WHII.12 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the worldwide impact of World War II by
a) explaining economic and political causes, describing major events, and identifying leaders of the war, with emphasis on Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Hideki Tojo, and Hirohito;
b) examining the Holocaust and other examples of genocide in the twentieth century;
c) explaining the terms of the peace, the war crimes trials, the division of Europe, plans to rebuild Germany and Japan, and the creation of international cooperative organizations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948).
Essential Understandings, Knowledge, and Skills
Skills (to be incorporated into instruction throughout the academic year)
Identify, analyze, and interpret primary and secondary sources to make generalizations about events and life in world history.
Use maps, globes, artifacts, and pictures to analyze the physical and cultural landscapes of the world and to interpret the past.
Identify geographic features important to the study of world history.
Identify and compare contemporary political boundaries with the location of civilizations, empires, and kingdoms.
Analyze trends in human migration and cultural interaction.
Explain that many economic and political causes led to World War II. Major theaters of war included Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Leadership was essential to the Allied victory.
Summarize the following economic and political causes of World War II:
Aggression by totalitarian powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan
Failures of the Treaty of Versailles
Weakness of the League of Nations
Tendencies towards isolationism and pacifism in Europe and the United States
Summarize the following major events of World War II:
German invasion of Poland
Fall of France
Battle of Britain
German invasion of the Soviet Union
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
D-Day (Allied invasion of Europe)
Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Identify and describe the following major leaders of World War II: