1. Display the following question: “How should you treat someone you just beat in a fight?” Have students share answers. Ask them whether they would change their answer if the other person started the fight. Ask whether they would change their answer if the other person did lots of damage. Then, continue discussion based on answers to the following questions: “How is the defeated person likely to act in the future if you treat him or her respectfully and mercifully? How is he likely to act if you rub defeat in his face and treat him horribly?” Make an analogy to a sporting event and the difference between good and bad sportsmanship. Discussion is key for understanding how best to treat a defeated foe.
2. Distribute index cards and colored pencils. Explain that students will be learning a mnemonic (memory device) to help them remember the punishing impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany. Instruct students to write, “Germany felt the Treaty of Versailles was a ‘RAW’ Deal!” on the unlined side of the card. Have them add colorful symbolic illustrations to the card, perhaps drawing national flags and symbols of punishment.
3. Instruct students to turn their cards to the lined side and write the mnemonic RAW vertically down the left-hand side, as shown below. Go over the mnemonic one letter at a time, discussing each impact of the treaty and explaining its importance. Display pictures, posters, video clips, an electronic presentation, and/or other materials to reinforce content. As each punishment is discussed, have students copy the notes next to the appropriate letters, as shown:
R – Reparations were demanded of Germany.
A – Allies took German land and limited German military.
W – War’s total guilt was forced on Germany.
4. Have students make predictions about what will happen as a result of the Treaty of Versailles.
5. Instruct students to write out the mnemonic four or more times for practice to prepare for a quiz in the next session.
Session 9: The Treaty of Versailles, part 2
Teacher-developed quiz on the “RAW” mnemonic
Library and/or Internet access
Video on the Treaty of Versailles
Teacher-prepared video-viewing guide (see p. 10)
1. Have students use the library and/or Internet to research the Treaty of Versailles. Students should take notes on specific articles that pertain to the following:
Creation of new political boundaries in Europe, reflecting land taken from Germany to make Poland
2. Distribute copies of the video-viewing guide, and go over it with the students. Then, show the selected video. Have students use the video-viewing guide while watching and immediately following the showing in order to summarize important points, make connections, and draw conclusions. (Alternatively, conduct another teacher-selected activity).
Session 10: Assessment
Attachment A: Sample Assessment Items
1. Distribute copies of Attachment A, and have students complete the assessment.