Eternal Truth

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In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

The


Eternal Truth


By Asad Khan



“ If Allah wants to do good to a person,

He makes him comprehend religion ”

In the


name of Allah,

Most Gracious, Most Merciful

This text is free of copyright.

It may be reproduced, photocopied,

reprinted or retrieved in its original form

without any permission from the writer.

The object of writing this curriculum is

for the benefit of Muslims specifically

and mankind in general.

May Allah accept this work

and reward everyone who has

contributed in making its

publication possible.

Asad Khan

Mob : 07961 271 431

email@ : asadkhan1@talktalk.net

“To err is Human, to forgive Divine”

May Allah forgive any unintentional

mistakes in this Book. Ameen !

SUPPLICATION

The All Mighty, Creator, Cherisher, Sustainer and Lord of the Worlds ! To You we implore for guidance in this world, to live according to your wishes and Your Mercy & Forgiveness in the Hereafter.

Grant us from You all that is good & beneficial and the ability to use it for Your sake,for establishing the Perfect Deen which Your Grace bestowed upon us through Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

O Allah ! Through Your Grace we have been favoured by the greatest gift of Deen of Islam. Make us worthy to carry this mantle & responsibility in the face of turmoil and chaos in the constantly changing world. Plant our feet firmly on this earth so we may uproot wickedness and evil ways that encircle and ensnare us. Save us from the promptings of the Whisperer, the Accursed One ; enemy of mankind and jinn.

O Lord bestow patience and fortitude upon us in the face of opposition as You did for Your obedient slaves in the past. Give us the ability to serve and inspire mankind towards establishing the ‘Deen of Islam’ for Your sake and the reward of Paradise in the eternal life of the Hereafter.

Make us worthy of the description You have given us in Your Wisdom of “The Best of Creation.” Teach us goodness, truth, righteousness and all streams of knowledge emanating from Your Beneficence. Show us the Light that we may come out of the darkness and walk upright in Your Way for mankind.

Let Your Light be a beacon to guide the lost, wayward and the Blind. O our Saviour, save us from the promptings of the Self, help us to struggle and strive against our base instincts.

Imbibe in us spiritual tranquillity & physical contentedness, sincere intentions and righteous actions; a life to live for Your sake only and a death to die in Your cause.

9th of Zil Hijja 1427,

Asad Khan.

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PREFACE
The most momentous event in human history was decidedly the Revelation of the Holy Qur’an to Allah’s final Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during a period of 23 years.

The ‘People’ who lived through that period were the ‘Greatest Generation’ that ever lived and that era was the ‘Greatest Period’ of time since the beginning of time.

The Final Messenger of Allah, Seal of Prophethood, Muhammad (peace be upon him) led an exemplary life of self denial yet sufficiency; a life of contentment in good times and in adversity. He (peace be upon him) taught us the meaning of the ‘Verses’ of Allah in words and in deeds by his lofty example of character.

Words are at a loss in showing gratitude for the successful commissioning of the noble task Allah had given to the Prophet (peace be upon him). We hope and pray for his (peace be upon him) intercession on the Day of Judgement for the Muslim Ummah.

The brief explanation of the Holy Qur’an in this booklet was primarily written for the College students as the foundation studies course, however, the author hopes it may kindle a desire and thirst in any reader to acquire more knowledge of the Book of Allah.

May Allah grant all Muslims the ability of reading and understanding the Holy Qur’an in its pristine glory in its own Arabic tongue.

I would like to thank Brother Mohammad Lamin Touray and Imam Fatty of the State House Mosque, Gambia for their help in reading the final draft, making corrections and suggestions.
My Mother has always been a source of joy and inspiration for me and I offer my most sincere gratitude to her and to my Wife who also supported me throughout the writing of this book and the rest of the College Curriculum.

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The Holy Qur’an


Preface 2

Revelation, when, where and how ? 4
Compilation of the Qur’an 10
Obligation of Sunnah in the Holy Qur’an 13
What does the Qur’an expound and relate 14
Qur’an and Science 26
Quranic Advice and Commandments 30
Qur’an on relationships 40

Mutual Rights of Husband and Wife 50

Method of Learning – memorising, small Surahs 54

English translation of Qur’an & Interpretation 57

The Blessings and Mercy of Allah 59

Mystic letters of the Qur’an and other secrets 60

The Preserved Tablet & The Night of Power 61

Other Divine Books and writing 62

Importance, Reward & Blessings of Ayahs & Surahs 65

Index 67

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Revelation

when, where and how ?


The month of Ramadhan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong)..” (S.2,V.185) .


