Guide to Best Practices


Appendix 5 Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning Resources



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Appendix 5 Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning Resources

Roadway Design Resources

A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, 1994 (The Green Book). American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), P.O. Box 96716, Washington, DC, 20090-6716, Phone: (888) 227-4860.

Stephen Burrington & Veronika Thiebach, Take Back Your Streets; How to Protect Communities from Asphalt and Traffic, Conservation Law Foundation (Boston; www.clf.org), 1995.

Wolfgang Homburger, et al., Residential Street Design and Traffic Control, Institute of Transportation Engineers (Washington DC; www.ite.org), 1989.

Highway Capacity Manual, Special Report 209, 1994. Transportation Research Board, Box 289, Washington, DC 20055, Phone: (202) 334-3214. Next Edition: FHWA Research Program project has identified changes to HCM related to bicycle and pedestrian design.

LMN Architects, Model Code Provisions; Urban Streets and Subdivisions, Washington State Community, Trade and Economic Development (www.wsdot.wa.gov/hldr/pdf/cted.pdf ).



Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, 1988. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Superintendent of Documents. P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954. Includes standards for signing and marking both on-road and off-road bicycle facilities. Year 2000 edition will incorporate more bicycle and pedestrian standards.

Flexibility in Highway Design, 1997. FHWA. HEPH 10, 400 Seventh Street SW, Washington, DC 20590.

SWOV, Best Practice to Promote Cycling and Walking, Denmark Ministry of Transport (vd@vd.dk), European Commission Directorate General of Transport, 1998.



Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning


Best Practice to Promote Cycling and Walking and How to Substitute Short Car Trips by Cycling and Walking, CORDIS Transport RTD Program, European Union (www.cordis.lu/transport/src/adonisrep.htm), 1999.

BTS, Bicycle and Pedestrian Data: Sources, Needs & Gaps, USDOT (www.bts.gov/programs/transtu/bikeped/report.pdf), 2000.

Cambridge Systematics and Bicycle Federation of America, Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel, Federal Highway Administration, Publication No. FHWA-RD-98-166 (available at www.tfhrc.gov), July 1999.

HSRC (Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina), Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), available free from the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (www.walkinginfo.org), 2000. This is a crash typing software product intended to assist development of a database containing details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists.



Improving Conditions for Bicyclists and Pedestrians, A Best Practices Report, 1998. FHWA, HEP 10, 400 Seventh Street SW, Washington, DC 20590.

Making Streets That Work; Neighborhood Planning Tool, Engineering Dept., City of Seattle (www.ci.seattle.wa.us/npo/tblis.htm), 1996.

National Bicycle and Walking Study (24 volumes), FHWA, (Washington DC; www.bikefed.org), 1991-95.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's “Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety and Accommodation” course, (NHI Course NO. 38061, (www.ota.fhwa.dot.gov/walk). The course workbook is Publication No. FHWA-HI-96-028.

NYBC, Improving Bicycling and Pedestrian Safety, New York Bicycling Coalition (www.nybc.net/programs/NYBC_manual.shtml), 2002.


Pedestrian/Bicyclist Resource Kit, FHWA (www.ota.fhwa.dot.gov/walk).

Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking; A Best Practices Report, U.S. Federal highway Administration (www.fhwa.doc.gov) and Rails-to-Trails Conservancy (www.railtrails.org), 1999.

Rodney Tolley, The Greening of Urban Transport, John Wiley (New York), 1997.

University of North Carolina, A Compendium of Available Bicycle and Pedestrian Trip Generation Data in the United States, Supplement to the National Bicycling and Walking Study, FHWA, USDOT (available through www.bikefed.org), 1994.




Pedestrian Planning Publications


Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities, A Recommended Practice, Institute of Transportation Engineers (202-554-8050; www.ite.org), 1998.

Implementing Pedestrian Improvements at the Local Level, FHWA, HSR 20, 6300 Georgetown Pike, McLean, VA, 1999.

Improving Pedestrian Access to Transit: An Advocacy Handbook, 1998. Federal Transit Administration / WalkBoston. NTIS, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161.

Planning and Implementing Pedestrian Facilities in Suburban and Develop­ing Rural Areas, Report No. 294A, Transportation Research Board, Washington DC, Phone: (202) 334-3214.

Pedestrian Crossing Control Manual, Transportation Association of Canada (Ottawa; 613-736-1350; www.tac-atc.ca), 1998.


Pedestrian Facilities Guidebook: Incorporating Pedestrians Into Washington’s Transportation System, Washington State DOT (www.wsdot.wa.gov/ta/t2/t2pubs.htm), 1997.

Rhys Roth, Getting People Walking: Municipal Strategies to Increase Pedestrian Travel, WSDOT (Olympia; www.wsdot.wa.gov/ta/t2/t2pubs.htm), 1994.

Joseph P. Savage, et al., A Guidebook for Student Pedestrian Safety, Washington State Department of Transportation (Olympia; www.wsdot.wa.gov/ta/t2/t2pubs.htm) 1996.

Social Research Associates, Personal Security Issues in Pedestrian Journeys, UK Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (London; www.mobility-unit.detr.gov.uk/psi), 1999.

Portland Office of Transportation, Portland Pedestrian Design Guide and Pedestrian Master Plan, City of Portland (www.trans.ci.portland.or.us/Sidewalks_and_Pedestrians.html), 1998.

Walking Steering Group, Developing a Walking Strategy, Dept. of the Environment Transport and the Regions, downloadable at www.local-transport.detr.gov.uk/walk/walk.htm, 1996.



Walk Tall; A Citizen’s Guide to Walkable Communities, Rodale Press (Emmaus) and Pedestrian Federation of America (Washington DC; www.bikefed.org), 1995.




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