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Sample Resources

Below is an annotated list of Internet resources for this organizing topic. Copyright restrictions may exist for the material on some Web sites. Please note and abide by any such restrictions.

“Adam Smith.” The History of Economic Thought. New School University. http://cepa.newschool.edu/het/profiles/smith.htm. This site contains links to resources about Adam Smith’s life and works.

Bessemer, Henry. Sir Henry Bessemer, F.R.S. http://www.history.rochester.edu/ehp-book/shb/. This site contains an autobiography of Henry Bessemer.

“Boxer Rebellion.” Internet Modern History Sourcebook. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1900Fei-boxers.html. This site provides information on the Boxer Rebellion.

Carnegie, Andrew. James Watt. http://www.history.rochester.edu/steam/carnegie/. This site provides a biography of James Watt.

Cohn, David V. “The Life and Times of Louis Pasteur.” http://www.labexplorer.com/louis_pasteur.htm. This site provides the keynote address of the Centennial Celebration of the death of Pasteur, which was sponsored jointly in 1996 at the University of Louisville by the University, the Pasteur Institute of Paris, and the Alliance Française de Louisville.



Edward Jenner Museum. http://www.jennermuseum.com. This site contains information about Edward Jenner’s life and contributions.

Eli Whitney Museum. http://www.eliwhitney.org/main.htm. This site contains information about Eli Whitney’s life and inventions.

“Karl Marx.” The History of Economic Thought. New School University. http://cepa.newschool.edu/het/profiles/marx.htm. This site contains links to resources about Karl Marx.


Outline Maps: Education Place. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company. http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/. This site provides outline maps that may be printed and used in the classroom.

“The Rise of Labor.” Freedom: A History of Us. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/historyofus/web09/segment6.html. This site contains information on the rise of labor unions from the Picture History and Educational Broadcasting Corporation.

Session 1: Introduction to the Industrial Revolution

Materials
Instructional Activities

1. Have students brainstorm what they know about the Industrial Revolution. Display their responses, and briefly discuss them to lead into the study of the Industrial Revolution.

2. Distribute index cards and markers. Direct students to write on the lined side of the card: “The Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century caused social and environmental changes.” Instruct students to draw a picture on the other side of the card that reflect their idea of technological advancements during the Industrial Revolution. Explain that they will develop study cards as they work through the unit on the Industrial Revolution.

3. Allow students to share their drawings and explain what they mean.

4. Assign a teacher-selected reading or other reinforcement activity.


Session 2: The Origin of the Industrial Revolution

Materials

  • Teacher-developed class notes

  • Pictures or slides of advancements of the Industrial Revolution: spinning jenny, steam engine, cotton gin, steel-making process, smallpox vaccination, discovery of bacteria

  • Outline political map of the world (see Outline Maps: Education Place at http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/)
  • 5 x 8 inch index cards

Instructional Activities

1. Discuss the origin of the Industrial Revolution, using class notes containing the following information from the Curriculum Framework for Standard WHII.9a, as well as pictures of advancements that helped produce the Industrial Revolution:

  • Industrial Revolution

  • Originated in England because of her natural resources (e.g., coal, iron ore) and the invention and improvement of the steam engine

  • Spread to Europe and the United States

  • Role of cotton textile, iron, and steel industries

  • Relationship to the British Enclosure Movement

  • Rise of the factory system and demise of cottage industries

  • Rising economic powers that wanted to control raw materials and markets throughout the world

  • Technological advancements that helped produce the Industrial Revolution

  • Spinning jenny: James Hargreaves

  • Steam engine: James Watt

  • Cotton gin: Eli Whitney

  • Process for making steel: Henry Bessemer

  • Advancements in science and medicine

  • Development of smallpox vaccination: Edward Jenner

  • Discovery of bacteria: Louis Pasteur

2. Distribute copies of an outline map of the world, and instruct students to annotate the map with pictures that reflect the various advancements as they are introduced. Have them place each picture in the appropriate country to illustrate the origin of the innovation.

3. Instruct students to draw pictures on their index cards to illustrate the advancements covered in this session and to write the names of the advancements and their inventors on the other side of the cards.

4. Assign a teacher-selected reading or other reinforcement activity.

Session 3: The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on Industrialized Countries

Materials

  • Teacher-developed class notes
Instructional Activities

1. Have students brainstorm inventions or innovations that could be introduced today to make life easier.

2. Encourage students to suggest what the world would be like without the various innovations of the Industrial Revolution.

3. Discuss the impact of the Industrial Revolution on industrialized countries, using teacher-developed class notes that include the following:


  • Impacts of the Industrial Revolution on industrialized countries:

  • Population increase

  • Increased standards of living for many but not all

  • Improved transportation

  • Urbanization

  • Environmental pollution

  • Increased education

  • Dissatisfaction of working class with working conditions

  • Growth of the middle class

4. Assign a teacher-selected reading or other reinforcement activity.




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