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* Warlike operations are military activities where the application of force is authorised in order to pursue specific military objectives and there is an expectation of casualties. Non-warlike operations are military activities where there is risk associated with the assigned tasks and where the application of force is limited to self-defence.

* Note that service type is based on an individual’s current service status. Historical information was not available from the nominal rolls. Further, if a historical approach to service type was available it was not clear which point in the individual’s service history should be chosen for members of the comparison group.




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