Earth Link and Advanced Resources Development s a. r L. (Elard) Submitted to: Council for Development and Reconstruction



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List of Tables


Table 1 1 Overall Project Options II

Table 1 2 Summary of Landscape and Biodiversity IV

Table 1 3 Summary of Socio-Economic situation in main villages VI

Table 1 4 Main Public Concerns VIII

Table 1 5 Impacts of the Project on its surrounding with no mitigation measures X

Table 1 6 Impacts of the Project on its surrounding with mitigation measures XI

Table 1 7 Summary of Environmental and Social Management Plan XII

Table 2 8 Main Public administrations and stakeholders concerned with the protection of the environment 3

Table 2 9 List of Municipalities 9

Table 2 10 Summary of institution’s main responsibilities 11

Table 2 11 Legal Pyramid 11

Table 2 12 Summary of Legislations 12

Table 2 13 Main environmental standards in Lebanon 14

Table 2 14 Pollutants Classification 14

Table 2 15 Emission Limits 14

Table 2 16 Water pollutants 15

Table 2 17 Maximum Allowable Noise Levels 16

Table 2 18 Permissible Noise Exposure Standards 17

Table 2 19 Ratified or Signed International Agreements 20

Table 2 20 WB/IFC safeguard policies that are applicable to the project 21

Table 3 21. The Awali-Beirut Water Conveyor Sub-Components 2

Table 3 22. Description of Reservoirs 6

Table 3 23. Description of Pumping Stations 6

Table 3 24 Estimated Spoil Generation 10

Table 3 25 Description of New Access Roads 14

Table 3 26 Hydroelectric Power Plant Chracteristics 14

Table 3 27 Key Factors Determining the Source of Water 15

Table 3 28 Ouardaniye WTW –Mean Operational Inputs and Vehicular Movements 16

Table 3 29 Ouardaniye WTW –Mean Operational Outputs and Vehicular Movements 17

Table 3 30 Raw Water Quality 19

Table 3 31 Water Quality Analysis (1994 and 1995) 20

Table 3 32 Drinking Water Standards 22

Table 3 33 Proposed Specifications of Cascade Aeration System 26

Table 3 34 Proposed Specification for Pre-oxidation and Disinfection. 27

Table 3 35 Proposed Specifications for Coagulation 28

Table 3 36 Proposed Specifications for Flocculation 29

Table 3 37 Proposed Specifications for Sedimentation 31

Table 3 38 Proposed Specifications for Filtration 32

Table 3 39 Chemical Storage 33

Table 3 40 Sludge Yield 35

Table 3 41 Conceptual Design Parameters of Sludge Treatment Units 37

Table 4 42 Characteristics of the four proposed WTW sites 3

Table 4 43 Ranking of Treatment Processes 7

Table 4 44 Sludge Disposal Alternatives 8

Table 4 45 Overall Project Options 9

Table 5 46 Noise Level Monitoring Locations and Methodology 2

Table 5 47 National Maximum allowable noise levels and permissible occupational Noise Exposure standards according to MoE Decision 52/1 of 1996. 4

Table 5 48 Rapid Ecological Assessment Sites 9

Table 5 49 Villages, towns and surface structures 18

Table 5 50 Villages and towns crossed by the tunnel 19

Table 5 51 Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of communities in Mount Lebanon 20

Table 5 52 General features of surveyed towns and villages 26

Table 5 53 Main establishments in the study area 30

Table 6 54 The main raised concerns 2

Table 6 55 Questions Raised during Second Public Participation 3

Table 7 56 Secondary Screening Consequence Level Criteria 6

Table 7 57 Likelihood Evaluation Criteria 7

Table 7 58 Impact Assessment Severity Matrix 8

Table 7 59 Environmental and Health Impacts of Major Air Pollutants from Combustion Sources 11

Table 7 60 Potential Negative Impacts on Biodiversity 26

Table 7 61 Typical Sound Pressure Levels Reported from Construction Equipment (BS5228:1997) 30

Table 7 62 Environmental Impact Assessment without mitigation measures 34

Table 7 63 Environmental Impact Assement with mitigated measures 35

Table 8 64 Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) 2

Table 8 65 EMP Implementation Plan 10

Table 8 66 Construction and Operation Monitoring Plan 13

Table 8 67 Water Quality Monitoring Plan during Operation Phase 16



List of Figures


Figure 2 1 Expropriation Procedures 20

Figure 3 2 Geographic location of project components 5

Figure 3 3 Hydraulic Profile 9

Figure 3 4 Cross-Section Joun-Ouardaniye Tunnel 11

Figure 3 5 Cross-Section Ouardaniye-Khalde Tunnel 12

Figure 3 6 Schematic Drawing of Water Resources 15

Figure 3 7 Proposed Treatment Process (Option1) 24

Figure 3 8 Proposed treatment Process (Option2) 25

Figure 4 9 Altenartive Scheme Options 6

Figure 5 10 Noise measurements at the Khalde distribution and connection chambers 3



Figure 5 11 Geological Map (Source, Duberet 1955, 1/200,000) 6

List of Acronyms

ALARP

As low as reasonably practicable

BMLWWE

Beirut and Mount Lebanon Water and Wastewater Establishment

BPEO

Best Practicable Environmental Options

BTEX

Benzene Toluene Ethyl Benzene Xylene

CAW


Combined Air and Water Backwash

CDR

Council for Reconstruction and Development

CEMP

Construction Environmental Management Plan

CESMP

Construction Phase Environmental and Social Management Plan

CoM

Council of Ministers

CZM

Coastal Zone Management

DGA

Directorate General of Antiquities

DGUP

Directorate General of Urban Planning

EA

Environmental Assessment

EHS

Environmental Health and Safety

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EISM

Environmental Impact Severity Matrix

ELARD

Earth link and Advanced Resources Development

EMP

Environmental Management Plan

ES & SR


Environmental Safety and Social Representative

ESIA

Environmental and Social Impact Assessment

ESM

Environmental and Social Manager

ESMP

Environmental and Social Management Plan

HCUP

Higher Council of Urban Planning

HEP

Hydro Electric Power plant

IEE

Initial Environmental Examination

IFC

International Finance Corporation

LRA

Litani River Authority

MHER

Ministry of Hydraulic and Electric Resources

MoA

Ministry of Agriculture

MoC

Ministry of Culture

MoE

Ministry of Environment

MoEW

Ministry of Energy and Water

MoI

Ministry of Interior

MoIMPH


Ministry of Public Healthof Interior and Municipalities

MoPH

Ministry of Public Health

MoPWT

Ministry of Public Works and Transportation

MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheets

NGO

Non Governmental Organization

NSEQ

National Standards for Environmental Quality

ODS

Ozone Depleting Substances

OESMP

Operation Environmental and Social Management Plan

OP/BP

Operational Policy / Bank Procedures

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

PAD

Project Appraisal Documents

PAH

Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons

PM

Particulate Matter

PMU

Project Management Unit

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

PWWE


Public Water and Wastewater Establishment

QA/QC

Quality Assurance / Quality Control

RAP

Resettlement Action Plan

TBM

Tunnel Boring Machine

TMP

Traffic Management Plan

TOR

Terms of References

VEC

Valuable Ecosystem Component

VOC

Volatile Organic Compounds

WB

World Bank

WHO

World Health Organization

WTW

Water Treatment Works

WWTP

Wastewater Treatment Plants




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