hàkàp k'hàná a a a'



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hàkàp k'hàná


A - a


a'- 
Class-marking prefix for a singular or plural noun in the A class. Nouns in the A class may be large inanimate objects, towns, ideas or many other things. Plurals of A class nouns often use the c' class-marker. The class-marker a' should not be confused with the pronoun a which is written without an apostrophe and replaces a noun.

When an entry has a class-marker it is written in italic writing. Class-markers may move to the end of a word in a sentence. The class-marker is not included in the way entries are ordered. For example, the word a'koma (hand, arm) is found between the words kolkolo and v'koma, and the word a'mata (spin, weave) is found between the words mata and k'matqqkqci.



á1 con.

if, when. idan
.  An la nu noka, qn [m[ m'hono. When you (pl) come, bring the calabashes.

á2 excl.
fancy! cry of surprise. a'a.  A, hwec kaa kam kind qn dooro. Whoops! I forgot my money in the mortar.

á3 prep.

at. a
.

á4 prep.

with. da
.

à5 prep.
to.

à6 pro.

they. su
.  A havk a nama d'na. They have gone to do some grinding.

à7 part.

not. ba
. Variant: á.

á dæ

not up till this point in time. hali.  A de b[ tqv eman tan da. This has not been your habit. Variant: zade.


à sàpsàpà ad phrase.
unprepared. ba shiri, na tanadi.  Qv lagkqm a'sapsapa. You left me unprepared. See: sàpà.

á'á excl.
cry of pity. assha.  A'a a ze azu dan ku ukuu! "Ah!" they said, "it has at last died."

áabò ad.
no. a'a.  Laa tqv baal buk ni hwen?   Aabo, qm baal da. Are you going to travel out tomorrow during the day time?   No, I am not.

áahù n.
penny halfpenny. kwabo.  A na ze aahu, ik k[b[ nqv dqri. When we say aahu we mean 'penny halfpenny'.

á'án excl.
cry to show concern. assha.  A'an, yxmu emin vqv vost o? Hey! What has he done to you that you are hitting him?

ábá v.
reform or reshape. tanìwara.  A tau k[nt[, el nan aba na unqsq. If a bow is bent it can be reshaped.

v'àbà n. (plural s'aba)




1) tongs, two long pieces of metal hinged like scissors for taking hot metal objects out of a fire. hantsaki.  Z[[g nan ta z[[ s'aba. Blacksmiths make tongs to use.




2) splints used to bend bow into shape.
3) tweezers used by Fulani people to pull out a thorn or splinter. matsefata. Variant: v'ava; àbó.

d'àcîdàmºi n. (plural c'àcîdàmºi)

rice cake. ìosan shinkafa.


ádá v.
be absent, not be, 'there is not'. babu.  Gumi zada, sai m'neve. There is no salt, only oil left. Variant: zada.

k'àddá n. (plural c'adda)
machete (large knife used to cut plants). adda.  El nan gedqm c'ce qn k'adda. A machete is used to cut wood. From: Hausa.

k'àdùdù n. (plural c'adudu)
large grass basket with lid. adudu.  El nan dxlk c'rihi hwedi qn k'adudu. Many things are usually put inside a basket with a lid. From: Hausa.

àgà v.
drive or chase away. kora.  G[to gwxlnx, hav qv aga. See those goats? Go and drive them.

àgºu n. (plural agauno)
Abyssinian or Senegal Roller, a bright blue bird with brown back which eats bees and other insects. tsanwaka. Coracias abyssinica.  Agau ci c'kxn c'kasi. The bee-eater has nice-looking feathers.

àgwàgwá n. (plural agwagwana)
duck. agwagwa. Variant: agwagú (M.Magaji, Dabai). From: Hausa.

áhçnánæ pro.
others. wasu na da bam.  Qv nxx kaana ahenane v'halqm hxxmx. You gave it to others, but refused me.

ºi conj.
1) that. cewa, wai.  U zeka ai yu t[[ ko. She said that she has gone.
2) whether.

àkà v.

open, spread apart. buþe.  Ak s'na qv salgt m'basa. Open your legs and ease yourself.


áksæ v. (past akske)
behave rebelliously, be out of control. gagara.  Naamqn aksk wa s'voga. A herd of cattle was out of control.

