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Session 8: The Treaty of Versailles, part 1


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Session 8: The Treaty of Versailles, part 1

  • Teacher-prepared quiz on the “REVOLT” mnemonic

  • 5 x 8 inch index cards

  • Colored pencils

  • Electronic presentation of the “RAW” mnemonic

  • Pictures, posters, and/or other materials to reinforce the punishing impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany

  • Teacher-selected resources
Instructional Activities

1. Display the following question: “How should you treat someone you just beat in a fight?” Have students share answers. Ask them whether they would change their answer if the other person started the fight. Ask whether they would change their answer if the other person did lots of damage. Then, continue discussion based on answers to the following questions: “How is the defeated person likely to act in the future if you treat him or her respectfully and mercifully? How is he likely to act if you rub defeat in his face and treat him horribly?” Make an analogy to a sporting event and the difference between good and bad sportsmanship. Discussion is key for understanding how best to treat a defeated foe.

2. Distribute index cards and colored pencils. Explain that students will be learning a mnemonic (memory device) to help them remember the punishing impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany. Instruct students to write, “Germany felt the Treaty of Versailles was a ‘RAW’ Deal!” on the unlined side of the card. Have them add colorful symbolic illustrations to the card, perhaps drawing national flags and symbols of punishment.

3. Instruct students to turn their cards to the lined side and write the mnemonic RAW vertically down the left-hand side, as shown below. Go over the mnemonic one letter at a time, discussing each impact of the treaty and explaining its importance. Display pictures, posters, video clips, an electronic presentation, and/or other materials to reinforce content. As each punishment is discussed, have students copy the notes next to the appropriate letters, as shown:

R – Reparations were demanded of Germany.

A – Allies took German land and limited German military.

W – War’s total guilt was forced on Germany.

4. Have students make predictions about what will happen as a result of the Treaty of Versailles.

5. Instruct students to write out the mnemonic four or more times for practice to prepare for a quiz in the next session.

Session 9: The Treaty of Versailles, part 2


  • Teacher-developed quiz on the “RAW” mnemonic

  • Library and/or Internet access

  • Video on the Treaty of Versailles

  • Teacher-prepared video-viewing guide (see p. 10)

  • Teacher-selected resources
Instructional Activities

1. Have students use the library and/or Internet to research the Treaty of Versailles. Students should take notes on specific articles that pertain to the following:

  • Germany’s war guilt

  • Limitation of the German military

  • Reparations that Germany was forced to pay

  • Creation of new political boundaries in Europe, reflecting land taken from Germany to make Poland

2. Distribute copies of the video-viewing guide, and go over it with the students. Then, show the selected video. Have students use the video-viewing guide while watching and immediately following the showing in order to summarize important points, make connections, and draw conclusions. (Alternatively, conduct another teacher-selected activity).

Session 10: Assessment


  • Attachment A: Sample Assessment Items
Instructional Activities

1. Distribute copies of Attachment A, and have students complete the assessment.

Attachment A: Sample Assessment Items

An asterisk (*) indicates the correct answer.

1. What are the dates for World War I?

A 1900–1905

B 1905–1909

C 1914–1918*

D 1929–1932

2. The leader of Germany during World War I was

A Nicholas II.

B Wilhelm II.*

C Adolf Hitler.

D Archduke Ferdinand.

3. What was the “spark” that started World War I?

A Germany’s invasion of France

B The sinking of the Lusitania

C The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand*

D The murder of Russian Tsar Nicolas II

4. The leader of the Bolsheviks before the revolution was

A Vladimir Lenin.*

B Joseph Stalin.

C Franz Ferdinand.

D Tsar Nicholas II.

5. The Treaty of Versailles was especially harsh against which participant in the war?

A Germany*

B Great Britain

C France

D Russia

6. Which country joined the Allies in 1917?

A United States*

B Japan

C Canada

D Italy

7. Which term means “money paid for war damages?”

A Reparations*

B Collective bargaining

C Credit

D Ransom

8. Which is NOT a cause of World War I?

A Communism*

B Imperialism

C Militarism

D Failure of diplomacy

9. The Treaty of Versailles did all of the following EXCEPT

A set up the League of Nations.

B give all of Germany’s eastern territory to Russia.*

C force Germany to pay reparations.

D limit Germany’s military.

10. The U.S. President during World War I was

A Franklin D. Roosevelt.

B Harry Truman.

C Teddy Roosevelt.

D Woodrow Wilson.*

11. The leader of Russia during World War I was

A Tsar Alexander II.

B Tsar Nicholas II.*

C Vladimir Lenin.

D Joseph Stalin.

12. Before World War I, Russia had this form of government.

A Parliamentary democracy

B Absolute monarchy*

C Representative democracy

D Oligarchy

13. Which is NOT a reason the Russian Revolution took place?

A There was anger over military defeats during World War I.

B Japan defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese War.

C The Russian legislature was executing anyone who opposed it.*

D Landless peasants wanted to own their own property.

14. Lenin’s New Economic Policy (NEP)

A forced peasants to give their food to the communists.

B allowed capitalism in order to give incentives for food production.*

C rapidly industrialized Russia.

D gave free education to all citizens.

“What! This isn’t peace! This is just a truce for 20 years!” (Marshal Foch, 1919)

15. The author of this statement is predicting that

A Germany will never fight in another war again.

B the peace treaty will effectively keep peace for many years to come.

C another war is likely because the peace treaty is unfair.*

D France will win the next war.

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