Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles

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Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles (Thalaathatul-Usool)

Transcribed from Classes by Shaykh Ahmad Musa Jibril حفظه الله

Please send details of any errors in referencing or otherwise to transcribingerrors@outlook.com
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Table of Contents

Table of Contents 2

Class One 1

Introduction 1

Chapter One 5

The Basmalah 5

Tawheed in Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem 5

Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah 6

Tawheed Ar-Rububiyyah 6

Tawheed Al-Asmaa Was-Sifaat 6

Linguistic Rules in Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem 7

Al-Jaar wal-Majroor fil-Basmalah Muta’alliqun Bimahthoof Taqdeeruhu Fi’il Laa’iqun Bilmaqaam 7

Ta’kheer Al-‘Aamil Yufeed Al-Hasr 8

Proofs for Beginning with the Basmalah 8

It is in Accordance with the Qur’an 8

The Prophet Began his Letters with Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem 8

The Blessing in the Basmalah 9

Class Two 10

Do we say Bismillah or Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem? 11

The Name Allah 13

Allah is The Sole Title for the Lord that Fashioned Everything 13

The Root of the Name Allah 14

Allah uses Allah and Rabb in the Qur’an 14

Allah is Different to any other Names 15

The Name Allah by Itself is not a Dhikr 15

Allah is the Name that All His Other Names Follow 15

Aspects of Tawheed in the Name Allah 15

The Mighty Name Allah 16

Ar-Rahmaan and Ar-Raheem 18

Ar-Rahmaan 18

Ar-Raheem 18

Ar-Rahmaan and Ar-Raheem 19

The Mercy of Allah 21

The Attribute of Mercy 21

The Mercy of Allah 22

Attaining the Mercy of Alah 23

Class Three 24

Know May Allah Have Mercy on You 24

The Importance of Knowledge 24

The Definition of Knowledge 27

The Use of the Word I’lam 28

Is Knowledge Conveyed to other than Humans? 28

Can you say I’lam to Someone More Knowledgeable? 30

The Levels of Knowledge: Ibn Al-Qayyim 30

The Honour of Knowledge 31

The Example of the Scholars 36

Jaabir and Abu Ayyub 36

Muhammad bin Hassan Ash-Shaybaani 37

Asad Ibn Al-Furaat 37

Sa’eed Ibn Musayyib, Ar-Raazi and Al-Bukhari 38

An-Nawawi, Lisaan Ad-Deen Ibn Khateeb and Mu’adh Ibn Jabal 39

Sulaymaan Ibn Abdul Malik the Khaleefah and Ataa’ Ibn Rabah 41

Al-Kasaa’ee and the Sons of the Khaleefah 41

Ash-Shaafi’ee and Ibn Jawzi 42

Rahimak Allah 42

Maghfirah and Rahmah 42

Do you say Rahimak Allah to a Non Muslim? 43

Why did he say Rahimak Allah? 44

Class Four 47

The Four Introductory Matters 47

What is the Definition of Waajib? 48

Is there a Difference Between Waajib and Fardh? 48

The Proof for the Opinion that Waajib and Fardh are Synonymous 49

The Proof for the Opinion that Waajib is Lesser than Fardh 50

How do they Categorise the Faraa’idh and Waajibaat? 51

The Result of this Dispute 52

The Islamic Knowledges are Intertwined 54

Which Definition of Waajib did the Author Intend? 54

Knowledge in Matters that Pertain to Allah 55

The Definition of Fardh ‘Ayn 55

The Definition of Fardh Kifaayah 55

Fardh ‘Ayn in Knowledge, Action, Leaving Matters and Belief 56

Fardh ‘Ayn in Knowledge 56

Fardh ‘Ayn in Action 56

Fardh ‘Ayn in Leaving Matters 57

Fardh ‘Ayn in Belief 57

The Four Obligatory Matters 58

The Definition of Mas’alah 58

The First Introductory Matter: Knowledge 59

Knowledge of Allah 59

Ma’rifatullah 60

Knowledge of the Halaal and Haraam 61

The Importance of Ma’rifatullah 61

Ignorance in Ma’rifatullah 64

Knowledge of the Prophet Muhammad 66

Knowledge of Islam 68

The Definition of Islam 68

Islam is the Only Religion Acceptable to Allah 69

The Foundation Actions of Islam 71

Class Five 72

The Order of the Definition of Knowledge 73

Knowing Allah, the Prophet Muhammad and the Religion with Proof 74

What is the Definition of Proof? 74

Is Taqleed Permissible in Matters of ‘Aqeedah? 75

The First Opinion that you Must Know the Proof 76

The Second Opinion that it is not Obligatory to Know the Proof 76

The Third Opinion that Knowing the Proof is Haraam 76

Summary of the Three Opinions 76

The Proofs that Taqleed is Permissible 77

The Second Introductory Matter: To Act Upon Knowledge 80


The Types of Actions in Islam 80

Do you get Reward for Leaving the Haraam? 81

The Essential Aspects of Applying Knowledge 81

Ordaining the Good and Forbidding the Evil and Application within Oneself are Two Separate Obligatory Matters 82

A Man whose Actions do not Match his Knowledge 83

One is Going to be Questioned about his Knowledge on the Judgment Day 83

Saying That Which You Do Not Do 84

Knowledge That Does Not Benefit 84

Class Six 88

Acting on Knowledge 89

Knowledge That Does Not Benefit Action 89

Knowledge is Different to Action 89

Knowledge Was Sent to be Acted Upon 90

The Consequences of Not Acting Upon Your Knowledge 91

One Should Not Abandon Seeking Knowledge Due to Being Accountable For His Knowledge 92

