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Organizing Topic Impact of Global Trade on Regional Civilizations Standard(s) of Learning

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Organizing Topic

Impact of Global Trade on Regional Civilizations

Standard(s) of Learning

WHII.5 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the status and impact of global trade on regional civilizations of the world after 1500 a.d. (c.e.) by

a) describing the location and development of the Ottoman Empire;

b) describing India, including the Mughal Empire and coastal trade;

c) describing East Asia, including China and the Japanese shogunate;

d) describing Africa and its increasing involvement in global trade;

e) describing the growth of European nations, including the Commercial Revolution and mercantilism.

Essential Understandings, Knowledge, and Skills

Correlation to

Instructional Materials

Skills (to be incorporated into instruction throughout the academic year)

Use maps, globes, artifacts, and pictures to analyze the physical and cultural landscapes of the world and to interpret the past.

Identify geographic features important to the study of world history.

Identify and compare contemporary political boundaries with the location of civilizations, empires, and kingdoms.

Analyze trends in human migration and cultural interaction.


Explain that the Ottoman Empire emerged as a political and economic power following the conquest of Constantinople.

Explain that the Ottomans brought much Muslim territory in Southwest Asia and North Africa under their rule.

Identify the location of the Ottoman Empire and describe its expansion and development, using the following information as a guide:

  • Asia Minor

  • Expansion and extent of the Ottoman Empire

  • Southwest Asia

  • Southeastern Europe, Balkan Peninsula

  • North Africa

  • Development of the Ottoman Empire

  • Capital at Constantinople renamed Istanbul

  • Islamic religion as a unifying force that accepted other religions

  • Trade in coffee and ceramics

Explain that descendants of the Mongols, the Muslim Mughal (Mogul) rulers, established an empire in northern India.

Explain that the Mughal Empire traded with European nations.

Explain that much of southern India remained independent and continued international trade.

Identify that the Mughal Empire was located in northern India.

Identify contributions of Mughal rulers, using the following information as a guide:

  • Spread of Islam into India

  • Art and architecture: Taj Mahal

  • Establishment of European trading outposts

  • Influence of Indian textiles on British textile industry

Summarize India’s trade with European nations, using the following information as a guide:

  • Portugal, England, and the Netherlands competed for the Indian Ocean trade by establishing coastal ports on the Indian subcontinent.

  • Southern India traded silks, spices, and gems.

Explain how the Chinese and Japanese attempted to limit the influence of European merchants, using the following information as a guide:
  • China

  • Creation of foreign enclaves to control trade

  • Imperial policy of controlling foreign influences and trade

  • Increase in European demand for Chinese goods (tea, porcelain)

  • Japan

  • Characterized by powerless emperor controlled by military leader (shogun)

  • Adopted policy of isolation to limit foreign influences

Explain that the exportation of slaves and demand for imported goods began to alter traditional economic patterns in Africa.

Describe the process of how Africa became involved in foreign trade. Use the following information as a guide:

  • African exports

  • Slaves (triangular trade)

  • Raw materials (ivory, gold)

  • African imports

  • Manufactured goods from Europe, Asia, and the Americas

  • New food products (corn, peanuts)

Explain that European maritime nations competed for overseas markets, colonies, and resources, creating new economic practices, such as mercantilism, linking European nations with their colonies.

Describe mercantilism as an economic practice adopted by European colonial powers in an effort to become self-sufficient and based on the theory that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country.

Summarize the role of the Commercial Revolution and mercantilism in the growth of European nations, using the following information as a guide:

  • European maritime nations competed for overseas markets, colonies, and resources.

  • A new economic system emerged:

  • New money and banking systems were created.

  • Economic practices such as mercantilism evolved.

  • Colonial economies were limited by the economic needs of the mother countries.

Sample Resources

Below is an annotated list of Internet resources for this organizing topic. Copyright restrictions may exist for the material on some Web sites. Please note and abide by any such restrictions.

The Mughal Empire. Washington State University. http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/MUGHAL/MUGHMAP.HTM. http://wsu.edu/~dee/MUGHAL/CONTENTS.HTM. These sites provide a map of and information about the Mughal Empire.

Taj Mahal: Memorial to Love. Public Broadcasting Service. http://www.pbs.org/treasuresoftheworld/a_nav/taj_nav/main_tajfrm.html. http://www.pbs.org/treasuresoftheworld/a_nav/taj_nav/tajnav_level_1/1mughal_tajfrm.html. These sites provide information on the Taj Mahal and the Mughal Empire.

Welcome to Istanbul. Princeton University. http://www.princeton.edu/~asce/const_95/const.html. This site provides access to information on Istanbul (Constantinople).

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