Enhanced scope and sequence


Session 2: Investigation of Judaism and Christianity



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Session 2: Investigation of Judaism and Christianity

Materials
  • Video or other teacher-selected resource on the monotheistic religions of Judaism and Christianity


  • Teacher-prepared video-viewing guide (see p. 10)

  • Internet access (optional)
Instructional Activities

1. Review the three major monotheistic world religions, especially Judaism and Christianity. (Islam will be addressed in the next session.)

2. Distribute copies of the video-viewing guide, and go over it with the students. Then, show the selected video. Have students use the video-viewing guide while watching and immediately following the showing in order to summarize important points, make connections, and draw conclusions.

3. Have students research on the Internet a topic related to Judaism and/or Christianity (optional activity).

4. Assign a teacher-selected reading or other reinforcement activity.


Session 3: The Five Pillars of Islam

Materials

  • Pictures of two types of pillars—a supporting post for a superstructure and a freestanding ornamental column supporting a statue (for example, the Jefferson Davis monument on Monument Ave. in Richmond)

  • Attachment A: Five Pillars of Islam

  • Colored pencils or markers

  • Textbook and other instructional resources

  • Teacher-selected resources that explain the Five Pillars of Islam
Instructional Activities

1. Display pictures of two types of pillars, and discuss the meanings of the word pillar:

  • a supporting post for a structure
  • a freestanding ornamental column supporting an object, such as a statue, for a monument


  • a supporting, integral, or upstanding member (“a pillar of society”)

  • a fundamental precept (“the Five Pillars of Islam”)

Discuss the relationships among these four meanings.

2. Distribute copies of Attachment A, colored pencils or markers, and research resources. Have students use the textbook and/or other instructional resources to draw a picture in each box of the handout to represent one of the Five Pillars. Instruct them to leave room at the bottom of each box to add written notes.

3. As a class, discuss the Five Pillars. Instruct students to complete the Five Pillars chart by writing in each box the related information discussed.

Session 4: Introduction to Buddhism and Hinduism

Materials

  • 5 x 8 inch index cards

  • Rulers

  • Colored pencils and/or markers

  • Electronic presentation of the two world religions chart (see below)

  • Teacher-selected resources
Instructional Activities

1. Display two columns with the headings “Buddhism” and “Hinduism.” Ask students to name any belief, term, person, or holiday they might know related to these religions, and write their responses under the appropriate headings.

2. Distribute index cards, rulers, and colored pencils and/or markers. Explain that each student will create a flash card containing basic information on these two major world religions. Display the following chart for students to copy onto both sides of the card, filling the entire surface of each side. Direct students to use a different color for each religion. Discuss the meanings of the terms doctrine and belief and the differences between them.


Two Major World Religions

Buddhism

Hinduism

Founder


Founder


Beliefs


Beliefs


Goal


Goal


Principal Locations Today


Principal Locations Today


3. Help students complete the chart on one side of the card by asking students questions about each religion and having them write in the answers. Supplement discussion with teacher-selected resources.

Two Major World Religions

Buddhism

Hinduism

Founder

Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)



Founder

(not applicable)



Beliefs

Four Noble Truths;

Eightfold Path to Enlightenment

Beliefs

Many forms of one God;

Reincarnation: rebirth based upon karma;

Karma: knowledge that all thoughts and actions result in future consequences


Goal

Reach Nirvana (Enlightenment)



Goal

Reincarnation: rebirth based upon karma



Principal Locations Today

East Asia and Southeast Asia



Principal Locations Today

India


4. Have students save and use their flash card for future study.

Session 5: Buddhist Beliefs and Leaders

Materials

  • 8 x 11 inch white paper

  • Rulers

  • Colored pencils and/or markers

  • Textbook and other instructional resources

  • Teacher-selected resources containing information about Buddhist beliefs and leaders
Instructional Activities

1. Pass out paper, rulers, colored pencils and/or markers, and teacher-selected resources.

2. Instruct students to use their knowledge, the textbook, and other resources to create a colorful drawing that includes the following terms and people: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha), Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path to Enlightenment, Nirvana, and Asoka, labeling each one.

3. Assign a teacher-selected reading or other reinforcement activity.




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