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ROTARY AGAINST DRUGS (RAD)

HIGH SCHOOL SPEECH CONTEST


R E S O U R C E M A T E R I A L S


FOR MULTI-DISTRICT USE


revised December 21, 2007

Prepared by: Dr. Donald Hayman, PDG Rotary District 7710, Chapel Hill, N.C.

To download this booklet, go to www.Rotary7710.org/rad/



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page Page

Preface to Eighth Edition i 4-14. Preoccupation with drugs 45

Rotary Announcement of 2003 RAD HS Speech Contest ii 4-15. Drug abuse among health professionals 46

Schedule for 2003 Rotary Against Drugs (RAD) Contest iii 4-16. Why do people stop taking drugs? 46

Rotary HS Speech Contest Scoring sheet & Rules iv 4-17. Who is less likely and more likely to abuse drugs 46

What Rotarians, Students, Teachers Say v-vi

Results of RAD Contest 2002 vii 5-00. What are the economic and social costs of drug

1-00. What is drug abuse? 1 and alcohol abuse? 47

1-01. Overview of some psychoactive substances 1 5-01. Economic costs of drukg and alcohol abuse 48

1-02. Drug abuse prevention 1 5-01.1 The premature loss of children and workers


    1. Physical dependence 5 reduces the standard of living of all 48

    2. Addiction 5 5-01.2 Costs of drugs in the work kplace 48

    3. Who becomes addicted? 5 5-02. Drug related accidents affect the user and others 51

    4. Alcoholism 6 5-03. Cost of crime, law enforcement, prosecution,

confinement, and supervision 51

2-00. Drug and alcohol abuse is a world problem 7 5-03.1. U. S. Government expenditures to control the use



    1. U. S. residents are largest consumers of illegal drugs 8 of illicit drugs 51

    2. Children don’t know how many children use drugs 9 5-03.2. Arrests 52

    3. Drug abuse among U. S. adolescents 9 5-03.3. Prosecutions 52

2-04. Drug use by N. C. middle and high school students 11 5-03.4. Prison population 53

2-05. Drug use by high school seniors in 2000. 12 5-03.5. Drug abusers in city ;and county jails 53

2-06. What is sold like candy and will kill and 5-03.6. Convicted drug abusers under criminal justice

disable one out of two regular users? 13 supervision 53

2-07. Alcohol 13 5-04. Health costs 54

2-08. Alcohol abuse among college students 14 5-04.1. Next generation health costs 55

2-09. Marijuana 15 5-04.2. Treatment 55

2-10. Tobacco use among adults --abroad and in the U.S. 17 5-05. Drug abuse health costs in North Carolina 57

2-10.1. Cigarette smoking by adults in North Carolina 18 5-06. Cost of drugs in school 57

2-11. Cocaine and Heroin 18 5-07. Total cost of drug abuse 57

2-12. Cocaine addiction rates 19 5-08. Who bears the costs of alcohol and drug abuse? 59

2-13. Hallucinogens including LSD 19

2-14. Barbiturate/Sedatives. 19 6-00. Strategies for redukcing drug and alcohol abuse 60

2-15. Smokeless tobacco—snuff and chewing tobacco 19 6-01. Reduce demand 60


    1. Inhalants 20 6-02. Reducing demand through education 61

    2. Ecstacy 20 6-02.1. D.A.R.E. 61

    3. Gender 21 6-02.2. Evaluation--drug education in the future? 62

    4. Substance abuse by adult women 21 6-03. Parent education programs 63

2-20. Prescription drugs 22 6-04. Reducing demand—the 46 State/Big Tobacco

2-21. Drug use and higher education 23 settlement 64

6-05. The illegal sales to children gets them hooked 66

3-00. What do drugs do physiologically, psychologically 6-06. Three tobacco companies charged with

and to careers and communities? 24 continuing to target children 67

3-00.1. Physiological consequences—nutrition 24 6-07. U. S. Government stops subsidizing cigarettes

3-00.2. Physiological consequences---health 24 for military 69

3-00.3. Physiological consequences—deaths in 1998 25 6-08. Minimum ages for drinking and smoking 70

3-00.4. Second hand smoke 27 6-09. Restrictions on alcohol on N.C. colleges campuses 70

3-01. How do drugs affect users behavior? 27 6-10. Changes in N.C. alcohol laws 71

3-02. Psychiatric consequences 29 6-11. Limits and amounts spent on advertising 72

3-03. Educational consequences 30 6-12. Affect of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)

3-04. Employment 30 on non-smokers 72

3-05. Marriage, family, and divorce 31 6-13. Excise taxes 72

3-05.1. Dependence—induced neglect of job and others 31 6-14. N. C. taxes on cigarettes are third lowest in the U.S 74

3-06. Drug use, crime, and the community 32 6-15. Drug and alcohol abuse treatment in N. C. 75

3-07. The intoxicated are more likely to attacks others 33 6-15.1. Treatment for nicotine addiction 75

3-08. Crime and delinquency 33 6-15.2. Treatment of addicts and psychologically ill addicts 76

6-15.3. Alcoholics Anonymous 76

4-00. Why do children, students, and adults use 6-15.4. Additional treatment programs 77

drugs and alcohol? 35 6-16. Drug courts 79

4-01. What are the most frequent reasons students 6-17. States are reconsidering long mandatory sentences 80

give for using drugs? 35 6-18. Punitive measures 80

4-02. Peer pressure 36 6-19. N. C. Medical Association’s recommendations 80

4-03. Environment and heredity 37 6-20. “Just Say No.” 81

4-04. Physiological and psychological 38 6-21. Changes suggested to reduce demand 81

4-05. Schools 38 6-22. Reducing supply 82

4-06. Work 39 6-23. Destruction of drugs at source 83

4-07. Availability increases consumption 39 6-24. Interdiction and enforcing laws against raising or

4-08. Is there a gateway drug? 40 manufacturing outlawed drugs 84

4-09. Is tobacco the gateway drug? 40 6-25. Decriminalization 85

4-09.1. Is alcohol the gateway drug? 40 6-26. Legalization 90

4-10. Lowering legal drinking age increased accidents 41 6-26.1. Medical use of marijuana 91

4-11. Advertising alcoholic beverages 41 6-27. Summary of arguments for drug prohibition,

4-12. Advertising tobacco products/lying and deceit 43 decriminalization, and legalization 92

4-13. N.C. has been less aggressive restricting tobacco 44






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