WHII.10 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the worldwide impact of World War I by
a) explaining economic causes, political causes, and major events and identifying major leaders of the war, with emphasis on Woodrow Wilson and Kaiser Wilhelm II;
b) explaining the outcomes and global effect of the war and the Treaty of Versailles;
c) citing causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution.
Essential Understandings, Knowledge, and Skills
Skills (to be incorporated into instruction throughout the academic year)
Use maps, globes, artifacts, and pictures to analyze the physical and cultural landscapes of the world and to interpret the past.
Identify and compare contemporary political boundaries with the location of civilizations, empires, and kingdoms.
Identify, analyze, and interpret primary and secondary sources to make generalizations about events and life in world history.
Explain that World War I (1914–1918) was caused by competition among industrial nations in Europe and a failure of diplomacy. The war transformed European and American life, wrecked the economies of Europe, and planted the seeds for a second world war.
Summarize the following causes of World War I:
Alliances that divided Europe into competing camps
Competition over colonies
Summarize the following major events of World War I:
Enormous cost of the war in lives, property, and social disruption
Summarize the following terms of the Treaty of Versailles:
Forced Germany to accept guilt for war and loss of territory and to pay reparations
Limited the German military
League of Nations
Explain how Russia erupted in revolution while fighting World War I.
Explain that Tsarist Russia entered World War I as an absolute monarchy with sharp class divisions between the nobility and the peasants. The grievances of workers and peasants were not resolved by the Tsar. Inadequate administration in World War I led to revolution and an unsuccessful provisional government. A second revolution by the Bolsheviks created the communist state that ultimately became the U.S.S.R.
Summarize the following causes of the 1917 Russian revolutions: