Make a card with “Capitalization Rules,” “Periods,” “Commas,” etc. on the front of the card and the rule on the back of the card. INCLUDE a sentence using the rule!
The following should always be capitalized:
The first word in a sentence, the first word in every line of a traditional poem, the first word of the greeting in a letter, the first word of the greeting in a letter, the first word and all important words in a title, family words when used with names or in place of names, and proper nouns.
Periods (1) – Use with abbreviations and initials and at the end of sentences.
Commas (1)– Use with items in a series, between adjectives, after introductory elements, with interrupters, to set off nonessential material, with quotations, in compound sentences, in dates, place names, and letters, with names and numbers, and to avoid confusion.
Use to separate items in a series if any of the items contain commas.
Use between independent clauses joined by a conjunction if either clause contains commas.
Use a semicolon before a conjunctive adverb or a parenthetical expression that joins the clauses of a compound sentence.
Use a colon to introduce a list of items.
Use between two independent clauses when the second clause explains the first.
Use a colon to introduce a formal or long quotation.
Use a colon after the salutation in a formal business letter, after labels that signal important ideas, between the hour and minute figures of clock time, and between chapter and verse.
Quotation Marks (5)
Use with direct quotations.
Do not use with indirect quotations.
Use with dialogue.
Use single quotation marks within a quotation to enclose a quotation within a quotation.
Use with titles of chapters, articles, short stories, TV episodes, essays, poems, and songs.
Italicize titles of books, movies, magazines, newspapers, TV series, plays, works of art, epic poems, and long musical compositions.
There are 6 tenses of verbs. List the 6 tenses and 1 example of each. (1)
There are 2 types of verbs, action and linking. Give 1 example of each. (1)
Subject-Verb Agreement (7)
Write the rule on the front and example on the back of a card.
A singular subject demands a singular verb; a plural subject demands a plural verb. (1)
Indefinite pronouns such as everyone and everybody feel plural to some writers, but they are always singular — and take a singular verb. (1)
The verb that accompanies pronouns such as all and some will be determined by whether the pronoun is referring to something that is COUNTABLE or not. (1)
Phrases such as together with, along with, and as well asseem to join subjects, but they do not work the same as and: they are not conjunctions. (1)
In formal writing, when either and neither appear as a subject alone (without their sidekicks or and nor), they are singular. (1)
When either and neither act as correlative conjunctions, the subject that is closer to the verb determines the number (singular or plural form) of the verb. (1)
When an expletive construction (there is, there are, here is, etc.) begins a sentence, the subject (which determines the number of the verb) comes after the verb. (1)
A singular noun takes a singular pronoun. (1)
A plural noun takes a plural pronoun. (1)
Indefinite pronouns are singular. (1)
Demonstrative pronouns precede nouns. (1)
Objective pronouns are used for direct or indirect objects. (1)
Nominative pronouns are used for subjects and predicate nominatives (after linking verbs). (1)