Greenwood professor of hellenistic greek and indo-european philology in the victoria university of manchester tutor in new testament language and literature

:)


Download 3.25 Mb.
Page32/33
Date conversion08.11.2016
Size3.25 Mb.
1   ...   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33
of its characteristics illustrated 233 f. 193 f.--future 151, 197-- origin

--periphrastic future 234, 240--the 164 f.--with a@n 166, 198--after pri

parenthetic nominative 235--see 169, 199--in command 179--in

Index I (e), p. 265, and II, p. 269 LXX 194--compared with subj., and

Modus irrealis 164, 199-201 with future 194 - optative proper

Moeris 46, 55 194-197--compared with English

Month, numerals for days of 96 survivals 195--in hypothesis 196--

Moods: common subjective element differentia of optative conditional

164--other common ground 165—a@n sentences 196, 198, 199--in final

in connexion with 165-169--nega- clauses 196 f.--Atticisers ignorant of

tives (q.v. ) 169-171 al-see under sequence 197--misuses in ignorant

Imperative, Injunctive, Optative, Sub- Greek 197-potential optative 197-

junctive, and Itiodus irrealis 199-attended by oil and ctv 197--a

Mystical e]n of Paul 68, 103 literary use, but not yet artificial

197--omission of a@n 198--in indirect

Narrative, tenses in 135 questions, contrasted with Latin

Nasal in word-endings 45, 49 198 f.--Luke observes sequence 199

Negative adjective c. gen. 74, 235 --itacism in late period hastens decay

Negatives: in Atticists 25--in NT and 199, 239, 240

papyri 39, 169-171, 177, 184, 185, Oratio obliqua 142, 144, 151, 196, 223,

187-194, 200, 229, 231 f., 239, 240 239

Neuter plurals 57 f. Ordinals: use of ei$j 95 f., 237-sim-

"Neutral" text--see b-text plified "teens" 96

New Testament, how far its diction Origen 139, 169, 247

peculiar 19 f., 67 f. Orthography: Attic basis 34--a test of

Nominative: as receiver of unappro- provenance of MSS 41--correspond-

priated uses 69--name-case unassi- ence of NT and papyri 42-56

milated 69, 235--nominativuspendens Over-use of vernacular locutions agree-

69, 225--parenthetic in time expres- ing with Semitic 11, 14, 21, 39, 61,

sions and ei]ko

in address 70 f., 235--replaced as Oxyrhynchus Loggia 3, 51, 121, 130,

predicate by ei]j c. acc. 71 f.-per- 191 f.--MS of Heb 190, 224

sonal pronouns not always emphatic

85 f.--for accus. as subject to infin. Pagan phraseology 84, 102

212 f. Papyri: non-literary, their importance

Nonthematic present stems 38, 55 brought out by Deissmann 3 f.--

North-West Greek 33, 36 f., 55 education of writers 4 al (see Edit.

