MIDDLE SCHOOL ENGLISH INSTRUCTION: Unit 1, Lesson 3
Focus of the lesson: figurative language and analogies A. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Click on each underlined term to find a definition and examples. figures of speech This site contains simple definitions and examples of the figures of speech listed below.
Figurative speech is the opposite of literal Language.
Figures of speech for this lesson include:
ACTIVITY 1-3-1 (1) Read the following poem. Death by Hyperbole
By Daniel Evans
Let Tsunamis wash over me and volcanoes explode on me, order fire to consume, the cold earth to entomb.
Invent diseases to sicken me, plagues that just pick on me, bring on tornadoes and hurricanes, send floods from all origins.
But please don't leave me.
Find vipers to bite, African elephants to smite, Grizzly bears to unbowel me [sic], Great White sharks to devour me, bulls to gore, piranhas that gnaw, birds (they can peck), what the heck, stampede herds that will trample, grow plants that can strangle.
Pay robbers to shoot me, offer knives while they loot me, use sticks and throw stones, just aim at my bones.
Call on henchmen to hurt me, tell your friends all about me, clone me then kill me twice, you might find that nice.
But please don't leave me.
Call elections to topple, send thugs to throttle, politicians to oppose, journalists to expose, doctors to section, lawyers to threaten, ask boffins to baffle me, perhaps the Merched could raffle me?
The Ancient Greeks should hear of me, they could record my vile history, get my name in the bible (snake) come, there's no time to be idle.
Buddha and Mohammed? They'll want to hear the things I did, Hindus too should be put in the frame, all religions be alert to my name.
on far too much hy-per'-bo-lee.
(2) Complete the following activity: HYPERBOLE ACTIVITY DIRECTIONS: In the poem “Death by Hyperbole,” the poet uses hyperbole to try to convince his lover not to leave him. Your assignment is to write a list of five hyperboles to convince someone either to DO something or NOT to do something. SAMPLE SITUATIONS:
Convince a friend not to marry someone you believe to be unsuitable
Convince your boss not to require you to do a particular task
Convince someone in your family not to do something that especially irritates you
Convince a wealthy person to leave you his/her fortune
Convince your family that your idea for the family vacation is the best one, even though everyone else has a different idea
Convince someone from the opposing political party to vote for your party’s candidate
METAPHOR ACTIVITY (1) Read the statements that contain metaphors in italics. Then complete the statements that explain the metaphors by filling in the letter of the correct response.
1. Brian was a wall, bouncing every tennis ball back over the net.
This metaphor compares Brian to a wall because __________.
a. He was very strong. b. He was very tall.
c. He kept returning the balls. d. His body was made of cells.
2. We would have had more pizza to eat if Tammy hadn’t been such a hog.
Tammy was being compared to a hog because she __________.
a. looked like a hog b. ate like a hog c. smelled like a hog
d. was as smart as a hog
3. Cindy was such a mule. We couldn’t get her to change her mind.
The metaphor compares Cindy to a mule because she was ________.
a. always eating oats b. able to do hard work
c. raised on a farm d. very stubborn
4. The poor rat didn’t have a chance. Our old cat, a bolt of lightning, caught his prey.
The cat was compared to a bolt of lightning because he was ______.
a. very fast b. very bright c. not fond of fleas d. very old
ACTIVITY 1-3-4 METAPHORS AND SIMILES ACTIVITY Read the following passage from Ray Bradbury’s story “A Sound of Thunder.” The passage contains quite a few similes and metaphors. See how many you can find. Circle each simile and underline each metaphor. On a separate sheet of paper, tell what the implied comparison is in each metaphor.
In this passage the hunters, who have returned in a time machine to the prehistoric jungle of the past, are positioned to shoot a Tyrannosaurus rex. In this scene, the animal is coming through the tangle of trees and ferns and underbrush toward the terrified hunters.
Maybe this passage will tempt you to read the entire story! It can be found in a collection of Bradbury’s short stories. The THEME of the story is the web of life. Bradbury, through the genre of science fiction, explores what can happen when a species is destroyed.
“It came on great, oiled, resilient, striding legs. It towered thirty feet above
half of the trees, a great evil god, folding its delicate watchmaker’s claws
The sun peeked from behind the cloud to light up our dreary day.
The stars winked at us from the night sky.
B. ANALOGIES An explanation and several examples of analogies, can be found at the following link: Analogies NOTE: There are many other types of analogy relationships. Those listed in the Enhanced Scope and Sequence for English 6-8 include: