Government tv covered teodoro most, ignored bottom dwellers



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THE CMFR MONITOR OF MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE 2010 ELECTIONS

GOVERNMENT TV COVERED TEODORO MOST, IGNORED BOTTOM DWELLERS

BROADCAST DISCOURSE ANALYSIS (For the Period Feb. 9-26, 2010)



Scope
The programs monitored were 24 Oras, Teledyaryo, and TV Patrol World. The programs 24 Oras (GMA-7) and TV Patrol (ABS-CBN 2) are the leading early evening newscasts in the country. Teledyaryo is aired over government-owned station NBN-4. The Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility (CMFR) analyzed the programs from Feb. 9 (when the national campaign officially started) to 26.
CMFR analyzed the above programs’ reports on the presidential, vice-presidential, senatorial, and party-list elections. Reports about the elections in general, such as the country’s preparedness to undertake its first nationwide automated polls in May, as well as election rules, were included in the monitor. Reports exclusively about local elections were not.
The news programs reported the presidential elections most. As in print coverage of the first three weeks of the campaign, most reports about the vice-presidential and senatorial candidates were limited to short soundbites about various controversies or reactions to these by party spokespersons in behalf of their presidential candidates.
The party-list elections were given minimal coverage on TV.
About four in every 10 Teledyaryo reports on the presidential elections were about administration bet Gilberto "Gibo" Teodoro Jr. However, it ignored other candidates in the coverage.
In its coverage, Teledyaryo also showed bias in favor of Teodoro.





Number of reports

From Feb. 9-26, less than a third of the overall coverage of these three programs was devoted to the presidential, vice-presidential, senatorial, party-list elections and general issues about the campaign and upcoming elections--299 out of a total of 1,028 reports/items, or 29.09 percent. Many reports were not just on one category (for example, the presidential elections) but also on others (such as the vice-presidential or senatorial campaign) at the same time.



TV Patrol had the most number of election-related reports (107) followed by 24 Oras (98) and Teledyaryo (94). However, in proportion to their news holes—or their total number of reports aired during the period—Teledyaryo aired more election-related reports (35.74 percent) than TV Patrol (30.66 percent) and 24 Oras (23.56 percent).

Clearly, the programs reported the presidential elections most (164 times). General issues about the elections (such as fears of election fraud and election-related violence) took the second spot (131 times). The programs devoted almost equal coverage—if not far smaller compared with that of the presidential elections— to the vice-presidential (79) and senatorial elections (71). As in print coverage of the first three weeks of the campaign, most reports about the vice-presidential and senatorial candidates were limited—over television, to short soundbites about various controversies or reactions to these by party spokespersons in behalf of their presidential candidates. The parties’ platforms or views on policy issues were hardly discussed.


Issues related to party-list elections are not important, at least based on the TV coverage in the first three weeks since the national campaign started. The party-list elections were given minimal coverage on TV (19 out of 299 election-related reports or 6.35 percent).

Placement

More than half (162 reports or 54.19 percent) of the election-related reports were treated as among the day’s biggest stories and aired during the programs’ first half. About four in every 10 reports (42.81) were aired during the second half. A small number (9 or 3.01 percent) were “banner” or lead stories.



Subjects
Many reports were on more than one candidate or group as news subjects.
The Nacionalista Party’s Manuel “Manny” Villar Jr. was the most covered presidential candidate with 74 reports (18.69 percent). Following Villar were administration candidate Gilberto “Gibo” Teodoro (59 reports or 14.9 percent) and the Liberal Party’s Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Aquino III (49 or 12.37 percent).
Former president Joseph Estrada was the fourth most covered candidate in terms of the number of reports, although he was the top candidate in terms of airtime during the same period monitored (36.29 minutes; See “TV news devoted more air time to Joseph Estrada during the first weeks of the campaign”).
Villar, on the other hand, was not far behind Estrada in terms of airtime (34.51 minutes). Although television devoted the most airtime to Estrada during the period monitored, he got fewer reports than Villar. During the period monitored, Villar was a staple of primetime news, reacting to his rising survey ratings and/or responding to various controversies such as his excessive campaign spending, his seeking of endorsement by celebrities and religious groups, and his alleged involvement in the C-5 road extension project controversy.