àkú n. (plural akunu)
parrot. aku.  Aku i nem h[d kwx. The parrot is like the kwx. From: Hausa.

álà1 con.
1) even if, or, either. ko.  A caa tqm hau, ala tqv han? Shall I come later, or will you come?
2) (or) rather, actually, in fact. ko.  Buku, ala zanqmne tu han. Tomorrow, or rather the day after tomorrow, she will come.

álà2 v.
bend, twist, wrap. lauya.  Qm lqqk alqm d'arma. I know how to make a roof frame by bending the grass.

d'àlá n.
lewd conversation; showing too much interest in impure things or in matters of sex. batsa.  Ka d'al el tu nxx na c'nqmsq. A person who is very rude makes people laugh.

m'àlá n.
circuitous, (following) a roundabout route. gewaya.  Qm gabka lxvk m'ala. I followed a roundabout way.

àlà v. (past alka, active noun s'àlà)
1) implicate. shafa wa kashin kaji.  I al sa u emain me. He has falsely accused me.
2) wrestling tactic. dabaran kokawa.  U kobkq d'hyaa qn s'ala. He didn't fall because he was able to avoid it.

álábé conj.

if it were. idan da.  Alabx tqm lqq s'bugu, tqm hxn d'kxmx. If I could fly I would have been happy. Variant: awabx.


àlãm c'kàtà n phrase.
mischief-making. fitina, ìiriniya.  Wa unl lqqk alqm c'kata. That child knows how to cause mischief.

àlbá v. (past alqbka)
crouch. takura, duìa.  Qkqn sootk a albqlk s'na. The children were sitting crouched.

k'àlbà n. (plural c'alba)
wrestling trick. dabaran kokawa.  U hetkqm qn k'alba. He felled me with a wrestling trick.

d'àlbîsà n. (plural c'albisa)
onion. albasa.  El nan ris s't[[ qn c'albisa. Soup can be cooked with onions. Variant: d'arbisq. From: Hausa.

àlêdé n. (plural alxdxnx)
pig. alade. From: Hausa.




àlgá v.
run away. sheìa.  Sip hivi qv gagga, kada u alga. Catch the thief and tie him up so that he cannot run away.

àlgädwã n.
kind of sweet made from boiling certain fruits. alawa.  El nan em algqdwq qn c'goga na s[[. You can make algqdwq with the fruit of certain trees; you drink it or lick it like honey. Variant: algqdwen.

àlgädwæn = algqdwq.

àlkskç vt. (active noun ù'álkó)
1) entangle, get caught in. cukwikwiye, harþe, sarìafe.  Jank alkske qn hwen an s'naa. A donkey has got its legs caught in the rope.

2) coil round and round. naþa.  Obql el nu'alkqn k'taka. A snake is coiling round a spear.


àllê = azlx.

àmá1 n. (plural c'àmá)
pus. þiwa.  U m[dk[ c'ama an noc kq d'hapa. He pressed out the pus from the boil in his armpit.

àmà2 v. (past amka)
clasp, take hold of. rungume, kama.  Am depe cqn lqv nokte. Grab those ears of corn and take them.

ámáká pùdùdù pro. (plural amaka pududunu)
the biggest, most important. manya-manya.  I nwan reen amaka pududunu. You people are the most important.

ámàmànæ adv.
in the near future, occasionally. an jima.  Amamanqv nokt va mi gyuru. Bring me an axe later.

àmbáríi excl.
exclamation of surprise   'oh my!' (lit. "My people"). o.  Ambarii! yen deli nqm nqm han? Oh my! why did I come?! Variant: ambqrii; ambqrinii.



v'àmcçkæ n.
tweezers   metal pincers used to remove thorns from your skin. matsefata.

d'ámdárkà n. (plural c'amdarka)
hammer. hamma.  El nan em c'dxklo qn d'amdarka. Tools are sharpened with a hammer.

àmgá v. (past amgska)
1) arrange, tidy, manage. kintsa, tsara, shirya, gyara.  Hav qv amg gwin kqnlo. Go and tidy that grass mat.
2) sit up properly to clear space for someone to pass. zauna. See: kamgsa.

àmmá conj.

but. amma.  Av noka la da, amma av t[n[ v'hau. Do not come, but if you wish you may come. From: Hausa.

