Gcse 09 German Vocabulary book Version- draft 1 gcse german



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GCSE 09


German Vocabulary book

Version- Draft 1






GCSE German


Edexcel GCSE in German




Edexcel GCSE 2009 German Vocabulary Book

Edexcel are pleased to oprovide this free vocabulary book freely to support learners following the the Edexcel GCSE 2009 Specification in German.


Please note: the most up to date version of this document is available on the Edexcel website and a definitive list of core vocabulary is available in the Edexcel Specification.

Introduction
This bilingual glossary has been produced to support you in your language learning and to help you prepare for the Edexcel GCSE. It features a revised minimum core vocabulary foundation level vocabulary (this has been expanded from the original one in the specification) as well as higher level vocabulary. English meanings, genders and irregular word endings are given and the vocabulary is listed both alphabetically and under the following Edexcel headings:
High Frequency Language
Verbs

Adjectives

Colours

Adverbs


Numbers

Quantities

Connecting Words

Time Expressions

Times

Days of the Week


Months of the Year

Question Words

Countries

Continents

Nationalities

Areas/Mountains/Cities/Rivers

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Social Conventions

Prepositions

Listening and Reading Topics
Out and About


  • Visitor Information, Basic Weather, Local Amenities, Accommodation, Public Transport, Directions

Customer Services and Transactions

  • Cafes and Restaurants, Shops, Dealing with Problems

Personal Information

  • General Interest, Leisure Activities, Family and Friends, Lifestyle (healthy eating and exercise)

Future Plans, Education and Work

  • Basic Language of the Internet, Simple Job Advertisements, Simple Job Applications and CV, School and College, Work and Work Experience


Speaking and Writing Topics
Media and Culture

  • Music/Film/Reading, Fashion/Celebrities/Religion, Blogs/Internet

Sports and Leisure

  • Hobbies/interests, Sporting Events, Lifestyle Choices

Travel and Tourism

  • Holidays, Accommodation, Eating (food and drink)

Business, Work and Employment

  • Work Experience/Part-time Jobs, Product or service Information

Although words are listed under specific topic headings, they are not always exclusive to these. Many words can also relate to other topic areas, but may only be listed in one.


At the end of each section you will find some blank pages, these enable you to note down other words that you encounter during the GCSE course and which may prove useful.

Please note that this is not a complete list of all vocabulary for the Edexcel GCSE, and should be used as a reference guide that students can refer to and add to rather than a definitive list of vocabulary needed to achieve a specific grade.

This vocabulary book is currently a first draft; if centres notice any errors in the vocabulary lists contained in this document please let us know and we will ensure they are updated appropriately.

Section 1


High Frequency Language
This has been taken from the appendix in the specification
Verbs


to accept

annehmen

to accompany

begleiten

to advise

beraten

to advise

raten

to allow

erlauben

to answer

antworten

to answer

beantworten

to apply for

sich bewerben um

to argue

sich streiten

to argue

streiten

to arrive

ankommen

to ask

fragen

to ask a question


eine Frage stellen

to ask for

bitten um

to avoid, to prevent, to warn

vermeiden

to be able to

können

to be allowed to

dürfen

to be called

heißen

to be interested in

sich interessieren für

to be located

sich befinden

to be silent

schweigen

to be supposed to

sollen

to become

werden

to begin

anfangen

to begin

beginnen

to belong

gehören

to borrow

leihen

to bring

bringen

to buy


kaufen

to call

nennen

to change

wechseln

to chat

plaudern

to check

nachsehen

to choose, to dial

wählen

to click

klicken

to climb

klettern

to climb, get on

steigen

to close

zumachen

to come

kommen

to come back

zurückkommen

to cost

kosten

to count

rechnen

to count

zählen

to cry

weinen

to decide

beschließen


to decide

sich entscheiden

to depart

abfahren

to describe

beschreiben

to discuss

besprechen

to discuss

diskutieren

to drink

trinken

to drive

fahren

to drop

fallen lassen

to earn

verdienen

to eat

essen

to eat

fressen

to end

beenden

to enjoy oneself

sich amüsieren

to enter

eingehen

to enter

eintreten

to escape

fliehen

to expect


erwarten

to explain

erklären

to fall

fallen

to fall asleep

einschlafen

to feel

fühlen

to fetch

holen

to fill

füllen

to find

finden

to finish, end

enden

to follow

folgen

to forget

vergessen

to forgive

vergeben

to forgive

verzeihen

to get angry

sich ärgern

to get bored

sich langweilen

to give

geben

to give (presents)

