Earth Link and Advanced Resources Development s a. r L. (Elard) Submitted to: Council for Development and Reconstruction

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8.3ESMP Implementation Plan

The Ministry of Energy and Water (MoEW) is the administrative authority in charge of this project. It will have a Project Steering Committee headed by H.E. the Minister with representatives from key stakeholders including the Ministry of Finance, a representative from CDR, and an Operations Advisor . They will meet once quarterly to review progress on the project. The Project Steering Committee will be assisted by an Operations Advisor, a Monitoring & Evaluation specialist and an administrative assistant. The Project Management Unit (PMU) which will act as secretariat to the Project Steering Committee, will be hosted bythe BMLWWA and will consist of a project coordinator/senior engineer, a procurement specialist, financial management specialist and environmental and social Manager (ESM). The ESM will be in charge of coordination, monitoring and supervision of the EMP and all land acquisition and resettlement activities.

A major responsibility of the PMU will be strengthening and professionalization of utility management.

In order to ensure the proper implementation of the proposed ESMP during the project construction and operation phase, it is essential to maintain proper environmental monitoring. For this purpose, qualified personnel must be designated for every institution involved in construction and operation of this project, as detailed below.

      1. Roles and responsibilities

Roles and responsibilities of the different institutions involved in the construction and operation of the project with respect to the implementation of the EMP are summarized in Table 8 -65.

Table 8 65 EMP Implementation Plan



Steering Committee

  • Overall responsibility of the implementation of the ESMP

  • ESM is responsible to ensure that contractors and consultants involved in the project follow and implement the ESMP; ESM shall review and approve CEMP prepared by contractors

  • ESM shall coordinate with MoE to ensure appropriate reporting of ESMP implementation

Engineering Consultants

  • Ensure EIA findings and ESMP considerations are properly taken in the detailed engineering design and properly integrated in the tender documents

  • Tender documents to contractors should include clauses and means to ensure contractors are held accountable for EMP implementation


  • Prepare a Construction Environmental Management Plan (CEMP) that details how the contractor shall implement the provisions of the EMP

  • Provide a field HSE officer to ensure implementation of CEMP as well as CDR’s HSE guidelines

  • Liaise with ESM and regularly report on implementation of EMP

  • Immediately report to ESM and supervision consultant in case of accidents, spills or other events which have health, safety or environmental implications

  • In case of incidents, contractors should fill an incident records form, including how the incident is planned to be addressed

Supervision consultants

  • Supervise the contractors implementation of CEMP and HSE regulations

  • Prepare a checklist to be approved by ESM and used to supervise contractor’s works

  • Coordinate closely with ESM on all site HSE issues

  • Review and approve contractor’s EMP reports prior to submittal to ESM

8.4Capacity Building

      1. Training Needs during Construction Phase

In order to ensure a proper and effective implementation of the CEMP, It is particularly important to undertake a training program for every contractor regarding preparation of CEMP & its implementation. Training sessions for every contractor will be conducted prior to the commencement of the construction works and it shall focus on the following topics:

  • Implementation of CDR’s HSE guidelines;

  • Air Quality Management;

  • Water Quality Management;

  • Water Consumption;

  • Solid Waste Management;

  • Hazardous waste management; and

  • Emergency plan

The training sessions will also include representatives from the MoEW , BMLWWE and the PMU. The cost of these training sessions is 30,000 USD.
      1. Training Needs during Operation Phase

Six months prior to the end of the 2 years operation period, a training session concerning water quality monitoring shall be conducted by a qualified training expert for BMLWWE in order to ensure the proper monitoring of the WTW water quality. The training session shall concentrate on the following:

  • Sampling protocols;

  • Quality Assurance (QA)/ Quality Control (QC); and

  • Reporting & Interpretation.

The estimated cost for this training is 8,000 USD.

