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Session 8: Assessment

Materials
  • Attachment I: Sample Assessment Items

Instructional Activities

1. Distribute copies of Attachment I, and have students complete the assessment.

Attachment A: Notes on Developed vs. Developing Nations


I. Industrial hierarchy

A. Primary industries

1. Make direct use of natural resources

2. Ex: mining, farming, logging

B. Secondary industries

1. Take goods from primary industries and turn them into consumer goods

2. Ex: dairy, clothing, furniture

C. Tertiary industries

1. Provide services to primary and secondary industries, communities, and individuals

2. Ex: plumbers, truckers, bakers, banking

D. Quaternary industries

1. Composed of professionals who provide specialized skills

2. Ex: information research, management, administration
II. Economic development

A. Gross National Product (GNP): Total value of goods and services produced by a country both within and outside of the country

B. Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Total value of goods and services produced only within a country’s borders

C. Per Capita GDP: GDP divided by total number of citizens

III. Developed nations

A. All industrial levels, especially tertiary and quaternary

B. Characteristics

1. High literacy rate: 80 percent and higher

2. High per capita GDP: $16,000 and more

3. Life expectancy: 74 years and more

4. Good health care

5. Strong infrastructure

6. Rapid telecommunications

7. Strong education system

8. More urban than rural population

9. Low population growth

10. Low birth rate, infant mortality rate, and death rate

C. Government and economic systems

1. Free enterprise

2. Democracy

3. Stability

IV. Developing nations

A. Mainly primary and secondary industries

B. Characteristics: Lower than those listed for developed nations, but improving

1. Literacy rate: 60–80 percent

2. Per capita GDP: $1,001–$15,999

3. Life expectancy: 55–73 years

C. Government and economic systems

1. Command economy

2. Communism

3. Unstable military and/or dictatorial government


V. Undeveloped nations

A. Only primary industries

B. Characteristics: Lowest than those listed for developing nations; may or may not be improving

1. Literacy rate: less than 50 percent

2. Per capita GDP: less than $1,000

3. Life expectancy: less than 55 years


Attachment B: Economic Development Chart


1. Go to The World Factbook Web site at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

2. Look up information on the countries listed in the table below, and write it in the appropriate boxes.



3. Determine the economic development level of each country, that is, whether each country is developed, developing, or undeveloped.
For “Labor force %,” find out which economic activity involves the greatest percentage of the workforce.

Country


Per capita GDP

Literacy rate

Rural/

urban

ratio

Life expectancy


Infant mortality rate

Population growth rate

Labor

force %

Type of government

Economic development level

United States










M:
F:
















Brazil










M:
F:
















Iran










M:
F:















Chad











M:
F:
















Great Britain










M:
F:
















Togo










M:
F:
















Mexico










M:
F:
















Taiwan










M:
F:














South Korea










M:
F:

















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