And (it is) a Qur’an which We have divided (into parts), in order

that you might recite it to men at intervals. And We have reve-

aled it by stages. (S.17,V.106)

The above verses allude to the revelation of the Qur’an in the

month of Ramadhan to guide mankind and to instruct them in

the right and wrong deeds (the allowed and the forbidden).

The Revelation came to the Prophet ( peace be upon him ) at

intervals during the time span of 23 years in Mecca & Medina.

The surahs and ayahs of the Qur’an are referred to as Makki or

Madni Surah or Ayah depending on where they were revealed.

It became a habit of the Prophet ( peace be upon him ) to retire to

the seclusion of the cave of Hira, on Jabal-e-Noor in search of

spiritual guidance and answers to the worldly problems of

Meccan society, at times for a few days. Here he contemplated

the mysteries and creations of Allah in solitude seeking the

answers to the great injustices in society, ignorance and super-

stition.

His human endeavours with Hanifs of Mecca were making no

visible difference in society of the time ; dispossession of the

poor, persecution of the unprotected and general oppression and superstitions prevailed.

It was in answer to the Prophet’s pleas to his Lord that Allah

( praise be to him ) sent his Arch Angel Jibrail with the first

few verses of the revelation of Surah Alaq.

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The Prophet said the Angel appeared in all his majesty and in his true form, whichever direction he looked the Angel was there. Allah (praise be to him) suspended time and space and the Angel commanded the Prophet to “Read”, the Prophet replied he could not read (he was un-lettered) the Angel repeated twice and then pressed the Prophet to himself, again commanding the Prophet to “Read, in the name of your Lord who created .”At that moment the Prophet said it was as if time stood still and he started repe-ting the words spoken by the honoured Angel of Allah ( praise be to him). This was the first visit of the Arch Angel Jibrail and the first few words of the Revelation inscribed in the Prophet’s memory.

The Prophet ran home and asked his wife Khatija to cover him as he was afraid some harm would befall him. “ Never ! by Allah ” she said, “ you are kind and gentle to your kin ”.

Syedha Khatija was the first to believe in the Revelation and his Prophethood. She took him to her cousin Waraqa bin Nawful, a Christian scribe who confirmed the Revelation and Prophethood saying the angel was none other than Jibrail, Allah’s messenger to the Prophets.

The revelations that came during the Prophetic mission were kept by the growing Muslim community on stone tablets, leather

skin, parchment and in their hearts & minds by memorization. Revelation (“ Vahi ”) came to the Prophet in different ways. Sometimes it was like the ringing of a bell, other times Angel Jibrail would appear in human or Angelic form.

The divine revelation would be followed by shaking, quivering and beads of sweat would appear on the Prophet’s face even on a cold, winter’s day.

The first Revelation of “Surah Alaq” was followed by a break in revelation of between 6 months to 2 years than followed Surah Qalam and Surah Muzzamil and than another 111 Surah during his 23 years of Prophethood.

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The final revelation of the Qur’an came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) during his pilgrimage when Allah ( praise be to him) said ; “ This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you ‘Islam’ as your religion ”. (S.5, V.3)


Allah All Mighty challenged mankind to bring forth Surahs

similar to its Surahs or even a single Surah similar to its

Surahs.
Allah (praise be to him) said: “And if you (Arab pagans, Jews

and Christians ) are in doubt concerning that which We have

sent down to our slave, then produce a Surah of the like there

of and call your witnesses ( supporters and helpers ) besides

Allah, if you are truthful. But if you do it not, and you can

never do it, then fear the fire , whose fuel is men and stones,

prepared for the disbelievers “ (S.2,V.23-24).

Narrated Syedha Aisha ( may Allah be pleased with her), the

mother of the faithful believers : Al-Harith bin Hisham (may

Allah be pleased with him) asked Allah’s messenger (peace be

upon him),“ O Allah’s messenger ! How is Divine Inspiration

revealed to you? ” Allah’s messenger ( peace be upon him)

replied, “ Sometimes it is (revealed ) like the ringing of a bell,

this form of Inspiration is the hardest of all and then this state

passes off after I have grasped what is inspired.

Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to

me and I grasp whatever he says ”. Syedha Aisha (may Allah

be pleased with her) added :Verily, I saw the Prophet (peace be

upon him) being inspired (divinely) and (noticed) the sweat

dropping from his forehead on a very cold day as the inspirat-

ion was over. [1:2 –Sahi Bukhari]

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Narrated Syedha Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), the


Mother of the Faithful believers : The commencement of the

(Divine) Inspiration to Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him)

was in the form of righteous good (true ) dreams which came

true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was be-

stowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of “Hira” where he used to worship (Allah Alone) continuously for many nights before returning to (or his desire to see) his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khatija to take his food likewise again till sudd-enly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied, “ I do not know how to read ”.
The Prophet added, “ Then the angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, “ I do not know how to read ( or what shall I read ) ?”

Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said :

Read in the name of your Lord, Who has created (all that

exists). Has created man from a clot .Read ! And your Lord

is the Most Generous.”(S.96,V.1-3)

Then Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely.

Then he went to Khatija bint Khuwailid (may Allah be pleased with her) and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told Khatija (may Allah be pleased with her) everything that had happened (and said), “I fear that something may happen to me ”.Khatija(may Allah be pleased with her ) replied, “ Never ! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guest generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.

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Khatija (may Allah be pleased with her) accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin‘Abdul Uzza who, during the period of ignorance became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah (mighty is he) wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his sight.

Khatija ( may Allah be pleased with her ) said to him, “ O my

Cousin ! Listen to the story of your nephew ”, Waraqa asked,

“O my nephew ! What have you seen ?”

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) described whatever he

had seen. Waraqa said, “ This is the same one [ who keeps the

secrets ie.angel Jibrail (Gabriel)] whom Allah had sent to Musa (Moses). I wish I were young and could live up to the time your people would turn you out,” Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him ) asked, “ Will they drive me out ?” He replied in the affirmative and said, “ Anyone ( man ) who came with something similar to what you have brought, was treated with hostility ; and if I should remain alive till the day ( when you will be turned out ) then I would support you strongly ”. But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while. [1:3 (A) - Sahi Bukhari]

Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased

with him) while talking about the period of pause in revelation

reported the speech of the Prophet (peace be upon him):“While

I was walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the sky. I

looked up and saw the same Angel, who had visited me at the

cave of Hira, sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth.

I got scared of him and came back home and said,‘Wrap me (in

blankets)”.And then Allah (mighty is he) revealed the following

holy verses (of the Qur’an): ‘ O you {i.e. Muhammad (peace be


upon him)} ! Enveloped (in garments) Arise and warn ..up to …and keep away from Ar-Rujz (the idols) !” (S.74,V.1-5).
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After this, revelation started coming strongly and frequently in

succession one after the other “. [1:3(B) – Sahi Bukhari]
Narrated Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said in the

explanation of the statement of Allah ( mighty is he ):


Move not your tongue concerning {the Qur’an, O Muhammad

(peace be upon him)}, to make haste therewith “. (S.75,V.16)

“Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) used to bear the revelat-ion with great stress and hardness, and used to move his lips (quickly with the Inspiration).” Ibn Abbas moved his lips saying, “ I am moving my lips (in front of you) as Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him ) used to move his. ” So Allah (praise be to him) revealed, “Move not your tongue concerning { the Qur’an, O Muhammad (peace be upon him)} to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and to give you { O Muhammad (peace be upon him )} the ability to recite it (the Qur’an )” (S.75,V.16,17) [which means that Allah (praise be to him) will make him {the Prophet (peace be upon him) remember the portion of the Qur’an which was revealed at that time by heart (and recite it)].

The statement of Allah (mighty is he) : “ And when We have

recited it to you [ O Muhammad (peace be upon him) through

Jibrail ] then follow you its (the Qur’an’s ) recital ” (S.75,V.18)

means listen to it and be silent.

Then it is for Us (Allah) to make it clear to you ” (S.75,V.19)

means then it is for Allah to make you recite it (and its meaning

will be clear by itself through your tongue).

Afterwards, Allah’s Messenger ( peace be upon him ) used to

listen to Jibrail whenever he came and after his departure he

(peace be upon him) used to recite it as Jibrail had recited it.”

[1:4 – Sahi Bukhari]

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Compilation of the Qur’an


As the Revelation came to the Prophet (peace be upon him)

during his lifetime the growing community of Muslims would

write down the Ayahs and Surahs on leather skin, parchment

stone tablets and other materials at hand.

Many other Muslims would memorise verbatim the holy words

and commandments of Allah ( praise be to him ).


The Prophet (peace be upon him) would teach the words of the

Qur’an to his companions and they would teach others.

Arch Angel Jibrail would listen to the Prophet’s recitation of

the revealed Qur’an once a year and twice in the year the Pro-

phet (peace be upon him) left this world.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said the Qur’an can be recit-

ed with pronunciation in seven different ways as Angel Jibrail

had recited to him that way.


After the passing away of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the responsibility of the Ummah fell on the shoulders of Syedina

Abu Bakr Siddique & he was appointed Khalifatul Muslimeen

(Commander of the Faithful ).

Mussalayma, chief of a large and influential tribe had declared

himself a Prophet & his people followed due to tribal loyalties.

Syedina Abu Bakr sent a military expedition against him to

bring his tribe back into the fold of Islam. In these battles with

Liar Mussalayma many Huffaz fought and were martyred.

