Greenwood professor of hellenistic greek and indo-european philology in the victoria university of manchester tutor in new testament language and literature



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of middle 159—mh> poiter), 52

--mh> poih

208—kalw?j poiei?n c. partic. 131, 173, -sqwsan, in imper. 53

228 f. Skeua?j 246

poi?oj with ti

polemei?n: case government 64--with sku

meta< 106, 247 -so 2 pers. ending 161

poreu

qei

11 n. spouda

potapo

po

pou? gen. of place 73 stoixei?n 11

pragmateu

pra ei#paj

fective in NT 117—eu# pra et sim. 86

pri

placed by pro> tou? c. infin. 100--c. sugkalei?n voice 237

infin. 169 n.--c. subj. 169--c. opta- sumbouleu

tive 169, 199 sumparalamba

pri>n h@: c. optative 169 n.—pro>n h} a@n c. action 130-aorist ptc. 133

subj. 169--c. infin. 169 n. sumplhrou?sqai durative pres. 233

pro<: frequency 98, 100—pro> tou? c. sumpo

infin. 100, 214--without a@n 169-- sumfe

a seeming Latinism 100 f.—pro> e]tw?n su

dekatessa

pro

almost confined to accus. in NT 63. ing compounds 112 f., 115 f., 148

106--frequency 63, 98, 106--in LXX sunai

106—pro>j to< c. infin. 218, 220- 1 160

INDEX OF GREEK WORDS AND FORMS. 275
sunalla

suna

sunarpa

suneF) dropped between vowels 47

sunergei?n. accus. 65 u, h, ^, i, oi, ei approximating sounds

sune

sunqe

sunp- 222 -ui?a, flexion of perf. ptc. in 38, 48

suntelei?n. See sump- u[me

sunthlei?n 118 u[mw?n: position of 40 n.,--ousts u[me

sunthrei ?n 113, 116 roj 40 n.

su

sfuri

sxhbis) u[pe

s&

150—oi[ s&zo

swth

accus. 105, 237--in compound

tamei?on 44 f. adverbs 99

ta

-tatoj superl. ending 78 u[po<: c. dative 63, 105 f.--frequency

te

147 106--encroached upon by a]po< 102-

telei?n : action 118 -- pres. and aorist relations with a]po<, e]k, para< 237-

action 130--its perfective suntelei?n a]poqn^

118 pound adverbs 99

teleuta?n: "registering" present 120-- u[poka

aor. with a@rti 140 u[pota

te

-te

tessara

te

accus. 33, 36, 55, 243 fa

tessareskaide

te

threi?n perfective 113, 116 ptc. 228

tiqe

and ti

ti

155 aoristic (?) use of pres. stem 129, 238

ti

ti

(indecl.) 95, 244--used as relative 224

21, 93 feu

tij: supplanted by ei$j 97 f.--with pres. and aorist action 115 f., 119-

negative 246 future middle 155

-toj verbal in 221 f. fimou?sqai perfect and aorist imper. 176

tou ?: c. infin., perhaps Ionic 205--an fobei?sqai: active obsolete 102 n., 162

adnominal gen. 216-- statistics of --action in future 150-with a7r 6

216 f.--normal use telic 216--so fre- 102, 104 n.-with mh<, 184 f., 193-

quently by Luke 216 f.--purpose with mh

248--with infin. 205

rare or absent in Paul 217--use in fronti

papyri 219 f.--after verbs of com- fula

manding 217--final force weakened perfective 116--force of middle 157,

207--use parallel with i!na 207, 217 159

-- "so as to" in. Paul 218 fusiou?sqe subj. 54

tou? loipou? gen. of time 73

tre
110, 119 n. xai

-tt - and -ss-- 25, 45 voice 161--pronunciation of xaipet

tugxa

-tuxo

231 n.--c. partic. 228 xei?n, future 184

276 INDEX OF GREEK WORDS AND FORM&

xeimw?noj gem of time 73 -w and –w? verbs, from -mi 33, 38

xei xeiro

—in " Hebraic " locutions 99 f. 71

xei

xei

xorhgei?n c. accus. 65 212—in papyri 212—for o!ti replaced

xra?sqai: flexion 54—voice 158—action by pw?j 211—c. subj. 185, 249--

in aorist 247—c. accus. 64, 245—c. with a@n 167 — without a@n 249 — c.

instrumental 64, 158 optative, in LXX 196—in Josephus

Xristo

xro

75, 148 w !ste : statistics 209— "and so" or

xrusou?j flexion 33, 48 "therefore" 209 f. — difference be-

-xu

xwrei?n : future 155—infin., future and indic. consecutive rare 209, 210—

aor. 205 n. c. imperative 209—c. subj. 209—c.

infin. 209—expresses purpose 207,

yuxh< periphrasis for e[auto

249

w, o pronounced alike 35 (bis), 244, 249 w@fqhn 111. See o[ra?n


INDEX OF GREEK WORDS AND FORMS. 277

MODERN GREEK.