286 INDEX OF SUBJECTS.


cation and Illiteracy)--compared Perfect: for event on permanent re-

with inscriptions 6, 28--remarkable cord 129, 142, 143 f.--vivid use fee

anticipation by Brunet de Presle 6 f. event yet future 134 --compared

--their character and use 27 f.--ex- with aorist 140 f.--increasing use in

ceptions to their general agreement vernacular 141--may be used with

with NT 39, 46, 53--see Index I a point of time 141, 146--decayed

(d), pp. 252-255 in mediaeval Greek 141 f.--obsolete

Parataxis 12, 178, 135, 193 in MGr 141 f.--Latin not responsible

Parenthetic nom. in time-expressions 142--characteristic use in Heb 142,

69, 235, 245--in descriptions 69 143 f.-combined with aorist 142 f.,

Participle: pleonastic by Semitism 14, 238--genuinely aoristic uses possible

230, 241--negatives with 25, 229, in Rev 143, 145--broken continuity

231 f., 239--tendency towards in- 144, 145-e@sxhka 145, 238—pe

decl. 60--in gen. abs. 74--trans- 145--ge

lating Hebrew inf. abs. 76--present sent meaning 147, 176, 238—ke<

with article 126 f., 228--aorist of kraga 147 –h@ghmai literary in Ac 148

coincident or identical action 130-- --strong perfect normally intransi-

134, 238--that of subsequent action tive 154--originally voiceless 154--

denied 132-134--with a@n 167--for imperative 176--periphrastic forms

imperative 180-183, 223, 240--for 176, 226, 227

optative 182--overdone by Josephus Perfective verbs 111-118, 128, 135, 176,

189--for indic. 222-225, 241--in Pergamum 29, 38 [237, 247

periphrastic tenses 226 f. --comple- Periphrasis 226 f., 249--see under

mentary 228 f.--contrasted with Participle, and the several tenses

partic. in Latin and English 229- Person-endings 51-54, 152, 154

conditional 229 f.--conjunctive, con- Personal Pronouns: alleged Semitism

cessive, causal, final, temporal, and 84 f., 94 f.-emphasis in nominative

attendant circumstances 230—alleged 85 f.—h[mei?j for e]gw< 86 f.

Aramaism 231 Perspective, action in--see Constative

Partitive Genitive: largely replaced by Philo 2, 96-see Index I (e), p. 264

a]po< or e]k c. abl. 72, 102--possibly Phrygian Greek 56--see Index I (c),

with o]ye< 72--as subject of a sentence p. 259

73, 223 Phrynichus 39, 194

Passive: no separate forms in Indo- Pictorial imperfect 128

Germanic 108, 152, 156--invades Pindar 214--see Index I (e), p. 263

middle in Greek, Latin and else- Pindaric construction 58, 234

where 153--evolved from intransitive Place, genitive of 73

156--only partially differentiated in Plato 62, 213, 215--see Index I (e), p.

aorist and future 161 f.--common 263

ground with middle 162 f.--replaced Pleonasm 14-16, 85, 94 f., 230, 237, 241

largely in Aramaic by impersonal Pluperfect: endings 53--action 113,

plural 163--not definitely attached 148--in conditional sentences, 201

to the verbal adjective 221 f. Plural--see Number

Past time 108, 119, 128, 129 Plutarch: optative 197—o!ti mh< 239-

Paul: spoke Greek 7, 19, Latin? 21, see Index I (e), p. 264

233, Aramaic 7, 10--limited literary Polybius 14, 21, 23, 25, 30, 39, 62, 85,

phraseology 20--his e]n Xrist&?, 68, 92, 115-118, 197, 206 f., 247-see

103--use of we for 186 f.-use of Index I (e), p. 264.

between 99--prohibitions 124-126- Pontic dialect of MGr 40, 45, 47, 94,

perfect 145, 238 - middle 160- 180, 205

iterative a@n 167, 168--prefers present Point action--see Punctiliar

imperative 174--imperatival par- Popular etymology 96

ticiple 181—ou] mh< 190--optative 195 Position of article S3 f.

-acc. et inf.—211--tou? c. inf. 217 Potential 165, 197-199

--pro>j to< and ei]j to< c. inf. 218 f.-- Prayer: the Lord's 10, 173--absence

periphrastic tenses 226, 227—ou] c. of w# in 71--In 17, use of aorist in

partic. 232—e]la

xisto

237—mh< in questions 239—mh

240 Prepositional clause, anarthrous and

Perfect: action 109, 111--in English, articular, 81 f., 236

its double force 136 Prepositions: added to local cases in

INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 287
Greek 61--extended use in Heile- Pronouns: possessive 40--duality 77,

nistic, not due to Semitism 61 f.-- 79 f.--personal 84-87--reflexives 81

statistics for classical and post- --unemphatic e]autou? and i@dioj 87-90,

classical historians 62 f., and for 237—o[ i@dioj 90 f.—au]to

NT 62 f., 98--in composition with au]to

verbs 65, 111-118, 128, 237--re- rogatives 93 f., 95 ,

placing partitive gen. 72--"Hebraic" Pronunciation 28, 33-36, 240, 243, 244

phrases 81 f.--dropping of article --see Itacism

between prep. and infin. 81, 216-- Proper names and Article S3, 236

tendency to drop article after 82, Prophecy, use of shall in 150 f.

236--combinations with adverbs Protagoras 172

99--Semitism 99 f. --with one Psilosis 33, 38, 44

case 100-104 --alleged Latinisms Punctiliar action 109-111, 116, 117,

100 -102--over-use paving the 118, 119, 120, 126, 129-131, 135,

way for extinction 103 f.--with 145, 149, 173, 174, 186, 222, 247

two cases 104-106--statistics 105-- Purist school of NT grammarians 3,

with three cases 106 f.--adverbs in 242

essence 112--dropped when corn-- Purists in MGr 26, 30, 243-ef Atticism

pound is repeated soon after 115-- Purpose--see Final clauses

compounds tend to be used instead

of punctiliar simplex 115-118 -- "Q"--see Logia

Polybius using compounds to avoid Qualitative use of anartlarous noun

hiatus 117--NT writers use them 82 f.

less than the litterateurs 118--with Quantity, levelling of 34

articular infinitive 216, 218-220, 241 Questions: with mh

--see Index II under the several 170, 177--with mh 170, 192 f., 239-

Prepositions indirect, in optative 196

Present stem: twenty-three Greek Quotations from classical Greek 45,

varieties of 109--its linear action 81, 156, 233, 238 f.

109, 110, 111, 114, 117, 119, 120, Quotations from OT 11, 16, 52, 124,

125, 126, 127, 128, 147, 149, 173, 174, 188, 190, 192, 224, 235--see

174, 175, 180, 183, 186--iterative Index I (b), p. 257

action 109, 114, 119, 125, 127, 128,

129, 173, 180, 186, 233-verbs de- Reciprocal Middle 157

fective in 110 f.--in perfectivised Reciprocal Pronoun, e[autou

verbs 113 f.--punctiliar action 119 f., Reduplication 109, 142, 145

238--contrasted with aorist in pro- Reference, dative of 63, 75

hibitions 122-126--conative action Reflexive Middle 155-157, 163

125, 127, 128 f., 147, 173 f, 186-- Reflexives: no distinction for persons

timeless articular participle 126 f.-- in plural 87--this confusion illiterate

statistics with 6, 166--imperative, in singular 87--used for a]llh

compared with aorist 173 f., 238- --replaced by Semitic use of yuxh<

quasi-ingressive in a]poxwrei?te 174 87--unemphatic e[autou? 87-90

-- subjunctive in warning clauses Relative time 148

178--subjunctive with compounds Relatives: pleonastic demonstrative

of a@n, compared with aorist 186- with 85, 94 f., 237--Sans 91-93-

participle in periphrasis 227--special attraction 92 f.--confused with inter-

uses of o[ w@n 228--see Imperfect and rogatives 93 f.--with a@n (e]a


Present tense 234--relative sentences, mh< in 171,

Present tense: for future time 114, 239--relative clauses replaced by

120, 167--with pa

by our perfect 119--for past time Religion: technical language 18--con-

(historic present) 120-122, 139--see servative phraseology 20

Present stem Repetition, making distributives and

Prohibition: distinction of present elatives 97

and aorist in 122-126--not originally Reported speech--see Oratio obliqua

expressed by imperative, nor now in Result clauses--see Consecutive

MGr 164--use of injunctive 165-- Resurrection, voice of the verbs applied

negative in 169, 187 f., 192--in same to 163

category as commands 173—ou] mh< Revelation--see Apocalypse

187 f,--must be treated here with Revised Version of NT: quoted or

denial 187 f. discussed 20, 50, 69, 72, 75, 90, 91,

288 INDEX OF SUBJECTS.


116, 117, 128, 129, 132, 136-140, for a@n 234--articular nom. in address

148, 163, 175, 184, 189, 225, 229, 235—mi