schenken


to go for a walk

einen Spaziergang machen

to go wrong/to fail, to miss

fehlen

to happen

geschehen

to happen

passieren

to hate

hassen

to have

haben

to have to

müssen

to hear

hören

to help

helfen

to hire

leihen

to hope

hoffen

to hurry

eilen

to hurry

tich beeilen

to improve

verbessern

to inform

mitteilen

to intend

vorhaben

to introduce


vorstellen

to invite

einladen

to jump

springen

to knock

klopfen

to knock, hit

schlagen

to know

wissen

to know (be familiar with)

kennen

to land

landen

to last

dauern

to laugh

lachen

to lay

legen

to lead

führen

to learn

lernen

to leave

lassen

to leave

verlassen

to lend

ausleihen

to lie

liegen

to light, turn on


einschlaten

to like

gern haben

to like

mögen

to listen

zuhören

to live (to be alive)

leben

to live (in a)

wohnen

to load, to charge

laden

to look

schauen

to look

zusehen

to look after

aufpassen auf

to look forward to

sich freuen auf

to lose

verlieren

to love

lieben

to meet

begegnen

to meet

treffen

to need

brauchen

to note


notieren

to open

aufmachen

to open

öffnen

to order

befehlen

to order

bestellen

to organise

organisieren

to park

parken

to pass by/to go

vorbeigehen

to pay

zahlen

to phone

anrufen

to phone

telefonieren mit

to place

stecken

to plan

planen

to please

gefallen

to prefer

bevorzugen

to prevent

verhindern

to produce

produzieren

to promise


versprechen

to push

drücken

to put

stellen

to put back

zurückstellen

to reach

erreichen

to read

lesen

to receive

erhalten

to receive, be host to

bekommen

to recommend

empfehlen

to regret, be sorry

Leid tun

to remember

sich erinnern an

to rent

mieten

to repair

reparieren

to repeat

wiederholen

to research

forschen

to reserve

reservieren

to return

zurückfahren


to return

zurückgehen

to ring

klingeln

to save

retten

to say

sagen

to see

sehen

to seem, to shine

scheinen

to sell

verkaufen

to send

schicken

to serve

bedienen

to shop

einkaufen

to show

zeigen

to shut

schließen

to sign

unterschreiben

to sit

sitzen

to sit down

sich hinsetzen

to sleep

schlafen

to smile


lächeln

to snow

scheien

to speak

sprechen

to spend

ausgeben

to spend (time)

