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Session 5: The Monroe Doctrine



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Session 5: The Monroe Doctrine

Materials
  • Attachment A: Vocabulary Brainstorming


  • Teacher-created vocabulary activities
Instructional Activities

1. Explain that after the American Revolution, the United States wished to prevent foreign interference in the Americas. The Monroe Doctrine, issued by President James Monroe in 1823, alerted the European powers that the American continents should not be considered for any future colonization.

2. Discuss the following aspects and tenets of the Monroe Doctrine:



  • The Monroe Doctrine was also backed by the British government.

  • Latin American nations were acknowledged to be independent.

  • The United States would regard as a threat to its own peace and safety any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state in the Western Hemisphere.

  • The United States would not interfere in European affairs.

  • The document continues to be a cornerstone of American foreign policy.

3. Have students create a political cartoon showing the purpose of the doctrine.

4. Highlight new vocabulary from the unit by one of the following game activities:



  • Bingo

  • Matching (like Memory)

  • Who Knows…

  • Word Wall (Each student is given a different word to define, illustrate, and use in a sentence.)

5. As a review activity, ask students to revisit Attachment A and write a different word in each box, particularly trying to think of words relating to the Latin American independence movements. Review the resulting words with the class.

Session 6: Assessment

Materials
  • Attachment E: Sample Assessment Items

Instructional Activities

1. Distribute copies of Attachment E, and have students complete the assessment.

Attachment A: Vocabulary Brainstorming


In each box, write a word relating to Latin America and beginning with that letter of the alphabet. Save the organizer for after you complete the unit of study.


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z


Attachment B: Map of South America before Independence

New map of South America from the latest authorities”

From Samuel Lewis’ Atlas, 1817



Source: Old Book Art, http://www.gallery.oldbookart.com/main.php?g2_itemId=13728. Image in public domain.


Attachment C: Independence Movements of Latin America


Name: Date:
1. Label the nations of South America, Central America, and the Caribbean that are shown on the map.

2. Simón Bolivar led successful revolts in Bolivia, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. Color those nations yellow.

3. Jose de San Martin led successful revolts in Argentina and Chile. Color those nations light green.

4. Both liberated Peru. Color Peru red.

5. Toussaint L’Ouverture liberated Haiti. Label Haiti, and color it orange.


Attachment D: Toussaint L’Ouverture and Simón Bolivar Venn Diagram




Attachment E: Sample Assessment Items


An asterisk (*) indicates the correct answer.

1. Who led a successful revolution in Haiti to free Haitians from French rule?

A Toussaint L’Ouverture*

B Simón Bolivar

C Napoleon Bonaparte

D Jose de San Martin


2. Who led a successful revolution in the northern area of South America, eventually having a country named after him?

A Toussaint L’Ouverture

B Simón Bolivar*

C Napoleon Bonaparte

D Father Miguel Hidalgo

3. Viceroys were

A religious officials.

B priests.

C explorers.

D colonial officials.*

4. Which nation claimed the region extending from Mexico through South America?

A France


B Spain*

C Portugal

D The Netherlands

5. The European colonies in the Americas

A established new and independent cultures and social patterns.

B followed the cultural and social patterns of the indigenous peoples.

C imitated the cultures and social patterns of their parent countries.*

D established a unified cultural and social pattern for all to follow.


6. The United States issued the Monroe Doctrine because

A there was conflict over who would control Latin America.*

B American merchants had found rich markets in Africa.

C the United States opposed the Spanish king.

D the United States wanted colonies in South America.



7
1
. The country located at number 1 on the map above is

A Mexico.*

B Columbia.

C Venezuela.

D Brazil.

8. Revolutions in Latin America were influenced by

A the Renaissance.

B the Crusades.

C the Civil War in Spain.

D the French Revolution.*

9. Who started the Mexican independence movement?

A Father Miguel Hidalgo*

B Simón Bolivar

C Jose de San Martin

D Toussaint L’Ouverture




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