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Attachment F: International Terrorism Data Questions and Activities



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Attachment F: International Terrorism Data Questions and Activities


Name: Date:
Answer the following questions about the attacks, using data from the charts:
Chart 1: Deadliest terrorist strikes in the United States

1. What was the deadliest attack in the U.S.? How many people died? How many people were injured?

2. What happened April 19, 1995?

3. When was the first attack on the World Trade Center?


Chart 2: Deadliest terrorist strikes worldwide

4. What was the deadliest attack in the world?

5. What methods of attack seem to be the most deadly?
Chart 3: Significant terrorist acts using unconventional weapons

6. What attack had the most injuries?


General questions, using all charts

7. How many terrorist attacks have there been in Iraq since 2003? Why do you think there are so many?

8. Circle the most common method of attack? truck/car bomb; suicide bomb; poison; plane hijacking

9. What is the most common target?

10. Select 10 terrorist attacks from the charts to put in order on a timeline. On the back of your timeline, write a paragraph to describe each event.
Extension activities

1. Choose one of the major attacks on the charts to research and create a report, poster, or presentation about it. Include the following:



  • Name given to the attack (if any)

  • Date

  • Place

  • Terrorist group responsible (if known or suspected)

  • Description of attack

  • Fatalities and injuries

  • Impacts, including changes in law or policy, memorials, social impacts
  • At least four pictures


  • A bibliography

2. Create a map of terrorist activity since 1970, using the charts and research.

  • Include at least one attack from the following regions: North America, Latin America, Europe, Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Australia.

  • Include at least 20 attacks on your map.

  • Include date and place of attack on map or key.



Attachment G: International Terrorism Data Charts



Deadliest terrorist strikes in the United States

Date

Attack and Location

Fatalities

Injuries

11 Sep 2001

Crashing of hijacked planes into World Trade Center in New York City, the Pentagon in Alexandria, VA, and a site in Pennsylvania

2,750

6,000+

19 Apr 1995

Truck bombing of federal building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

169

675

29 Dec 1975

Bombing at airport in New York City


11

75

26 Feb 1993

Truck bombing of World Trade Center in New York City

6

1,040



Deadliest terrorist strikes worldwide*

Date

Attack and Location

Fatalities

Injuries

11 Sep 2001

Crashing of hijacked planes into World Trade Center in New York City, the Pentagon in Alexandria, VA, and a site in Pennsylvania

2,750

6,000+

14 Aug 2007

Multiple car bombings in Al-Qataniyah and Al-Adnaniyah, Iraq

520

1,500

20 Aug 1978

Arson of theater in Abadan, Iran

477

?

1–3 Sep 2004

Hostage-taking at school in Beslan, Russia (includes 30 terrorists killed)


366

747

23 Jun 1985

Midair bombing of Air India flight off Ireland and attempted bombing of second flight in Canada

331

4

12 Mar 1993

Fifteen bombings in Bombay, India

317

1,400

8 Aug 1998

Truck bombings of U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Saalam, Tanzania

303

4,954

23 Oct 1983

Truck bombings of U.S. Marine and French barracks, Beirut, Lebanon

301

161

21 Dec 1988

Midair bombing of Pan Am flight over Lockerbie, Scotland

270

12

20 Nov–

5 Dec 1979


Hostage-taking at Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (includes 87 terrorists killed)


240

600

12 Oct 2002

Car bombing outside nightclub in Kuta, Indonesia

202

350

23 Nov 2006

Multiple car bombings in Baghdad, Iraq

202

250

*Attacks resulting in at least 100 fatalities. Some sources do not consider all of these attacks to be terrorist attacks.

From Johnston’s Archive: Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Unconventional. “List of worst terrorist acts worldwide,” compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston. http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/terrorism/wrjp255i.html.



Attachment G: International Terrorism Data Charts, continued



Significant terrorist acts using unconventional weapons

Date

Attack and Location

Fatalities

Injuries

6 Apr 2007

Suicide bombing with truck carrying chlorine tanks in Ramadi, Iraq


35

50

6 Sep 1987

Water poisoning with pesticide at constabulary in Zamboanga City, Philippines

19

140

21 Jan 1994

Attack with chemical grenades on village of Ormancik, Turkey

16

?

20 Mar 1995

Sarin nerve gas attack in subway in Tokyo, Japan

12

5,511

20 Feb 2007

Bombing of chlorine tanker truck in Taji, Iraq

9

150

16 Mar 2007

Two suicide bombings using trucks carrying chlorine tanks in Falluja, Iraq

8

350

27 Jun 1994

Nerve gas attack in Matsumoto, Japan

7

270

21 Feb 2007

Explosion of car bomb carrying chlorine tanks in Baghdad, Iraq


6

73

9 Oct 2001

Anthrax-laced letters mailed to Washington, DC

4

7

18 Sep 2001

Anthrax-laced letters mailed to West Palm Beach, Florida, and New York City

1

10

9–19 Sep 1984

Salmonella poisoning in restaurants in The Dalles, Oregon, U.S.A.

0

751

19 Apr 1995

Tear gas attack in Yokohama, Japan

0

272

5 Sep 1972

Terrorists take eleven Israeli athletes hostage at the 1972 Olympics in Munich, Germany. Nine hostages and one policeman are killed, as well as four of the five terrorists.