Other candidates were the subjects of fewer reports: Sen. Richard “Dick” Gordon (39); evangelist Eduardo “Bro. Eddie” Villanueva (35); Ang Kapatiran Party’s and Gordon’s nephew John Carlos “JC” de los Reyes (33); and Sen. Ma. Ana Consuelo “Jamby” Madrigal (31). The least-covered candidates were economist Jesus Nicanor “Nick” Pelas (23) and Kilusan ng Bagong Lipunan’s Vetellano “Dodong” Acosta (11) who was later disqualified by the Commission on Elections after the period monitored.

During the period monitored, Teledyaryo completely ignored candidates such as Gordon, De los Reyes, Perlas, and Acosta. About four in every 10 Teledyaryo reports (39.62 percent) on the presidential elections were about Teodoro.
Some reports tried to move beyond the usual diary-type, straight-news reporting of the campaign. One example was a 24 Oras report last Feb. 10 which tackled the Hacienda Luisita controversy, an issue that has been consistently linked with Aquino, including the stock distribution option that was offered to the farmers in 1988 in exchange for land ownership.


 

PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per candidate

1

Villar, Manuel Jr. "Manny" Bamba (NP)

27

15

32

74

2

Teodoro, Gilberto Jr. "Gibo" Cojuangco (Lakas-Kampi)


15

21

23

59

3

Aquino, Benigno Simeon III "Noynoy" Cojuangco (LP)

17

8

24

49

4

Estrada Ejercito, Joseph "Erap" Marcelo (PMP)

18

5

19

42

5

Gordon, Richard "Dick" (B.Bayan-VNP)

25

 

14

39

6

Villanueva, Eduardo "Bro. Eddie" Cruz (BP)

21

3

11

35

7

De los Reyes, John Carlos "JC" Gordon (AKP)

24

 

9

33


8

Madrigal, Ma. Ana Consuelo "Jamby" AS (Ind)

19

1

11

31

9

Perlas, Jesus Nicanor "Nick" Pineda (Ind)

17

 

6

23

10

Acosta, Vetellano "Dodong" Seinez (KBL)

10

 

1

11

 

Total per program

193

53

150

396

Among the vice-presidential candidates, Loren Legarda was the most covered candidate (24 reports) while rival Manuel “Mar” Roxas occupied the second spot at 19. Their ranking in terms of reports was consistent with their ranking in terms of airtime. Like some of the presidential candidates, TV programs gave scant coverage of the lesser-known candidates. Teledyaryo did not report anything about vice-presidential candidates Bayani Fernando, Jose “Jay” Sonza, and Dominador “Jun” Chipeco Jr. during the period monitored.



 

VICE-PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per candidate

1

Legarda, Loren "Loren" Bautista (NPC)

5

12

7

24

2

Roxas, Manuel "Mar" Araneta (LP)

5

4

10

19

3

Binay, Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan (PDP-Laban)

6

3

8

17

4

Manzano, Eduardo "Edu" Barrios (Lakas-Kampi)

2

7

5

14

5


Yasay, Perfecto "Kidlat" Rivas (BP)

7

2

5

14

6

Fernando, Bayani "BF" Flores (B.Bayan-VNP)

3

 

5

8

7

Sonza, Jose "Jay Sonza" Yumang (KBL)

2

 

2

4

8

Chipeco, Dominador Jr. "Jun" Fuentecilla (AKP)

2

 

1

3

 

Total per program

32

28

43

103

Compared with the coverage of the presidential and vice-presidential candidates, the coverage of the senatorial candidates—all 61 of them—were scant, and when it occurred, perfunctory.

