Examples of community involvement

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Public participation is key to any community program. Bringing people together, including business and industry. Including community education, along with children, planners, civic leaders, environmental groups and community associations, allows the vision to capture the values and interests of a broad constituency.


Web link




Tribal Environmental Health Collaborative- San Diego, CA

Tribal Environmental Health Collaborative, San Diego, Ca


A tribal environmental health collaborative was assembled to address the assessment of key priority areas and interventions of the identified priorities. Partnerships were formed between multiple tribal environmental departments, tribal non-profit organizations, universities and federal agencies to accomplish the goals.

Collaborating for Positive Environmental Public Health Outcomes, Oklahoma


This collaborative addresses the issue of expanding gaming facilities on Tribal lands and works to protect the health of the public by regulating the inspection process and enforcing compliance requirements. Read about how this collaborative was formed.

Waste Management in Indian Country

Tribal Case Studies of Community Involvement View Full Page

Case studies of community involvement on Tribal lands.

Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut


Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians


EPA Solid Waste

Tribal case studies on solid waste management

View Full Page

Read about numerous projects that have been conducted by Tribal communities.

******Below are articles pulled from the list of case studies that talk specifically about community outreach******

Fort Peck Reservation

Creating a Public Works Committee


Fort Peck finds key to controlling open dumping

Confederated Tribes of Umatilla


Persistence produces a transfer station success story

Onodaga Nation


Managing Waste and Maintaining Sovereignty: The Story of Onondaga Nation's Transfer Station

Tule River Indian Tribe

“Planning and Outreach Make Transfer Stations a Success”


Learn how the Tule River Indian Tribe has “spread the news” about their solid waste management efforts

EPA Region 9

Tribal Solid Waste success stories

http://www.epa.gov/region09/waste/tribal/success.html - solid waste success stories pulled from the Tribal Solid Waste site


Various success stories from Tribal communities

EPA Region 9

Healthy Tribal Communities Success Stories


Various success stories from Tribal communities

EPA Region 9

Protecting Tribal Lands Success Stories


Projects on solid and hazardous wastes management and clean up.

Keweena Bay Indian Community

Example of Community Survey Results


This Community Survey gave community members an opportunity to express their ideas and concerns regarding their priorities for the cleanup and reuse of contaminated properties, preferred method to be informed about program developments, willingness to participate in the program, and general environmental concerns.

Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin

Waste and Recycling Disposal Information


A Tribal webpage that includes community meeting events and information on their environmental efforts.

Louisiana Peaks

Long-term Recovery Project


The Long-Term Community Recovery (LTCR) operation in St. Mary Parish has initiated its activities and focus on community involvement and participation.  The initiative started as a systematic outreach strategy with the local elected officials. 

St. Regis Mohawk Tribe

Environmental Division Website


This Tribe has an actual Solid Waste Management section in their Environmental Division office. Here you can find local community solid waste information, including facts and statistics that are shared with their people. There are many great Tribal SW resources here.

National and Community Service

Resource Center, Recruiting Mentors in Tribal/rural Communities


Recruiting mentors in tribal/rural communities: ten tips for non-member organizations

Trinidad Rancheria

Trinidad Rancheria on California’s North Coast became a charter steward of the BLM-managed California Coastal National Monument through a 2005 agreement with BLM. Last year, the Rancheria cooperated with BLM in a number of education activities at the monument. For example, the Rancheria helped design an information kiosk for placement at Trinidad Harbor. Tribal youth presented information about the monument’s importance at Trinidad School’s annual oceans festival.

EPA Region 9

Elko Band of Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians

In Eastern Nevada, the Elko Band of Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians celebrated Earth Day with an educational program for young children in the tribe’s Head Start class.

EPA Region 9

Pala Band of Mission Indians

Collaborative Effort Provides Training to Baja Tribes

With a grant from EPA’s Border 2012 program, the Pala Band of Mission Indians conducted an operation and maintenance training program for tribes in Baja California. U.S.-based tribes, local Mexican water agencies, and volunteers worked together on this effort. They held classes, and provided hands-on field training and tours of tribal water utilities in the United States. As a result, the Baja tribes are gaining the capacity to operate and maintain their own water systems.

EPA Region 9

Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community

Tribes’ Collaboration Brings Greater Return on Investments

A partnership between the Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community and the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality led to the installation of a special monitor at the confluence of two of the most heavily traveled freeways in the Phoenix area. This Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) Monitor continuously measures air toxics and pollutants regulated by federal clean air laws. It is one of the most advanced monitors of its kind, and the only one located in the Southwest.

