Introduction This booklet is a study aid and a source of information on WW1 literature. It contains almost all of the poetry in the collection. Due to the fact that candidates are unable to annotate their bought copies of The Oxford Book of War Poetry , it is advisable that you use this booklet to annotate the poetry. Make sure that you have this booklet with you for every lesson as it contains material which may be covered. The autobiographical detail included is to help in contextual classroom discussion and is by no means exhaustive.
Towards the end of the booklet there is a concentration of practical support in writing about war poetry and differing perspectives/contexts of war literature. It is important when looking at this poetry that you consider the Assessment Objectives. These are markers that aim to ensure you have a complete understanding of the poetry.
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Poetry of mourning: the modern elegy from Hardy to Heaney By Jahan Ramazani
Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars By George L. Mosse
Japan joins the Allied forces: Ottoman Empire soon joins the Central Powers.
War spreads to the seas.
Women take up men's jobs.
Stalemate continues on the Western Front.
The Lusitania passenger liner is sunk, with 1,200 lives lost.
London attacked from the air by German Zeppelins.
Conscription for men aged between 18 and 41.
A million casualties in ten months: Germany aims to 'bleed France white'.
At sea the Battle of Jutland takes place.
Armed uprisings in Dublin: the Irish Republic is proclaimed.
German Army retreats to the Hindenburg Line.
United States joins the war and assists the Allies.
Tank, submarine and gas warfare intensifies.
Royal family change their surname to Windsor to appear more British.
Germany launches major offensive on the Western Front.
Allies launch successful counter-offensives at the Marne and Amiens.
Armistice signed on November 11, ending the war at 11am.
In Britain, a coalition government is elected and women over 30 succeed in gaining the vote.
June 28, 1914
Causes of WW1
Strong feelings of nationalism throughout Europe prior to The Great War created an atmosphere in Europe which made war a likelihood. The spark which ignited the flame and transformed these underlying problems into a frenzy of hostilities happened on June 28, 1914, when Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Serbian student, Gavrilo Princip, while visiting Sarajevo, Bosnia. Many historians consider this to be the spark that started WW1.
Austro-Hungary presented an ultimatum of thirty demands to Serbia and 48 hours were allotted for their answering. Serbia agreed to all but one: Austrian investigation of the assassination plot.
As a result, Austro-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia (who had allied with Serbia). Two days later, Germany declared war on France and swept its armies through Belgium, violating its neutrality. Because of this, Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland) declared war on Germany. Austro-Hungary declared war on England. And thus started WWI.