Most senatorial candidates were covered primarily for their reactions to various controversies—usually involving their presidential candidates. More often than not, their stand or opinion on various issues was hardly solicited at all. A Feb. 19 TV Patrol report proved one worthy exception when it adequately focused on reelectionist Juan Ponce Enrile’s position on the per-pulse billing rate for cellular phones. Teledyaryo’s Feb. 25 report about a law authored by another reelectionist, Sen. Lito Lapid, also reported the law’s salient features.



 

MOST COVERED SENATORIAL CANDIDATES

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per candidate

1

Enrile, Juan Ponce "JPE" (PMP)

3

2

7

12

2

Estrada, Jinggoy Ejercito (PMP)

4

2

4

10

2


Querubin, Ariel "Marines" Oliva (NP)

3

5

2

10

3

Bong Revilla, Ramon. Jr. "Kap" Bautista (Lakas-Kampi)

4

3

1

8

3

Langit, Rey Magat (Lakas-Kampi)

1

4

3

8

3

Marcos, Ferdinand Jr. "Bongbong" Romualdez (NP)

1

2

5

8

4

Lapid, Manuel "Lito" Mercado (Lakas-Kampi)

2

4

1

7

4

Tamano, Adel Abbas (NP)

2

2

3

7

5


Bello, Silvestre III "Bebot" Hernando (Lakas-Kampi)

1

5

 

6

5

Defensor Santiago, Miriam Palma (PRP)

3

2

1

6

5

Lim, Danilo "General Danny" dela Puz (Ind)

4

2

 

6

6

Cayetano, Pilar Juliana "Pia" Schramm (NP)

1

2

2

5

6

Remulla, Gilbert Cesar Catibayan (NP)

2

1

2

5

7

Hontiveros-Baraquel, Ana Theresia "Risa H." (LP)

 

2

2

4


7

Lambino, Raul Loyola (Lakas-Kampi)

 

3

1

4

7

Maza, Liza "Liza Maza ng Gabriela" Largoza (Ind)

1

1

2

4

7

Recto, Ralph Gonzalez (LP)

3

 

1

4

8

Bautista, J.V. "J.V. Bautista" Larion (PMP)

1

1

1

3

8

Biazon, Rozzano Rufino "Ruffy" Bunoan (LP)

1

1

1

3

8

Drilon, Franklin "Frank" Magtunao (LP)

2

 


1

3

8

Inocencio, Ma. Katherine "Kata" L. Reyes (BP)

1

1

1

3

8

Mitra, Ramon "Mon-mon" Blanco (NP)

1

1

1

3

8

Ocampo, Saturnino "Satur" Cunanan (Bayan Muna)

1

 

2

3

8

Ople, Susan "Toots" Vasquez (NP)

1

1

1

3

8

Tinsay, Alexander "Alex Tinsay" Britanico (BP)

1

1

1

3

 

Total per program


73

55

50

178

There was some coverage of the controversies involving party-list groups and their candidates, especially those accused of being administration or opposition fronts. Some groups, such as Bayan Muna, were also reported for filing disqualification cases against certain party-list groups that are allegedly dummies of Malacañang.


Beyond the controversies however, not much coverage was given to the programs, if any, of the 187 party-list groups currently running, or whether they really represent marginalized sectors. Substantive coverage of party-list candidates was absent.
This lack of serious coverage about the party-list elections, an appalling trend in the coverage of previous elections, is at the expense of an electorate, the majority of which still does not know about the party-list elections.
According to the January 2010 pre-election survey for party-list group preference by polling institution Pulse Asia, nearly seven out of 10 Filipinos are “unaware” of the party-list system—even if the survey was conducted just four months before the first nationwide automated elections. The Pulse Asia survey found this low level of awareness despite Filipinos’ having voted for party-list groups five times since 1998, when the party-list elections were first introduced. Pulse Asia added that the current level of awareness of the party list system is the lowest so far among the group’s surveys on the issue since early 2004.

