Lack of consultation with the directly affected local communities in the earlier EIA report posed a necessity to target these in the updated study in aim to ensure that adequate and timely information is provided to them and other stakeholders, and that they are given the chance to voice their opinions and concerns.
Based on an agreed plan with MoE’s representatives, ELARD team has consulted potentially affected local people and concerned Municipalities during the socio-economic survey. Project leaflets, prepared in Arabic, were distributed during the survey. These aimed at introducing the project while serving as an invitation to participate in a public consultation meeting.
The public participation event was held in the Lebanese University in Hadath at the Institute of Fine Arts on the 12th of May 2010.
ELARD consultants presented the project details, potential impacts and mitigation measures in a 45-minute presentation and opened the floor for one hour of open discussions with the attendees.
Various environmental impacts were discussed during the open session and some concerns rose up by the attendees. The two main serious concerns raised by the public are summarized in Table 1 -4 with an explanation of how the concern is addressed by the project proponents.
Table 1 4 Main Public Concerns
Retrieval of 3m3/s of water
Concerns were raised regarding type and magnitude of impact that could potentially affect the natural flow of water in the Awali River section downstream the Joun HEP after retrieval of the required amount of water for the Conveyor Project
CDR representative pointed out that the impact would be negligible.
ELARD to investigate the issue and address it in its Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Report
Structural impact from TBM activity
Concerns on adverse impacts on the structural stability of the St. Joseph Carmel School were expressed by the chairperson since the tunnel is passing beneath the school.
CDR to provide adequate geotechnical reports proving that there will be no direct impacts resulting from the tunnel boring activity.
A second Public Consultation covering both components of the project was held for the purpose of disclosing the results of the ESIA study on 27 July 2010 and has targeted the same audience including all related stakeholders as for the first consultation.
Environemntal and Social Impact Assessment
A summary of the
impacts of the Project on its surrounding environment assuming no mitigation measures are undertaken is given in Table 1 -5 in an Environmental Impact Severity Matrix (EISM) whereas Table 1 -6 presents the EISM of the project when control and mitigation measures are adopted.
With no mitigation measures being implemented, significant impacts would be attributed to the following activities: