Helping Your Child Become a Fluent Reader What is fluency and why is it important?



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Helping Your Child Become a Fluent Reader


What is fluency and why is it important?

Fluency is the ability to read text accurately, quickly and with proper expression. It is one of the most important building blocks to develop comprehension.


How can I help my child become a fluent reader?


  1. Pair Reading

There are different ways to read in pairs, or with partners:

Repeated reading – Read the same text over and over again attempting to improve fluency each time. The more frequently they read the words, the more fluent their reading will become.

Choral reading – Read the same text together at the same time, with the parent exemplifying fluent reading. The student reads along at the same time with the parent and attempts to mimic their fluency.

Drop reading – Take turns reading a portion of text, stopping in midsentence, and have the partner read on from that point, continuing their partner’s fluent reading.

Echo reading – Take turns reading a portion of text that the partner re-reads. For example, the parent would read 1-2 sentences fluently. Then the student would read the same sentences and attempt to reproduce the same fluent reading as exemplified by the parent.

Timed reading – Read a text passage for one minute and note how many Words per Minute the student reads. Then read the same text passage again and time for one minute. During each minute interval, the student should be increasing the number of words per minute they read, thereby improving their automatic decoding and fluent speed.

(Words Per Minute = The number of words read in a minute – the number of incorrect words)



  1. Books on Tape

Giving your child the opportunity to listen to a story while following the text in the book allows them to hear the rhythm and melody that corresponds with the written text.


  1. English Media

Allow your child to watch English language movies with English subtitles. Or, students can listen to English music while singing along to the lyrics.


  1. Record Reading

Students can record themselves reading out loud and then listen to the recording of how they read. Children learn best when they can hear and see their mistakes. The child can then continue to practice reading the same text and make any necessary adjustments to improve their fluency.


  1. Poetry

Any type of poetry, including tongue twisters, is an effective way for children to do repeated reading and have fun at the same time



  1. Computer Games on the Internet


http://www.storylineonline.net Storyline Online – Age appropriate books that are recorded online with provided text.
http://www.umass.edu/aesop/index.php Aesop’s Fables –Numerous fables where children can practice repeated readings.
http://www.starfall.com/ Starfall – A wonderful website for children to practice many aspects of their reading in a fun way.

http://www.antelope-ebooks.com/index2.html#TOP Antelope Publishing Purchasable Children’s Electronic Story Books.
http://gamequarium.com/seuss.html Dr. Seuss Stories Online – A great resource for practicing poetry and proper reading expression.
7. Read to Your Child

Reading out loud to your child allows them to hear what a fluent reader sounds like.




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