án úbù n.
people of the house, home. mutan gida.  Qv hxnx kxm anubu haka? Have people from home come?

ànà lãkúkú adv.
northwards. arewa.  An hir sxx ka gabk lxvqn ana lqkuku. The hunters moved due north.

ànàmá c'löbõ adv.
south. kudu.  Xm dukkq lxvan anamc'l[b[. The wind blew from the south.

ándùrúkù n. (plural s'anduruku)
kind of tree. aduruku. Newbouldia laevis.  Anduruku i ce nan caa gagne qn sqn. The anduruku can be used to make fences. From: Hausa.

àngà ángà  n. (plural anga angana)
bird like Abdim's white-bellied stork. adau.  Anga'anga i nem h[d kxgx. This species of bird is like Abdim's white bellied stork.

àngàl  adv.
lamely, limping. þingishi.  Wa emk angal, qn nau nu mutis tii ni. A child limped because of his sprained leg.

v'ànînî n. (plural anini)
1) tenth of a penny. anini.  Tun wxx sqn A940   na lak nan wa c'rihin anini. In the years around A940   you could buy things for a tenth of a penny.
2) button. anini. Variant: dàpà5 (Senchi). From: Hausa.

ànyé pro.
nothing. ba kome.  I yxn sai taa han?   Anyx. What brings all this?   Nothing. Variant: anyxla.

anyxla = anyx.

ányòn adj.
of the mother's side. na shiyyan uwa.  Sai na val an lxvqn yon can na sagte. Let's wait until people from the mother's side arrive before he is buried.

àpà v.
pack away, clear away. kwashe.  {m k'vav hav qv ap win cqn lo. Take a leaf and clear away that faeces.

v'àpà n. (plural s'apa)
special forehead band. maþaurin goshi.  El nan gag v'apa rem c'walgo.

àpàlá adv.
westwards. yamma.  Hwed giik a'pala. The sun has gone west.

k'ápcò n. (plural c'apco)
clamp. maìagauciya.  El nan kam rihi qn k'apco. Something can be gripped in a clamp.

d'ápcò n. (plural c'apco)
short stick inserted into the 'leash' to tighten a drum. koriyo.  El nan h[dk d'hinq qn s'apco. Drums are adjusted with short sticks inserted into the 'leashes'.

àrà v. (past árkà, active noun v'ara)
ducking and diving while wrestling to avoid landing on knees. taþiya, tiriji, dabaran kokawa.  Noc hyan ta lqqv ar da. Another person does not know the trick (of ducking and diving).

d'àrbîsã n. (plural c'arbisq) = d'albisa.

v'àræ n. (plural s'are)
long beef; meat cut into long strips and allowed to dry raw. yanyana.  Qm waaka v'are dxxdx. I bought a strip of sun-dried meat yesterday.

d'àrmá n. (plural c'arma)

grass-roll on wall top as cushion (purlin) for frame of roof to rest on. kalankuwa, jiniya.  Txktxkqn yaak d'arma. Ants have eaten the purlin.

àró n. (plural s'aro)
seam of genitals and anus. þinkin Alla.

ás ás excl.
motion to drive away chicken. as-as. From: Hausa.

àsá v. (past aska)
scatter. watsa, zubar da.

àsç excl.
well! oh! noise expressing doubt. ashe.

àshç part.
indeed, then. From: Hausa.

àsksç v.
bathe by throwing water over one's body. yi wanka (a shawa).

áswàaná adj.
large. girma. Variant: aswanq.

át vt.
not have. ba.

d'àtá n. (plural c'ata)
bundle, coil (of dried hemp). ìunshi, þauri.

ºtärsæ v. (past atqrske)
attack, move quickly to catch something. faþa.

átç átç n.
haste, hurry. (yi) sauri, (yi) hanzari, (yi) maza.

àtæsç v. (past ateske)
start early. yi sammako, (tashi) da wuri. Variant: gada2; gata; gadese; kàtæsç.

àtékátéké n.
medium size. matsakaici.

àtróngà  n. (plural s'atronga)
kind of creeper that usually grows under the shade of big trees near the river side. ragan tsohuwa.

v'ava = v'aba.


