History Maker’s


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History - Maker’s

Scrap Book

OBJECTIVE: Science and history are human endeavors. In this project you will gain a sense of how the stories and ideas of science and politics evolve through various historical, economic, social and religious climates. This project will immerse you into lives of scientists, inventors, political figures or others who have contributed to American life- from Leif Ericson to Sally Kristen Ride.

You will create a biographical scrapbook that documents the life of a person who helped shape American history, either in the field of science or politics.

You will gather facts and use your imagination to create a birth certificate, a time line, a letter to a world leader, an interview with a reporter, a news article, diary entries and finally an epitaph.

Sometimes you may be lucky to find resources that reproduce actual diary entries, letters and other correspondence written by the historical figure. In this case, you may weave the person’s reflections and actions into your work. But in most cases you will be allowed to fictionalize aspects of the history-makers’ lives, provided you base your work on facts that you gather through historical research. The process is similar to writing historical-fiction novels.

Book Cover:

Design and draw a book cover for the scrapbook. This is a totally original creation. You may draw a portrait of the person, but you must also include symbols of the person’s life and contributions to society. For example, scientist Ronald Hoffman spent several years in his youth hiding in an attic during World War II. A book cover depicted a young Ronald peeking through a window with other symbols of his life surrounding him.

Birth Certificate:
You may photocopy your own birth certificate and use it as a model for the historical figure’s certificate. For an “aged” certificate, pour about a cup of strong, cool tea into a large pan. Dip a blank piece of unlined paper into the pan for a few seconds, and dry it on several layers of paper towels or a flat rack, such as a cake rack or an oven rack. Use your best handwriting or calligraphy to write out the certificate. You may even want to add fingerprints, footprints or seals made of foil for greater “authenticity.”

Diary Entries:
Create three diary entries that represent various times in the history-maker’s life – youth, schooling, young adulthood, old age, etc. Research the history of the time in which the person lived and the accounts of her/his life through history books, biographies, autobiographies and other reference materials. Create the diary entries (minimum 6 expanded sentences) by basing them on important personal, scientific, and historical facts and events. You will imagine the figure’s voice and emotions.
Time Line:

A time line is a chronological depiction of important events. Books and encyclopedias will provide information about dates on birth, marriage, and death, in addition to important scientific or political advances or discoveries. You will create a hand written rough draft and type a final in computer class. It will be written in third person and in the present tense as if the events are unfolding as you read the timeline. The person’s contribution to history or science must be included in the timeline’s events.

Letter to the President/World Leader:
Write a letter to the President, Prime Minister, Monarch, etc, (choose one who served during the person’s career), explaining the importance of the scientist’s research or the politician’s contribution to culture and asking for funds or other help to support the work. This requires you to have an understanding of the nature of the person’s work or cause and to be able to justify its importance. You will need to find the residence of the world leader to include in the heading.
Magazine Interview:
Pretend that you are a reporter who has been assigned to interview the history-maker. Your article will be a dialogue between you, as the reporter, and the person, who describes his or her life’s work. Ask at least ten questions and determine the responses from your research. This will be published in a Q and A format and include a picture of the person.
Newspaper Article:
Choose a significant event in the figure’s professional life and write a news story about it. Answer the six basic questions of news: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? Follow this with a description of the event and a summary of the person’s career.

You may want to use a news article template or just use two columns in word.

Create a poem, phrase, or use an actual quote from the person that epitomizes his or her life. This would be written on the gravestone as a tribute to the person after death. This is a way to reveal what you think is most significant after completing all your research and writing.


Include a bibliography citing all the sources that you used to complete your scrapbook. You will use the format passed out and taught in class.

A list of possible political subjects for the American

History –Maker Scrap Book

(this list is in no way complete)

Christopher Columbus

William Bradford

Walter Raleigh

Henry Hudson

John Smith



Francis Drake


Debohah Moody (Puritan turned Quaker)

Phillis Wheatley (slave and poet)

Olaudah Equiano

Roger Williams

Anne Hutchinson

William Penn

Ben Franklin

James Oglethorpe

Benjamin Benneker

Eliza Lucas

Patrick Henry

George Washington

King George III

Paul Revere

John Hancock

John Adams

Samuel Adams

Thomas Jefferson

Nathaniel Green

John Paul Jones

The Marquis de Lafayette

General Charles Cornwallis

Benedict Arnold

Abigail Adams

Martha Washington

Deborah Sampson

James Madison

Dolley Madison

James Monroe

Alexander Hamilton

Betsy Ross

Daniel Boone

Davy Crockett

William Clark

Meriwether Lewis


Zebulon Pike

Henry Clay

Abraham Lincoln

Andrew Jackson

John J. Audubon

Eli Whitney

Narcissa Whitman

Robert Fulton

Marcus Whitman

Lucy Applegate

Harriet Tubman

Sojourner Truth

Robert E. Lee

Jefferson Davies

Frederick Douglass

Ulysses S. Grant

William Sherman

Fr. Junipero Serra


American Scientists

This is a partial list, if you find an American Scientist that is not included, please get permission to do your project on this person.

Albert Abraham Michelson

Alexander Graham Bell

Alice Eastwood

Annie Jump Cannon

Barbara McClintock

Benjamin Banneker

Benjamin Franklin

Billie L. Campbell

Chien-Shiung Wu

Daniel Hale Williams

Dian Fossey

Edward Mortley

Edward Teller

Edwin Powell Hubble

Elizabeth Blackwell

Ellen Henrietta Swallow Richards

Emma Perry Carr

Enrico Fermi

Ernest Everett Just

Ernest Orlando Lawrence

Florence Bascom

Florence Rena Sabin

Garrett Augustus Morgan

George Washington Carver

Gertude Belle Elion

Gerty Theresa Cori

Gifford Pinchot

Glenn Theodore Seaborg

Grace Murray Hopper

Helen Brooke Taussig

Samuel F. B. Morse (Telegraph and Morse Code)

Dr. Jonas Salk (Polio Vaccine)

James Watson (Helped with DNA)

Glenn Seaborg (Atomic Theory and Discovered 10 elements)

Willis Carrier (Air Conditioning)

Helen Sawyer Hogg

Henrietta Swan Leavitt

Ida Henrietta Hyde

Jane Cooke Wright

Jewel Plummer Cobb

John Bardeen

John Franklin Ender

John Muir

Josiah Gibbs

Linus C. Pauling

Lloyd Albert Quarterman

Lloyd Augusts Hall

Mae C. Jemison

Margaret Mead

Maria Geopart Mayer

Maria Mitchell

Mary Watson Whitney

Melvin Calvin

Percy Lavon Julian

Rachel Carson

Roger Randall Revelle

Roger Tory Peterson

Rosalyn Yalow

Sally Kristen Ride

Sylvia Earle

Thomas Edison

Thomas Hunt Morgan

George Eastman (Camera)

William Boeing Dr. Percy Lavon Julian

Henry Ford (Assembly Line) John Moses Browning

Charles Goodyear (Rubber and Tires)

Orville and Wilbur Wright

Eli Whitney

First Due Date: Monday, February 25: Supplies including

multi-color index cards (four colors), 1” view binder, four sources, including one book or long chapter/ article from a book, signed bottom of this letter.

All other due dates are listed on the project management calendar that must be kept in the project binder. All due date changes will be recorded on the calendar by students at the teachers’ direction. Check the directions, the rubric which will be handed out later in the project, and the teachers’ individual directions for each section of the project. Do not begin the taught sections of the project until you have had the class with the specific format given and demonstrated by the teacher in charge of that section.

Final Due Date: March 25 Scrapbook with rubric.

  • Work Days:

    • Tuesday during Social Studies

    • Thursday during Science.

    • Halls of Fame Wednesday March 27 10:30 – 12:00.

Much of the work will be completed at home after in-class instruction and work periods.
******************clip and return by February 22nd*****************


My history-maker:
Questions about the project:

Student Signature:

Parent Signature:

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