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Conditional Sentences



Type 1

Usamos esta estrutura quando há uma possibilidade real de algo acontecer, embora sob determinada condição, no presente ou no futuro


If + S.present + will + verb
Imperative clause + conjuction (or) + future

Type 2

Usamos esta estrutura quando falamos de algo que é muito improvável que aconteça no presente ou futuro, embora seja possível


Unless/If + S.Past would + verb (only infinitive)

Type 3

Esta estrutura exprime uma situação impossível de acontecer porque está ligada a condições passadas que não se concretizaram.


IF + Past Perfet + Perfect conditional
Ex: If the weather had been nice yesterday, I would have gone for a walk

Irregular Verbs





Infinitive

Past Tense

Past Participle

abide

abided, abode

abided, abode

arise

arose

arisen


awake

awoke, awaked

awoken

be

was / were

been

bear

bore

borne

beat

beat

beat, beaten

become

became

become

befall

befell

befallen

beget

begot

begotten

begin

began

begun

behold

beheld

beheld


bend

bent

bent

bereave

bereft, bereaved

bereft, bereaved

beseech

besought, beseeched

besought, beseeched

beset

beset

beset

bespeak

bespoke

bespoken

bestride

bestrode

bestridden

bet

bet, betted

bet, betted

betake

betook

betaken

bid


bade, bid

bid, bidden

bind

bound

bound

bite

bit

bitten

bleed

bled

bled

bless

blessed, blest

blessed, blest

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

breed

bred

bred

bring

brought

brought

broadcast


broadcast

broadcast

browbeat

browbeat

browbeaten

build

built

built

burn

burned, burnt

burned, burnt

burst

burst

burst

bust

bust (busted AmE)

bust (busted AmE)

cast

cast

cast

catch

caught

caught

chide

chided, chid

chid, chidden


choose

chose

chosen

cleave

cleaved, cleft, clove

cleaved, cleft, cloven

cling

clung

clung

clothe

clothed, clad

clothed, clad

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

creep

crept

crept

crow

crowed, crew

crowed

cut

cut

cut


deal

dealt

dealt

defreeze

defroze

defrozen

dig

dug

dug

dive

dived (dove AmE)

dived

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

dream

dreamed, dreamt

dreamed, dreamt

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven


dwell

dwelt, dwelled

dwelt, dwelled

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

flee

fled

fled

fling

flung

flung


floodlight

floodlit, floodlighted

floodlit, floodlighted

fly

flew

flown

forbid

forbade, forbad

forbidden, forbid

forecast

forecast

forecast

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

foretell

foretold

foretold

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

forgo

forwent


forgone

forsake

forsook

forsaken

forswear

forswore

forsworn

freeze

froze

frozen

get

got

got (gotten AmE)

gild

gilted, gilt

gilted, gilt

gird

girded, girt

girded, girt

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grind


ground

ground

grow

grew

grown

hamstring

hamstrung

hamstrung

hang

hung, hanged

hung, hanged

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

heave

heaved, hove

heaved, hove

hew

hewed

hewn, hewed

hide

hid

hidden, hid

hit


hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

input

inputted, input

inputted, input

inset

inset, insetted

inset, insetted

interbreed

interbred

interbred

interweave

interwove

interwoven

keep

kept

kept

kneel

kneeled, knelt

kneeled, knelt


knit

knitted, knit

knitted, knit

know

knew

known

lade

laded

laden, laded

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

lean

leant, leaned

leant, leaned

leap

leapt, leaped

leapt, leaped

learn

learnt, learned

learnt, learned

leave

left

left


lend

lent

lent

let

let

let

lie

lay

lain

light

lighted, lit

lighted, lit

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

miscast

miscast

miscast


mishear

misheard

misheard

mislay

mislay

mislaid

mislead

misled

misled

misread

misread

misread

misspell

misspelt, misspelled

misspelt, misspelled

misspend

misspent

misspent

mistake

mistook

mistaken

misunderstand

misunderstood

mistunderstood

mow

mowed


mowed, mown

offset

offset

offset

outbid

outbid

outbid

outdo

outdid

outdone

outfight

outfought

outfought

outgrow

outgrew

outgrown

output

output

output

outride

outrode

outridden

outrun

outran

outrun

outsell


outsold

outsold

outshine

outshone

outshone

overbear

overbore

overborne

overcast

overcast

overcast

overcome

overcame

overcome

overdo

overdid

overdone

overdraw

overdrew

overdrawn

overeat

overate

overeaten

overfly

overflew

overflown


overhang

overhung

overhung

overhear

overheard

overheard

overlay

overlaid

overlaid

overload

overloaded

overloaded, overladen

overpay

overpaid

overpaid

override

overrode

overridden

overrun

overran

overrun

oversee

oversaw

overseen

oversell

oversold


oversold

overshoot

overshot

overshot

oversleep

overslept

overslept

overspend

overspent

overspent

overtake

overtook

overtaken

overthrow

overthrew

overthrown

overwrite

overwrote

overwritten

partake

partook

partaken

pay

paid

paid

plead


pleaded, plead (pled AmE)

pleaded, plead (pled AmE)

proofread

proofread

proofread

prove

proved

proved (proven AmE)

put

put

put

quit

quitted, quit

quitted, quit

read

read

read

rebind

rebound

rebound

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

recast

recast

recast


redo

redid

redone

rehear

reheard

reheard

relay

relaid

relaid

remake

remade

remade

rend

rent

rent

repay

repaid

repaid

rerun

reran

rerun

resell

resold

resold

reset

reset

reset


resit

resat

resat

retake

retook

retaken

retell

retold

retold

rethink

rethought

rethought

rewind

rewound

rewound

rewrite

rewrote

rewritten

rid

rid, ridded

rid, ridded

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang


rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

saw

sawed

sawn, sawed

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

set

set

set


sew

sewed

sewn, sewed

shake

shook

shaken

shed

shed

shed

shine

shone

shone

shit

shitted, shit

shitted, shit

shoe

shod

shod

show

showed

showed, shown

shrink

shrank, shrunk

shrunk

shut

shut

shut


sing

sang

sung

sink

sank, sunk

sunk

sit

sat

sat

slay

slew

slain

sleep

slept

slept

slide

slid

slid

sling

slung

slung

slink

slunk

slunk

slit

slit

slit


smell

smelt, smelled

smelt, smelled

smite

smote

smitten

sow

sowed

sown, sowed

speak

spoke

spoken

speed

speeded, sped

speeded, sped

spell

spelt, spelled

spelt, spelled

spend

spent

spent

spill

spilt, spilled

spilt, spilled

spin

spun


spun

spit

spat (spit AmE)

spat (spit AmE)

split

split

split

spoil

spoiled, spoilt

spoiled, spoilt

spoon-feed

spoon-fed

spoon-fed

spotlight

spotlighted, spotlit

spotlighted, spolit

spread

spread

spread

spring

sprang (sprung AmE)

sprung

stand

stood

stood

stave


staved, stove

staved, stove

steal

stole

stolen

stick

stuck

stuck

sting

stung

stung

stink

stank, stunk

stunk

strew

strewed

strewn, strewed

stride

strode

stridden

strike

struck

struck

string

strung

strung

strive


strove, strived

striven, strived

sublet

sublet

sublet

swear

swore

sworn

sweep

swept

swept

swell

swelled

swollen, swelled

swim

swam

swum

swing

swung

swung

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear


tore

torn

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

thrive

thrived, throve

thrived

throw

threw

thrown

thrust

thrust

thrust

tread

trod

trodden, trod

typecast

typecast

typecast

unbend

unbent

unbent

unbind


unbound

unbound

undercut

undercut

undercut

undergo

underwent

undergone

underlie

underlay

underlaid

underpay

underpaid

underpaid

undersell

undersold

undersold

understand

understood

understood

undertake

undertook

undertaken

underwrite

underwrote

underwritten


undo

undid

undone

unfreeze

unfroze

unfrozen

unwind

unwound

unwound

uphold

upheld

upheld

upset

upset

upset

wake

woke

woken

waylay

waylaid

waylaid

wear

wore

worn

weave

wove, weaved

woven, weaved


wed

wedded, wed

wedded, wed

weep

wept

wept

wet

wetted, wet

wetted, wet

win

won

won

wind

wound

wound

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

withold

witheld

witheld

withstand

withstood

withstood

wreak

wreaked, wrought


wreaked, wrought

wring

wrung

wrung

write

wrote

written




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