The Definitive Reference To Cook's Life & Voyages
1. [COOK: BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. BEAGLEHOLE, J[ohn] C[awte] (editor). The Journals of Captain James Cook on His Voyages of Discovery [edited from the original manuscripts by J. C. Beaglehole, with the Assistance of J. A. Williamson, J. W. Davidson, and R. A. Skelton]. Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1955-1974. 9 vols., as follows:
Vol. I: The Voyage of the Endeavour 1768-1771. , cclxxxiv, , 684 pp., plates, maps (some folding). O’Reilly-Reitman 377. Rosove 78-1.A1 (first issue, “uncommon”).
Vol. II: The Voyage of the Resolution and Adventure 1772-1775. , clxx, 1021 pp., plates, maps (some folding). Meadows 270. O’Reilly-Reitman 394, 411, 412.
Rosove 78-3.A1 (first issue, “uncommon”).
Vol. III: The Voyage of the Resolution and Discovery 1776-1780. 2 parts in 2 vols. [Part I]: ccxxiv, 718 pp.; [Part II]: viii, -1647 pp., plates, maps (some folding). Rosove 78-5.A1 (first issue, “uncommon”).
Vol. IV: The Life of Captain James Cook.... xi [1, blank], 760 pp., plates (some folding). Meadows 431.
Rosove 28.B1 (first issue, “uncommon”).
Portfolio: Charts & Views Drawn by Cook and His Officers and Reproduced from the Original Manuscripts.... viii pp., 58 charts & views. Meadows 270. Rosove 79-1.A1 (first issue, “scarce”).
Text vols.: 5 vols., 8vo, and 1 vol., folio, original navy blue gilt with gilt titles and medallion of Cook on front boards. Very fine in dust jackets with spines slightly sunned.
With 3 related imprints:
BEAGLEHOLE, J[ohn] C[awte] (editor). Addenda and Corrigenda to Volume I: The Voyage of the Endeavor, 1768-1771. Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1968. 12 pp. 8vo, original printed blue wrappers. Slightly stained, else very good. Rosove 78-2.A1.
BEAGLEHOLE, J[ohn] C[awte] (editor). Cook and the Russians: An Addendum to the Hakluyt Society’s Edition of the Voyage of the Resolution and Discovery, 1776-1780. London: Hakluyt Society, 1973. 9 pp. 8vo, original printed blue wrappers. Slightly creased, else very good. Rosove 78-6.A1. Spence 103.
BEAGLEHOLE, J[ohn] C[awte]. “Cook the Navigator.” Pp. 27-38. 8vo, original green printed wrappers. Slightly wrinkled, else good. Offprint from Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 314 (1969).
First editions. Beddie 227, 2106 & 4762. Hill I, pp. 62-63: “Some of the most important research ever done on the Pacific”; p. 383. Hill II:286, 367. National Maritime Museum: Voyages 571, 585, 593a. O’Reilly-Reitman, p. 57: “[Ces volumes] rendent pratiquement caduc tout ce qui a paru jusqu’alors au suject de ces 3 voyages de circumnavigation.” Spence 102. Strathern 125. The definitive reference to Cook's voyages and life containing extensive commentary, notes, and supporting documents drawn from his surviving holograph journals, along with writings of crew members and other sources. A stunning achievement of modern textual and historical scholarship that will never be superseded and which presents for the first time in print many sources previously available only in manuscript. (9 vols.) ($1,200-2,400)
2. [COOK: BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. BEDDIE, M. K. Bibliography of Captain James Cook R.N., F.R.S., Circumnavigator. The Library of New South Wales. 2nd Edition. Sydney: [Trustees of the Public Library of New South Wales], 1970. xvi, 894 pp. 8vo, original blue cloth. Very fine in slightly wrinkled d.j.
Second edition, revised and extended (first edition, 1928) of the standard bibliography of Captain Cook and his associates, including realia and manuscript materials. An essential work. Rosove 29.C1: “An encyclopedic compendium.” ($20-40)
3. [COOK: BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. BISHOP MUSEUM. Brigham, William Tufts. Memoirs of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History [wrapper title]. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1899, 1902, 1906, & 1906. 4 vols., folio, original tan printed wrappers. Consisting of four works by Brigham:
Hawaiian Feather Work. Vol. I, #1 (1899). 81, ii pp., 15 color and black and white plates, text illustrations.
