First Grade Sample “I can” statements Reading Phonemic Awareness, Word Recognition and Fluency

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First Grade

Sample “I can” statements
Phonemic Awareness, Word Recognition and Fluency

1. I can tell the difference between letters, words, and sentences.

2. I can say the beginning and ending sounds in words.

3. I can match sounds to letters and letter patterns.

4. I can sound out letters to read words.

5. I can use word families to sound out unfamiliar words.

6. I can blend two to four sounds into words.

7. I can add, take away, or change sounds in a word to make new or rhyming words

8. I can add to my growing list of sight words.

9. I can read first grade level books fluently.

10. I can read aloud using expression that shows I understand the meaning of punctuation and the

idea of the whole sentence.

Acquisition of Vocabulary

1. I can use the words I know and context clues to help me figure out the meaning of words that

I do not know in the sentence.

2. I can use words that have the same or opposite meanings.

3. I can sort words into different groups.

4. I can read first grade level sight words.

5. I can identify words that sound alike but have different meanings.

6. I can understand the meaning of a compound word by breaking it into two smaller words.

7. I can read contractions and abbreviations.

8. I can read words by putting together a root word with an ending of -ed or -ing.

9. I can use a beginner's dictionary to figure out the meaning of words I do not know.

Reading Process: Concepts of Print, Comprehension Strategies and Self-Monitoring


1. I can describe the jobs of authors and illustrators.

2. I can give a reason for reading.

3. I can draw, write or talk about what I have read.

4. I can make predictions while I am reading and give reasons for my prediction.

5. I can compare new information to what I already know.

6. I can retell the main ideas in fiction and non-fiction stories.

7. I can make and use graphic organizers, with teacher's help, to show that I understand what

I have read.

8. I can answer different types of questions to show that I understand all first grade level material

Reading Process: Concepts of Print, Comprehension Strategies and Self-Monitoring

Strategies, continued

9. I can ask and answer questions while reading alone or in a group in order to help myself

understand what I am reading.

10. I can use what I know about authors and types of books to choose my own stories for

independent reading

11. I can independently read books for fun or to find out information.

Reading Applications: Informational, Technical and Persuasive Text

1. I can use the title page, photos, captions and pictures to understand the information in

non-fiction stories.

2. I can tell the order of events in a non-fiction story.

3. I can ask the who, why, where, what, when and how questions when reading a non-fiction


4. I can tell the main idea and details of a non-fiction story with the teacher's help.

5. I can talk about the diagrams, charts, graphs, and maps that I see in non-fiction stories.

6. I can follow directions with more than one step.

Reading Applications: Literary Text

1. I can tell about the information in a story, using my own words.

2. I can name the characters, setting and events in a story.

3. I can retell the important events in the beginning, middle and ending of a story.

4. I can tell the differences between stories, poems and plays.

5. I can find the patterns in stories and poems.

Writing Processes

1. I can brainstorm ideas with others for writing.

2. I can create a main idea for writing.

3. I can write for a reason and for an audience.

4. I can use strategies to organize and plan my writing such as lists and webs.

5. I can write stories that include a beginning, middle and end.

6. I can write sentences with a naming part (subject) and a telling part (verb).

7. I can use other story patterns in my writing.

8. I can use a computer or tape recorder to write a story.

9. I can reread my own writing to make sure it makes sense.

10. I can use describing words and details in my writing.

11. I can use a word wall and a beginner's dictionary to choose words.

12. I can check my spelling, capitals and end marks by proofreading my writing.

Writing Processes, continued

13. I can improve my writing by using a rubric or conferencing with others.

14. I can rewrite and illustrate my writing for sharing with others.

Writing Applications

1. I can write stories with a beginning, middle and end that include describing words and details.

2. I can write a response to a story that includes my feelings.

3. I can write a friendly letter or invitation.

4. I can write for many reasons (journals, notes, poems).

Writing Conventions

1. I can print neatly and space my letters, words and sentences.

2. I can use short and long vowel patterns to spell words correctly.

3. I can spell first grade words correctly.

4. I can use the sounds I hear to spell words, in my writing, that can usually be read by others.

5. I can spell new words by sounding out the letters and using word families.

6. I can use different end marks correctly.

7. I can use capital letters correctly.

8. I can use naming words (nouns), action words (verbs), and describing words (adjectives).


1. I can talk about ideas that I might investigate.

2. I can get information about my topic, with help from my teacher, and from other places

(library, community and classroom).

3. I can use books or observations to gather information to explain a topic with teacher help.

4. I can retell important information about a topic with teacher help.

5. I can report information to others.

Communication: Oral and Visual

1. I can use active listening skills like making eye contact or asking questions.

2. I can compare what I hear with what I already know.

3. I can follow simple spoken directions.

4. I can speak clearly so people can understand me.

5. I can give a presentation that:

a. shows I understand a topic

b. includes important information and details about a topic

c. includes a clear beginning and ending

d. tells my opinions.