15






Terrorist attacks producing high numbers of nonfatal injuries*

Date

Attack and Location

Fatalities


Injuries

11 Sep 2001

Crashing of hijacked planes into World Trade Center in New York City, the Pentagon in Alexandria, VA, and a rural site in Pennsylvania

2,750

6,000+

20 Mar 1995

Sarin nerve gas attack in subway in Tokyo, Japan

12

5,511

8 Aug 1998

Truck bombings of U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Saalam, Tanzania

303

4,954

11 Mar 2004

Bombings of four trains in Madrid, Spain

191

1,876

14 Aug 2007

Multiple car bombings in Al-Qataniyah and Al-Adnaniyah, Iraq

520

1,500

12 Mar 1993

Fifteen bombings in Bombay, India

317

1,400


31 Jan 1996

Suicide truck bombing of bank in Colombo, Sri Lanka

91

1,400

26 Feb 1993

Truck bombing in garage of World Trade Center, New York City, U.S.A.

6

1,040

*This incomplete listing includes only attacks resulting in 300 or more injuries apart from fatalities. These figures are not as consistently defined by reporting authorities.

From Johnston’s Archive: Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Unconventional. “List of worst terrorist acts worldwide,” compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston. http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/terrorism/wrjp255i.html.


Attachment H: Web Quest on Terrorism in the Modern Era


Follow the directions to find the answers to the questions below. Be careful as you type URLs! You must read and follow directions carefully to advance through the Web quest.

1. Go to http://www.terrorism-research.com/incidents/.



  • What are at least two common types of terrorism?

  • On the Navigation list at left, click “Goals & Motivation.” Examine the list “The Intent of Terrorist Groups.” What are five major intentions of terrorists?

2. Go to http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/innovations_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1972.
  • What terrorist event happened on September 5, 1972, at the Munich Olympic Games?


  • What did the terrorists want?

3. Go to http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/teachers/lessonplans/terrorism/terrorism_munich.html.

  • What event does the article claim is the “conception of terrorism” in the world today?

  • What terrorist group was responsible for the hostage crises?

  • What did the terrorist group want?

4. Go to http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761564344_2/terrorism.html.

  • What are at least three causes of terrorism?

  • What were three terrorist groups of the 1960s and 1970s?

5. Go to http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/01565/incr%20terror%20att.html.

  • Why are terrorist attacks more deadly in the modern era?

  • What three areas of the United States were especially impacted by the September 11 attacks?

  • How many men were associated with the September 11 attacks? Where did they mainly come from?

  • With what terrorist group were the September 11 terrorists associated?

6. Go to http://www.cfr.org/publication/9126/.

  • According to the Introduction, what is the most serious threat to U.S. security?

  • Who leads the terrorist group al-Qaeda?

  • Where did al-Qaeda seek refuge after the September 11 attacks?

  • In the “Related Materials” column, click “Profile: Al-Qaeda in Iraq (a.k.a. al-Qaeda in Mesopotamia).” Then, click “Origins.”

  • Who established Al-Qaeda in Iraq?
  • How are the Al-Qaeda in Iraq related to the Al Qaeda who planned the September 11 attacks?


7. Go to www.google.com. In the Google toolbar, find the “more” pull down bar and choose “Book.” In the search bar, type “Oklahoma City bombing”. Choose the first book on the list, The Oklahoma City Bombing‎ by Geraldine Giordano. Read pages 33 and 34, and summarize in your own words what happened.

8. Use an Internet search engine such as Google or Yahoo to research and answer the following questions:



  • What does “USA PATRIOT” stand for?

  • What are three ways the USA PATRIOT Act helps counter terrorism?

  • What are three “myths” about the PATRIOT Act?

  • What are three “facts” about the PATRIOT Act?

  • What concerns does the ACLU have about the PATRIOT Act?

  • Having read both sides of the PATRIOT Act debate, what do you think about it?

9. Go to http://www.pbs.org/weta/crossroads/index.html. Click “See More” on the dialogue box labeled “Interactive Timeline.” On the selection bar at the top of the dialogue box, click the yellow “WAR ON TERRORISM” to see the major events on timeline.

  • What happened in Iran in 1979?

  • What are three terrorist events since 2001?

  • What happened on July 7, 2005?

  • Click on “OVERVIEW” under the yellow “WAR ON TERRORISM” bar, and write down three facts from it.

Attachment I: Sample Assessment Items

Instruct students to complete one of the following assessment items:

1. Prepare an oral or written report reflecting the current refugee status in the world. Include where the refugees are coming from and what situations exist in those areas to drive the refugees out. Include a chart that reflects the refugee numbers in the countries receiving the refugees.

2. Prepare an oral or written report explaining the status of “guest workers” in Europe. The report should include how the host countries accept the “guest workers.”

3. Prepare an oral or written report on an ethnic or religious conflict currently in the news. The report should include a map illustrating the location of the conflict, an explanation of the groups involved, an explanation of the cause of the conflict, and an explanation of the current status of the conflict (i.e., whether it is just beginning or almost over).

4. Prepare an oral or written report on the current status of Internet access worldwide. The report should include a chart indicating the number of computers per capita by nations.

5. Prepare an oral or written report on current medical research. The report should indicate expected benefits of the research, support and/or opposition to the research, including the reasons for differing opinions, and the cost of the research.

6. Prepare an oral or written report on the current status of global warming. The report should include charts indicating world pollution status and ozone depletion, together with information on areas of the world that may become uninhabitable due to pollution.

7. Prepare an oral or written report, with accompanying charts, reflecting areas of the world currently experiencing famine, extreme poverty, and high illiteracy.


8. Prepare an oral or written report that reflects boundary changes in Europe or Asia in the past 50 years. The report should include whether the boundary changes were the result of conflict and, if so, what groups were involved in the conflict, the cause of the conflict, and the final outcome. Also, explain whether or not the conflict is ongoing or whether the boundary changes resolved the issue.

9. Prepare an oral or written report or project on a topic selected by the student and approved by the teacher.


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