Grade 8 Social Studies Table of Contents Unit 1: Louisiana’s Physical and Cultural Geography 1 Unit 2: Economics in Louisiana 19 Unit 3: Louisiana’s Government 38 Unit 4: Early Peoples of Louisiana and a Meeting of Different Worlds 57 Unit



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Grade 8

Social Studies




Grade 8

Social Studies
Table of Contents

Unit 1: Louisiana’s Physical and Cultural Geography 1
Unit 2: Economics in Louisiana 19
Unit 3: Louisiana’s Government 38
Unit 4: Early Peoples of Louisiana and a Meeting of Different Worlds 57
Unit 5: The Acadian Odyssey 69
Unit 6: The Early American Era of Louisiana 77
Unit 7: Civil War and Reconstruction 90
Unit 8: Transitions to the Twentieth Century 103
Unit 9: Eras of World War II and Civil Rights 115
Unit 10: Louisiana Ends the Twentieth Century and Enters the Twenty-First 128

Louisiana Comprehensive Curriculum, Revised 2008

Course Introduction

The Louisiana Department of Education issued the Comprehensive Curriculum in 2005. The curriculum has been revised based on teacher feedback, an external review by a team of content experts from outside the state, and input from course writers. As in the first edition, the Louisiana Comprehensive Curriculum, revised 2008 is aligned with state content standards, as defined by Grade-Level Expectations (GLEs), and organized into coherent, time-bound units with sample activities and classroom assessments to guide teaching and learning. The order of the units ensures that all GLEs to be tested are addressed prior to the administration of iLEAP assessments.

District Implementation Guidelines

Local districts are responsible for implementation and monitoring of the Louisiana Comprehensive Curriculum and have been delegated the responsibility to decide if



  • units are to be taught in the order presented

  • substitutions of equivalent activities are allowed

  • GLES can be adequately addressed using fewer activities than presented

  • permitted changes are to be made at the district, school, or teacher level

Districts have been requested to inform teachers of decisions made.
Implementation of Activities in the Classroom

Incorporation of activities into lesson plans is critical to the successful implementation of the Louisiana Comprehensive Curriculum. Lesson plans should be designed to introduce students to one or more of the activities, to provide background information and follow-up, and to prepare students for success in mastering the Grade-Level Expectations associated with the activities. Lesson plans should address individual needs of students and should include processes for re-teaching concepts or skills for students who need additional instruction. Appropriate accommodations must be made for students with disabilities.
New Features

Content Area Literacy Strategies are an integral part of approximately one-third of the activities. Strategy names are italicized. The link (view literacy strategy descriptions) opens a document containing detailed descriptions and examples of the literacy strategies. This document can also be accessed directly at http://www.louisianaschools.net/lde/uploads/11056.doc.

A Materials List is provided for each activity and Blackline Masters (BLMs) are provided to assist in the delivery of activities or to assess student learning. A separate Blackline Master document is provided for each course.
The Access Guide to the Comprehensive Curriculum is an online database of suggested strategies, accommodations, assistive technology, and assessment options that may provide greater access to the curriculum activities. The Access Guide will be piloted during the 2008-2009 school year in Grades 4 and 8, with other grades to be added over time. Click on the Access Guide icon found on the first page of each unit or by going directly to the url http://mconn.doe.state.la.us/accessguide/default.aspx.

Grade 8

Louisiana History

Unit 1: Louisiana’s Physical and Cultural Geography






Time Frame: Approximately three weeks


Unit Description

This unit focuses on how geography has affected the development of Louisiana. It has determined the climate and the natural resources available. The utilization of the state’s resources and the livelihood of its inhabitants are all directly affected by geography. Louisiana reflects a multicultural tapestry of cultural heritage, blending the traditions and celebrations of its diverse people.



Student Understandings

Students understand that knowledge of geography is essential for understanding the development of Louisiana. Students recognize that the topography, climate, and resources of Louisiana have influenced the lifestyle and work of its inhabitants. Students explore the many ethnic groups that have contributed to Louisiana’s diverse culture. Students compare and contrast Louisiana’s physical and cultural regions.





Guiding Questions





  1. Can students use time zones in the United States or the International Date Line to interpret a map or representation of a globe and calculate current times in different places?

  2. Can students locate major landforms and geographic features, places, and bodies of water/waterways on a map of Louisiana?

  3. Can students construct a map based on narrative information?

  4. Can students construct a chart or diagram to display geographical information in an organized way?

  5. Can students describe and analyze the distinguishing physical and/or human characteristics of Louisiana regions?

  6. Can students describe ways in which location and physical features have influenced historical events in Louisiana and the development of the state?

  7. Can students explain how or why specific regions are changing as a result of physical phenomena?

  8. Can students identify and describe factors that cause a Louisiana region to change?

  9. Can students explain ways in which goals, cultures, interests, inventions, and technological advances have affected people’s perceptions and uses of places or regions in Louisiana?

  10. Can students describe the causes and effects of cultural diffusion and effects of cultural diversity in Louisiana?

  11. Can students describe the contributions of ethnic groups significant in Louisiana history?

  12. Can students explain cultural elements that have shaped Louisiana’s state heritage?



Unit 1 Grade-Level Expectations (GLEs)

GLE #

GLE Text and Benchmarks


Geography

The World in Spatial Terms


1.

Use time zones in the United States or the International Date Line to interpret a map or representation of a globe and calculate current times in different places (G-1A-M2)

2.

Locate major landforms and geographic features, places, and bodies of water/waterways on a map of Louisiana (G-1A-M2)

3.

Construct a map based on given narrative information (G-1A-M2)

4.

Construct a chart or diagram to display geographical information in an organized way (G-1A-M2)

Places and Regions


5.

Describe and analyze the distinguishing physical and/or human characteristics of Louisiana regions (G-1B-M1)

6.

Describe ways in which location and physical features have influenced historical events in LA and the development of the state (e.g., Mississippi River/swamp in the Battle of New Orleans) (G-1B-M2)

7.

Explain how or why specific regions are changing as a result of physical phenomena (e.g., changes in the coastal wetlands) (G-1B-M3)


8.

Identify and describe factors that cause a Louisiana region to change (e.g., natural occurrences, disasters, migration) (G-1B-M3)

9.

Explain ways in which goals, cultures, interests, inventions, and technological advances have affected people’s perceptions and uses of places or regions in Louisiana (G-1B-M4)

Physical and Human Systems

10.

Analyze the population characteristics and other demographic information about the United States and Louisiana, including rates of increase/decrease for demographic variables (G-1C-M2)

11.

Explain why humans settled and formed societies in specific regions or why immigrant groups (e.g., Acadians) settled in specific areas of Louisiana (G-1C-M3)


12.

Describe the causes and effects of cultural diffusion and effects of cultural diversity in Louisiana (G-1C-M5)

Environment and Society

14.

Analyze, evaluate, and predict consequences of environmental modifications on Louisiana landforms, natural resources, and plant or animal life.


15.

Analyze the benefits and challenges of the Louisiana physical environments on its inhabitants (e.g., flooding, soil, climate conducive to growing certain plants) (G-1D-M2)

16.

Analyze the distribution and uses of Louisiana’s natural resources (G-1D-M3)

17.

Identify a contemporary Louisiana geographic issue, and research possible solutions (G-1D-M4)

History

Louisiana History


75.

Describe the contributions of ethnic groups significant in Louisiana history (H-1D-M1)

81.

Explain cultural elements that have shaped Louisiana’s state heritage (e.g., festivals, music, dance, food, languages) (H-1D-M6)




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