How the World and Mankind Were Created



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Chapter 3 How the World and Mankind Were Created Chapter 4 The Earliest Heroes



  1. What did the Greeks think was at the very beginning of things?

  2. What were the next six creations, in order?

  3. Who was Cronus, and why was he significant?

  4. How did Zeus become the ruler of heaven and earth?

  5. Describe the Greek concept of the geography of the Earth.

  6. Briefly retell the story of Prometheus’s creation of mankind.

  7. Who was Pandora, and why was she created?

  8. Briefly retell the story of Pandora’s box.

  9. Why did Zeus punish Prometheus, and how did he do this?

  10. Who was Io?

  11. Briefly retell the story of Europa.

  12. Briefly retell te story of Polyphemus.

  13. What is the story of Narcissus?

  14. Who was Echo?

  15. What is the story of Adonis?

Part Two Stories of Love and Adventure

Chapter 5 Cupid and Psyche Chapter 6 Eight Brief Tales of Lovers


  1. Why was Venus angry at Psyche?

  2. Was Venus’s plan for revenge successful?

  3. What did Psyche discover about her mysterious husband, and what happened when she discovered it?

  4. What finally happened to Cupid and Psyche?

  5. Which lovers arranged a tryst, mistakenly thought the other had been killed, and killed themselves?

  6. Identify the lovers in the following summary. He was the son of one of the Muses, and a gifted musician. She died on their wedding day. He went to the underworld and tried, unsuccessfully, to bring her back.
  7. This man was killed at sea. Morpheus appeared to his wife and told her that her husband was dead. Then she and her dead husband were turned into birds.


  8. He fell in love with a statue that he had made. Venus brought the statue to life and they married. Who were they?

  9. What did Baucis and Philemon do?

  10. Apollo fell in love with this daughter of the river god Peneus. She did not love him. To protect her, her father turned her into a laurel tree. Who was this?

Part Two Stories of Love and Adventure continued

Chapter 7 The Quest of the Golden Fleece Chapter 8 Four Great Adventures


  1. Why was Jason’s journey significant?

  2. What was the origin of the Golden Fleece?

  3. Why did Jason undertake the search for the Golden Fleece?

  4. What were the Harpies, and how were they destroyed?

  5. Name Jason’s ship and at least one of the heroes who traveled with him.

  6. Who were the Amazons?

  7. What task did Jason have to perform for King AEetes in order to get the Golden Fleece?

  8. Who helped Jason, and why?

  9. Who were Pegasus and Bellerophon?

  10. Which father and son used wings made by the father to escape from the Labyrinth, and were they successful?

Part Three The Great Heroes Before the Trojan War

Chapter 9 Perseus Chapter 10 Theseus Chapter 11 Hercules Chapter 12 Atalanta


  1. What was the Medusa, and how did Perseus kill it?

  2. How did Perseus use Medusa’s head to help his mother?
  3. Theseus was raised in a city away from his father, King Aegeus of Athens. How did the King know that Theseus was his son when they finally met?


  4. What was the Minotaur, and how did Theseus kill it?

  5. How did Theseus change the government when he became King of Athens?

  6. Who was the strongest man on earth, and the great hero of Greece except for Athens?

  7. Why did Hercules perform his twelve labors?

  8. Briefly describe one of the twelve labors of Hercules.

  9. Whom did Atalanta tell her father she would marry?

  10. Whom did Atalanta marry, and how did he win her?

Part Four The Heroes of the Trojan War

Chapter 13 The Trojan War Chapter 14 The Fall of Troy


  1. From which source did Hamilton take most of the story of the Trojan War?

  2. What was the Judgment of Paris?

  3. What was the cause of the Trojan War?

  4. Who were the main combatants and gods on the Greek side?

  5. Who were the main combatants on the Trojan side?

  6. Who was killed during the battle between Achilles and Hector?

  7. How was Achilles killed?

  8. What did Diomedes steal from the city of Troy, and why?

  9. How did the Greeks finally get into Troy?

  10. Which of the Trojans escaped, and who helped them?

Part Four The Heroes of the Trojan War continued



Chapter 15 The Adventures of Odysseus Chapter 16 The Adventures of Aeneas


  1. From which mythology source did Edith Hamilton take the adventures of Odysseus?

  2. What caused Athena to become angry at the Greeks?

  3. How did Poseidon avenge Athena?
  4. What was happening with Penelope, wife of Odysseus, while he was trying to get home?


  5. Who was Telemachus, and what did he do?

  6. How did the Phaeacians help Odysseus?

  7. What happened to Odysseus and his men when they reached Circe’s island?

  8. Where did Odysseus have to go to find out how to get home?

  9. How did Odysseus get rid of the suitors when he arrived home?

  10. What is the source for the adventures of Aeneas?

  11. Why did Aeneas go on a journey?

  12. Who was Dido, and why was she important?

  13. What role did Juno and Venus have in the story of Aeneas?

  14. Where did Aeneas go when he left Carthage?

  15. Briefly describe the war in Italy.






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