Editors Laura Gephart, Columbia Conservation District Debra Nordheim, Columbia Conservation District Subbasin Team Leader



Download 1.6 Mb.
Page1/30
Date conversion13.07.2018
Size1.6 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   30


Draft

Tucannon
Subbasin Summary

August 3, 2001
Prepared for the

Northwest Power Planning Council



Editors

Laura Gephart, Columbia Conservation District

Debra Nordheim, Columbia Conservation District
Subbasin Team Leader

Terry Bruegman, Columbia Conservation District


Contributors (in alphabetical order):

Paul Ashley, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Duane Bartels, Pomeroy Conservation District

Michael Bireley, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Anne Davidson, Ecopacific

Debbie Fortner, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Pat Fowler, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Monte Fujishin, USDA Forest Service, Umatilla National Forest

Delbert Groat, USDA Forest Service, Umatilla National Forest

David Johnson, Nez Perce Tribe

Steve Martin, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Glen Mendel, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

William Neve, Washington State Department of Ecology

Carl Scheeler, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

Greg Schlenz, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Mark Schuck, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Rick Stauty, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Val Turner, Columbia County Weed Board

Mimi Wainwright, Washington State Department of Ecology

DRAFT: This document has not yet been reviewed or approved by the Northwest Power Planning Council

Tucannon Subbasin Summary

Table of Contents


Background iv

Subbasin Description v

General Description v

Water Quality xvii

Vegetation xxxiv

Fish and Wildlife Resources xliii

Fish and Wildlife Status xliii

Habitat Areas and Quality lxii

Watershed Assessment lxxiv

Limiting Factors lxxvi

Artificial Production lxxxi

Existing and Past Efforts lxxxvi

Present Subbasin Management xcix

Existing Management xcix

Existing Goals, Objectives, and Strategies cvi

Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation Activities cxxii

Statement of Fish and Wildlife Needs cxxvi

References cxxxi

Subbasin Recommendations cxliii

Abbreviated Abstract cxliii

Relationships to Other Projects cxliii

Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Activities clvi

Needed Future Actions clix

Actions by Others clxi

Appendix A: Washington State water quality standards clxvi

Appendix B: WDOE’s Proposed Surface Water Quality Standards clxvii

Appendix C: Plant species in the Tucannon subbasin clxviii

Appendix D: Threatened and endangered wildlife, fish and plant species in Washington State clxx

Appendix E: Rare plants found in Columbia County clxxii

Appendix F: Wildlife Species in the Tucannon Subbasin clxxiii

Appendix G: The Tucannon River Model Watershed Plan clxxix

Appendix H: U.S. Forest Service Management Strategy Definitions clxxxvi

Appendix I: PACFISH Guidelines clxxxix

Appendix J: U.S. Forest Service Prescribed Fire cxcvii

Appendix K: Hatchery and Genetic Management Plan (HGMP) ccv

Oncorhynchus mykiss ccv



Table of Figures


Figure 1. Location of Tucannon subbasin including towns, counties, major roads and streams (ICBEMP data source, Map by Ecopacific). vi

Figure 2. Land ownership within the Tucannon subbasin, Washington. (Map by Ecopacific) vi

Figure 3. Elevations within the Tucannon subbasin, Washington. (Map by Ecopacific) vii

Figure 4. Precipitation trends of the Tucannon subbasin, Washington. (Map by Ecopacific) viii

Figure 5. Bridge and River Mile locations along the Tucannon River, Washington. (Map by Ecopacific) ix

Figure 6. Center for Environmental Education (CEEd), Washington State University, water quality monitoring stations in the Tucannon subbasin, Washington. (CEEd, 1998) xx

Figure 7. Zone of Critical Temperature for the Tucannon River, Washington, July and August, 1988-1994 (WDFW & USFS). (Tucannon MWP, 1997) xxii

Figure 8. Bi-weekly averages of daily maximum temperatures in adult holding areas (RM 25-37) prior to spawning in the Tucannon River (1992). (Tucannon MWP, 1997) xxiii

Figure 9. Bi-weekly averages of daily maximum temperatures: Tucannon River (1990) xxvi

Figure 10. Average water temperatures of Pataha Creek, Washington, 1998-2000 (CEEd, 2000). xxvii

Figure 11. Fecal coliform concentrations (coliform counts only) at Pataha Creek CEEd stations, 1998-2000 (CEEd 2000). xxxi

Figure 12. Historic vegetation types in the Tucannon subbasin, Washington (WDFW). xxxv

Figure 13. Current vegetation types within the Tucannon subbasin. (Map by Ecopacific) xxxv

Figure 14. Assessment and inventory reaches on the Tucannon River, Washington. (Map by Ecopacific) xxxvi

Figure 15. Land use within the Tucannon subbasin, Washington. (Map by Ecopacific) xlii

Figure 16. Land uses in the Tucannon River watershed, Washington. (Tucannon MWP 1997) xlii

