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Sínntese da história em português (by Diogo Santos)



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Sínntese da história em português (by Diogo Santos)

"Mrs. Bixby and the Colonel's Coat" relata-nos a história de um dentista empenhado (Mr. Bixby) e a sua mulher. Uma vez por mês, Mrs. Bixby sai de casa para visitar a sua tia em Baltimore, mas isso é uma desculpa para ir ter com o seu amante, o Coronel.

Numa destas visitas, ela recebe um presente e, ao abri-lo no comboio, descobre um casaco bonito e valioso. Numa nota juntamente com o presente, o Coronel escreve-lhe que a sua relação tem de acabar. Mrs. Bixby sente-se consolada por causa do seu novo presente.

Ela começa a arquitetar um plano para justificar ao marido o aparecimento do casaco. Decide penhorar o casaco (por $50), recebendo em troca o dinheiro e um papel que decidiu não preencher, como comprovativo da penhora.

Ao chegar a casa, conta ao marido que encontrou o papel num táxi e pede-lhe que vá buscar o produto. No dia seguinte, Mr. Bixby vai reaver o casaco e ao chegar ao emprego telefona à mulher dizendo que já o tem e que ela irá com certeza ficar contente e surpreendida.

Mrs. Bixby está tão ansiosa que não consegue esperar e dirige-se ao consultório do dentista. Ele então entrega-lhe um cachecol. Ao ver-se horrorizada com a situação, ela imagina uma maneira de se dirigir à loja do penhor e acusá-lo da troca.

No entanto, ao sair do dentista, ela vê a secretária do marido (Miss Pultney), voltando do almoço, com o tal casaco valioso que o Coronel tinha oferecido a Mrs. Bixby.


Grammar Part




Present Simple

Ex: You want to go out and have fun




I/We/You/They

Want/tell/do

He/She/It

Wants/tells/does



Note:

When a verb ends in:



-o

-ss

-sh

-ch

-x
we add es

Ex:

-do – he does

-miss – he misses

-finish – he finishes

-catch – he catches

-mix – he mixes


We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:

Questions



Do

I/We/You/They

Want to go out?

Does

He/she/it

Negative sentences




I/We/You/They

Don’t

Want to go out. 

He/She/It

Doesn’t


We use this tense for:

-habitual actions

-scientific and universal truths/permanent truths

-timetables

-programmes

-frequencies

-fixed periods of time

-instructions

-observations and declarations

-commentaries

Past Simple

The past form is the same for all persons




I

You


He/She/It

We

You



They

Wanted a film career

Made a new film


In questions and negatives we use

Did/didn’t + infinitive

did

I

You


He/She/It

We

You



They

Want a film career?
Make a new film?

I

You


He/She/It

We

You



They

Didn’t

Want a film career.
Make a new film.

The Past simple is used:


-for events which happened in the past and are now finished

-for regular or habitual actions in the past

-in conditional sentences for something that you think is unlikely to happen

-for reporting what someone said.


Present Perfect

Ex: I have always been into doing exciting, courageous things.


Form

Affirmative


I/We/You/They have


Practised

gone


He/She/It has

Have I/We/You/They

Practised?

Gone?


Has he/she/it




I/We/You/They have not (haven’t)

Practised

gone


He/she/it has not (hasn’t)



Use


The Present Perfect connects the past and the present. It refers to a past action, but the present effects or results of the action are more important.
-We use the Present Perfect tense when we are concerned with the present effects of something which happened at an indefinitive time in the past.

Ex: I’m afraid, I’ve forgotten my keys


-We use it to describe actions which happened at an unspecified time in the relatively recent past.

Ex: Have you passed your examination?


-We also use the Present Perfect when we are thinking of a time which started in the past and is still continuing

Ex: I’ve lived in this town for five years


-We use this tense in time clauses, when we are talking about something which will be done at some time in the future.

Ex: I’ll tell you as soon as I’ve heard from Michael

-We often use it to give people some new information or to ask for information.

Ex: What’s the problem? Have you missed the train? They’ve asked Peter to play instead of me

-We use already with the Present perfect to emphasise that the action happened before the moment of speaking.

Ex: I’ve already done my homework


-We use Yet with the Present Perfect to say that something has not happened up to now, but we expect it to happen some time in the future. We use it in questions and negative sentences. We put it at the end of the sentence.

Ex: Have you already studied for the English test? No, not yet.


-We often use just with the Present Perfect, “meaning a very short time ago”

Ex: I’ve just arrived from school.





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