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REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON LAND RELATIONS FOR


FORMULATION OF 11th FIVE YEAR FLAN



PLANNING CO^IMISSCOH

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

NEW DELHI

JULY 31, 2006

CONTENTS








Page No.

1.

Executive Summary

1-23

2.

Chapter I -

i) Working Group & its Terms of Reference

ii) Introduction


24

25-30


3.

Chapter II - Modernization of Land Management

31-34

4.

Chapter III - Implementation of appropriate Ceiling and Tenancy Laws


35-39

5.

Chapter IV- Alienation of Tribal Land

40-45

6.

Chapter V - Development of Land Markets, Contract Farming and Implementation of Homestead Rights

46-58

7.

Annexure - Order of constitution of Working Group

59-61

8.

Reports of the four Sub Groups of the Working Group

62-134

9.

Report of the Sub Committee on PESA

135-140



EXECUTIVE SUMMARY




1.0 COMPOSITION AND TERMS OF REFERENCE OF THE WORKING GROUP



The Working Group on Land Relations for formulation of 11th Five Year Plan was set up by the Planning Commission under the Chairmanship of Shri D. Bandyopadhyay with the following composition and Terms of Reference:



1.1 Composition




  1. Shri D. Bandyopadhyay : Chairperson

  2. Shri V.S Sampath Member

  3. Dr. T. Haque : Member

  4. Prof. Bina Aggarwal : Member

  5. Prof. Kancha Iliah : Member

  6. Shri T. R. Raghunandan Member

  7. Prof. R.S. Rao : Member

  8. Shri L.C. Singhi : Member

  9. Shri P.V. Rajagopal : Member

  10. Shri Balaji Pandey : Member

  11. Smt Aditi Mehta : Member

  12. Shri Aurobindo Behera : Member

  13. Dr. Arvind Virmani : Member

  14. Shri Rajiv Chawla : Member

  15. Shri T.C. Benjamin : Member

  16. Shri Sukumar Das Member

  17. Shri Subhash Lomte : Member

  18. Shri Lambor Rynjah : Convener Member

  19. Shri D.P. Roy : Co-convener Member


1.2 Terms of Reference



  1. Modernization of land management with special reference to updating of land records, proper recording of land rights and speedy resolution of conflicts and disputes relating to land.



  1. Use of modern technological developments for on-line maintenance of land records and demarcation and digitization of land boundaries.


  1. To analyse the agrarian and related economic causes for the rural unrest prevailing in a number of states and to suggest appropriate remedial measures including the assessment of the efficacy of the current land ceiling laws and their effective implementation.



  1. To examine the issues relating to alienation of tribal lands including involuntary displacement of tribals from their habitats and livelihood for development purposes and to suggest realistic measures for restoration of such lands to them and for economically viable and culturally acceptable resettlement of project affected tribals.





  1. To examine the issue of bringing the tenancy including sub-tenancies into the open and suggest framework to enable cultivators of land to lease in and lease out with suitable assurances for fair rent, security of tenure and with right to resumption.




  1. To examine the development of Land Markets in the present context and suggest for its improvement, keeping in view the interests of small and marginal farmers.




  1. To look into the pros and cons of the economics of contract farming to protect the interests of small and marginal farmers and landless agricultural workers and to make them economically viable retaining their autonomous status as free economic agents in the present Indian context, particularly keeping in view some adverse effects noticed in some Latin American and Caribbean countries.




  1. Recommend measures to prevent sale and purchase of agricultural land for speculative and non-agricultural purposes.




  1. Suggest measures for comprehensive implementation of homestead rights.




  1. Any other issue of relevance concerning the agrarian relations in India.


  1. Any other Term of Reference that may be decided by the Working Group in its first meeting.



1.3. Formation of Sub-Groups
The Working Group in its first meeting held on 13.4.2006 at the Planning Commission formed four Sub-Groups for in depth study of the terms of reference and preparation of report thereon. The following Sub-Groups were constituted :
Sub-Group I

Terms of Reference





  1. Modernization of land management with special reference to updating of land records, proper recording of land records and speedy resolution of conflicts and disputes relating to land.

  2. Use of modern technological developments for on-line maintenance of land records and demarcation and digitization of land boundaries.


Composition :


    1. Shri Rajeev Chawla, Secretary/Settlement Commissioner, Govt. of Karnataka, Convenor.




    1. Shri T.C. Benjamin, Settlement Commissioner, Govt. of Maharashtra.




    1. Shri Sukumar Das, Land Reforms Commissioner, Govt. of West Bengal.



Sub-Group-II

Terms of Reference

  1. To analyse the agrarian and related economic causes for the rural unrest prevailing in a number of States and to suggest appropriate remedial measures including the assessment of the efficacy of the current land ceiling laws and their effective implementation.

5) To examine the issue of bringing the tenancy including sub-tenancies into the open and suggest framework to enable cultivators of land to lease in and lease out with suitable assurances for fair rent, security of tenure and with right to resumption.


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