Figure 17. Spring Chinook Distribution within the Tucannon subbasin. xlv

Figure 18. Spring chinook redds in historic index (RM 42-45) (Bumgarner et al. 2000). xlvi

Figure 19. Lower Snake River dams and hatcheries (Mendel et al. 1995). xlviii

Figure 20. Fall Chinook distribution within the Tucannon subbasin. xlix

Figure 21. Summer Steelhead distribution within the Tucannon subbasin. l

Figure 22. Bull trout distribution within the Tucannon subbasin, Washington (WDFW). lv

Figure 23. Priority Habitat Species in the Tucannon subbasin, Washington (WDFW data, S. Martin per. com., 2001). lviii

Figure 24. Hatchery Facilities within the Tucannon subbasin. lxxxii

Figure 25. Tucannon River Spring Chinook escapement (Bumgarner et al. 1997). lxxxiv

Figure 26. USFS Fire Behavior Prediction System. cxcix



Tables


Table 1. Peak Flows: Tucannon River, near Starbuck, Washington (River Mile 7.9). xiv

Table 2. Mean monthly flows: Tucannon River (River Mile 7.9). xiv

Table 3. Water rights: Tucannon subbasin, Washington. xv

Table 4. Water claims to date: Tucannon subbasin, Washington. xv

Table 5. WDFW recommended minimum streamflows at USGS gauge number 13344500, Tucannon River, Washington. xvi

Table 6. Summary of monthly ambient stream monitoring data taken at Powers Bridge, (RM 2.3) Tucannon River, Washington, 1974-1995. xviii

Table 7. Pataha Creek water quality averages from September 1998 through November 2000, (CEEd, 2000). xxi

Table 8. Comparison of Spring Chinook salmon redd densities in redds/km (redds/ha) and total redds by stratum and year, Tucannon River, Washington, 1990. xxiv

Table 9. Temperature comparisons between the Wilderness Stratum and the Hartsock Stratum, Tucannon subbasin, Washington, July and August 1987. xxv

Table 10. Number of days that Pataha Creek water temperature exceeded the Washington temperature state standard of 18°C (64.4°F) for Class A and AA waters (USFS 1994). xxviii

Table 11. Riparian vegetation inventory, Tucannon River, Washington, summer 1994. xxxvii

Table 12. Riparian Vegetation Inventory, Pataha Creek, Washington, summer 1994. xxxviii

Table 13. Fish species present in the Tucannon subbasin, Washington (Mark Schuck, WDFW per. com., 2001) xliv

Table 14. Fall chinook spawning surveys below Starbuck Dam (Milks et al. 2000). xlviii

Table 15. Steelhead escapement, Marengo to Sheep Creek (Schuck et al. 1997). li

Table 16. Tucannon River bull trout spawning survey redd counts, 1991 – 2000 (G. Mendel, WDFW per. com., Jan. 2001). liv

Table 17. Status of Priority Habitat Species in the Tucannon subbasin, Washington (WDFW 2001). lix

Table 18. Tucannon River summary of Hankin and Reeves pool riffle data and geomorphic stream inventory, (Tucannon MWP 1997). lxv

Table 19. Summary of the impacts to the geomorphic and riparian conditions from the 1996 and 1997 floods (Tucannon MWP 1997). lxvii

Table 20. Short-term impacts to chinook and steelhead from the 1996-1997 floods in the Tucannon subbasin, Washington (Tucannon MWP 1997). lxviii

Table 21. LSRCP releases of hatchery reared spring chinook and steelhead into the Tucannon River from Lyons Ferry or Tucannon hatcheries (WDFW data from M. Schuck, per. com., 2001). lxxxv

Table 22. Rainbow trout stocked into the Tucannon River, Washington, 1983 - 1999 (WDFW data from M. Schuck, per. com., 2001). lxxxvi

Table 23. SE Washington District upland restoration project history. xc

Table 24. Conservation Reserve Program acreage in the Tucannon River watershed, Washington. xcii

Table 25. Conservation Reserve Program acreage and practice types in the Pataha Creek watershed, Washington. xcii

Table 26. Tucannon River Watershed Plan Environmental Assessment. xciv

Table 27. USFS management strategies for USFS lands in the Tucannon subbasin, Washington. c

Table 28. Recommendations to reduce erosion and sedimentation in the Tucannon River, Washington. cviii

Table 29. Pool habitat and streambank stability recommendations for the Tucannon River, Washington. clxxx

Table 30. Streambank planting recommendations. clxxxii

Table 31. Alternative effects analysis. clxxxiii

Table 32. Management Strategy Acres in the Tucannon SubBasin clxxxvi

Table 33. Estimated average current and desired ground fuel loadings in tons per acre. cxcix

Tucannon Subbasin Summary





  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   30


The database is protected by copyright ©hestories.info 2017
send message

    Main page