verbringen

to stay

bleiben

to steal

stehlen

to stick

kleben

to stop

aufhören

to stop

stoppen

to stop, to hold

halten

to study

studieren

to succeed

gelingen

to surf the internet

im Internet surfen

to take

nehmen

to talk

reden

to tell

erzählen

to tell a lie


lügen

to thank

danken

to think

denken

to think, believe

glauben

to think, to say

meinen

to throw

werfen

to touch

berühren

to try

versuchen

to type

tippen

to understand

verstehen

to use

benutzen

to visit

besuchen

to wait for

warten auf

to walk

spazieren

to walk, to run

laufen

to want

wollen

to watch television

fernsehen


to wear, to carry

tragen

to win

gewinnen

to wish

wünschen

to work

arbeiten

to write

schreiben


Adjectives


all

all-

alone

allein

angry

böse

angry

zornig

annoying

ärgerlich

astonished

erstaunt

awful, terrible

schrecklich

bad

schlecht

beautiful

schön

big, tall

groß

boring

langweilig


broad

breit

broken

gebrochen

broken

kaputt

busy

beschäftigt

charming

goldig

clean, own

sauber

clear

klar

closed

geschlossen

comfortable

bequem

current

aktuell

dangerous

gefährlich

definite

bestimmt

dense

dicht

difficult

schwierig

dirty

dreckig

dirty

schmutzig

disgusting

ekelhaft


dynamic

dynamisch

easy

leicht

empty

leer

environmentally damaging

umweltfeindlich

environmentally friendly

umweltfreundlich

exact

genau

excellent

ausgezeichnet

exciting

aufregend

exciting, tense

spannend

exhausted

erschöpft

expensive

teuer

false

falsch

far

weit

fast, quick

schnell

fat

dick

favourite

Lieblings-

first


erst

flexible

flexibel

free

frei

free

kostenlos

full

satt

full

voll

funny

komisch

funny

lustig

general

allgemein

good

gut

grateful

dankbar

great

fantastisch

great

toll

great, marvellous

prima

happy

glücklich

hard, heavy, difficult

schwer

hardworking

fleißig

healthy


gesund

high

hoch

hot

heiß

ill

krank

important

wichtig

in a good mood

gut gelaunt

in a hurry

eilig

inside

drinnen

kind

nett

last

letzt

lazy

faul

long

lang

low

niedrig

magnificent

großartig

marvellous

wunderbar

mature, ripe

reif

moody

launisch

narrow

eng


narrow

schmal

near

nah

necessary

nötig

necessary

notwendig

new

neu

next

nächst-

noisy

laut

numerous

zahlreich

old

alt

old, former

ehemalig

only

einzig

open

geöffnet

open

offen

other

ander-

outside

draußen

own

eigen

peaceful, calm

ruhig

perfect


perfekt

pleased, satisfied

zufrieden

pretty

hübsch

proud

stolz

quiet

leise

ready

bereit

ready

fertig

real

echt

real

wirklich

responsible

verantwortlich

rich

reich

round

rund

sad

traurig

sensational

klasse

serious

ernst

severe, unkind

hart

short

kurz

shy

schüchtern


silent

lautlos

similar, same

gleich

small

klein

soft

weich

steep

steil

strict

streng

strong

stark

stupid

dumm

surprised

überrascht

thin

dünn

tired

müde

tiring

ermüdend

together

zusammen

true

wahr

true, right

richtig

typical

typisch

ugly, horrible

häßlich

unbelievable


unglaublich

unimaginable

unvorstellbar

useful

nützlich

valid

gültig

valuable

wertvoll

variable

unterschiedlich

weak

schwach

well behaved

artig

young

jung

younger

jünger


Colours


black

schwarz

blue

blau

brown

braun

colour

Farbe (f)

dark

dunkel

green

grün

grey


grau

light

hell

pink

rosa

red

rot

violet

lila

white

weiß

yellow

gelb


Adverbs


above, upstairs

oben

almost

fast

already

schon

always/still

immer

backwards

rückwärts

below, downstairs

unten

en route

unterwegs

especially

Besonders

forwards

vorwärts

here


hier

however

jedoch

immediately, straight away

sofort

in the middle of

mitten

more

mehr

never

nie

often

oft

over there

da drüben

perhaps

vielleicht

probably

wahrscheinlich

quickly

schnell

rather

lieber

rather

ziemlich

really

wirklich

recently

neulich

regularly

regelmäßig

sometimes

manchmal

somewhere


irgendwo

there

da

there

dort

too

zu

unfortunately

leider

very

sehr

willingly

gern



Numbers
1-100
Quantities


a bag of

eine Tüte

a bar of

eine Tafel

a bottle of

eine Flasche

a dozen

ein Dutzend

a jar of

ein Glas

a little of

ein bisschen

a packet of

eine Packung

a piece of

ein Stück

a slice of


eine Scheibe

a third of

ein Drittel

a tin, box of

eine Dose

enough


genug

many

viele

several

mehrere


Connecting Words


afterwards

nachher

also

auch

and

und

beforehand

vorher

but

aber

first of all

zuerst

for this reason

deshalb

for this reason

dewegen

instead

dafür

moreover

außerdem

moreover


übrigens

or

oder

so

also

then

dann


Time Expressions


afternoon

Nachmittag (m)

always

immer

at the start

am Anfang

day

Tag (m)

early

früh

evening

Abend (m)

every day

täglich

from

Ab

from time to time

ab und zu

from time to time

von Zeit zu Zeit

immediately

sofort

late

spät

later


später

midnight

Mitternacht (f)

minute

Minute (f)

morning

Morgen (m)

morning

Vormittag (m)

mostly

meistens

next

nächst-

night

Nacht (f)

now

jetzt

nowadays

heutzutage

on time

pünktlich

on time

rechtzeitig

since

seit

soon

bald

still

immer noch

the day after tomorrow

übermorgen

today

heute

tomorrow


morgen

tomorrow morning

morgen früh

week

Woche (f)

weekend

Wochenende (n)

weekly

wöchentlich

yesterday

gestern


Times
Awareness of times (analogue and digital)
Days of the week


Monday

Montag

Tuesday

Dienstag

Wednesday

Mittwoch

Thursday

Donnerstag

Friday

Freitag

Saturday

Samstag/Sonnabend

Sunday

Sonntag


Months of the year


January

Januar

February


Februar

March

März

April

April

May

Mai

June

Juni

July

Juli

August

August

September

September

October

Oktober

November

November

December

Dezember


Question words


How much, how many?

wie viel(e)?

How?

wie?

What sort of?

was für?

What?

was?

When?

wann?

Where?


wo?

Who? Whom?

wer? wen? wem?

Whose?

wessen?

Why?

warum?


