Earth Link and Advanced Resources Development s a. r L. (Elard) Submitted to: Council for Development and Reconstruction


International Agreements and Treaties



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2.4International Agreements and Treaties

Table 2 -19 summarizes all relevant international conventions and agreements that are signed or ratified by Lebanon. They include provisions relevant to the proposed project operations and waste management practices.

Table 2 19 Ratified or Signed International Agreements



Agreement

Objective

Relevance to Project

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal-1989

Ratified by Lebanon in 1994



To control the transportation of dangerous non-radiant materials and their disposal across the border

Regulates the transfer of potentially hazardous wastes across national boundaries

Medical and industrial waste Hazardous Demolition waste



Convention to Combat Desertification - 1994
Ratified by Lebanon in 1994

To combat desertification

Control land clearance and project footprint size

Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer – 1985

Montreal protocol on ozone-depleting substances - 1987


Ratified by Lebanon in 1993

To protect human health and the environment from any activity that modifies the ozone layer

Adopt measures to control human activities found to have adverse impact on the ozone layer


Regulates the use of ODS (ozone depleting substances)

Reconstruction activities



International Labour Convention No. 139, 120 and 136

Lebanon has ratified 50 International Labor Conventions (48 actually in force)



To prevent vocational risks ensuing from cancer causing materials and tools

Deals with sanitation in offices

To protect workers against the risks of intoxication ensuing from benzene


Protects workers health and ensures proper sanitation and hygiene for base camps, work environment and offices

Reconstruction activities



Barcelona Convention:

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources-1980

Signature in 1980 and accession in 1994


To ensure protection of the Mediterranean Sea and aquatic species from effluent discharges (solid/liquid waste)

To protect the coastal area from landfills and uncontrolled dumping practices in the Study Area resulting in leachate generation and run-off which pose a threat to the existing water resources.

Disposal of wastewater in the Mediterranean sea



Protocol Concerning Co-operation in Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Oil and Other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency-1976

Ratified by Lebanon in 1977


Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution-1976

Ratified by Lebanon in 1977


Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter-1972

Signed by Lebanon in 1973


      1. Relevant International Guidelines and Standards


Table 2 -20 below summarizes some of the WB/IFC safeguard policies that are applicable to the project.

Table 2 20 WB/IFC safeguard policies that are applicable to the project



Operational Policy / Directive

Key Features

Approval Date

OP/BP 4.01

Environmental Assessment


Trigger: Any project with potential environmental and social impacts

• Potential environmental consequences of project identified early in project cycle – projects categorized as A (significant impacts); B (limited impacts); C (no impacts); FI (Financial Intermediary)

• Environmental Assessments (EAs) and mitigation plans are required for projects with significant environmental impacts or involuntary resettlement

• EAs should include analysis of alternative designs and sites or consideration of “no option”

• Requires public consultation with and information disclosure to affected communities and NGOs before World Bank Board approval; at least two public consultations with affected communities are required for category A projects


Required document: Environmental Assessment(EA) for category A and B projects


January 1999

OP 4.04

Natural Habitats



Trigger: Potential to cause significant loss or degradation of natural habitat

• Prohibits financing of projects involving “significant conversion of natural habitats unless there are no feasible alternatives

• Requires environmental cost/benefit analysis

• Requires EA with mitigation measures



Required document: issues and mitigation measures included in EA

June 2001

OP 4.36

Forestry


Trigger: projects that impact the health and quality of forests; projects that affect the rights and welfare of people dependent upon forests; projects that change the management and use of forests

• Discourages financing of projects that significantly convert natural habitats and critical forest areas unless there are no feasible alternatives

• Projects cannot contravene international environmental agreements and conventions

• For industrial-scale commercial harvesting, the harvesters must be certified by a third party as meeting standards of responsible forest management or agree to a time-bound phased action plan that can meet such standards

• Local people must be involved in developing standards for certification

• Prohibits financing for commercial logging operations or acquisition of equipment for use in primary moist tropical forests


Required documents: forestry issues included in EA, time-bound action plans included in Project Appraisal Document (PAD)


November 2002

OP 4.12

Involuntary Resettlement



Trigger: Involuntary land acquisition resulting in relocation or loss of shelter, loss of assets, or loss of livelihood; restrictions on access to parks or protected areas that result in adverse impacts on people

  • Compensates people for lost land and lost livelihoods

  • Requires public participation in resettlement planning

  • Requires disclosure of resettlement plan in a form and language accessible to affected people

  • Intended to restore or improve income-earning capacity of displaced people

Required documents: Resettlement Plan

December 2001




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