything and always Have Been! I have never Belonged anywhere with anyone at any time! " Armand: “This is the very spirit of your age ... You reflectance ITS broken heart. " "[...]Everything changes, except the vampire himself. Everything, except the vampire is subject to corruption and distortion constants. [...] On a night the vampire wakes up and realizes what he feared most: [...] style, fashion or form of existence that made it so attractive immortality were swept from the earth. And there's nothing to alleviate the despair, unless the killing[...]"
Louis belongs to 1970's narcissistic. It mirrors the self-test "me generation" of the past few decades. He constantly questioning their morals, their priorities, their feelings, and continues to react as a human being "sensitive", even after he became undead. Gradually, as the novel progresses, he became a moral figure who tries to maintain a semblance of sensitivity to shock himself and imitating the extravagant gestures of a man in distress.
The literary postmodernism stopped the search for meaning in a nuclear age of the apparent chaos, focusing on the question of meaning alone.
In Interview With the Vampire, the vampire Louis, concludes the interview by saying:
"I wanted to be where there was nothing familiar to me. And nothing else mattered. And this is the end. There is nothing else."
RICE, Anne. “INTERVIEW WITH THE VAMPIRE”. Vampire Chronicles v. 1. New York. Ballantine Books, 2009
HALL, STUART and DU GAY, Paul. "Questions of Cultural Identity”, Sage Publications. London1996