àvà1 v. (past avka)
take (sth solid) out of liquid. fitar da.

àvà2 n. (plural avna)
crab. ìaguwa.

àv-dwírí n. (plural av dwirini)
crab species. wata irin ìaguwa.

àvgá v. (past avgka) = qvgq.

awabx = alabx.

áyá n. (plural ayana)
larva of digger wasp. hurau.

àyànyànà adj.
rich. (mai) arziki, (mai) dukiya, (mai) kuþi.

àyàwádá = ayawadx.

àyàwádê adv.
often, in many cases. sau da yawa. Variant: ayawada.

áyáwágàdæ n. (plural ayawagadne)
kind of snake. wani irin maciji.  Eps ayawagad a nan p[t da. One will not survive the bite of ayawagade. See: inqvwagade.

àz con.
in order to, that. wai.

àzlê excl.
what is it? what? wai me? Variant: allx.

àzó n. (plural azno)
a kind of water-dwelling snake. macijin ruwa.



Q - q


ä excl.
yes. na'am.  A na p[g noc tu sxs u ze q. If a person is called he will answer and say 'yes'.

ä'ã ad.
no, not, negative. babu, a'a. Variant: qqq.

ãbãsä v. (past qbqskq)

open, take off cover. buþe. See: qpqsq.

ãbú n.
abdomen, stomach. ciki, tumbi.  Noc a tu t[n az na hxn qba ru da. No one wants others to see his abdomen.

ãdãsä v. (past qdqskq)
put to shame. fallasa, jin kunya.  A noc la tu z[m hyan, nan qdqsq un d'hwen. If a person likes to gossip about others, she will one day be put to shame.

d'ãi n.
kind of traditional farm work. al'adar gargajiya.

äk pùsú n.
good luck. sa'a.

äk pùsùní n. (plural qkqn pusane)
angel. mala'ika.

ãkãlsä vt. (past qkqlskq)
scrape sth off by running finger along it. katse, kankare.

ãkãnnä v. (past qkqrkq)
split. èara.

ãkäskã v.
detach. èalle, þaiþaye, sassaìe, taya.

äkskùtù n.
kind of grass. haki mai yatsu.

k'äkù n. (plural c'qknu)
1) spider. gizogizo, tautau. gasteracantha.
2) evil spirit. ibilis, aljan, iska. Variant: qkvqn mxnkx.

ãm pro.
I (sg.). na, ni. Variant: m.

ãmänkã  v.
be choked, full (of noise, smell, etc.). sarìe, hananiya, hargowa, gumre, gubre.

än1 pro.
them, which. su. Variant: nqn.

än-än pro.

only them. kaþai. Variant: nqn nqn.


ãn2 prep.
at, in, on, from, to, by etc. a, daga. Variant: .

ãn mî adv.
inside. cikin.

ãngàu adv.
by force. tilas, ìarfi.

ãnlé adv.
why? for what? dori, damme.

änlú adv.
there. can. Variant: qnzu.

ãntämã adv.
now. yanzu.

ãntämãntämã adv.
at this minute, urgently. fafasfafas.

änzù = qnlu.

ãpãsä v. (past qpqskq)
open (esp. of eyes). buþe. See: qbqsq.

ãrmä1 n. (plural qrqmnq)
man. mutum namiji.

ãräm gyõzó n. (plural qrmqn gy[zane)
strong, brave man or warrior. jan gwarzo, farto.

ãrm¿2 n. (plural c'qrmq)
1) bravery, courage. jaruntaka.
2) virility. See: ãrmä.

äs adv.
'shoo'. as, cas.

äsä v. (past qskq, qsqskq, active noun ù'äsú)
suck breast, breast-feed, suckle. shan mama. Variant: gubqsq; qsqsq.

qsqsq = qsq.

äsmã v. (past qsqmkq, active noun u'qsmu)
eat, biting in chunks. kurmusa, murkusa.

ãu v.

lose interest in sth, be disinterested in. fidda.


ãvgä v. (past qvgkq, active noun u'qvgu)
scoop, pick sth out of liquid. tsame.

qvsaktasa = v'sakca.


B - b


1 v.
grip suddenly. danìa. See: gwxgo, kxk, dado.

2 n.
grounds.

3 adv.
first. farko.




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