Being Higher in Knowledge Means You are Held to a Higher Standard 94

Examples of Applying Knowledge 97

Evil Scholars 98

Acting on Your Knowledge in Da’wah 101

Ibn Al-Jawzi And His Shuyookh 102

Do Not Get Conceited with Humans or with Allah 103

Class Seven 104

The Third Introductory Matter: Calling People Unto It 104

What Does the Dhameer Refer To? 105

Is Da’wah Fardh ‘Ayn or Fardh Kifaayah? 105

Attaining the Detailed Knowledge is Fardh Kifaayah 105

Every Muslim has a Personal Obligation to Perform Da’wah 106

Should One Leave Da’wah Until He Becomes Fully Knowledgeable? 107

The Dangers of Speaking About Allah Without Knowledge 109

Class Eight 114

Do Not Commit Any Sins Under the Pretext of Da’wah 114

When Sins Become Widespread it Affects Everyone 116

You Have to Know how to Give Da’wah 120

Proofs on Da’wah 121

Invite People Unto Allah with Knowledge 121

Da’wah is our Pride 122

Rise Up and Warn 124

The Value of Guiding One Man 125

The Day of Uhud and the Day of Ta’if 126

You Have to Know and Relate to Your Audience 129

Wisdom Must be in Da’wah 132

Da’wah Must be in the Best of All Manners 132

Class Nine 133

Wisdom in Da’wah can Include Harshness 143

The Difference Between Mudaaraah and Mudaahanah 150

Examples of Our Salaf in Da’wah 151

Conclusion on Da’wah to Allah 155

Class Ten 156

The Fourth Introductory Matter: Patience 157

Patience is Essential for a Daa’iyah 158

What do you get out of Patience? 158

What is the Definition of Sabr? 162

The Linguistic Definition of Sabr 162

Does Complaining Negate Sabr? 162

The Types of Patience 164

Why does Allah Test Us? 165

Do Not Expect a Life Without Trials 166

Some Verses on Trials

A Daa’iyah is Most Optimistic in the Darkest of Times 177

Class Eleven 180

One on the Guided Path Should Expect Hardships 182

Trials are a Purification from our Sins 184

The Importance of Intention 186

Stand Your Ground Even if you are Alone 188

The Majority are Usually Villified in the Qur’an 189

The Qur’an Praises the Minority 189

Why does Allah Test us when He has Knowledge of Everything? 190

Everything is Good for the Believer 192

Be Patient on Harsh Words 193

Always Head to Repentance When Tested and Have Mercy 195

Patience in Da’wah is Special 198

Wise Words from Shaykh Musa Hafidhahullah 198

Conclusion on Sabr 201

Class Twelve 202

An Introduction to Surat Al-‘Asr 203

What Does Al-'Asr Mean? 204

The First Opinion: All of Time 205

The Second Opinion: The Era of the Prophet Muhammad 205

The Third Opinion: The End of the Day 206

The Fourth Opinion: Salatul-‘Asr or the Timing of Salatul-‘Asr 207

The Selected Opinion 208

The Importance of Al-‘Asr 211

Oaths in the Qur’an and Sunnah 212

The Oaths of Human Beings 215

Class Thirteen 216

Do Not Waste Time 217

The Subject Matter of the Oath 218

Mankind is at a Loss 218

Khusr Comes in a Noun Form 218

Why is Khusr Mentioned as a Nakirah? 219

A Practical Example Pertaining to this Surah 219

Losses are Levels 223

Why Does the Surah Generalise and then Make Exceptions? 223

Those who Believe 225

Imaan is the Fruit of Knowledge 225

Why did Allah not Detail Imaan? 226

The Meaning of Imaan in this Verse 226

Those who do Good Deeds 227

There is no Imaan Without Action 228

Actions Without Imaan 230

All Deeds are Included in this Verse 231

Advise and Recommend with Truth and Patience 232

Da’wah is not a Monopoly 233

Advising is a Group Effort 233

Haqq Refers to All of the Revelation of Allah 234

Patience 234

Patience is Implied Throughout the Surah 234

Patience Refers to All Types of Patience 235

The Statement of Ash-Shaafi’ee 237

Class Fourteen 239

A Chapter Title from Sahih Al-Bukhari 239

Why did the Author use a Chapter Title from Bukhari as Proof? 240

Knowledge Precedes Action 242

Laa Ilaaha Illallah 243

Do Verses Addressed to the Prophet Include Us? 243

The Structure of the Book 244

Chapter Two 248

The Obligation to Know and Act on Three Matters 248

Why did the Author say Male and Female? 248

Why did the Author say Muslim? 249

The First Matter: Tawheed Ar-Rububiyyah 250

1A: Allah Created Us 251

Proofs from the Qur’an and Sunnah 251

Proofs from the Intellect 254

Poetry on the Existence of Allah 256

Class Fifteen 260

1B: Allah Provided Sustenance For Us 260

The Difference Between Ar-Raaziq and Ar-Razzaaq 262

The Definition of Provision 262

Allah is Ar-Razzaaq 263

Your Provision is in the Sky 263

Provision Comes From Allah 265

Your Unchangeable Provision is Already Written 267

Ar-Razzaaq is Wise in Giving Provision 268

True Tawakkul and Tawaakul 271

Seek Means but Keep your Heart Fully Attached to Allah 272

Provision is Not Only Materialistic 275

Depend on Allah in Hardship 276

They Worship Others Besides Allah Who Have No Control Over Provision 276

Ar-Razzaaq Will Send You Means 279

Class Sixteen 281

1C: He Did Not Create Us Without A Purpose 282

What is Hamala? 282

Incorrect Opinions on the Purpose of Our Creation 283

You Were Created for a Purpose 285

Save Yourself From Hell 286

Allah is Independent of His Creation 288

1D: He Sent Messengers to Us 289

1E: Whoever Obeys Him Will Enter Paradise 291

The Qur’an and Sunnah are Equal as Sources of Legislation 292

The Qur’an has a Higher Status in Other Areas 293

Obedience to the Prophet Must be Complete Obedience 294

The Story of Julaybeeb 294

Class Seventeen 299

Three Types of Commands in the Qur’an and Sunnah 300

A Command Accompanied by Evidence to Indicate it is Obligatory 300

A Command With Proof to Indicate it is Not Obligatory 300

The General Commands 302

The Relationship Between the Qur’an and Sunnah 303

In Accordance and Similarty 303

The Sunnah Gives Details, Explains or Specifies 304

The Hadith are Independent in Legislating 305

Those Who Deny the Sunnah 306

1F: Whoever Rejects and Disobeys Him Will Enter Hellfire 308

Categories of Disobedience 309

Major Shirk or Major Kufr 309

A Muslim who Meets Allah with Sins 313

One who Meets Allah with Minor Shirk 314

Does one who Commits Minor Shirk Fall Under the Mashee’ah? 316

The Du’aa to Shield Oneself from Minor Shirk 318

Why Did Allah Choose Musa to Compare with the Prophet Muhammad? 319

Class Eighteen 320

The Second Matter: Shirk Al-Uloohiyyah 320

Introduction on Tawheed and Shirk 321

Three Types of Shirk Al-Uloohiyyah 326

The First Type: Associating a Partner to Allah 326

The Second Type: Giving a Portion of Your Worship to Other Than Allah 326

Shirk in Du’aa At-Talab 326

Shirk in Du’aa Al-Ibaadah 329

Shirk in Intention 329

Shirk in Love 331

Shirk in Fear 333

Shirk in Hope 335

Shirk in Rukoo’ and Sujood 336

The Difference Between Sujood, Rukoo’ and Qiyaam 336

Class Nineteen 337

Shirk in Sacrifice 339

Shirk in Tawaaf 339

Shirk in Tawakkul 340

Is Tawheed Three Categories or Four Categories? 341

The Third Type: Shirk in Governorship 344

The Proof of the Author 350

Conclusion 352

Class Twenty 352

The Third Matter: Walaa’ and Baraa’ 353

Proofs on Walaa’ and Baraa’ 354

The Importance of Walaa’ and Baraa’ 356

The Danger of Having Any Deficiency in the Belief of Walaa’ and Baraa’ 358

The Goal and Result of Diluting Walaa’ and Baraa’ 362

Two Athaar Regarding those who Change in Their Belief 364

A Special Category of Carriers of Knowledge 366

Conclusion of Halaqah 369

Class Twenty One 370

Types of People Who Promote Interfaith 371

Never Will the Jews nor the Christians be Pleased with You 372

The Statement of Abul-Wafaa’ Ibn ‘Aqeel 373

A Response to those who Shed in their ‘Aqeedah and Claim to be like Ash-Shaafi’ee 374

The War on Changing Islamic Terminology 377

Changing the Terminology in the Area of Walaa’ and Baraa’ 379

Categories of Walaa’ and Baraa’ 381

The First Category: Tawalli 382

The Second Category: Al-Muwaalaah 384

The Third Category: Permissible Dealings with Non Muslims 385

Class Twenty Two 386

The Third Category: Permissible Dealings with Non Muslims 387

Da’wah to Non Muslims 388

Eating from the Slaughter of the People of the Book 388

Marriage from the People of the Book 388

Exchanging Gifts 389

Visiting Non Muslims 390

Treatment of Non Muslims 390

Love and Hate is at the Core of Walaa’ and Baraa’ 392

Baraa’ from Kufr and Kaafireen 395

Our Hate is Restrained by the Guidance of Islam 398

Islam Recognises Natural Love and Hate 399

The Son of Abdullah Ibn Ubayy Ibn Salool 401

Conclusion of Halaqah 402

Class Twenty Three 404

Chapter Three 404

The Types of Guidance 405

The First Type of Guidance 405

The Second Type of Guidance 405

The Third Type of Guidance 406

The Fourth Type of Guidance 406

Which Type of Guidance did the Author Intend? 407

Al-Haneefiyyah Millat Ibraheem 407

The Root Word of Haneefiyyah 408

The Connection Between the Linguistic and Shar’ee Definition 409

Haneefiyyah and Islam are Interchangeable 409

Haneefiyyah and the Ahnaaf are Different 411

A Dream Pertaining to Haneefiyyah 411

Millat Ibraheem 414

The Definition of Millah 414

Who is Ibraheem? 414

Class Twenty Four 417

Why did Allah Specify Ibraheem and not any Other Messenger? 417

Salah and Salaam on the Prophets and Messengers 418

Why did the Author Mention Ibraheem Without Adding ‘Alayhis-Salaam? 419

Saying Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam and Writing it Fully 419

Is it Waajib to say Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam? 421

To Worship Allah Alone 422

The Definition of Ibaadah 423

Why did Allah Order us to Worship Him? 425

Allah does not Benefit from our Obedience and He is not Harmed by our Sins 425

Ibaadah is a Right of Allah Upon Us 427

Ibaadah is for Our Own Benefit 429

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