First world war poetry



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FIRST WORLD WAR POETRY






| Mr Morton



Contents



Introduction
Brief Overview of World War One

Wilfred Owen: The soldiers' poet


An article by Jeremy Paxman on the life

and death of the visionary war poet


Seigfried Sassoon

Poetry from The Oxford Book of War Poetry

SECONDARY INFORMATION/READING
Reading List
How to structure an essay
Tips on analysing poetry
ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES
SAMPLE QUESTIONS



Page 3
Page 4 – 5

Page 6 – 10



Page 11 – 13

Page 14 – 121


Page 122 – 137
Page 138 -139
Page 140
Page 141


Introduction
This booklet is a study aid and a source of information on WW1 literature. It contains almost all of the poetry in the collection. Due to the fact that candidates are unable to annotate their bought copies of The Oxford Book of War Poetry , it is advisable that you use this booklet to annotate the poetry. Make sure that you have this booklet with you for every lesson as it contains material which may be covered. The autobiographical detail included is to help in contextual classroom discussion and is by no means exhaustive.

Towards the end of the booklet there is a concentration of practical support in writing about war poetry and differing perspectives/contexts of war literature. It is important when looking at this poetry that you consider the Assessment Objectives. These are markers that aim to ensure you have a complete understanding of the poetry.

WW1 criticism

http://www.english.emory.edu/LostPoets/


[go to http://scholar.google.co.uk/ and search for these titles]
Poetry of mourning: the modern elegy from Hardy to Heaney By Jahan Ramazani

Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars  By George L. Mosse

Touch and intimacy in First World War literature By Santanu Das

The unquiet Western Front: Britain's role in literature and history  By Brian Bond



Brief Overview of World War One

1914


  • Germany invades Belgium.

  • Britain declares war on Germany.

  • Japan joins the Allied forces: Ottoman Empire soon joins the Central Powers.

  • War spreads to the seas.


1915


  • Women take up men's jobs.

  • Stalemate continues on the Western Front.

  • The Lusitania passenger liner is sunk, with 1,200 lives lost.

  • London attacked from the air by German Zeppelins.


1916


  • Conscription for men aged between 18 and 41.

  • A million casualties in ten months: Germany aims to 'bleed France white'.

  • At sea the Battle of Jutland takes place.

  • Armed uprisings in Dublin: the Irish Republic is proclaimed.


1917


  • German Army retreats to the Hindenburg Line.

  • United States joins the war and assists the Allies.

  • Tank, submarine and gas warfare intensifies.

  • Royal family change their surname to Windsor to appear more British.

1918



  • Germany launches major offensive on the Western Front.

  • Allies launch successful counter-offensives at the Marne and Amiens.

  • Armistice signed on November 11, ending the war at 11am.

  • In Britain, a coalition government is elected and women over 30 succeed in gaining the vote.



WW1 Started

June 28, 1914


Causes of WW1

Strong feelings of nationalism throughout Europe prior to The Great War created an atmosphere in Europe which made war a likelihood. The spark which ignited the flame and transformed these underlying problems into a frenzy of hostilities happened on June 28, 1914, when Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Serbian student, Gavrilo Princip, while visiting Sarajevo, Bosnia.  Many historians consider this to be the spark that started WW1.

 

Austro-Hungary presented an ultimatum of thirty demands to Serbia  and 48 hours were allotted for their answering. Serbia agreed to all but one: Austrian investigation of the assassination plot.


 

As a result, Austro-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia (who had allied with Serbia). Two days later, Germany declared war on France and swept its armies through Belgium, violating its neutrality. Because of this, Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland) declared war on Germany. Austro-Hungary declared war on England. And thus started WWI.

WW1 Ended

11:00 November 11, 1918


Duration of WW1

4 years, 3 months and 14 days


Casualties in WW1

Germany

1,800,000

Soviet Union

1,700,000

France

1,385,000

Austria

1,200,000

Great Britain

947,000

Japan

800,000

Romania

750,000

Serbia

708,000

Italy

460,000

Turkey

325,000

Belgium

267,000


Greece

230,000

USA

137,000

Portugal

100,000

Canada

69,000

Bulgaria

88,000

Montenegro

50,000

TOTAL

11,016,000


Total Approx Cost

£ 96 million [circa 1914]



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