EPA Region 9

Inter-Community Collaboration

Three tribes in California’s Owens Valley — Lone Pine, Fort Independence, and Bishop — continue to work with other nearby tribes and the Great Basin Unified Air Pollution Control District as they assess the impacts of the Owens Dry Lake, the largest source of fine particles such as dust and smoke in the nation. In addition, those three tribes participate in the Tribal Environmental Exchange Network, a system that makes air quality and meteorological data available in real time on the Internet, facilitating region-wide data analysis.

EPA Region 9

Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians

Collaboration Closes Open Dumps

The Torres Martinez Solid Waste Collaborative got impressive results this year. The collaborative, which includes representatives from EPA and 24 other federal, state, and local agencies, the Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, and nonprofit organizations, closed 20 of 27 known dumps, put access controls in place, and prevented new dumps from being started on the Torres Martinez Reservation in Southern California’s Coachella Valley.

Their efforts have also cut dump fires by more than 70%. Together, collaborative members distributed information on proper waste disposal to more than 500 local growers, haulers, and landscapers to reduce waste coming onto tribal lands.

The collaborative used new regulatory authority to conduct solid waste inspections in

2006. Those led to four enforcement actions in 2007 and two legal settlements with penalties of $12,525 and a supplemental environmental project.

EPA Region 9

Pit River Tribe

The Pit River Tribe developed a solid waste and recycling collection program for their tribal homes and businesses. With EPA and USDA grant funding, the tribe hired a solid waste coordinator and technician, purchased a collection vehicle and bins, and established the Pit River Solid Waste and Recycling service. The service includes a drop-off recycling center, a car crushing operation, and a “pay-as- you-throw” trash collection program. The Pit River Tribe also found a way to generate additional income for the program by renting out their collection vehicle and clean-up bins.

EPA Region 9

Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California

The Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California worked on a number of successful solid waste projects in 2007. These included the startup of a backyard composting program and the development of a draft solid waste code to more effectively control illegal dumping. The tribe also began purchasing paper that contains at least 30% post consumer recycled content for all tribal offices.

EPA Region 9

Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community

Project Can It” Collects 2 Tons of Waste in 2 Days

In Arizona, the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community held a free community tire cleanup that removed and recycled 2,500 tires in 2007. That brings the total removed since 2005 to more than 7,000. The tribe also organized “Project Can It,” a community cleanup and recycling effort. It featured recycled 55- gallon drums as drop-off points and a competition among 12 teams to see who could collect the most waste. The teams collected more than two tons of waste in two days.

EPA Region 9

Cortina Indian Rancheria


Many tribes use the General Assistance Program to conduct environmental outreach and education. Several tribes hosted Earth Days and sponsored workshops including inter-tribal youth camps and native cultural resource gathering days. The Cortina Indian Rancheria brought together around 300 young people from 11 tribes in Northern California for a series of environmental camps and activities at Lake Berryessa.

EPA Region 9

Big Valley Rancheria Solid Waste Program (Online)





EPA Region 9

Robinson Rancheria Environmental Center (Online)

Recycling center, water program, inter-Tribal collaboration, native plant nursery, small scale fish hatchery, energy program


The Robinson Rancheria Environmental Center is one of the first USEPA Tribal Environmental Programs established in Lake County.  It was decided that an environmental program would be able to address environmental issues and concerns that the tribe was lacking in knowledge and experience.  The EPA-GAP Tribal Program would assist the tribe by doing research and data collection on those priority issues and concerns to protect, preserve and restore environ-mentally threatened areas  of the ecosystem.  In addition, to tribal environmental laws and regulations are applicable to safeguarding the tribal environmental resources and the health, safety and general welfare of the tribal community and what environmental laws and regulations the tribe can develop and enforce.

Native American Environmental Protection Coalition

Volunteer program opportunities


In July of 2008, NAEPC was awarded a grant from The San Diego Foundation’s Clean Environments, Healthy Communities Initiative. A portion of the grant was allocated to establish a Volunteer Program which will be utilized by Tribes to assist in Tribal Events and Projects. The Volunteer Program at NAEPC will be a valuable resource to Southern California Tribes to utilize should assistance be needed on projects.

Case Studies

Community Advisory Groups


Community Advisory groups for the Superfund process

City of Baltimore

Baltimore Community Involvement


For Air Quality screening: Formed a broad Partnership committee with representatives from all sectors of the community, including community residents, local businesses, organizations, schools

and universities, and local, State, and Federal government agencies. Clarified the goals of the Partnership and developed a plan for work. Also developed an outreach plan to facilitate communication with the community.

