Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

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Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare

Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare




Bhagavat Saptah

Lectures by

His Holiness Sri Mahavishnu Goswami Maharajji

This is compilation of the transcripts of Bhagavat-Saptah lectures given by His Holiness MahaVishnu Goswami Maharaj in Sidney, Australia, between 29 September to 06 October 2001

Dedication and Gratitude

Hare Krishna,

This lecture transcription service is dedicated at the lotus feet of His Holiness Param Pujya Sri MahaVishnu Goswami Maharaj (Maharajji) and was done by Minneapolis yatra devotees.

Special thanks to prabhujis and mataji from Minneapolis yatra especially, Purnendu Krishna Das, Anasuya Devi Dasi, Yadushrestha Krishna Das and Jagat Mohini Devi Dasi, Gopika Devi Dasi, Balram Das and Purnima Devi Dasi, Jayant Krishna Das and Sarva Mangala Devi Dasi and Shipra mataji for their transcription and reviewing efforts.

H. H. MahaVishnu Goswami Maharajji emphasized study of Srimad Bhagavatam and Bhagavad-gita books written by ISKCON founder His Devine Grace Swami Srila Prabhupada so that we can be convinced about chanting the name and wonderful pastimes and glories of the unlimited Supreme Lord and Supreme authority Lord Sri Krishna, and in the process purify our existence so that we can be better servants of the Supreme Lord and His pure devotees.

We hope that the students of Srimad Bhagavatam can derive fresh and deeper meaning and better practical understanding of the Granthraj after reading through lecture transcriptions of Maharajji.

Most of the lecture delivered by Maharajji was in English language. Parts which were delivered in Hindi been translated to English language. We hope that the reader will overlook the mistakes in these transcriptions and translations and take the essence. Feedback for improvement of this lecture transcription is welcome. This six day lecture transcription has been with divided into chapters for better readability.


Reading Tips

Please note that the audio of the Bhagavat Saptah lectures can be found at http://www.nabholingam.com web site. Readers will find reading in conjunction with listening to the lectures more fulfilling experience when they actually hear Maharajji’s speak, sing, pray and laugh!

Legend: Comments or translations or content not delivered by Maharajji is in smaller font and within square ([ ]) brackets.

Foreword
Introduction

His Holiness Maha Vishnu Goswami Maharaj is of Gujrat origin and was born in the outskirts of Bombay in 1919 into an eight generation Vaishnava family. He is highly educated having obtained a masters degree in both Sanskrit and English and is equally conversant in Marathi, Gujrati, Hindi, Urdu and the Gujrathi dialect Kachhi. In his childhood Maharaj was always curious to seek transcendental knowledge about the Supreme Lord Sri Krsna. His mother would force him to offer his dhoti to the Lord before using