6. I can tell about something that happened to me using details and staying on my topic.

7. I can recite poems, rhymes, songs and stories.


Number, Number Sense and Operations Standards

1. I can use ordinal numbers to order objects (first, second, third).

2. I can find and make equal forms of the same number using models, words, and number

sentences (concept of ten described as "10 blocks, 15-5).

3. I can read and write the numbers to 100.

4. I can count forward to 100, count backwards from 100, and count forward or backwards

starting at any number between 1 and 100.

5. I can use place value to show numbers in different ways:

a. Make a way to group and count by twos, fives and tens.

b. Show patterns and groups in a 100's chart and tell how many tens and ones are in the


c. Know that the first digit in a two-digit number is the number that is most important to

tell the size of the number and its nearness to 10 or 100.

6. I can show, name and tell the worth of a penny, nickel, dime, quarter and dollar.

7. I can determine the value of a small group of coins (up to one dollar) using different kinds of


8. I can show different groups of coins that equal the same amount.

9. I can show fractions using words and models for halves, thirds and fourths, knowing

that fractions are equal size parts.

10. I can show and explain addition as combining sets and counting on.

a. Use models and explain addition in real life situations.

b. Draw pictures to show addition.

c. Write number sentences to show addition.

d. Explain that adding two numbers makes a larger number.

11. I can show and. Explain subtraction as take-away or minus.

a. Use models and explain subtraction in real life situations. .

b. Draw pictures to show subtraction.

c. Write number sentences to show subtraction.

d. Explain that subtracting numbers makes a smaller number.

12. I can use plus or minus signs to show the operations of addition and subtraction.

13. I can show multiplication as repeated addition in real life situations.

14. I can show division as sharing equally in real life situations.

15. I can show that equal means "the same as" using pictures.

16. I can create strategies for basic addition facts, such as:

a. counting all

b. counting on

c. one more, two more

d. doubles,

e. doubles plus or minus one

f. make ten

g. using tens frames

h. adding zero

17. I can create strategies for basic subtraction facts, such as:

a. counting up (7-3 =? As 3 plus ? equals 7)

b. one less, two less

c. all but one (8-7, 5-4)

d. using tens frames

e. Missing addends.

Measurement Standard

1. I can explain why there are units and tools for measuring length and weight (rulers, scales).

2. I can tell time to the hour and half-hour on most digital and dial clocks.

3. I can use time order to sequence events.

4. I can estimate and measure weights using everyday objects.

5. I can estimate and measure length using everyday objects and a ruler.

Geometry and Spatial Sense Standard

1. I can identify, compare and sort shapes. For example:

a. Name and show triangles of different sizes, shapes or positions.

b. Describe a shape using the number of sides and comers.

2. I can create new shapes by combining or cutting apart already made shapes

3. I can tell the names of the sides that make up a 3-D shape.

4. I can use location and direction words (near, far, close to, left, right).

5. I can copy and draw simple shapes from memory.

Patterns, Functions and Algebra Standard

1. I can sort, classify, order and explain how objects with two or more like properties were


2. I can add on to sound, shape and number patterns and create and write similar patterns. For


a. Decode and describe many types of patterns (AA,B,aa,b, AA,B,aa,b)

b. Continue repeating and growing patterns with materials, pictures and shapes.

3. I can name the parts of a repeating plan or pattern.

4. I can solve number sentences using fact families with numbers and/or pictures.

5. I can tell and show how to solve a word problem using numbers, number sentences, objects

or pictures.

Data Analysis and Probability Standard

1. I can sort data in many ways.

2. I can collect and group data into charts using tally marks.

3. I can show data using picture graphs and bar graphs.

4. I can read charts, picture graphs, and bar graphs and identify the main ideas, and make

conclusions and predictions on the data.

5. I can make up a question that can be answered by using information from a graph.

6. I can arrange five objects by a property such as size or weight, and tell the ordinal place of

each object.

7. I can answer questions about the number of objects on a picture graph, bar graph or table

graph ( the most, the least, altogether, many more).

8. I can describe if an event is possible/impossible and more likely/less likely to happen (when

using spinners, number cubes, etc.).


Earth and Space Sciences

1. I can tell resources are things that we get from the living and non-living things;

and are necessary to meet the needs and wants of people.

2. I can explain about using our resources better by reducing, reusing, and recycling.

3. I can explain that all living things cause change in their environment; the changes can be fast

or slow (tree roots breaking through the sidewalk).

Life Sciences

1. I can explain that all living things have basic needs which are air, water, food, living space

and shelter.

2. I can explain that food comes from places other than grocery stores (farm crops, farm

animals, oceans, lakes and forests).

3. I can explore that humans and other animals have body parts that help to seek, find and take

in food when they are hungry (sharp teeth, flat teeth, good nose, and sharp vision).

4. I can investigate that animals eat plants and/or other animals for food and may also use

plants or other animals for shelter and nesting.

5. I can explain that the seasons can change the health, survival or activities of plants, animals

and people.