8.5Verification & Monitoring

      1. Monitoring and Inspection Plan during the Construction Phase

As part of the Construction Environmental Monitoring Plan, a series of environmental variables are proposed to be monitored at varying frequencies depending on the parameter. Monitoring and site inspections are required particularly where the environmental and social Impact is thought to be most important, in particular:

  • Near sensitive sites;

  • At working sites and base camps;

  • Vehicle routes;

  • At all possible locations of potential leakage risk; and

  • At all point sources of waste generation.

The parameters to be monitored during construction will include:

  1. Traffic flow

  2. Ambient air quality

  3. Damour Surface and groundwater quality

  4. Biodiversity

Additional source of information is through ongoing visual inspection. The site HSE officer should continuously check for unsafe acts and activities that transgress the requirements specified in the EMP. At the same time some potential impacts are difficult to monitor quantitatively, such as soil erosion and waste management. The ongoing inspections by the site HSE officer provide valuable qualitative information on effects such as these so that action can be taken to mitigate against further potential effects.

Visual site inspection shall include:

  1. Landscape

  2. Archaeology
  3. Waste Management

  4. Health, safety and Hygiene

Table 8 -66 summarizes the proposed detailed monitoring and inspection plan during the construction and operation phases.

The detailed plan for water quality monitoring during operation phase is presented in Table 8 -67.

Table 8 66 Construction and Operation Monitoring Plan

Environmental Component





Unit cost (USD)

Total Cost(USD)


Traffic Flow

Continuous vehicles counting for 24 hours.


Excavation, blasting and construction sites
Sites where traffic deviation are expected

Transportation consultant (to be hired by CDR)

Can be added to scope of supervision engineer

4,000 per report


Ambient Air Quality

PM10, SO2, NOx for 24 hours


4 locations

Environmental Consultant (to be hired by CDR)
Can be added to scope of supervision enigneer



Noise Levels

Leq, Lmax, Lmin (dBA)


Noise sensitive locations

Site HSE officer



Solid waste

Waste type

Waste generated

Waste reused

Waste transported for offsite reuse/recycle

Waste disposed

Method of disposal


Excavation, blasting and construction sites

Site HSE officer



Damour Surface and ground Water Quality

TPH and heavy metals

Before work commencement: 3 surface water samples & 3 groundwater samples

Post work cessation: 3 surface water samples & 3 groundwater samples.

Damour river

Environmental Consultant (to be hired by CDR)
Can be added to scope of supervision enigneer

800/ sample



At affected sites


Excavation, blasting sites

Archaeology expert to be hired by CDR
Can be added to scope of supervision engineer

5,000 per year



Plant inventory

2 (before and after construction activities)

4 sensitive sites (ouardaniye WTW, NAhr Damour Siphon/ washout and khalde flow measurement and tunnel chamber)

Biodiversity expert
Can be added to scope of supervision engineer



Health safety environment and Hygiene


Excavation, blasting and construction sites

Site HSE officer



Capacity Building and Trainings

Once prior to the commencement of construction works.

1 training session for each contractor


Training Specialist

(to be hired by CDR)




143,600 USD


Treated Water Quality

Physico-chemical, bacteriological parameters, trace metal indicator and TPH


WTW Outlet;

Khaldeh sampling point

Reservoirs (3)

Operator (PMU then BMLWWE)



48,000/ year

Sludge Cake Characteristics

Dry weight and Heavy metals

During 1st year ( 4 samples for the four seasons)


Operator (PMU then BMLWWE)



Noise levels

Leq, Lmax, Lmin


Ourdaniye site

Operator PMU then BMLWWE)



Capacity Building & Trainings



Training specialist

(to be hired by CDR)




61,000 USD/ year

Table 8 67 Water Quality Monitoring Plan during Operation Phase

Location of monitoring points

parameters to be monitored



WTW Outlet



6.5 – 8.5






25 - 50 mg/l


0.05 – 0.5 mg/l


100 mg/l


30 – 50 mg/l


20 – 150 mg/l


10 -12 mg/l


250 mg/l



0 mg/l


50 – 200 mg/l


25 – 200 mg/l

Residual Chlorine

Total coliforms

0/100 ml

Fecal coliforms

0/100 ml

Fecal Streptococcus

0/100 ml

Water Reservoirs 3 (Hadath/Hazmieh)