Other high frequency words


as, like

wie

because

weil

end

Ende (n)

everybody

jeder

everyone

alle

figure

Zahl (f)

for example

zum Beispiel

if

wenn

middle

Mitte (f)

Mr

Herr (m)

Mrs

Frau (f)

no

nein

number


Nummer (f)

object

Gegenstand (m)

shape

Form (f)

someone

jemand

something

irgendetwas

that

das

thing

Ding (n)

thing

Sache (f)

time

Mal (n)

type

Art (f)

way

Weise (f)

whether

Ob

yes

Ja


Countries


Austria

Österreich

Belgium

Belgien

Denmark

Dänemark

England


England

France

Frankreich

Germany

Deutschland

Great Britain

Großbritannien

Greece

Griechenland

Holland

Holland

India

Indien

Ireland

Irland

Italy

Italien

Netherlands

die Niederlanden

Russia

Russland

Scotland

Schottland

Spain

Spanien

Switzerland

die Schweiz

Turkey

die Türkei

United States

die Vereinigten Staaten

Wales

Wales


Continents


Africa

Afrika

Asia

Asien

Australia

Australien

Europe

Europa

North America

Nordamerika

South America

Südamerika


Nationalities


African

Afrikaner/in , afrikanisch

American

Amerikaner/in, amerikanisch

Austrian

Österreicher/in, österreichisch

Belgian

Belger/in, belgisch

British

Brite/Britin, britisch

Danish

Däne/Dänin, dänisch

Dutch

Holländer/in, holländisch

English

Engländer/in, englisch


European

Europäer/in, europäisch

French

Franzose/Französin, französisch

German

Deutsche(r), deutsch

Greek

Grieche/Griechin, griechisch

Irish

Ire/Irin, irisch

Italian

Italiener/in, italienisch

Russian

Russe/Russin, russisch

Scottish

Schotte/Schottin, schottische

Spanish

Spanier/in, spanisch

Swiss

Schweizer/in, schweizerisch

Welsh

Waliser/in, walisisch


Areas/Mountains/Cities/Rivers


Bavaria

Bayern

Cologne

Köln

Geneva

Genf

Lake Constance


der Bodensee

Munich

München

the Alps

die Alpen

the Black Forest

der Schwarzwald

the Channel Tunnel

der Tunnel

the Danube

die Donau

the English Channel

der Ärmelkanal

the Rhine

der Rhein

Vienna

Wien


Useful acronyms and abbreviations


Abitur, school leaving exam

Abi

Bundesrepublik, Federal republic

BRD

CD-ROM

CD-ROM

European Union

EU

German railway company

DB

German television company


ARD

German television company

ZDF

Inter-City-Express

ICE

Nord-Rhein-Westfalen

NRW

value added tax

MWSt


Social conventions


all the best

alles Gute

best wishes

mit bestem Gruß

excuse me

Entschuldigung

good evening

guten Abend

goodbye

auf Wiedersehen

goodnight

gute Nacht

hello

Grüß Gott

hello, good day

guten Tag

help

Hilfe (f)

I beg your pardon?

Wie bitte?

please


bitte

see you later

bis später

see you soon

bis bald

see you tomorrow

bis Morgen

thank you

danke schön

you’re welcome

bitte schön


Prepositions


above, over

über

after

nach

along

entlang

around

um

at

an

because of

wegen

behind

hinter

beneath, under

unter

between

zwischen

despite

trotz

during


während

except

außer

for

für

from

von

in front of

vor

in, into

in

instead of

statt

next to

neben

on

auf

opposite

gegenüber

out of

aus

since

seit

through

durch

to

zu

towards

gegen

until

bis

with

mit

with, next to

bei


without

ohne


Language used in dialogues and messages


area code

Vorwahl (f)

call me (informal/formal)

Rufen Sie mich an

Can I take a message?

Kann ich etwas ausrichten?

concerning

Betreff (m)

dial the number

die Telefonnummer wählen

email

SMS (f)

for the attention of

zu Händen von

for the moment

für jetzt

further to/following

in Bezug auf

I will put you through

Ich verbinde Sie

I’ll be right back

Ich bin gleich wieder da

I’m listening

Ich höre zu

in communication with

im Gespräch mit


in fact

eigentlich

moment

Augenblick (m)

on the line/speaking

am Apparat

receiver (telephone)

Hörer (m)

see you later

bis später

see you soon

bis bald

sent by

gesandt von

telephone

Telefon (n)

text message

Mitteilung (f)

to text

simsen

tone

Ton (m)

wait a moment

Warten Sie einen Moment

wrong number

falsche Nummer

This page has been left blank for you to add any additional words you may find useful.


This page has been left blank for you to add any additional words you may find useful.




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