PAGE PAGE

a@n if 167 kaqei

a]po< c. acc. 102, 245 kai<, ki ] 12

a]pokri

a@j=a@fej 175, 176 ka@n 167

-a?j gen. a?doj, nouns in. 38 ka@ti 244

au]to

a]x (Epirot)= e]c 102 me<=meta< 106

me

ba

brh?ka=eu!rhka 142 mh> ge

mh
248



genagia> na< in order that 159 na<=i!na 157, 159, 176, 205

daimonide

de

dia< c. acc 106

paidia< (p1. of paidi< child) 170

e]ba

e]de

ei]pou?me 1. pl. subj. of ei#pa 185 p^?j=ei@p^j 176

e]k 102, 246 poio

e@lege and ei#pe 128 polemw? me< 106, 247

e!naj= ei$j 96 pou? relative (indeclinable) 94

e@paya=e@pausa 234

e@reuna 46 sa

e]sta

e]su< =su< 234 ste

eu!rhka 142 sth

e@fera aor. of fe

(e])fe

e@fqasa 247

tera

h#rqa=h#lqa 12 feqa<, qena< auxil. forming future 179, 185 xui@dioj 91 w[j=e!wj 249

-ij, -in nouns in 48 f., 244 w[j po

III. INDEX OF SUBJECTS.
x—see Sinaiticus Aeschylus 215-see Index I (e), p. 263

A-see Alexandrinus Agent : a]po< for u[po< expressing102, 246

Ablative case: lost in prehistoric Greek Agent-nouns 127

61-as a part of the genitive 72- Agrapha 130, 171, 191

alleged Latinisms 101 f. Ahikar, Story of 238 f.

Ablaut 152 Aktionsart-see Action form

Absolute: genitive 12, 74, 236--accu- Alexander the Great 7, 30

sative 74 Alexandrian Greek 40, 52

Accent (stress): differentiating voices Alexandrinus, Codex 36, 47, 54, 76,

152, 238--distinguishing words 237 191, 194, 240 al

Accusative: and infinitive 16 f., 211 f., Alkman, 24

229--p1. in -ej 36--sg. in -n 49--3rd a-text 42, 53, 175, 176, 190, 225

decl. and mixed 49--terminal 61-- American RV 180

with prepositions, compared with dat. Ammonius 160

and gen. 62--with ei]j, encroaching Anabasis, effect of the expedition on

on e]n c. dat. 62 f., 234 f.--with other Greek dialects 31

preps. supplanting dat. 63--for point Anacoluthon 58, 69, 95, 180, 223, 224,

of time 63--specification 63=-en- 225, 234

croaching on other cases as object Analogy-formations 37, 38, 44, 48, 49,

case with verbs-on dat. 64, 65=-on 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56

gen. 64 f., 235--with verbs formerly Anaphoric article 83

intransitive 65--internal or adverbial Anarthrous: infinitive with preposi-

65, 93--how far the old distinctions tions 81, 216--prepositional phrases

of cases still hold here 66--constr. 81 f., 236-nouns in "headings" 82

of pisteu

placing a predicate 71 f.--absolute 82 f.--proper names 83--adjective

74--substituted for nominative c. clauses 83 f., 236--infin., statistics

inf. 212-mixed with tirt construe- 241

tion 213 Aorist: subjunctive c. ou] mh< 5 35, 190-

Achaian-Dorian Koinh<; 37 endings 51 f.--action--form 109-111,

Action-foam, verbal 108-118, 221 al- 113, 115-118, 129 f., 132, 238-

see Aorist, Perfect, Present, Future; subjunctive, closely connected with


Linear, Punctiliar, Perfective, Con- fut. ludic. 120, 149, 240--indicative,

stative, Iterative, Ingressive, Effective. compared with imperfect 128 f.--

Active Voice 152 ff.--see Middle partic. 130-134, 227, 238--timeless

Acts: relations of first and second part uses 134-as past indefinite 134 f.,

11, 216, 235--unity with Lk 14, 217 135-140-expressing immediate past

--the "We"-document 217--see 134 f., 139, 140-epistolary 135-

Luke gnomic 135--English rendering 135-

Adjectives: pronominal 40, 79 f., 87- 140--compared with perfect 141-146

91--indeclinables 50--"Duality" --passive and middle 161 f.--subjulic-

77 f.--comparison 78 f.--position, tive after compounds of a@n 166, 186

with article and noun 84--interjec- --no longer used with a@n iterative

tional 181 f., 240--verbal 221 f. 167--imperative, tone of 173, 189-

Adverbs: prepositions kata< and a]na< 3rd person in prohibition 174 f.--con-

used as 105--in composition 112 trasted with imperatival pres. partic.

Aelian 25, 79 180--in unrealised condition, wish,

Aeolic 37, 38, 44, 214--cf Lesbian or purpose 200 c.