0.05 – 0.5 mg/l



0 mg/l


25 – 200 mg/l

Residual Chlorine

Total coliforms

0/100 ml

Fecal coliforms

0/100 ml

Fecal Streptococcus

0/100 ml

Distribution Network

Total coliforms


0/100 ml

Fecal coliforms

0/100 ml

Fecal Streptococcus

0/100 ml

Residual Chlorine

0/100 ml

      1. Reporting

It is highly recommended to establish a database to log in field monitoring results. It will provide a scientific basis for establishing or modifying environmental measures in the future for the water sector. The database will record monitoring results during construction and operation phases. It will be developed by the PMU with the assistance of the implementing consultants. Monthly environmental monitoring reports shall be prepared by the PMU to analysis the collected data, assess the monitoring activities, and provide recommendations to ensure the effectiveness of the overall Construction Environmental Monitoring Plan. It is proposed that the PMU prepares quarterly environmental monitoring reports during the first two years of operation (open for renewal depending on the monitoring results).

It is proposed that a monthly environmental inspection report be developed by the site HSE officer and presented to the ESM/ PMU. The PMU will review the consolidated monthly report and decide on an appropriate corrective action where this is deemed necessary.

Additionally bi-annual comprehensive reports shall be generated by the PMU to present the results of the ESMP implementation activities and assess the adequacy of the proposed mitigation measures. These reports shall be submitted to the MoEW, MoE, CDR and the World Bank. During operation the bi annual reports should include a full synthesis and analysis of the water quality monitoring data within the WTW to assess the effectiveness of the various treatment units/ technologies adopted within the plant and propose potential enhancements to it and lessons learnt for future similar plants.


Montgomery Watson. Awali-Beirut Conveyor Project Feasibility Study Update, April 2010

Montgomery Watson and Engico Consulting Engineers. Awali-Beirut Water Conveyor Project (on BOT basis), April 1998
Montgomery Watson and Engico Consulting Engineers. Awali-Beirut Water Supply Preliminary Design Report, April 1994
Harajli M., 1994. Seismic Hazard Assessment of Lebanon: Zonation Maps, and Structural Seismic Design Regulations. Submitted to the Directorate of Urbanism Ministry of Public Work, Beirut, Lebanon.
Nemer T., 1999. The Roum Fault: Extent and Associated Structures. M.S. Thesis American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Dubertret, 1955. Geologic Map of Lebanon 1/200,000
IFC (International Finance Cooperation of the World Bank Group), 2007a. Environmental Development. April 30, 2007.

IFC (International Finance Cooperation of the World Bank Group), 2007b. General Guidelines for Environmental Health and Safety. April 30, 2007.

BS (British Standard) 5228:1997. Part 1, Noise and Vibration Control on Construction and Open Sites


Appendix A: Topographic Maps (1/20,000)

Appendix B: Location Drawings

Appendix C: Satellite Images and Photographs

Appendix D: Sludge

Appendix E: Noise Raw Data

Appendix F: Archaeological Report

Appendix G: Social Survey Questionnaires

Appendix H: Flyer

Appendix I: Consultations

Appendix J: Expropriation

Appendix K: CEMP Template

Appendix L: CDR HSE Guidelines

Appendix M: Map of Component 2

Appendix N: EHS Guideline Water Sanitation

Appendix O: Water Sampling Analysis Results

1 Sum of Kjeldahl-N(organic N + NH3),NO3-N, NO2-N


3 Bou Maroun, P.M. “Joun: Bride of the Iqlim surrounded by the Awali Waters and an Orange Blossom Fragrance.” Lebanese Army Magazine, Issue 239, May 2005. In Arabic.

4 Their coordinates being (N 33° 36' 46.1", E 35° 26' 29.0") (N 33° 36' 56.2", E35° 26' 18.0").

5 Assuming a generation rate of:

0.5 kg/capita/day of domestic solid waste; and

90l/capita/day of sanitary wastewater.

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