Influence of superpower rivalry during the Cold War
Identify examples of independence movements in Africa and subsequent development efforts, including Jomo Kenyatta’s leadership of Kenya and Nelson Mandela’s role in South Africa. Use the following information as a guide:
West Africa: Peaceful transition
Algeria: War of Independence from France
Kenya (Britain): Violent struggle under leadership of Jomo Kenyatta
South Africa: Black South Africans’ struggle against apartheid led by Nelson Mandela, who became the first black president of the Republic of South Africa
Explain that the mandate system established after World War I was phased out after World War II, and with the end of the mandates, new states were created in the Middle East.
Summarize the results of the United Nations’ decision to end the mandate system in terms of states created (locations) and their subsequent problems, using the following information as a guide:
Mandates in the Middle East
Established by the League of Nations
Granted independence after World War II
Resulted in Middle East conflicts created by religious differences
Below is an annotated list of Internet resources for this organizing topic. Copyright restrictions may exist for the material on some Web sites. Please note and abide by any such restrictions.
“Arab Israeli Conflict.” Historyteacher.net http://www.historyteacher.net/Arab-Israeli_Conflict.htm. This site references many different documents related to the Arab-Israeli conflicts.
“How to Write and Outline.” Los Angeles Valley College Library. http://www.lavc.cc.ca.us/Library/outline.htm This site offers tips on creating an outline.
“Israel.” Infoplease. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107652.html. This site gives information on the history of Israel.
Outline Maps: Education Place. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company. http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/. This site provides outline maps that may be printed and used in the classroom.
“The Partition of India.” Social Sciences at UCLA. http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Independent/partition.html. This site provides background about the Indian partition; it also contains a link to a bibliography on the partition.
“Q&A: Kashmir dispute.” BBC News World Edition. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/353352.stm. This site provides a history of the Pakistan/Indian conflict over Kashmir.
Rushdie, Salman. “Mohandas Gandhi.” Time Magazine. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,988159,00.html. This article on Gandhi tells how “his philosophy of nonviolence and his passion for independence began a drive for freedom that doomed colonialism.”
“The Time 100.” Time Magazine. http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1611030_1610841_1610333,00.html.This site gives information about Nelson Mandela and other notables from a special edition in 1998.
“Zionism and Arab Nationalism.” Two Peoples, One Land. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/news/nation-world/mideast/revolts/. This site contains an article about the division of Israelis and Palestinians.