Stone Implements and Stone Work of the Ancient Hawaiians. Vol. 1, #4 (1902). 100 pages, black and white plates, text illustrations.
Mat and Basket Weaving of the Ancient Hawaiians. Vol. II, #1 (1906). iv, 162 pp., black and white plates, text illustrations.
Old Hawaiian Carvings Found in a Cave on the Island of Hawaii. Vol. II, #2 (1906). 20 pp., text illustrations.
Some wrappers chipped and separated, some pages and plates chipped, but generally very good. Two with contemporary ink signature of Alice Kennedy on upper wrapper.
First editions. Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 4995 (citing Vol. I, #1): “The first monograph on the subject.” A series of four original publications on Hawaiian antiquities by the distinguished scientist and educator, who was the museum’s first director and established its publication program. These publications are particularly valuable for the many illustrations they reproduce of fragile Hawaiian cultural artifacts. The Museum remains a premier Hawaiian cultural institution. (4 vols.) ($500-1,000)
4. [COOK: BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. CLARK, Thomas Blake. Omai:First Polynesian Ambassador to England: The True Story of His Voyage there in 1774 with Captain Cook; of How He Was Feted by Fanny Burney, Approved by Samuel Johnson, Entertained by Mrs. Thrale & Lord Sandwich and Painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds. [San Francisco]: Colt Press, 1940. , <115> [1, blank] pp., 1 photographic plate (portrait of Omai by Reynolds). 4to, original beige buckram over patterned rice paper over boards, printed spine label. Rice paper rubbed along edges, rear endpapers darkened, partly unopened.
First edition (limited edition, 500 copies). Beddie 4567. Hill I, p. 53. Hill II:301. O’Reilly-Reitman 501. Omai, brought to England in 1774 by Tobias Furneaux in the Adventure, was a cultural and social sensation who impressed royalty, literati, and socialites equally. He was returned to Tahiti in 1776 by Cook on his ill-fated third voyage. He was the first person from Tahiti to visit England and England’s first meaningful encounter with a living “noble savage.” ($100-200)
5. [COOK: BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. DU REITZ, Rolf. Bibliotheca Polynesiana: A Catalogue of Some of the Books in the Polynesiana Collection Formed by the Late Bjarne Kroepelien and Now in the Oslo University Library. Oslo: Heirs of Kroepelien, 1969. lxviii, , 455 pp., photographic frontispiece (portrait of Kroepelien), text printed in red and black. 4to, original black cloth, spine lettered in gilt, title stamped in gilt letters within red field on upper cover. Very fine, with prospectus/order form laid in.
First edition. Limited to 800 copies, of which 500 were for sale. This comprehensive collection sought “to bring together as many editions, impressions, issues and states as possible of each book or pamphlet in any way relating to, or printed in, French Polynesia. The Kroepelien collection is to a Pacific student what, for example, the Waller collection in Uppsala is to a student of the history of medicine” (introduction). Du Reitz’s introduction is a minor classic in the ongoing discussions of the difference between a descriptive bibliography and a catalogue. ($200-400)
6. [COOK: BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. HOLMES, Maurice. Captain James Cook, R.N., F.R.S.: A Bibliographical Excursion. London: Francis Edwards, 1952. 103 [1, blank] pp., 11 photographic plates (title pages). 8vo, original tan cloth, gilt-lettered spine. Spine faded, light uniform browning, text block slightly cracked.
Second edition (500 copies) of a work first published by Edwards in only 200 copies in 1936. Beddie 4761. Besterman I: 1480. O’Reilly-Reitman 359. Rosove 171.B1: “Scarce.” The work of a wiser and more accomplished bibliographer than was evident in the first edition, this book is one of the standard descriptive bibliographies of the literature in English relating to Cook’s voyages. ($100-200)
7. [COOK: BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. KING, Philip Gidley. Comments on Cook’s Log (H.M.S. Endeavor, 1770) with Extracts, Charts, and Sketches. April, 1891. Sydney: Charles Potter, 1892. , 30 pp., 22 plates (3 uncolored lithographed maps, 4 uncolored folded lithograph maps, 6 uncolored folded lithographed profiles, 3 uncolored lithographed profiles, 6 uncolored photographic views). 4to, contemporary purple pebble cloth with title gilt-lettered on upper cover, stapled as issued. Cloth faded, hinges starting but holding, endpapers browned, some plates uniformly lightly browned due to poor paper.