278

INDEX. OF SUBJECTS. 279


Aoristic: presents 119, 247--fe

238, 247-perfects 141-146, 238, 248 for Greek Bible 241-citations from

Apocalypse: grammatical level 9--use dialect inscriptions 214-essentially

of cases and neglect of concord 9, 60 literary, specially Attic 214 f.--use

--bearing of grammar here on criti- with dependent gen., as if a full

cism 9 f.--use of i]dou< 11--possible noun 215-tou ? c. inf., without pre-

acc. pl. in -ej 36, and sg. 3rd decl. position, its original adnominal use

in -an 49 -- person -- endings 52- 216--telic force in Tliucydides and

nominative 69--prohibitions 124- in NT 216--usage of the several NT

aoristic perfects 145—ou] mh< 191, 192 writers in this respect 217--Paul's

--tou ? c. inf. 217, 218--does not tendency to drop telic force 217-

confuse ei]j and e]n in local sense 234 parallelism with i!na 217--explana-

--small use of compound verbs 237 tory infin. 218—pro>j to< and ei]j to<,

Apocrypha, RV of 198 how far remaining telic 218 f.-

Apotheosis 84 papyrus citations for 705, ei]j to<,

Appian: dative 63--optative 197 pro>j to< c. inf. 219 f.--belongs mainly

Aquila 13--see Index I (e), p. 264 to higher educational stratum 220.

Aramaic: influences on Greek in NT Articular Nominative in address 70,

3, 13, 14, 15, 18, 75, 95, 103, 104, 235

124, 174, 189, 224, 226 f., 230 f., Articular Participle 126 f., 228

235, 236, 240, 242 -periphrastic Asia Minor: characteristics of Greek

imperfect 14, 226 f.--speech of Paul 38, 40 f., 205, 211

7--of Jesus 8--of John 9--diction Aspiration 44, 234, 236, 244

in Luke 14-18--ordinals 96--tenses Assimilation of Cases: after verbs of

139 -- participle 182—periphrastic naming 69, 235--omitted with gen.

imperative 226 f.--see under Hebra- abs. 74, 236



ism
and Over-use Asyndeton 17, 181

Arcadian 38 Attendant Circumstances, participle of

Archimedes 51 230

Aristophanes 215 --see Index I (e), Attic: literary supremacy 24 --its

p. 263 earliest use in prose 25--grammar of

Arrian, optative in 197--see Index I inscriptions 29--Xenophon 31--lan-

(e), p. 264 guage of the lower classes in Athens

Article: use by foreigners 21, 236 31--the basis of literary Koinh< 32-

--general "correctness" of NT how much did it contribute to the

Greek 81--as relative and as de- vernacular Koinh

monstrative 81--dropped between nom. pl. as accus. 37—kektw?mai and

preposition and infin. 81, 216- memnw?mai 54—kate

these three Ionic uses absent from the dual 57--parenthetic nominative

NT 81--alleged Hebraisms 81 f., 70--use of vocative, divergent from

236--correlation 81 f.--anarthrous Hellenistic 71--historic present 121

prepositional phrases 82, 236- --the Orators, forms of prohibition

dropped in sentences having the 124, use of imperative 172-alleged

nature of headings 82-words spe- ex. of aoristic perfect 146, 238-

cially affecting anarthrous form 82 linear and punctiliar futures 150-

--qualitative force of anarthrous active verbs with future middle

words 82 f.-with proper names 83- 154 f.—a]pekrina

used with the parent's name in gen. conditional sentences 196 f.--imper-

83, 236--with names of slaves and fect in unfulfilled condition 201-

animals 83—o[ kai> Pau?loj 83-col- o!pwj and i!na 206-w[j o!ti, 212-

loquial style drops art. before ad- articular infin. mainly due to Orators

jective adjuncts 83 f., 236-mis- 213-215--nom. for acc. in long

placement of adjective 84--tou? qeou? enumerations 234--see under the

kai> swth?roj h[mw?n, papyrus parallels Attic writers' names and in Index I

84--complex adjectival clause be- (e), p. 256

tween art. and noun 236 Atticism 5, 22, 24 f., 26, 170, 197, 206,

Articular Infinitive: e]n t&? in transla- 211, 239

tion 14, 215, 249-bearing on history Attraction of Relative 92 f.

of Koinh<; 34, 213 - 215-rare anar- Augment 51, 128, 129

throes use with prepositions 81, 216 Authorised Version 93, 98, 112, 128 f.,

--appropriate to rhetoric 189, 213, 136-140, 189

215-statistics forclassical and later Auxiliary a@fej 175 f.