Physical Sciences

1. I can sort objects by the materials they are made of and their physical properties.

2. I can investigate that water can change from liquid to solid or solid to liquid.

3. I can explore and observe that things can be done to materials to change their properties

(heating, freezing, mixing, cutting, wetting, dissolving, bending and exposing to light).

4. I can explore changes that greatly change the properties of an object (burning paper) and

changes that leave the properties largely unchanged (tearing paper).

5. I can explore the effects some objects have on others- even when the two objects might not

even touch (magnets).

6. I can investigate ways to make things move and what causes them to change speed,

direction and/or stop.

7. I can explore how energy makes things work (batteries in a toy).

8. I can recognize that the sun is an energy source that warms the land, air and water.

9. I can describe that we can get energy from many sources in many

ways (food, gasoline, electricity or batteries).

Science and Technology

1. I can explore that some kinds of materials are better than others for making something new

(building materials used in the Three Little Pigs).

2. I can explain that when trying to build something or get something to work better, it helps to

follow directions and ask someone who has done it before.

3. I can name some materials that can be saved for recycling projects (newspapers, glass).

4. I can explore ways people use energy to cook their food and warm their home (wood, coal,

natural gas, electricity).

5. I can tell how people can save energy by turning things off when they are not using them

(lights and motors).

6. I can investigate that tools are used to help make things and some things cannot be made

without tools.

7. I can explain that several steps are usually needed to make things (building with blocks).

8. I can investigate that when parts are put together they can do things that they could not do

by themselves (blocks, gears and wheels).

Scientific Inquiry

1. I can ask "what happens when" questions.

2. I can explore my "what happens when" questions.

3. I can use safety practices when doing scientific investigations.

4. I can work in a small group to complete an investigation and then share findings with others.

5. I can create my own conclusions about group investigations.

6. I can use the correct tools and simple equipment to safely collect scientific data (magnifiers,

timers, etc).

7. I can make estimates to compare lengths, weights and time intervals.

8. I can show my work using words, sentences and pictures.

9. I can describe things as correctly as possible and compare what I observe with what others


Scientific Ways of Knowing

1. I can discover that when a science investigation is done the same way many times, I can

expect to get almost the same results each time.

2. I can give good explanations from data collected from investigations and observations.

3. I can explain that everybody can do science, invent things and have scientific ideas no matter

where they live.

Social Studies


1. I can tell the months of the year.

2. I can put events in my life in the correct order.

3. I can tell the difference between the past, present, and future.

4. I can ask questions about how families lived in the past and use books, pictures, etc. to show

what is known and not known about them.

5. I can compare men, women, and children from the past and present and tell the different

ways they meet their basic needs.

6. I can retell stories about the people that we celebrate with certain holidays. (President's Day,

Martin Luther King Day, etc.)

People in Societies

1. I can compare/contrast the different ways people from other cultures find food, clothing,

shelter, and use language and art.

2. I can tell how other people live on each continent by looking at books, art and music

made by those people.

3. I can tell how families and local communities celebrate customs and traditions.

4. I can tell how men, women and children live their daily lives in other countries.


1. I can correctly show and use left/right and near/far.

2. I can make simple maps and models using symbols to show familiar places. (Classroom,

school, neighborhoods)

3. I can find and use symbols to find important places on maps and globes.

4. I can find my community, state and the United States on a map or globe.

5. I can find and tell the-natural features (lake, river, hill, mountain, forest) and the

man-made features (towns, cities, farms, parks, playgrounds, houses, etc.) in a community.

Geography continued

6. I can compare places in my community that are similar to one another.

7. I can tell how people change how they get food, clothing, shelter, and transportation and have

fun in different situations.


1. I can tell why people need to make choices when wants are never ending but resources are in

short supply.

2. I can tell how people make, use and trade goods and services in my community.

3. I can tell how people get goods and services that they do not make be using money or

bartering (trading).


1. I can tell whom the people are that provides us with safety and security.

2. I can tell how voting can be used to make group decisions.

3. I can tell the symbols that stand for the United States, such as the bald eagle, the White

House, the Statue of Liberty, and the national anthem and what they mean.

4. I can tell why we need rules in different places and why the rules need to be fair.

5. I can talk about what will happen if any rules are broken.

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

1. I can show the importance of fair play, good sportsmanship, respecting the rights and

opinions of others and the idea of treating others the way you want to be treated.

2. I can show how to follow the rules in a school.

3 I can show how I am responsible for the things I do

4 I can show pride in myself and the things I do.

5. I can show how to be a good citizen by being trusting, fair, in self-control, and respecting

those in charge.

Social Studies Skills and Methods

1. I can find information about something by using different oral and visual sources.

2. I can put information in the correct order.

3. I can sort information into different categories

4. I can find the main ideas from oral, visual, and print sources.

5. I can give information in a speech or presentation.

6. I can show respect and courtesy for others in a group by staying on topic and listening to the


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