Conflict Prevention and Resolution

County Cases: Oneida County


This case shows the importance of designing a group structure and decision-making

process that meets the needs of its participants. In this instance, the facilitation team

developed a group that encourages community members and regulatory agencies to

participate as equal partners in a community-driven, consensus-based project.


Community Profiles



This page provides a listing of all community projects undertaken through CARE broken out by year with links to descriptions of the projects


Examples of Community Outreach and Participation


A section on Participating in Community Education and Outreach Efforts in the ITEP/Zender Solid Waste Solutions for Rural Alaska document for actual Village examples

Green Communities

Case Studies


Case studies of community planning. Great tips and how-to’s.



Web Link

EPA Solid Waste, Tribal Resources


Resources, potential obstacles, case studies, steps to begin and carry out a solid waste management partnership agreement.

EPA Solid Waste


A list of ways you can partner with organizations to meet some of your solid waste reduction efforts

National and Community Service: Resource Center

Building Effective Partnerships


Techniques to guide those who are working toward collaborations. Things to consider, questions to ask your self, how to prepare.

National and Community Service: Resource Center

Successful Collaborations


Understanding 20 factors influencing successful collaborations

National and Community Service: Resource Center

Partnering with other service organizations


Collaboration or partnering, is an effective method to achieve common goals. Through collaboration, organizations can improve themselves by joining together to take on issues that would be beyond the scope of any single group.

St. Regis Mohawk Tribe and Cornell University

Building Tribal capacity for Natural Resource Management, 2007 http://research.cals.cornell.edu/individual/vivo/individual31049

An example of a collaborative project between a Tribe and University to conduct research on the development of an Integrated Resource Management Plan (IRMP).

Baltimore Partnership

Baltimore Case Study Partnership


Residents, businesses, and organizations of five Baltimore neighborhoods joined with local, state, and federal governments in the Community Environmental Partnership to begin a new effort to find ways to improve the local environment and economy.

Partnership Projects

Partnership projects

Design for the Environment Homepage


The Design for the Environment (DfE) Program works in partnership with a broad range of stakeholders to reduce risk to people and the environment by preventing pollution

FOSTTA Tribal affairs project

FOSTTA Tribal affairs project


The Tribal Affairs Project (TAP) focuses on chemical and prevention issues that are most relevant to the tribes, including lead control and abatement, risk assessment, subsistence lifestyles and hazard communications, and outreach.

Case studies of Collaborative Projects on Environmental Justice

Case studies of Collaborative Projects on Environmental Justice


Case Studies of Six Partnerships Used to Address Environmental Justice Issues in Communities

Public Participation in Tribal Communities


Six Tribal case studies of public participation towards environmental justice

EPA Evaluation SUpport


Case studies- public participation in contaminated communities, 1999

Partnerships within a Watershed Council


Benefits of partnerships within a Watershed Council

Top 10 Watershed Lessons Learned


Lessons learned in collaborating on a watershed wide level: Clear Visions, Good listeners, Coordinators, Compatible Needs, Implement Plan Partnerships, Good Tools, Measure Progress, Involvement, Small Successes

Wind River Reservation, WY

Water Code- Ordinance


Example of a Tribal ordinance

Inter-Tribal Council or Arizona

Example of a Solid Waste program


Solid Waste program run by an inter-Tribal organization.

Green Community Case Studies


Highlighted communities that utililized the Green Communities planning framework and tools as they worked toward greater sustainability.

California Indian Environmental Alliance


Example of a Tribal alliance formed to address specific community and environmental health concerns

Hinthil Environmental Resource Consortium (HERC)


6 Tribes have formed a group called Hinthil Environmental Resource Consortium (HERC). This committee addresses any environmental concern that the Tribes may have including clean water, water rights, clean air, cultural resource protection, land practices in the county and how it affects Tribes, right to have bird feathers for ceremonial gear, right to gather, transportation needs of the Tribes and any issue brought to our attention.

CALFED Water Quality Program


Tribal Governments in the state of CA have opportunities for coordination and collaboration with the state’s water quality program.