280 INDEX OF SUBJECTS.
B-see Vaticanus Conative action 125, 127, 128 f., 147,

b-text 42, 53, 224--see under Sinaiti- 173 f., 186, 247



cus and Vaticanus Concessive Participle 230

Bezae, Codex 16, 38, 42, 50, 55, 56, 58, Concord 9, 28, 59 f., 182, 244

69, 73, 80, 94, 96, 107, 114, 124, Conditional Sentences: pluperfect in

131, 161, 171, 228, 233, 235, 236, 148-apodosis with a@n 166 f., 196,

240, 241, 242 al--see under d-text 197-199, 200 f.- e]a

Biblical Greek, 2-5, 18, 99 187—ei] mh

Bilingualism: in Rome 5--illustrated filled condition, ei] ou] in simple 171,

from Wales 6 f., 10 f.--in Egypt 6-- 200, 240--futuristic subj. with e]a

in Lystra 7, 233--in Palestine 7 f., 185--its future-perfect sense in aor.

233 186--lessened difference between ei]

Boeotian 33, 34, 55, 214 and e]a

Bohairic 225 elusively confined to their proper

Brachylogy, with a]lla< 241 moods 187—ei] c. deliberative subj.

Broken continuity, perfect of 144, 145, 18--differentia of ei] and e]a

148 future conditions 187--use of opta-

Byzantine period 88, 96, 168, 197 tive 195, 196, 197 f.-- unfulfilled

conditions 199-201 -- participle in

Cappadocian--see Pontic protasis 229 f.

Cardinals: encroachment on ordinals Conjugation-stems 109 f., 120

95 f., 237-- simplification of the Conjunctions: with a@n (e]a

"teens" 96-uses of ei$j 96 f.-repeti- a]lla< "except" 241

tion for distributive 97 Conjunctive participle 230

Cases: in Rev 9--history 60-76, 234- Consecutive clauses: infinitive alone

236--with prepositions 100-107, 237 204, 210—w!ste with indic. and with

--see under the several Cases. infin. 209 f.--expressed by i!na 210-

Catholic Epistles, use of compound by tou? c. infin. 218

verbs 237--see under First Ep. of Constative action 109, 111, 113, 115-

Peter, James, Second Ep. of Peter 118, 130, 133, 145, 174

Causal Participle 230 Construct state (Semitic) 236

Cautious assertion 188, 192 f. Contingent a@n, 166, 198, 200

Chance in the Bible 219 Contract Verbs, 37, 52-54, 55, 234

Christians, ethics of average early 126, Contraction of a@n sounds 45, 55

238 Correlation of Article 81 f.

Chrysostom, on ecbatic i!na 207--see Cretan 214, 233--see Gortyn

Index I (e), p. 264 Criticism, contributions of grammar to

Clement of Rome 95--see Index I (e), 9 f., 40 f.

p. 264 Culture--see Education

Colloquial--see under Vernacular

Common Greek: takes place of "He- D-see Bezae

braic" in definition of NT Greek 1-- Dative: lost in MGr 60, 63--obso-

a universal language 5 f., 19--ma- lescent in Koinh< 62--decays through

terials for study 22 f.--literary Koinh< a period of over-use, esp. with e]n 62

(q.v. ) -- papyri, inscriptions, MGr --statistics with prepositions 62 f.--

27-30--unification of earlier Greek confusion of ei]j and e]n 63, 66, 234 f.

dialects 30--foreshadowings of this --decay of dative uses with u[po< and

during v/iv B. C. 21--completed in pro

time of Alexander 31 f.--decay of the lost 63, 107--accus. begins to express

old dialects 32-their relative con- point of time 63--reaction, as in ex-

tributions to the resultant Koinh< 32- tension of dative (instrumental) of

34, 36 f., 214 f.--pronunciation 34 f. reference 63, 75, and in some transi-

how far was Koinh< homogeneous? tive verbs taking dative 64--verbs

19, 38-41-dialects in (q.v.) beginning to take accus. or gen.

Comparison of adjectives and adverbs instead of dat. 64--illiterate uses of

77-79, 236 gen. and ace. for dat. 64-some im-

Complementary Infinitive 204 probable citations from early in-

Compound Prepositions 99 scriptions 64--with proskunei?n 64,

Compound Verbs: cases with 65--per- 66--with some compound verbs 65

fective action 111-118, 237--repeated --with pisteuincommodi

without preposition 111, 115- 75--syncretism with locative 75 f.,

statistics 237 104-with instrumental 75-exten

INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 281
sion of time and point of time thus 52--see under Illiteracy; also under

both given by dative 75 f.--sociative Apocalypse, Mark, Luke, Paul,

instrumental 75--instrumental used Hebrews, etc.

