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Session 12: Assessment

  • Attachment A: Sample Assessment Items

Instructional Activities

1. Distribute copies of Attachment A, and have students complete the assessment.

Attachment A: Sample Assessment Items

An asterisk (*) indicates the correct answer.

1. Who developed the smallpox vaccination?

A James Watt

B Edward Jenner*

C Louis Pasteur

D Henry Bessemer

2. The Industrial Revolution made an impact on the industrialized countries of the world by

A increasing the rural population.

B decreasing the population.

C improving transportation.*

D causing worldwide depression.

3. Adam Smith, in his work Wealth of Nations, contributed to the development of capitalism by

A defending the idea of free markets.*

B suggesting that government limit competition.

C promoting the benefits of communism.

D supporting the theories of socialism.


4. The information in the box above represents the impact of

A Karl Marx.

B The British Enclosure Movement.

C Friedrich Engels.

D The Industrial Revolution.*


5. The items in the box above are forms of

A democracies.

B communism.

C monarchies.

D imperialism.*

6. Which was NOT a reason for imperialism to develop?

A Nationalism

B Industrial Revolution

C Religious fervor

D Isolationism*

7. In 1853, Matthew Perry used naval power to force Japan to

A trade with the U.S.*

B end the opium trade.

C cut off trade with Europe.

D end colonization of Korea.

8. What German economist/philosopher is credited with the idea of communism?

A Adam Smith

B James Watt

C Karl Marx*

D Adolf Hitler

9. According to communism, history is dominated by the struggle between what two groups?

A the bourgeoisie and the proletariat*

B the bourgeoisie and the democrats

C the proletariat and the republicans

D the democrats and the republicans

10. Eli Whitney’s cotton gin increased the demand in the American South for

A slaves.*

B cotton.

C wheat.

D coal.

Organizing Topic

World War I

Standard(s) of Learning

WHII.10 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the worldwide impact of World War I by

a) explaining economic causes, political causes, and major events and identifying major leaders of the war, with emphasis on Woodrow Wilson and Kaiser Wilhelm II;

b) explaining the outcomes and global effect of the war and the Treaty of Versailles;

c) citing causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution.

Essential Understandings, Knowledge, and Skills

Correlation to

Instructional Materials

Skills (to be incorporated into instruction throughout the academic year)

Use maps, globes, artifacts, and pictures to analyze the physical and cultural landscapes of the world and to interpret the past.

Identify and compare contemporary political boundaries with the location of civilizations, empires, and kingdoms.

Identify, analyze, and interpret primary and secondary sources to make generalizations about events and life in world history.


Explain that World War I (1914–1918) was caused by competition among industrial nations in Europe and a failure of diplomacy. The war transformed European and American life, wrecked the economies of Europe, and planted the seeds for a second world war.

Summarize the following causes of World War I:

  • Alliances that divided Europe into competing camps

  • Nationalistic feelings

  • Diplomatic failures

  • Imperialism

  • Competition over colonies

  • Militarism

Summarize the following major events of World War I:

  • Assassination of Austria’s Archduke Ferdinand

  • United States enters war

  • Russia leaves the war

Identify the following major leaders of World War I

  • Woodrow Wilson

  • Kaiser Wilhelm II

Summarize the following outcomes and global effects of World War I:

  • Colonies’ participation in the war, which increased demands for independence

  • End of the Russian Imperial, Ottoman, German, and Austro-Hungarian empires

  • Enormous cost of the war in lives, property, and social disruption

Summarize the following terms of the Treaty of Versailles:

  • Forced Germany to accept guilt for war and loss of territory and to pay reparations

  • Limited the German military

  • League of Nations

Explain how Russia erupted in revolution while fighting World War I.

Explain that Tsarist Russia entered World War I as an absolute monarchy with sharp class divisions between the nobility and the peasants. The grievances of workers and peasants were not resolved by the Tsar. Inadequate administration in World War I led to revolution and an unsuccessful provisional government. A second revolution by the Bolsheviks created the communist state that ultimately became the U.S.S.R.

Summarize the following causes of the 1917 Russian revolutions:

  • Defeat in war with Japan in 1905

  • Landless peasantry

  • Incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II

  • Military defeats and high casualties in World War I

Summarize the rise of communism in Russia, using the following information as a guide:

  • Bolshevik Revolution and civil war

  • Vladimir Lenin’s New Economic Policy (NEP)

  • Joseph Stalin, Lenin’s successor

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