231, 241--margin 65, 66, 75, 78, for infin. 241--Mk little influenced

98, 137, 148, 163, 221, 222--the by 242--see under Quotations, and

First Revision 83, 156, 180 Index I (b), p. 250

Rhetoric, rules for command in 172 Sequence, rules of: Luke observes with

Rome, Greek used at 5, 242 pri

indirect question 199

Sahidic 80 Sermon on the Mount, respective pro-

Sanskrit: survival of Indo-Germanic portions of aorist and present imper.

cases 61--locative of indirect object in Mt and Lk 174

104--aorist of "thing just happened" Sextus Empiricus 52

135--future in -syami 149--gram- Shall and Will 150 f.

marians' names for active and middle Simple conditions 171

153--2 sing. mid. secondary suffix Sinaiticus, Codex 34, 35, 38, 42, 45,

-thas compared with Greek weak 47, 52, 53, 55, 65, 90, 133, 181,

aorist passive 161--survival of the 190 al

injunctive 165--imperative suffix Slavonic: perfective compounds 111-

-tat 172--Vedic subjunctive makes future from that in -syo (obsolete)

in Epic a 1st person imperative 175 149--cf Lithuanian

--Vedic infinitives 203--classical Sophocles 215--see Index I (e), p. 268

ditto 204--infinitive parallel with Sources for study of Koinh< 22 f., 27-30



sequimini 224--parenthetic nomina- Sparta 24, 32

tive in time-expression 235--active Spoken Greek-see Vernacular

and middle forms differentiated by Style, in Luke and Heb (q.v.) 18

Ablaut 238 Subjective genitive 72, 236--moods

Scotch parallel to a@n 166, 239 164--negative 169 f.

Second Epistle of Peter 78, 98, 171, Subjunctive: itacistic confusions with

238 f. indicative 35--forms in contract verbs

Semitism--see Aramaic and Hebraism 54--Sen 55, 193 f., 196--origin 164

Septuagint: "translation Greek" of --relation to injunctive 165--after

2 f., 13--Justin Martyr's dependence compounds of a@n 166, 186, 239, 240

on 8, 233—ei]j a]pan (h}) a@n 169--after ei] mh

constructions of e]ge

extent of Luke's imitation 18-- 187 f., 190, 192--1st person volitive

Hebraisms from this source to be used to supplement imperative 175,

carefully distinguished from Arama- 177--ditto in 2nd and 3rd person

isms 18--3rd pl. in -san 33, 56- 177 f.--volitive in positive commands

indecl. plh

59—au!th for tOz 59-pisteu

parenthetic nominative 70--violent in warning 178, 184--present allowed

use of gen. abs. 74--renderings of here 178--classified 184--volitive

the Hebrew infin. abs. 75 f.--"ex- 184 f.--deliberative 184, 185-futur-

hausted" i@dioj and e[autou? 88--redun- istic 184, 185, 186, 192, 240--future

dant demonstrative after relative 95, indic. trespasses on all three 184 f.,

237--"77 times" 98, 107--uses of e]n 240--volitive clauses of purpose 185

103—peri< c. dat. 105—proFinal)--futuristic with day and

and gen. 106—prw?toj 107—historic o!tan (q.v. in Index II), etc. 185--in

pres.121—a]pokriqei>j ei#pen three 131--semi- comparisons 185 f.--tenses of 186-

aoristic perfect 142--aorist and per- with ei] 187, 239--has excluded

feet together 143---ke

147—koima?n active 162—a]pokekom- c. tea has become equivalent of infin.

me

perf. imper. 176--subj. used for Subsequent action, alleged aor. partic.

future 185—ou] mh< 188, 191 f.—d&




1   ...   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33
:)


The database is protected by copyright ©hestories.info 2017
send message

    Main page

:)