February 2013 Teacher's Guide Table of Contents



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February 2013 Teacher's Guide
Table of Contents



About the Guide 4

Student Questions
(from the articles) 5


Answers to Student Questions
(from the articles) 7


ChemMatters Puzzle: Su-Chem-Du 12

Answers to the ChemMatters Puzzle 14

NSES Correlation 16

Anticipation Guides 17

Fighting Cancer with Lasers 18

Brand-Name vs. Generic Drugs: What’s the Difference? 19

Sniffing Out Cancer 20

Drivers, Start Your Electric Engines! 21

Is Your Car a Living Thing? 22

Fighting Cancer with Lasers 24

Brand-Name vs. Generic Drugs: What’s the Difference? 25

Sniffing Out Cancer 26

Drivers, Start Your Electric Engines! 27

Is Your Car a Living Thing? 28

Fighting Cancer with Lasers 29

Background Information


(teacher information) 29

Connections to Chemistry Concepts

(for correlation to course curriculum) 46

Possible Student Misconceptions

(to aid teacher in addressing misconceptions) 46

Anticipating Student Questions


(answers to questions students might ask in class) 47

In-class Activities


(lesson ideas, including labs & demonstrations) 49

Out-of-class Activities and Projects


(student research, class projects) 51

References


(non-Web-based information sources) 51

Web sites for Additional Information


(Web-based information sources) 53

Brand-Name vs. Generic Drugs: What’s The Difference? 57

Background Information


(teacher information) 57

Connections to Chemistry Concepts


(for correlation to course curriculum) 67

Possible Student Misconceptions


(to aid teacher in addressing misconceptions) 68

Anticipating Student Questions


(answers to questions students might ask in class) 68

In-class Activities


(lesson ideas, including labs & demonstrations) 68

Out-of-class Activities and Projects


(student research, class projects) 69

References


(non-Web-based information sources) 70

Web sites for Additional Information

(Web-based information sources) 71

More Web sites on Teacher Information and Lesson Plans

(sites geared specifically to teachers) 72

Sniffing Out Cancer 74

Background Information


(teacher information) 74

Connections to Chemistry Concepts


(for correlation to course curriculum) 81

Possible Student Misconceptions


(to aid teacher in addressing misconceptions) 82

Anticipating Student Questions


(answers to questions students might ask in class) 82

In-class Activities


(lesson ideas, including labs & demonstrations) 84

Out-of-class Activities and Projects


(student research, class projects) 85

References


(non-Web-based information sources) 86

Web sites for Additional Information


(Web-based information sources) 86

Drivers, Start Your Electric Engines! 90

Background Information


(teacher information) 90

Connections to Chemistry Concepts


(for correlation to course curriculum) 103

Possible Student Misconceptions


(to aid teacher in addressing misconceptions) 104

Anticipating Student Questions


(answers to questions students might ask in class) 104

In-class Activities


(lesson ideas, including labs & demonstrations) 106

Out-of-class Activities and Projects


(student research, class projects) 108

References

(non-Web-based information sources) 109

Web sites for Additional Information

(Web-based information sources) 111

More Web sites on Teacher Information and Lesson Plans 114



Is Your Car a Living Thing? 115

Background Information


(teacher information) 115

Connections to Chemistry Concepts


(for correlation to course curriculum) 126

Possible Student Misconceptions


(to aid teacher in addressing misconceptions) 126

Anticipating Student Questions


(answers to questions students might ask in class) 127

In-class Activities


(lesson ideas, including labs & demonstrations) 127

Out-of-class Activities and Projects


(student research, class projects) 128

References


(non-Web-based information sources) 129

Web sites for Additional Information


(Web-based information sources) 130

About the Guide

Teacher’s Guide editors William Bleam, Donald McKinney, Ronald Tempest, and Erica K. Jacobsen created the Teacher’s Guide article material. E-mail: bbleam@verizon.net


Susan Cooper prepared the national science education content, anticipation guides, and reading guides.
David Olney created the puzzle.

E-mail: djolney@verizon.net


Patrice Pages, ChemMatters editor, coordinated production and prepared the Microsoft Word and PDF versions of the Teacher’s Guide. E-mail: chemmatters@acs.org

Articles from past issues of ChemMatters can be accessed from a CD that is available from the American Chemical Society for $30. The CD contains all ChemMatters issues from February 1983 to April 2008.

The ChemMatters CD includes an Index that covers all issues from February 1983 to April 2008.
The ChemMatters CD can be purchased by calling 1-800-227-5558.
Purchase information can be found online at www.acs.org/chemmatters

Student Questions
(from the articles)



Fighting Cancer with Lasers


    1. What medical tool did doctors use to determine the problem causing Chris’s pain?

    2. What is the name of the type of tumor found in his thigh?

    3. Was the tumor cancerous?

    4. What two medical tools do doctors use to treat the tumor?

    5. What role does the needle play in destroying the tumor?

    6. Was the operation difficult or complicated?

    7. What is the meaning of the acronym LASER?

    8. Name three properties of laser light.

    9. Name the two processes involved in generating laser light. Explain each.

    10. Name two advantages and two disadvantages of using lasers for treating cancers.



Brand-Name vs. Generic Drugs: What’s the Difference?


  1. By law, what must be the same for a brand-name drug and its generic equivalent? What can be different?

  2. What is the role of the active ingredients in a drug?

  3. What can affect the solubility of a drug, or the way it dissolves in the body?

  4. Explain why a hot solvent dissolves a solid faster.

  5. What does a concentration–time graph (or blood concentration curve) of a drug show?

  6. What is the U.S. Food and Drug Administration rule regarding the concentration–time graphs for a brand-name drug and its generic equivalent?



Sniffing Out Cancer


    1. What is a Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)?

    2. For people with tumors, what body products can carry or contain VOCs?

    3. Volatility of an organic compound depends on its vapor pressure. What is meant by vapor pressure?

    4. Describe the chemical properties of reactive oxygen species
      and how they are related to cancer.

    5. What is the relationship between VOCs and reactive oxygen species?

    6. Give two advantages when choosing dogs over chemical instrumentation for cancer detection?

    7. What types of cancer are dogs capable of detecting?

    8. What two biological products of the body are sniffed by dogs in detecting cancer?



Drivers, Start Your Electric Engines!


    1. Name two advantages for the electric car.

    2. For what use is the electric car primarily designed?

    3. What helps to minimize “range anxiety”?

    4. True or false: The first electric car was the Nissan Leaf. Explain your answer.

    5. What is the chemical term for the process that happens at the lead plate in a lead-acid battery? Describe this process.

    6. What happens when a lead-acid battery recharges?

    7. What type of battery is used in today’s electric cars?

    8. Describe the composition of the two electrodes in a lithium-ion battery.

    9. List four advantages that lithium-ion batteries have over lead-acid batteries.

    10. List three disadvantages of using electric cars.



Is Your Car a Living Thing?


  1. Name three chemical compounds mentioned in the article that are broken down in either a car or a human.
  2. Name and describe the process that separates the components of petroleum (crude oil).


  3. What is the difference between hydrocarbons and carbohydrates?

  4. What chemicals in the body are responsible for much of the breakdown of food in the digestive process?

  5. What are the common products of both cellular respiration and combustion?

  6. Where in human cells is energy produced?

  7. In what part of a car is the majority of the energy produced?

  8. Name the three chemical elements that are used as catalysts in the catalytic converters of automobiles.





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