in translating Hebrew infin. abs. 75 Effective action 109, 113, 130, 149

--this and use of participle com- Egypt, bilingualism in, xvii f., 6, 242

pared with classical uses and with Elative 78, 79, 236

LXX 76--various uses of e]n 103 f.-- Elis, dialect of 178, 214

dat. of person judging 104--common Elision 45

uses of dat. and loc. in Greek and Ellipsis 178, 180, 181, 183, 190

Sanskrit 104—e]n added even to in- Emphasis: in pronouns 85 f.--im-

struruental dative 104-o[molgei?n e]n perfect and aorist differing in 128

104—meta<, peri<, u[po< no longer c. --possible cause of original voice-

dat. 105--one or two exceptions with differentiation 152, 238--on subject,

u[po< 105-- pro

LXX, rare in NT 106-e]pi< indiffer- 140--degree of, in ou] mh< construe-

ently with the three cases 107- tion 188-190-ou] c. partic. 232

e]f ] &$: 107--dative of reflexive ap- =-differentiating words of full or

proximates to force of the Middle attenuated meaning 237

157—xra?sqai with instrumental 158 English, Hellenistic illustrated from

--dat. or loc. of a verbal noun makes 19, 39, 58, 71, 77, 79, 82, 85, 89,

the Infinitive 202-204-- articular 92, 94, 96, 98, 99, 111, 112, 135-

infin. (q.v.) 140, 144, 150 f., 171 f., 182, 184,

Days of week and month 96, 101, 237 185, 189, 195, 203, 206, 218, 221 f.,

De-aspiration-see Psilosis 229, 236, 243

Defective Verbs 110 f. Epexegetic infinitive 217, 218, 219

Definite nouns, in Semitic 236 Epimenides 233

Definition, gen. of 73 f. Epistolary aorist 135--formula 28, 176,

Deliberative Subjunctive 171, 185, 187, 180

194 Euripides 215--see Index 1 (e), p. 263

d-text 14, 44, 45, 53, 181, 233, 234— "Exhausted" e[autou? and i@dioj 87-90,

see under Bezae 237

Delphian, 36, 37, 52, 55, 214

Demonstrative: article as 81—au]to

and e]kei?noj 91 i!na 178, 205-210, 240 f., of 700 c.

Demosthenes 213--see Index I (e), p. infin. 207, 216-218, of ei]j to< c. infin.,

263 in Paul 219--originated in volitive,

Denial and Prohibition, with ou] mh< with parataxis 185--final optative

187 f. with –i!na. 196 f.—w!ste c. infin. used

Deponents 153 f., 161 f. for purpose 207—tou ? c. infin. 216-

Dialects in ancient Hellas 23 f., 30-34, 218—pro>j to< and ei]j to< c. infin.

36-38, 41, 213 f.--see under Attic, 218-220--use of participle 230

Ionic, etc. Final i and n 49, 168, 187

Dialects in Koinh< 5 f., 19, 28 f., 38-41, First Epistle of Peter : prohibitions

47, 91, 94, 205, 209, 211, 241, 243, 249 124--preference for aorist imperative

Digamma 23, 38, 44, 47, 111, 244 174--for imperatival participles 181

Diodorus, optative in 197 --ou$. . . au]tou ?; improbable in such

Diphthongs: pronunciation 33, 34 f.-- good Greek 237

augment 51 Fluellen 10 f.

Dissimilation 45 Fourth Book of Maccabees, Atticising

Distributive numerals 97 in 166, 197

Doric, 33, 41, 45, 48, 51, 101, 214 Fourth Gospel and Apocalypse 9 f.

Double comparative and superlative French idioms in English 13

236 Frequency, relative, of prepositions

Dual 57 f., 77 f. 62 f., 98, 100, 102, 105, 106 f.