 


PARTY-LIST GROUPS

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per candidate

1

Akbayan! Citizen's Action Party (AKBAYAN)

1

 

4

5

1

Bayan Muna (BAYAN MUNA)

1

 

4

5

2

1-Aangat ka Pilipino (1-AK)

1

 

2

3

2

Ahon Pinoy (AHON)

1

 

2

3

2

Anakpawis (ANAKPAWIS)

1

 


2

3

2

Gabriela Womens Party (GABRIELA)

1

 

2

3

3

Act Teachers (ACT TEACHERS)

 

 

2

2

3

Action League of Indigenous Masses (ALIM)

 

 

2

2

3

Babae para sa Kaunlaran (BABAE KA)

 

 

2

2

3

Kabataan Partylist (KABATAAN)

 

 

2

2

4

Alyansa ng Media at Showbiz (AMS)

1


 

 

1

4

Puwersa ng Bayaning Atleta (PBA)

1

 

 

1

 

Total per program

8

 

24

32


Themes
As in the coverage of previous elections, most TV reports focused on the campaign of the candidates—their latest campaign sorties, their strategies, and day-to-day activities (116 times). Aside from being repetitious, this logbook-type of reporting does not help inform the public about the issues in these elections. Neither do they even come close to suggesting the reasons why the electorate should vote for a candidate.
Issues such as the rules and regulations of the Commission on Elections (Comelec) on campaign spending or political advertisements were reported 51 times.

Development/policy issues were reported 36 times during the period monitored, but were insufficiently discussed. Such reports often merely mentioned that the candidates, especially if in debates or special programs, “discussed” issues related to development or policy (such as peace and order, the economy, and agriculture) without substantively explaining or airing even the main points of these candidates’ “discussions” or their positions.




 

MOST REPORTED DEVELOPMENT/POLICY ISSUES

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per issue

1

Peace and order

3

2

1

6

2

Economy

2

 

3

5

3

Agriculture

 

3

1

4

4

Education

1

1

 

2

4


Platform and policy

2

 

 

2

4

Corruption

2

 

 

2

4

Landgrabbing

2

 

 

2

4

Health

1

 

1

2

4

Reproductive health

1

 

1

2

The three programs also reported other issues. Among the most reported were the endorsement by celebrities of various candidates (14 times), the citizen journalism initiatives by ABS-CBN 2 (reported in TV Patrol seven times), and efforts by various media organizations (such as ABS-CBN 2 and GMA-7) to educate voters on this year’s elections and to help assure its integrity and transparency (seven times).



 

MOST REPORTED OTHER ISSUES

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per issue

1

Celebrity endorsement

5

8

1

14

2

Citizen Journalism

 

 

7

7

2

Media efforts on voters' education/Media campaign for clean and fair elections

3

 

4

7

3

Voters' education

 

 

4

4

3


Appointed officials running in the elections

2

1

1

4

4

Aquino vs. Villar

2

 

1

3

4

EDSA People Power 1

2

 

1

3

4

C-5 road extension project controversy

 

 

2

2

5

Incumbent officials running in the elections

 

 

2

2

5

Bulacan gubernatorial row

1

 


1

2

4

Political endorsement/support

1

1

 

2

5

Manila Peninsula siege

 

2

 

2

5

Villar as Arroyo's alleged "secret" candidate

2

 

 

2

5

Media coverage of elections

2

 

 

2

5

Disqualification cases

2

 

 

2



Sources

The most covered presidential candidate in terms of reports, Villar, was also the top source of information on the presidential elections with 30 reports. He was closely followed by Aquino (27), Teodoro (27), and Estrada (25).



PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES AS SOURCES

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per candidate

Presidential

 

 

 

 

Villar, Manuel Jr. "Manny" Bamba (NP)

16

6

8

30

Aquino, Benigno Simeon III "Noynoy" Cojuangco (LP)

16

1

11

28

Teodoro, Gilberto Jr. "Gibo" Cojuangco (Lakas-Kampi)

14

5

8

27

Estrada Ejercito, Joseph "Erap" Marcelo (PMP)

15

2

8


25

Gordon, Richard "Dick" (B.Bayan-VNP)

12

 

5

17

Villanueva, Eduardo "Bro. Eddie" Cruz (BP)

12

2

3

17

Madrigal, Ma. Ana Consuelo "Jamby" AS (Ind)

8

 

7

15

De los Reyes, John Carlos "JC" Gordon (AKP)

6

 

5

11

Perlas, Jesus Nicanor "Nick" Pineda (Ind)

7

 

3

10

Total per program

106

16

58

 

Legarda and Roxas were the most quoted vice-presidential candidates as well.



VICE-PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES AS SOURCES

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per candidate

Legarda, Loren "Loren" Bautista (NPC)

2

4

2

8

Roxas, Manuel "Mar" Araneta (LP)

3

 

5

8

Manzano, Eduardo "Edu" Barrios (Lakas-Kampi)

1

3

2

6

Binay, Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan (PDP-Laban)

2

 

3

5

Yasay, Perfecto "Kidlat" Rivas (BP)

3

1

1


5

Fernando, Bayani "BF" Flores (B.Bayan-VNP)

1

 

3

4

Sonza, Jose "Jay Sonza" Yumang (KBL)

2

 

 

2

Total per program

14

8

16

 



Backgrounding
About three in every five reports during the period monitored (182 out of 299 reports or 60.87 percent) provided some background information on the issues they reported. About 38.47 percent (115 reports) lacked background information. Two items did not have background as they merely flashed the faces of candidates onscreen.


Slant
An overwhelming majority of the reports was neutral. Out of 299 reports, 234 (or 78.26 percent) were considered neutral. Only 48 reports (16.05 percent) had a positive slant, while 18 (6.02 percent) had a negative slant. Teledyaryo had the highest number of slants in terms of frequency (31 positive and eight negative slants) and in terms of proportion to the total number of election-related reports (41.05 percent)

Teledyaryo unabashedly showed its bias to administration bet Teodoro (13 times).


POSITIVE SLANT (CANDIDATES)

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per candidate

Presidential

 

 

 

 

Teodoro, Gilberto Jr. "Gibo" Cojuangco (Lakas-Kampi)

 

13

 

13

Villar, Manuel Jr. "Manny" Bamba (NP)

3

2

2

7

Estrada Ejercito, Joseph "Erap" Marcelo (PMP)

4

1

1

6

Villanueva, Eduardo "Bro. Eddie" Cruz (BP)

1


1

 

2

De los Reyes, John Carlos "JC" Gordon (AKP)

 

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

Vice-presidential

 

 

 

 

Roxas, Manuel "Mar" Araneta (LP)

1

 

1

2

Manzano, Eduardo "Edu" Barrios (Lakas-Kampi)

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Senatorial

 

 


 

 

Lapid, Manuel "Lito" Mercado (Lakas-Kampi)

 

1

 

1

Estrada, Jinggoy Ejercito (PMP)

1

 

 

1

Villar received six negatively slanted reports from all three programs (2 in each) while Aquino received three negatively slanted reports from 24 Oras (one) and Teledyaryo (two).




NEGATIVE SLANT (CANDIDATES)

24 Oras

Teledyaryo

TV Patrol World

Total per candidate

Presidential

 

 

 

 

Villar, Manuel Jr.

2

2

2

6


Aquino, Benigno Simeon III "Noynoy" Cojuangco (LP)

1

2

 

3

Acosta, Vetellano "Dodong" Seinez (KBL)

1

 

 

1

Teodoro, Gilberto Jr. "Gibo" Cojuangco (Lakas-Kampi)

 

 

1

1




 

 

 

 

Vice-presidential

 

 

 

 

Roxas, Manuel "Mar" Araneta (LP)

 

1

 

1

Binay, Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan (PDP-Laban)

 

1


 

1




 

 

 

 

Party-list

 

 

 

 

Kabataan

 

 

1

1






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