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Organizing Topic Major World Religions Standard(s) of Learning

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Organizing Topic

Major World Religions

Standard(s) of Learning


WHII.15 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the influence of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism in the contemporary world by

a) describing their beliefs, sacred writings, traditions, and customs;

b) locating the geographic distribution of religions in the contemporary world.

Essential Understandings, Knowledge, and Skills

Correlation to

Instructional Materials

Skills (to be incorporated into instruction throughout the academic year)


Identify, analyze, and interpret primary and secondary sources to make generalizations about events and life in world history.

Use maps, globes, artifacts, and pictures to analyze the physical and cultural landscapes of the world to interpret the past.

Identify and compare contemporary political boundaries with the location of civilizations, empires, and kingdoms.

Analyze trends in human migration and cultural interaction.


Content


Explain that five world religions have had a profound impact on culture and civilization.

Identify some characteristics of the five major world religions, using the following information as a guide:



  • Judaism

  • Christianity

  • Monotheism

  • Jesus as Son of God

  • Life after death
  • New Testament: Life and teachings of Jesus


  • Establishment of Christian doctrines by early church councils

  • Islam

  • Monotheism

  • Muhammad, the prophet

  • Qur’an (Koran)

  • Five Pillars of Islam

  • Mecca and Medina

  • Buddhism

  • Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)

  • Four Noble Truths

  • Eightfold Path to Enlightenment

  • Spread of Buddhism from India to China and other parts of Asia, resulting from Asoka’s missionaries and their writings

  • Hinduism

  • Many forms of one God

  • Reincarnation: Rebirth based upon karma

  • Karma: Knowledge that all thoughts and actions result in future consequences

Explain that the five major world religions are found worldwide, but their followers tend to be concentrated in certain geographic areas, as specified below:

  • Judaism: Concentrated in Israel and North America

  • Christianity: Concentrated in Europe and North and South America

  • Islam: Concentrated in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia

  • Buddhism: Concentrated in East and Southeast Asia

  • Hinduism: Concentrated in India



Sample Resources

Below is an annotated list of Internet resources for this organizing topic. Copyright restrictions may exist for the material on some Web sites. Please note and abide by any such restrictions.

Boeree, C. George. “The History of Buddhism.” Shippensburg University. http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/buddhahist.html. This site contains a copyrighted article on the history of Buddha.


Internet Islamic History Sourcebook. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/islam/islamsbook.html. This history sourcebook, housed at Fordham University in New York, provides information on the history of Islam.

“Judaism.” Jewish Virtual Library. http://www.us-israel.org/jsource/judaism.html. This site, sponsored by The America-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, provides information on the Jewish faith and a guided tour of the Holy Land.

“India Religion: Hinduism.” Indiaserver.com. http://religions.indiaserver.com/india-hinduism-religion.html. This site provides information on Hinduism.

“What is Christianity?” Rutgers University. http://geneva.rutgers.edu/src/christianity/. This site provides information on Christianity.

“Your Guide to the World Religions.” BBC World Service. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/people/features/world_religions/index.shtml. This site gives information on many religions.

Session 1: Introduction to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Materials

  • 5 x 8 inch index cards

  • Rulers

  • Colored pencils and/or markers

  • Electronic presentation of the monotheistic religions chart (see below)

  • Teacher-selected resources
Instructional Activities

1. Display three columns with the headings “Judaism,” “Christianity,” and “Islam.” Ask students to name any belief, term, person, or holiday they might know related to these religions, and write their responses under the appropriate headings.

2. Distribute index cards, rulers, and colored pencils and/or markers. Explain that each student will create a flash card containing basic information on these three major monotheistic world religions. Display the following chart for students to copy onto both sides of the card, filling the entire surface of each side. Direct students to use a different color for each religion. Discuss the meanings of the terms doctrine and belief and the differences between them.


Three Major Monotheistic World Religions

Judaism

Christianity

Islam

Sacred Book

Sacred Book

Sacred Book

Founder

Founder

Founder

Beliefs

Beliefs

Beliefs

Place Founded

Place Founded

Place Founded

Principal Locations Today

Principal Locations Today

Principal Locations Today

3. Help students complete the chart on one side of the card by asking students questions about each religion and having them write in the answers. Supplement discussion with teacher-selected resources.

Three Major Monotheistic World Religions

Judaism

Christianity

Islam


Sacred Book

Torah


Sacred Book

New Testament



Sacred Book

Koran (Qur’an)



Founder

Abraham


Founder

Jesus of Nazareth



Founder

Muhammad, the prophet



Beliefs

Ten Commandments



Beliefs

Life after death



Beliefs

Five Pillars of Islam



Place Founded

Land of Israel



Place Founded

Bethlehem



Place Founded

Mecca and Medina



Principal Locations Today

Israel and North America



Principal Locations Today

Europe, North and South America



Principal Locations Today

Middle East, North Africa, and Asia



4. Have students save and use their flash card for future study.




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