it. But she could not explain him as to why he should be offering it. He would never get satisfying answers to his questions. So at the tender age he began studying the holy scriptures of Srimad Bhagavat-gita and Srimad Bhagavatm in earnest. His burning desire to realize God was finally answered, when he met Srila Prabhupada, the founder acharya of the International Society of Krsna Consciousness (ISKCON). At that meeting Prabhupada noted that upon meeting friends, we ask them how their business is, how their family is, but this he said is a waste of time. If we really cared about our friends, then we meet them, we should inquire as to how far they have progressed in the matter of stopping the cycle of repeated birth and death. Prabhupada’s pure preaching touched Maharaj’s heart, and awakened his enthusiasm for self-realization. He began intensifying his spiritual endeavors and began practicing Krsna Consciousness. Some time later he was introduced to Prabhupada, by devotees, as a Sanskrit scholar. Upon hearing this, Prabhupada exclaimed, “Oh, a Sanskrit scholar, then you should take sanyas”. Prabhupada these words always remained in Maharaj’s heart. In 1991 Maharaj, after successfully performing his worldly obligations to his family, renounced the world and took the order of sanyas. Today, 10 years on, he continues to serve Srila Prabhupada, by carrying on his legacy in preaching devotional service of Supreme Lord Krsna, as enunciated in Srimad Bhagavatam and Srimad Bhagavat-gita. Maharaj has tirelessly circled the globe 10 times in the 10 years, inspiring people from all walks of life, wherever he goes. He is renowned for his powerful preaching, uncompromising in delivery of the teachings of Gita and the message of Srila Prabhupada. In Bhagavat saptahas around the world, notably in Kurushetra and Vrindavana, he has lectured for upto 6 hours daily, on Bhagavatam, for 7 continuous days, before fully captivated audiences. Despite his advanced age and frail health, Maharaj continues to tirelessly travel around the world, preaching the message to follow teachings of Lord Krsna, through Srila Prabhupada books and to increase the quality of our devotional service so as to become, genuine servants of the servants of the Lord. For many Maharaj is a humble and loving Vaishnava, who has made them follow the teachings of the Supreme Lord and realize the true value of human life. Still others cannot help but be completely and helplessly touched by Maharaj’s love and compassion. In today’s age His Holiness’s love and humility coupled with his profound wisdom and realization, have brought many fallen souls to the lotus feet of Prabhupada and the Supreme Lord. In 2001 from 29th September to 6th October, under the auspicious of ISKCON Sidney, His Holiness Maha Vishnu Goswami decided to deliver Srimad Bhagavat Saptah, in Sidney, Australia, giving powerful and heartfelt discourses, over 8 continuous days, to a fully captivated audience in Statville Town Hall. Following is the recording of the great saint.

Table of Contents


Significance of Purushottam Maas and SIMPLE Vedic Life 3

What is our duty in this age? 5

How to become very simple? 5

How Purushottam month became auspicious? 6

How to get manifold result from our pious activities? 7

Don’t waste your valuable human existence 7

How to perfect the mind and speech? 7

How avoiding mental concoction saves time? 8

SIgnifiCance of temporary Human Existence 9

What should be our main concern? 9

What is the purpose of this temporary human existence? 9

How to make best use of Purushottam mass? 10

What one should be completely satisfied with? 10

What one should never be satisfied with and why? 10

How to come out of the material rut? 11

How to be completely fixed in a contantly changing world? 11

How Vedic calculation helps increase our faith? 12

How fruitful are our attempts to avoid death? 12

Medicine for old age 13

Hear, Study and ContemplatE 15

Heart is meant for Krishna 16


understanding krishna’s vigraha 17

powerful effect of harinaam 19

MAGICAL effect of DARSHAN 21

Valmiki: chanting sincerely 22

How study of scriptures will bring us away from anxiety? 22

What is the work of a preacher? 22

srimad bhagavatam Removes material inebrieties 23

Greed is a horrible thing 23

Darshan leads to freedom from anxiety 24

How to avoid drudgery of work? 25

Solution to our dissatisfactionS 28

Srimad Bhagavatam is pure history 29

What is the cause of our dissatisfaction? 29

What was Narada Muni’s solution to Vyasadeva dissatisfaction? 30

Pleasing Krishna pleases everyone 30

How to reduce our difficulties and become completely satisfied? 32

Maharaj Parikshit punishes Kali Yuga 35

What are the remnants of Vedic culture in this planet? 35

What are the four pillars of sinful life? 35

How to improve the fabric of our existence? 37

What are the ill effects of money? 37

How to avoid the ill effects of wealth? 38

What is real wealth? 38

Devotee executes Krishna’s Plan 40

From where do good qualities come? 40

What comfort can 5-star hotel provide? 40

Who is the secret doer? 41

What is use of blaming others? 42

Is this world my permanent place? 43

Maharaj Parikshit FAsts unto death 44

What are the three things Parishik asked from Sukadeva Goswami? 44

What is the art of living? 44

Maharani Kunti’s prayers 46

How we are saved at every step and every second of our existence? 46

What is the solution to our miseries? 47

What is our duty? 47

Who exists everywhere and secretly does everything? 47

How can we remember Krishna? 48

Druva Maharaj 50

What did mother Suniti instruct the hurt Dhruva Maharaj? 50

Story: Sadhu and the dog 51

Don’t poke your nose in Krishna’s business 51

Completely purify your mind 51

How tolerating saves time and brings you closer to Krishna? 52

Druva Maharaj Meets narada muni 53

How to attain Krishna? 53

Pray to Krishna like mother Kunti 54

Everything in relation to Krishna is spiritual 55

Verses that will take you back to Godhead 55

Bhisma Pitamah: steady in troubles 57

Whats is the secret of success? 57

How our problems can bring us closer to Krishna? 57

Story: Krishna lifts Govardan hill to protect his devotees 58

What is the solution to our problems? 58

Story: Santanu conditional marriage with Ganga 59

Story: Bhisma early life 59

How tolerance and constant rememberance of the Lord helps us? 60

Story: Devavrata declared king by Shantanu 61

How to have stable intelligence in the midst of sorrows? 62

Keshava Keshava Kukiye 65

What is the benefit of feelingly uttering the names of Krishna? 66

How to become fearless? 67

Developing firm Faith 69

Why can’t we have faith in sastras? 69


Why is reciting verses important? 69

How to recite verses properly? 70

What is the difference between atheist and theist? 70

How excessive sense gratification is misguiding? 71

How to wake up early? 72

Why kill yourself before death by worrying? 72

Tolerate 75

Seeing Krishna through scriptures 76

Be careful about mental concoctions 76

Be careful about watering down the confidential pastimes 77

Try to purify your life 77

Hand out the worries to Krishna 77

Have steady intelligence and listen to scriptures 77

Perform prescribed duties honestly and keep hearing scriptures 78

Chant and be regulated 80

Lord is the cause of all causes 80

Lord Brahma struggles to find the truth? 80

Chant while you can 81

respect parents and get their blessings 82

Lord brahma’s prayers 84

Atma cannot live independently 84

Smelling the lotus feet by the scriptures 86


Lord’s name is greater than Lord 86

Story: Compassionate sadhu and the horse thief 87

How can we remove our miseries? 88

Story: Within misery we chant very nicely 88

Krishna is there, but we are not there with Him 88

Mangal aarati and naam sankirtan 91

Mangal aarati is enlivening 91

Naam Sankiran pleases Krishna 92

kapila muni instructs devahuti 94

How a living entity takes birth? 94

prayers of the unborn child 96

symptoms of live society 99

First live symptom: Murty Puja 99

Dwarka temple gets a pujari 99

Is murthy is idol or transcendental form of the Lord? 100

Second live symptom: Prasadam Distribution 101

Third live symptom: Study of scriptures and Preaching inside and outside the temple 101