Duality 77-80, 100 Frequentative verb, 114

Durative action--see Linear Future: c. i!na 35-c. ou] mh< 35, 190

Dynamic Middle 158 --c: e]f ] &$ 107--in Indo-Germanic

verb 108--compared with futural

Ecbatic i!na 206-209 present 120--history of its form 149

Education, varieties of: in NT writers --links with subjunctive 149, 184,

8 f., 28, 44, 50, 52, 60-in papyri, 187, 240 - action mixed 149 f. -

etc. 4, 6 f., 9, ". 44, 47, 49, 50, 51, English rendering 150 f. - volitive

282 INDEX OF SUBJECTS.


and futuristic uses 150 f.--its moods 8, 233--NT (Delitzsch) 104, 163--

151--Middle in active verbs 154 f. tenses 108

--Passive with middle force 161-- Hebrews, Epistle to: did author know

used for imperative 176 f.--ditto Aramaic? 10--Greek style of 18, 20,

with o!pwj 177--rarely with mh< in 118, 129, 232, 237--grammatical

prohibition 177--in warning with points in 62, 129, 182, 211, 217,

mh< 178--c. ei] 187-c. mh< in cautions 218 f., 231, 237

assertion 193--optative 197--infini- Hebrews, Gospel of 17-- see Index

tive 2041.--participle 230 I (e), p.265

Future Conditions: with e]aCommon Greek

ei] 187 --"less vivid form" 196, 199 Heracleon 104

Futuristic: future 150, 177--subjunc- Herculaneum, papyri from, 27, 43

tive 184, 185, 186, 192, 240 Hermogenes 172

Herodian: cases in 63--optative 197

Gender 59 f. Herodotus 51, 62, 81, 91, 101, 214, 215

Genitive: absolute 12, 74, 236--verbs --see also Index I (e), p. 263

with 65, 235--with a]kou

esqai 66--syncretism with ablative Hiatus 92, 117

72--objective and subjective 72-- Historic Present, 120 f., 139

partitive 72 f., 102--with o]ye< 72, 73 Homer: the Achnans of 24-forms

--time and place 73--definition 73 f. found in 55--syntax 121, 135, 147,

--Hebraism here 74--after negative 161--the Athenians' "Bible" 142--

adjective 74, 235 f.-- prepositions blamed by Protagoras for use of ini.

with 100-102, 104-107, 237-- of perative 172--see Index I (e), p. 263

material 102 Hypotaxis-see under Parataxis

German, illustrations from 94, 96

Gerundive in –te

Gnomic aorist 135, 139--present 135-- Illiteracy 28, 36, 43, 49, 56, 78, 87, 93,

future 186 142, 169, 189, 220, 237, 238, 239

Gortyn Code 214--cf Cretan Imperative: endings 53--of ei]mi< 56,

Gothic 78, 181, 224 174--present, compared with aor.

Grammar and literary criticism 9, 40 f., subj. in prohibition 122-126-tenses

205, 211 compared generally 129 f., 173 f.,

Grammatical and lexical Semitism 12 176, 189, 238-prehistoric use 164-

Greece, physical conditions of 23 f. formal history, 165, 171 f.--tone of

172 f., 175-prominence of in NT

Headings, anarthrous 82 173--aorist appropriate in prayer

Hebraism: in theory of NT Greek 173--in 3rd person 174 f.--expres-

1-3--in Rev 9--use of 6, xvii, 11 f., sions for 1st person 175 f.--auxiliary

61, 103--cf Gallicisms in English a@fej 175 f.--perfect 176--substitutes

13—e]n t&? c. inf. 14, 215, 249- for 176-182, 203, 223, 241, 248

in Lk 14-18--tested by MGr 17, Imperfect 128 f.--in unreal indic. 200 f.

94—ei]j predicate 72, 76—articular --replaced by periphrasis 226 f.--see

nom. in address 70, 235--gen. of Present stem

definition 73 f.--gen. abs. 74--dat. Impersonal plural 58 f.-verbs 74, 226

or partic. for infin. abs. 75 f.--use of Improper Prepositions 99

article 81, 236--redundance of pro- Inceptive action of –i

nouns 85—yuxh< used for reflexive Incommodi, Dativus 75

87, 105--relative with superfluous Indeclinable: Greek proper name not

demonstrative 94 f.-- ei$j as ordinal to be taken as 12—plh

95 f.--and as indef. art. 96 f.--dis- comparatives in -w 50

trib. num. 21, 97--illustrated by AV Indefinite Article 96 f.

98—e]nw

99--compound preposi- Indicative: alone may have inherent

tions 99a]pokriqei>j ei#pen 131--active time-connotation 126, 128, 129 -

for middle 158--infin. for imper. 180 imperfect 128 f.--aorist, used of im-

--Hebrew teleology and final clauses mediate past 135, 140-rendering of

219--nom. pendens c. partic. 225- aorist in English 135-140—ge

periphrastic tenses 226 f.-- freedom not aoristic in NT 145 f., 238-pluper-

of Mk from 242--cf under Over-use feet 148--future 149-151--as modus

Hebraist school of NT interpretation irrealis 164, 199-201-with div 166 f..

2 f., 12, 223, 242 200 f.--with o!tan, o!pou a@n, o!soi a@n,

Hebrew: how far known in Palestine e]a

INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 283

--but mh< not entirely expelled 170 f., Injunctive mood 165

239 f.--negatived questions 170- Inscriptions: Koinh< 6, 23, 28 1.--classi-

future used for command 176 f., 240 cal, 23, 214--see Index I (c), pp.

--future with ou] mh< 190--c. mh< in 258 f.

cautious assertions 192 f. --imperfect Instrumental case 61, 75, 104, 158-

for present time in unfulfilled con- use of e]n 12, 61 f., 75, 104

dition, wish, and purpose 200 f.-- Interjectional character of voc. and

replaced by participle 222-224-peri- imper. 171 f.--of infin. in imperatival

phrasis 225-227 sense 179, 203--of partic. or adj.