California Border Tribes Accomplishments

Powerpoint presentation on accomplishments of environmental collaborative projects


Collaborative air projects, transfer station open to Tribal and general public, Solid waste collaborative, Tribal environmental health collaborative

US-Mexico Border Environmental Program

Tribal collaborative projects between CA and the Mexican border


Two federal governments, ten border states, Tribes, Indigenous communities, local governments, industries and the public


Tribal Decisions Maker’s Guide to Solid Waste Management

Tribal Decision Makers' Guide to Solid Waste Management

View Full Guide

See Full Guide

Tribal Decisions Maker’s Guide to Solid Waste Management

Chapter 6. Community Outreach


This Chapter discusses how to design an effective education program, identify your goals and audiences, craft a clear and simple message, chose and outreach program, create incentives and deterrents, example projects and much more….

Tribal Information Sources and Contacts

Appendix B: Sources and Contacts


Tribal contacts by EPA Region


Sample Newsletter


Sample newsletters in the state of Alaska

EPA Solid Waste, Municipal Guide

Decision Makers' Guide to Solid Waste Management

View Full Guide

See Full Guide

Chapter 1

Chapter 1. Public education and involvement overview


Learn the importance of developing a public education plan, including research, awareness, interest, evaluation, trial, adoption, incentives, and steps to creating a public involvement strategy.

Community Action for a Renewed Environment (CARE) /EPA

The CARE Community Resource Guide

View Full Guide

Full Guide
Goals of a CARE Program:

Reduce exposures to toxic pollutants through collaborative action at the local level.

Help communities understand all potential sources of exposure to toxic pollutants.

Work with communities to set priorities for risk-reduction activities.

Create self-sustaining, community-based partnerships that will continue to improve the local environment.


Community, Culture and the Environment: A guide to understanding a sense of place


This resource guide helps us look further into local community resources, lifestyles and collaboration opportunities to develop and utilize tools to best care for our environment.

How to use the guide, Tool kit, selecting and implementing best strategies, case studies. Goal setting and worksheets are also apart of this guide.

5 Step Planning “tool-kit”: EPA Green Comunities

The Green Kit


http://www.ep a.gov/greenkit/index.htm

Where are we going? How do we get there? This site uses a 5-step planning “tool kit” to help you reach your community environmental goals.

HUD Website

HUD Office of Community


For hints on strategy and prioritizing

EPA Solid Waste

A Collection of Solid Waste Resources on CD-ROM 2008 Edition


A compilation of resources to addressing solid waste management, including environmental education and public participation

Tribal Legal Code Project

Sample Solid Waste Codes and Ordinances
Tribal Legal Code Project: Environmental Review Codes

Examples of Tribal Codes and Ordinances

Environmental review codes can facilitate tribal protection of members’ health and safety and ensure suitable land, clean water and air for future generations, and preserve a traditional land based way of life.

Big Valley Rancheria

Examples of Tribal ordinances and Community events


Efforts within Big Valley Rancheria including collaboration and creating ordinances

Integrated SWM Guide Alaska: ANTHC/ANHB

View Full Guide

A guide to Integrated Solid Waste Management for Alaska Tribes

Integrated SWM Guide Alaska: ANTHC/ANHB

Workbook 1: Getting Ready to Plan:


Organizing to Plan, Getting Community Members Involved and Creating a Public Involvement Process

Integrated SWM Guide Alaska: ANTHC/ANHB

Appendix 2: Public Education and Community Outreach http://www.zendergroup.org/anhbguide/App2.pdf

Building Support for Your Community Program

Integrated SWM Guide Alaska: ANTHC/ANHB

Workbook 2: Seeking Visions http://www.zendergroup.org/anhbguide/2.pdf

Creating a community visions, setting community goals and objective and identifying community needs

Integrated SWM Guide Alaska: ANTHC/ANHB

Workbook 3: Collecting information http://www.zendergroup.org/anhbguide/3.pdf

Getting to know your community, getting to understand your community’s existing waste management systems and practices, and analyzing your community waste stream.

EPA Solid and Hazardous Waste Publications

Catalog of Hazardous And Solid Waste Publications 2004



EPA Solid Waste

More EPA Solid Waste Publications



Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry (ATSDR)

Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual


Chapter 4: Involving and communicating with the community. This is a manual that ATSDR uses in its public health assessment to identify hazards and needed public health actions. It is somewhat specific to ATSDR’s operating procedures; however, chapter 4 is particularly useful in outlining elements of a community collaboration plan.

Community Assistance

Community Assistance Homepage


Information on chemicals and their effects, Tools to help understand and use environmental data, Programs and solutions to concerns about chemicals, Grants to support community initiatives,

Forums for tribes and environmental justice communities


Model Plan for Public participation


Outline of model plan, core values and checklist

EPA Resources

Public Participation


RCRA Public participation Manual


Hazardous waste home

EPA Resources

Sites for our solid wastes: A guidebook for effective public involvement


How to address the so-called “NIMBY” (Not In My Backyard) syndrome. Looks at the ‘siting’ process, building a siting strategy, addressing “Who is the Public?”, and communicating risks.