Appeal to the youths: Don’t get lost or frustrated 101

Our psychiartrist is Krishna 101

Study the scriptures 102

painful process of birth 103

Prayers of the unborn child (Jantu) continued 103


Please determine to make this birth your last birth 104

What is the meaning of Krishna and how He acts? 104

Why we should not cross the Laskman Rekha of BBC? 104

In Srila Prabhupada words 105

Understanding detachment 106

Importance of recitation of Sanskrit slokas 106

Srimad Bhagavatam and Bhagavat Gita shows the way to Krishna 108

Understanding the temporary nature of material existence 108

Understanding the permanent 108

What are the types of temporary detachment? 109

What is real detachment and how to develop it? 110

wakE up and Understand the permanent 111

Understanding how our body is together 111

How to control anger? 112

Can we be proud of this body? 112

How Krishna’s touch cleans your body? 112

Bodily woes continues, old age, disease and lamentation 113

Simple living and high thinking 113

Why we need strong temples? 113

How to know who is real guru? 114

What is this (temporary) body really? 114


Eat fresh prasadam 114

Simply be connected to Krishna 115

Srila Prabhupada points out the Supreme Truth is Krishna 115

Consciousness is for Krishna 116

lessons from the life of Priyavrata 117

Why we need to be austere? 117

Why we need to be humble? 117

Why happens when we have faith in Krishna? 117

Why happens when we turn away from Krishna? 118

What is the benefit of coming to Krishna? 118

Key to relieve our miseries is in our hands 118

The benefit of being satisfied 119

What is the way to find out Krishna? 119

Be innocent like four Kumaras 120

Perform austerity in your ashram 120

Are we Krishna conscious or chapatti conscious? 121

Story: Immature Guru 121

Don’t disturb your setup 123

Just chant feelingly 124

Must retire at sometime 124

Renunciation will make you very happy 125

Be sincere like Srila Prabhupada 125

lessons from LORD RISHABdeva 126


What is our duty? 126

Avoid undue attachment 127

worship nothing other than krishna 129

Lord is always fully saTisfied 132

How to behave with others? 132

Run after the completely satisfied 132

How can you become completely satisfied without anything? 133

This body is on lease, don’t break the lease conditions 133

Don’t catch dog’s tail 134

jaya and Vijaya stop the four kumaras 135

Purify your life with fiery devotional service 135

Attachment leads to discrimination 135

Story: Jaya and Vijay cursed by four Kumaras 136

Death of Hiranyaksha 136

Hiranyakashipu plays havoc 136

Always check whether Hari satisfied 137

Hiranyakashipu consoles his relatives 137

Make it your priority to just serve Krsna 138

Don’t entertain miseries, entertain devotional service 138

How immortality is established? 139

Take the jewel of Bhagavatam to increase your faith 139

hiranyakashipu’s son prahlad learns in mothers womb 141


Hiranyakashipu starts terrozing 141

Skand and Amarka try to teach Prahalad 141

Pralalad learns on mother’s womb 141

Srila Prabhupada takes us out of the material rut 142

Pralalad is Narada disciple 142

teachings of Bhakta prahlad 143

Wake up early for mangal aarati 143

Basic religiosity is the monopoly of Bharat Varsha 144

What is the art of living material life? 144

Nine ways of Bhakti 145

Our movement needs training schools 146

Take care of your self interest 146

Srila Prabhupada movement gives real education 147

Please lead simple life somehow or other 147

What is not required in devotional service? 148

Be wide hearted and welcome everyone to devotional service 149

ALL Glories TO Lord SRI Rama, the reNouncer 151

Rama is bestower of bliss 152

In renunciation there is more happiness 153

Be equal in misery or happiness 153

How to get rid of envy? 155

Parents must be SERVED 157


Ravana unlimitted lusty desires 158

Ravana’s fights with Kubera and wins a chariot 158

Ravana’s cursed by chaste Vedavati 158

Ravana cursed again by Parvati 159

Be grateful to Ram and don’t get intoxicated by little prosperity 160

lessons from the life of sri ram 162

Verses for children 162

Sita Rama pastimes at Panchavati near Nasik 163

Build temples for future generation 163

Story: Ram builds bridge to cross over ocean to Lanka 163

Perform sadhana and be merciful 164

How simple life helps us 165

Bhajan: Sri Rama Chandra kripalu bhajmann 166

How to enter into the pastimes of Krishna 166

mother teaches vedic culture 169

Kirtan and verses 169

Listen and learn everything 171


Two types of knowledge of Vedic mother 172


It is very easy to have purified consciousness 173

perform devotion with Determination 174

Determination of Druva Maharaj 174

Story: Determination of Kacha 175


Determination of Srila Prabhupada 176

change your lifestyle for good 178

Teachings of mother Kunti 178

How children can be happy? 178

How elders can be happy? 179

Take the king of knowledge and change your life for the better 179

How the youths can contribute? 180

Learn about Krishna from lord Brahma 182

What are the seven laws controlling living entity? 182

Make use of vast shastric knowledge at your disposal 182

Krishna’s existence is completely spiritual 183

Please run after the auspicious 183

Story: Don’t be a hypocrite 183

Transcendental qualities of Sri Krishna and why we need to understand it 184

Story: Birth of Devaki’s son, Lord Sri Krishna 185

get out of the life of pa-varga 188

Kirtan: Jaya Radha Madhava and Krishna Krishna Krishna he 188

How to get rid of our miseries and become fearless? 189

Can we follow on Srila Prabhupada’s footsteps for a while? 191

Why one should take the path of apa-varga and not the pa-varga? 191


Please study Srimad Bhagavatam 193

Quality of a devotee is that he picks up the fallen and does not kick 194

Surrender to Lord and lovingly sing the verses 195

lessons from the life of narada muni 196

Story: Rukmini invites durvasa for prasadam 198

Story: Krishna ranchorji pastimes 201

Why ne need to follow the regulative principles? 202

Come to Srila Prabhupada? 202

Kalyavana extra prowess makes him foolishly eager to fight with Krishna 202

How to capture Krishna? 203

Kalyvana tries to capture Krishna? 203

Ranchorji “escapes” from battlefield 204

Humility attracts the all attractive 205

Unlimited pastimes of sweet Krishna 205

Protect your consciousness 205

Story: Pralambha tries to kill Balarama 206

Importance of Seva and Katha 206

How to develop all good qualities? 207

How Vaishnavas attain good qualities and become kalpatarus? 208

Story: The proud brahmana and the humble cobbler. 209

Be humble like Ambarisha Maharaj 210


Pralamba gets killed by Balrama 211

What is death like? 211

satrajit and the syamantek jewel 213

Satrajit gets the jewel and becomes proud 213

Satrajit’s brother wears the jewel 214

Krishna accused of killing Satrajit’s brother for the jewel 214

Three doors to hell 215

In anger Jambavan fights with Lord Krishna 215

Krishna returns to Dwarka with the Jewel 215

Srila Prabhupada shows the practical side of spiritual principles 216

Pandavas and the lac house 217

Satrajit was murdered 218

Satyadhanva killed by Krishna 219





Chapter 1

Significance of Purushottam Maas and SIMPLE Vedic Life


Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare / Hare Rama Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare
It was not loud enough [with audience chanting]
Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare / Hare Rama Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

Srila Prabhupada ki Jai


Jaya Radha Madhava Jaya Kunja Bihari / Jaya Gopi Jana Vallabha Jaya Girivara Dhari, Jaya Girivara Dhari

Jaya Yashoda Nandana Jaya Braja Jana Ranjana, Jaya Braja Jana Ranjana / Jaya Jamuna Tiravana Chari, Jaya Kunja Bihari


Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare / Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Hey

Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Hey

Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Pahimaam

Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Rakshamaam

Krsna Keshava Krsna Keshava Krsna Keshava Rakshamaam

Raam Raghava Raam Raghava Raam Raghava Pahimaam

Raam Raghava Raam Raghava Raam Raghava Rakshamaam

Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Hey

Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Krsna Hey

Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare / Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

Raghupati Raghava Raja Raam Patita Pavana Sita Raam / Sita Raam Sita Raam Bhaja Pyare too Sita Rama

Raghupati Raghava Raja Raam Patita Pavana Sita Raam

Sri Raam Jai Raam Jai Jai Raam Sri Raam Jai Raam Jai Jai Raam

Raghupati Raghava Raja Raam Patita Pavana Sita Raam

Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare / Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare

Nitai Gaura Haribol Haribol Haribol

Haribol Haribol Haribol

Jai Jai Prabhupada Prabhupada Prabhupada

Jai Radha Gopinatha Radha Gopinatha Radhe

Jai Radhe Jai Radhe Jai Radhe Jai Sri Radhe

Jai Jai Prabhupada Prabhupada Prabhupada

 

Jai Om Vishnupada Paramhansa Parivajrachari Astotshara Sri Abhay Charanamvrida Bhakti Vedanta Swami Maharaj Srila Prabhupada Ki Jai


ISKCON BBT founder Acharya Srila Prabhupada Ki Jai

Ananta Koti Vaishnava Vrinda Ki Jai / Samaveda Bhakta Vrinda Ki jai/ Bhakti devi Tulasi Deviji ki Jai,

Sri Sri Rukmini Dwarkadhishji ki Jai / Sri Sri Radha Gopinathji ki Jai / Sri Sri Sita Raam Lakshman Hanumanji Ki Jai

Sri Sri Jagannath Baladeva Subhadraji Ki Jai / Sri Sri Gaura Nitaiji Ki Jai

Gaura Premaanade Haribol (3) / All Glories to the assembled devotees (3)

All Glories All Glories to Srila Prabhupada

Before we start to think about Srimad Bhagavatam, it is essential that we should understand the importance of this month which is very correctly known as Purushottam maas [month]. It reminds us that our Vedic calculations, they are very precise since ancient times. Our years, our months, days are very nicely divided. And we very well know in which part of the day, which part of the month we can perform auspicious activities. Which time is very auspicious and which is not auspicious. But since we depend upon computers and etc for these calculations, we realize our calculations go wrong. We remember in our childhood that Brahmin used to come and will forecast about the weather –rainfall, etc. and it was quite correct. Now we hear weather report from all over the world and it is completely wrong and fat salaries are paid. Our Brahmin was very happy if he gets four annas or something [like that]. The life was very simple. In every dealings money was completely absent. That was the blessing. Since, the whole thing is gold standardized, they call it gold standardized, and since then the difficulties are increasing. The name is very nice to hear Gold Standardized and in our hand there is a paper. It’s nothing. I remember that in our India, rupee was there and it had exactly the 1 rupee symbol in it and we had gold coins also. Now we don’t have anything in our hand and the name is Gold Standardized. The whole thing is going in completely wrong direction. And day by day in transactions particularly, they are cheating. There are no commodities and they buy and they sell. I do not know what they buy and what they sell. And because there are no commodities they lose so much. 
What is our duty in this age?

Anything happens in the world and we are at the risk of losing our riches. It is very pitiable condition that we have left for our own original economic standards. We depended upon the farming and the cows. Remember what ever happened in our world economy, we were not affected at all. That is the Vedic culture. At the moment, please, just peacefully think what situation we are in. We are very busy working everywhere, in India and outside equally. In foreign countries you are very busy and we don’t have time and if you think seriously what work are we doing, it’s no productive work. Product means you must grow, there is produce, and from produce the word product comes. How many of us are producing anything? We are not producing at all. Very busy in work and I don’t know what work and there is no product. Soon the time is coming, when we will have all this computer and high rise building and so forth, and rice will be absent. We are not producing anything. We have to depend for our essential things on other people or they try to grow, they try to farm, so it’s all artificial farming. Because few people are farming, the rest of the population is very busy in non-productive work. Seriously, think about it, suppose war breaks out and the continents cannot send to each other the grains or this that, we will be starving. This was not the case before even 50-60 years. Every village was producing plenty of grains. The things are getting to this level. The question that comes before us is that what is our duty in this age? We cannot stop the work which we are doing. We cannot go to the farming may be, but one thing we should try to understand, in these times particularly, it becomes our pious duty to live for our own ancient teaching and to the best of our capacity we may try to mold our lives. If you cannot mold, at least you please introduce this swadhaya- that is the study, of may not be of all of scriptures but at least, of Bhagavad-Gita. 

How to become very simple?