Syedina Umar suggested to the Khalifa that they should collect

the revealed ayah into a book to safeguard the holy Revelation.

This suggestion was contentious since Allah says ; Verily We :

It is We Who have sent down the “ Dhikr ” ( Qur’an ) and

surely, We will guard it. (S.15,V.9)

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After consultation Syedna Abu Bakr nominated Syedna Zaid bin Thabit, the scribe of the Prophet (peace be upon him) for the task. Syedna Zaid b Thabit collected all the revealed verses in the form of parchment, leather skin and other material.

During the khilafa of Syedna Umar the revelation was copied in the form of a Book on parchment and on his death it was placed in the safe custody of Syedha Hafsa, his daughter and wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Circumstances during the khilafah of Syedina Usman led to

Syedna Zaid bin Thabit again being asked to collect the accepted, revealed verses of the Qur’an and giving them the form of a Book. This was compared with the original and the seven copies were sent to various parts of the new Muslim territories. Syedha Hafsa’s scroll was than washed clean so it could not be relied upon to make any new version and thus schism in Islam. These original copies of the Holy Qur’an still survive the passing of time and one of these copies was found safe in the Tashkent museum, the Czarist regime in Russia at the time published a photocopy of it.


The Holy Qur’an has now been translated into most of the major languages of the world and also many minor languages and some dialects. It has also been recorded on audio tapes, video tapes, c.d’s, mp3 players, dvd’s and many websites on the internet. This is our good fortune that we can choose to learn the Qur’an from any one of these media, making it easier for even non-Arab and new Muslim reverts.

All the translators of the Qur’an however, have agreed that the real meaning of the Qur’an both in word and spirit can only be understood in its original Arabic language of Revelation. This is because some idioms, sayings and expressions can only be approx-imated in other languages and meanings of certain words can not be translated exactly as in the original language.

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Competent knowledge of the Qur’an can only be realized by kno-wing the circumstances prevailing at the time of Revelation, the practices of Islamic and pagan society of the time, life and pract-ices of the Prophet ( peace be upon him ), unfolding historical events and the complete submission to the will of Allah.

It is this complete knowledge which is a pre-requisite for Islamic

scholars to give advise, teach, pass Islamic verdicts and issue new “ fatwas ” in light of Qur’an and Sunnah on the problems and circumstances faced by Muslims in modern society.

Problems such as permissibility or otherwise of organ donation,

cloning, genetically modified crops, invitro- fertilization, etc.

The Holy Qur’an was already compiled during the lifetime of the

Prophet (peace be upon him) and known by heart by many of his Companions. However, this was given the form of a manuscript during the rule of Syedina Umar and from this original, 7 copies (mashaiq) were made under the supervision of Syedina Zaid bin Thabit, the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) scribe.

The Qur’an, therefore has not changed in even one word from its

inception when it was revealed. No other book or manuscript can make the same claim.

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Obligation of Sunnah in the Holy Qur’an

Surah Al Hashr, “And whatsoever the Messenger {Muhammad



(peace be upon him)} gives you, take it, and whatsoever he for-

bids you, abstain (from it), and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is sev-

ere in punishment”. (S.59,V.7)
Surah Al Fath, “And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger

{Muhammad (peace be upon him)},He will admit him to gardens

beneath which rivers flow (paradise); and whosoever turns back

He will punish him with a painful torment”. (S.48,V.17)
Surah Muhammad, “ O you who believe ! Obey Allah, and obey

the Messenger { Muhammad (peace be upon him)} and render

not vain your deeds”. (S.47,V.33)
There are many Surahs in the Qur’an which commands the beli-

evers to obey the Messenger (peace be upon him) in all he asks

of them and abstain from all that he forbids. From these verses

of the Qur’an, it is evident that it is binding on all of us to obey

the Sunnah of our Prophet (peace be upon him).

The four school of Sunni thought are unanimous in belief of the

six books of Hadith ; Sahi Bukhari, Sahi Muslim, Sunan of Abu

Dawood, Al Nasai, Shamail of Tirmidhi and Ibn Maja.

The belief in the Hadith is obligatory as it is the Sunnah of the

Prophet (peace be upon him) which shows us how to translate

the Salah into action, the act of fasting, the amount of zakah,

the rites of Hajj & many other duties a Muslim has to perform

in his daily life. The Sunnah of the Prophet came to him by ins-

piration (Hadith Qudsi) or was taught to him by Angel Jibrail.

An example of the knowledge taught by Angel Jibrail is times

of salah and the actions of performing them, the way of reciting

the Holy Qur’an and the teaching of Islam.

Hadith Qudsi is the speech which Allah inspired in the Prophet

(peace be upon him) and is not part of Revelation such as, Allah

(praise be to him) said: My mercy preceded (excelled) My wrath.


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