Indirect Questions 196, 198 f. used imperativally 180 f., 240--pre-

Indo-Germanic: dual in 57 f. -- positional clauses 183 f.

numerals 58--cases 61, 72, 75--verb Internal accusative 65, 93

system 108 f. --Aktionsart 109 f. -per- Interrogative: confused with relative

fectivising by means of composition 93 f. –poi?oj and ti

111 f.--aorist-present in 119-aug- command 184

ment and the final -i in primary Intransitive: verbs becoming transitive

tenses 128--was there a future in? 65, 162--use of strong perfect 147,

149--future participle 151--voice, its 154--tendency of strong aorist 155

rationale in 152, 238--no separate Ionic 33, 37 f., 41, 43, 44, 48, 51, 55,

passive 152--verbs with no middle 57, 81, 101, 195, 205

153--strong perfect without voice Ireland, bilingualism in 7

distinction 154--passive use of Irrational final i and n 49, 168, 187

middle already developing in 156-- Isolation of Biblical Greek 2, 3

Greek weak aorist passive developed Itacism 34 f., 47, 56, 199, 239, 240

from middle person-ending -thes 161 Iterative action 109, 114, 125, 127,

--differentia of the imperative 164, 128, 129, 173, 180, 186, 248--use of

171 f.--glottogonic theories of sub- a@n 166, 167, 168

junctive and optative 164--the

injunctive 165--the two negatives James: i]dou< in 11--prohibitions 126--

169--jussive subjunctive in posi- use of Middle 160

tive commands 177 f. --origins of the Jerome 181

infinitive 202 f.--its deficiency in Jewish Greek 2 f., 19--see Hebraism

voice 203, and tense 204--verbal and Aramaic

adjectives and participles 221 f.-- John: Greek of Gospel and Apocalypse

closeness of 3 pl. act. in -ont(i) to the 9--place of writing 40 f., 211--use

participle 224 of historic present 121--prohibitions

Infinitive: c. e]n t&? 14, 215--forms in 124, 125, 126—mh< in questions 170,

contract verbs 53--future 151, 204 f. 239--periphrastic tenses 226, 227--

--for imperative 172, 179 f., 203-- compound verbs 237

articular (q.v.) 189, 213-220, 240- Josephus 2, 23, 25, 62, 89, 121, 146,

verb and noun 202--its origins 202-- 189, 197, 233, 235--see Index I (e),

204 --comparisons with Sanskrit, p. 264

Latin, English--202-204, 207, 210-- Jussive subjunctive 178, 208 --see

development of voice 203, and of tense Volitive

204--case-uses traced 203 f., 207, Justin Martyr 8, 143, 233-see Index

210--anarthrous expressing purpose I (e), p. 264

204, 205, 207, 217, 240 f.--conse-

quence 204, 210--complementary KaqareuAtticism,

204--limitative 204--relations with Literary Koinh<

i!na c. subj. 205-209, 210 f., 240 f.-- Klepht ballads--see Index I (e), p.265

with w!ste final 207, 210--alleged Koinh< 23--see Common Greek

Latinism 208--consecutive with w!ste

209 f.--relations with w!ste c. indic. Laconian--see Sparta

209 f., and with consecutive i!na 210 Late Greek 1

--subject and object 210 f.--accus. Latin: Bible 5, 72, 106, 129, 132, 240

and infin. compared with w!ste clause --Paul speaking 21, 233--cases 61--

211--accus. tending to replace regular use of we for I 87--parallels with

nom. 212--not Latinism 212 f.-- Greek, etc. 112, 158--the Middle 153

mixture of acc. c. inf. and o!ti con- --subj. and indic. in cause-clauses

struction 213--statistics 241 171--jussive subj. 177--prohibition

Ingressive action 109, 116, 117, 118, 178--quin redeamus? 184-optative

130, 131, 145, 149, 1741 in indirect question 199--verbal

284 INDEX OF SUBJECTS.

nouns 202-infinitive 204-ut clauses 233—e]laiwn 69, 235--artic. nom. of

206--their weakened final force 207 f. address 235—e]la

--verbal adj. turned into participle pound verbs 237--see Acts

221--participle and adj. in -bilis 222 LXX--see Septuagint

--parallels to use of participle for Lycaonian 7 f., 233

indic. or imper. 223 f., 241--poverty Lystra--see Lycaonian

in participles 229 f.

Latinisms 18, 20 f., 71, 75, 100-102, Magnesia 29, 38, 43

142, 208, 212 f. 247 Manuscripts of NT, orthography tested

Lesbian--see Aeolic 42-56

Lewis Syriac 53, 65, 72, 248 Marcion 114

Lexical notes: ei]j a]pa

25 E –a@ficij 26—e]rwta?n 66—sku

89—e]nw


102—e]pibalw163, 201—prosfa

170—prostiLexical: studies of Deissmann 4-- Matthew: improves Greek of his source

Hebraisms 11, 12, 46, 233 15, 124, 159, 200, 237, 242—kai> i]dou<

Limitative infinitive 204 17--historic present 121--prohibi-

Linear action 109, 110, 111, 114, 117, tions 124--aorist in 137-140--aoristic

119, 120, 125, 126, 127, 128, 147, ge

149 f., 173, 174, 175, 180, 183, 186, imper. in Sermon on the Mount 174,

233 (119)—ou] mh< 190, 191,-- tou? c. inf.