We have in our news media, we have BBC you know British Broadcasting Corporation? Any news broadcast by the BBC is regarded as authoritative. We also have our BBC! Please take help of our BBC and think over it. Our BBC is Bhagavad-Gita, Bhagavatam and Chanting. Minimum we should start to follow this at least. [Another thing] we have everywhere [is] AC- Air Condition. We cannot bear cold, we cannot bear heat.  So we have to have the air condition offices, air condition premises. That is harmful again. It consumes so much energy.  Everywhere in Dubai, there are so many people there, they cannot survive without AC. Here also you may be accustomed to it. The less we touch AC its better for us. We want AC no doubt– as we have our BBC, Bhagavad-Gita, Bhagavatam and Chanting, the same way we have A C that is Abhay Caran – our Prabhupada’s name. You please buy some small books written by Prabhupada and always study. At least you should start doing this in order to mold your life. I am sure you’ll get light from even a small book and slowly you will develop the taste to go through our Bhagavat-Gita and Bhagavatam, etc.  These things have got to be done. These things you please begin knowingly or unknowingly you will become very simple. First thing you will change is you will change your dress. It is very easy phase. Very simple - we can put on dhotis or kurtas or whatever, outside for work you may keep some suits or something. But please life should be very simple. As soon as you understand these things, then it brings us to the importance of this month.

How Purushottam month became auspicious?

This month depends upon the difference of the calculation between the Candra Varsh they call i.e. the moon year. Every month moon is revolving around our planet and takes certain set time.  In the same time, twelve times it revolves and that is known as Moon Year, Chandra Varsh and side by side again there is another movement i.e. Sun movement. Our planet moves around sun within a year.  That is known as Surya Varsh. Now these two movements have different timings. If you think about the moon year, 12 times it goes around the planet. Definite minutes and seconds are given about this movement. It is 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 33.55 seconds. Up to the seconds the calculations is given. This is very correct calculations. You should remember the 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 33.55 seconds. This is Candra Varsh- Moon year. Then we have Sun year, Surya Varsh. It takes us again 365 days, 48 minutes 47.5 seconds. This is the length taken by the Sun. This is how there is a difference between these two years. So, if they are allowed to continue like this, then the difference will widen. So they have their own way to make up for this difference and that’s why after every 32 months and 16 days, they add additional month, and this additional month is the extra month. That is why it is known as Adhik maas. And the beauty is that we may not know, but we are completely controlled by the demigods all the time. That’s how our 12 months have its own demigods, but this month being extra, it does not have any demigod. So this month is without owner and that’s why it was regarded as inauspicious time. And because it was regarded as inauspicious time, no auspicious activities were performed during these thirty days of extra month. So this Adhik maas was feeling like anything left, they call it Mall maas, inauspicious month. So eventually he [the month personified] surrendered to Krsna, Purushottam. Krsna was very merciful to this month.

He [Krshna] said “As people get extra time during your month, so now you are mine because you are surrendered to me.”
As soon as we actually sincerely try to surrender to Krsna, he gives us everything. 
In Ramayana it is very nicely said, sukruk eva prapanna oyat tava asmi iti achate. This is our duty. Sincerely we should go the Krsna or Raam and just sincerely tell him, “tava asmi”, “I am yours, please look after me”.  “tava asmi iti achate” this achana is begging themselves in front of the Supreme Absolute Truth, Krsna.  “tava asmi iti achane”, “Abhayam sarvada tasmai dadami etad druta mama”. This is uttama mama, this is my vow He says, that as soon as living entities surrenders I give him fearlessness, abhayam. And the same way, when this month also surrendered to Krsna, He made him fearless.

“Don’t worry about it. Henceforth, you will be known as Purushottam maas, and because you don’t have any demi-gods, to look after you, so I myself will look after you.”


This is how this month immediately, was being recognized by Krsna, he became very auspicious. What is that verse in Bhagavad-gita.
api cet su-duracaro / bhajate mam ananya-bhak

sadhur eva sa mantavyah / samyag vyavasito hi sah




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