EPA Resources

Community Involvement Handbook


For Superfund sites


Ten Essentials to Environmental Health


A wheel-diagram to that maps out steps to environmental health

Community Engagement Strategies


Community engagement strategies, a list of opportunities to participate

Charette Institute


The NCI charrette combines this creative, intense work session with public workshops and open houses. The NCI charrette is a collaborative planning process that harnesses the talents and energies of all interested parties to create and support a feasible plan that represents transformative community change.

Reaching a consensus


Consensus management assumes that each individual is unique and valuable, Each individual has something to contribute, Values the differences in individuals, Fosters unity; the group must work together for the common goal of the organization

Santa Ana

Community Outcomes Model



Pueblo of Santa Ana Tribal Community Empowerment Model


Also see AERHO’s 10 Ways to Get the Word Out and Get Your Community Involved http://www.aerho.org/projects/tenways.html

A great website used by communities all over Alaska

Heartland Center for Public Health and Community Leadership

Heartland Center for Public Health and Community Leadership


Strategic Preparedness Planning

Strategic Workforce Development

Leadership Development

Learning Management System

Program Design

Evaluation & Research



Seven Generations

Surveys used by Tribes in Alaska


Examples of survey forms that Tribes have used in Alaska

Zender Environmental

Survey Design


This is one survey design that has been used in Alaska

Zender Environmental

Survey Tips


Tips on what makes a good survey

ANTHC/ANHB Integrated SWM Guide

Guidlines on using surveys


Seeking visions – creating a community vision, setting

ANTHC/ANHB Integrated SWM Guide

This guide provides benefits, tips and example surveys


Collecting information – getting to know your community,

Understanding your community’s waste management system and practices & Analyzing your community’s waste stream

Northern Plains Tribal Epidemiology Center

Tribal Research Assessment Checklist


The Tribal Research Assessment Checklist (TRAC) helps to ensure that a proposed research is appropriate for your community. At the end of TRAC, you will understand the protocol and have identified specific areas of concerns and will be able to make informed recommendations or requirements to the appropriate people (e.g., researcher, tribal council).

Zender Environmental

How to Conduct a Survey


Also, here is one link that has the survey information we list in the template. http://www.zendergroup.org/survey.html

Resources on successful surveys provided by Zender.


EPA: Education

Resources for Waste Education materials


From the education resources website

EPA: Outreach

Tribal Solid Waste Outreach Materials


Web links to outreach materials on general waste management and recycling issues

EPA: Tools

Sample education tools


Here you can view a few examples of educational tools used by Tribes.

Public Health Foundation

Public Health Foundation Home

Community Health Status Indicators Fact Sheet


Improving public health infrastructure and performance through innovative solutions and measurable results

EPA: Solid Waste Resources


Here are various resources to share about ways an individual can make a difference in your community.

EPA: Solid Waste Resources

Environmentally Preferable Purchasing

Case Studies


For homes and business.

EPA: Conservation Tools

Conservation tools


This site covers procurement, tools for recycling programs, full cost accounting, pay-as-you-throw, materials and waste exchanges.

EPA: Public Involvement

Ways to reach your community


Great ideas for outreach materials (newsletters, flyers, and lots of examples on brochures)

Kentuky State University- Center for Hazardous Substance Research:

Technical Outreach Services for Native American Communities (TOSC)


Resources for Community outreach, public participation, and case studies in Native American Communities to address mining development and contaminated sites.

National Outreach: Public Broadcasting


Community engagement and outreach through public broadcasting

Native American Environmental Protection Coalition

Community awareness on pesticides- great example of community education


What is a pesticide? Are pesticides harmful? Learn about which products are considered pesticides, common household pesticides, storage, signal words, pest management and more.

Native American Environmental Protection Coalition

Newsletters from Native American Environmental Protection Coalition


Excellent resources on Tribal projects, collaboration and community involvement


Calderon: Building Community Partnerships

Powerpoint Presentation on the elements of community buy-in with two case studies


A basic powerpoint from a city-wide stand point

Community Buy-in

How non-profits gain community buy-in


There several ways that nonprofits can connect with the community around them. These aspects are crucial to the overall success and survival of the organization for the long haul. Here are a few suggestions to make connects with the community

Developed by Zender Environmental Copyright 2009 www.zendergroup.org

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