Literary element in NT 20, 25 E , 26, 216 --superlative e]la

55, 106, 147 f., 204, 211--see under compound verbs 237

Hebrews, Paul, Luke Middle: of ei]mi< 36 f., 55 f.--with and

Literary Koinh< 2 f., 21, 22 f., 24-26, without expressed. personal pronoun

62 f., 64, 88, 118, 194, 197, 211--its (gen. or dat.) 85, 157, 236 f.--primi-

analogue in MGr 21, 26, 30--element tive differentia 152, 238--in Sanskrit,

in inscriptions 29--see Atticism Latin, and Keltic 153-- "Deponents"

Lithuanian: alleged Latinising gen. 153--links with the strong perfect

found in 101--future in -siu 149 154, and with future 154 f.--how far

Local cases 60 f. reflexive 155 f., 238--evolution of a

Localising of textual types 41 passive 156--compared with English

Locative 61, 75, 104, 202 f. verbs that are both transitive and

Logia 15, 104, 124, 126, 189, 191 intransitive 156 f.--paraphrased by

Lord's Prayer 10, 173 reflexive in dative case 157--typical

Lost cases 61 exx. 157--reciprocal 157--dynamic

Lucian 25, 170, 197, 227--see Index 158--mental action 158--differences

I (e), p. 264 between Attic and Hellenistic 158 f.

Luke: did he know Aramaic? 10, 15, --"incorrect" uses in NT and

104-style 11, 18, 20, 232--Hebraism papyri 159 f.--Paul not implicated

in 13-18--unity of Lucan wiitings 160—ai]tei?n and ai]tei?sqai 160 f.--

14, 217--preserving words of source middle and passive aorists 161 f.--

15, 18, 106, 237, contra 159, 242-- verbs in which active became obsolete,

construction of e]ge

70, 233-was "Hebrew's Gospel" a 162-common ground b etween middle

source? 26--misusing a literary word? and passive 162 f.

26--recalling Homer? 26--use of w# Misplacement of article 84

71--projected third treatise? 79--use Misuse of old literary words 26

of "dual" words 79 f.—o!stij 91 f.-- Mixed declension 49

pres. for aor. imper. 119--historic Modern Greek: kai< in place of hypo-

pres. 121--prohibitions 124--itera- taxis 12--used as a criterion against

tive a@n 167 f.--optative165,195, 198 f. Semitism xviii, 17, 94--study com-

--"correct" use of pro

preference for pres. imper. com- 23 (see Pontic and. Zaconian)--the

pared with Mt 174—a]rca

240--ou] mh< 190 f.--hymns in, their kaqareu

use of infin. 210--acc. c. inf. 211-- vernacular in NT study 29 f.--

tou? c. inf. 216 f.--literary survival versions of NT 30 (see Index I (e),

of ou] c. partic. 232--his two editions p. 265)-Ionic forms in 38-parti

INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 285
ciple now indeclinable 60, 225-- Nouns: in -ra and –ui?a 38, 48--hetero

gender changes 60--the dative obso- clisis 48, 60--contracted 48--in –ou>j

lete 60, 63--vocative 71--article as passing into 3rd decl. 48--in -ij, -in,

a relative 81--redundant personal from--ioj and –ion 48 f.--mixed de-

or demonstrative pronoun 85, 94- clension 49--accusatives with added

relative 94--interrogative 94, 95- -n 49--number 57-59--gender 59 f.

cardinals as ordinals 96--indefinite --breach of concord 59 f.--case 60--

article 96--distributives 97-- sup- 76, 234-236

ports Purdie's thesis on the consta- Number: disappearance of dual 57 f.,

tive 115- present tense for our 77 f.- neuter plural, history and

perfect, with words of duration 119 syntax of 57 f.-"Pindaric" con-

--historic present alternating with struction 58, 234--impersonal plural

aorist 121, 139--pres. and aor. subj. 58 f., 163—h[mei?j for e]gw< 86 f., 246

in prohibition 122--imper. in pro- Numerals: ei$j as an ordinal 95 f., 237

hibition 122, 164--imperf. and aor. --ordinals in MGr 96—simplified

compared 128 f.--idiom of e]ce

134--gnomic aorist 135--the perfect 96 f.—o[ ei$j 97--repeated to form

obsolete 141 f.--use of Middle 156, distributives 97—o@gdoon Nw?e in AV

157--new active verbs 162--subj. for 97 f.— e[bdomhkonta

relics of a@n 167--negatives 169, 170,

232--auxiliaries forming imperative Object clauses 210-213

175 f., 178, and future 179, 185--sole Objective Genitive 72, 236

survival of optative 194, of learned [Omiloume

origin 240--infinitive obsolete, ex- Omission of a@n 194, 198, 200 f.

cept in Politic (q.v.) 205--early date Optative: in Lucian 25—d&




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