Second edition (first published Sydney, 1891). “Appendix A. Captain Cook’s Journal” (pp. 23-27) reprints an article from the October 18, 1890, Sydney Morning Herald concerning the various auctions of Cook’s original manuscript journal. Beddie 4784: “The log described is by C. Green and is held in the P. R. O., London.” Hocken, p. 416. Not in Hill or Forbes. Astronomer Charles Green (1735?-1771) was one of the valued civilian travellers aboard the Endeavor and was highly trusted by Cook for the accuracy of his observations. Beaglehole (I, pp. cxxxiii-cxxxiv) is very complimentary in his discussion of him. ($150-300)
8. [BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. SAMWELL, David. Captain Cook and Hawaii. San Francisco: David Magee; London: Francis Edwards, 1957. , x, , 2, 26,  27-34,  35-42 pp., 6 photographic plates (1 folded). 8vo, original red cloth, spine gilt, profile on front board, in plain white dust wrapper. Wrapper with minor tear and lightly browned, otherwise a very fine, mostly unopened copy.
Second edition, one of 750 copies printed by Lawton Kennedy. Beddie 1626. Kroepelien 1145. Samwell’s Narrative was first published London, 1786 (Beddie 1620, O’Reilly-Reitman 452) and is for the first time reprinted here. Samwell (1751-1798?) was a surgeon on Cook’s third voyage and supposedly an eye-witness to his death. The two main questions in the work that concerned earlier readers and now modern ones are the manner in which Cook died and whether his crews introduced venereal disease into the islands. On the former matter, Samwell believes that Cook perhaps died unnecessarily; on the latter matter, despite all evidence to the contrary, Samwell believes the disease existed in the islands before Cook arrived. ($100-200)
9. [BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. SKELTON, R[aleigh] A[shlin] (editor). James Cook, Surveyor of Newfoundland: Being a Collection of Charts of the Coast of Newfoundland and Labradore, & Drawn from Original Surveys Taken by James Cook and Michael Lane. London, Thomas Jefferys, 1769-1770. Reproduced in Fascimile from the Copy in the Library of the University of California at Los Angeles with an Introductory Essay by R. A. Skelton, Superintendent of the Map Room, British Museum. San Francisco: [text printed at Grabhorn Press, and charts printed at Meriden Gravure for] David Magee, 1965. <32>  pp., printed in red and black + 11 leaves of plates (10 fascimile charts, 6 of which are folding + facsimile title page) in portfolio. 2 vols., folio, original blue wrappers. Laid in publisher’s grey cloth box with gilt-lettered black leather spine label. Spine of portfolio slightly darkened, as usual, due to contact with cloth inside case, otherwise very fine.
Limited edition (365 sets). Beddie 1946. Grabhorn Press 649. Hill I, pp. 63-64. Hill II:370. The original charts from which the facsimiles were made are in the University of California at Los Angeles.
This survey of Newfoundland was Cook’s first substantial naval assignment and his first command of an expedition. Cook’s early experiences in the area were during the French and Indian War, when he was present at the reduction of Louisbourg. The area at the time was much disputed between France and England, and the knowledge of it that Cook gained during the surveys was highly important to his country as relations between the two countries remained strained following the French and Indian War. Treaty provisions gave France continued access to part of the area, but geographical knowledge was woefully inadequate, a situation Cook was sent to remedy.
Although understandably eclipsed by his later voyages, Beaglehole says of Cook’s work here: “Cook was to carry out many accomplished pieces of surveying, in one part of the world or another, but nothing he ever did later exceeded in accomplishment his surveys of the southern and western sides of Newfoundland from 1763-1767” (Vol. V, p. 69). As Bernard de Voto remarks, because of this survey, when Cook finally surveyed the western American coast, he became the first man in history to know how wide North America really is (Course of Empire). For a detailed discussion of the contemporary publications of Cook’s North American surveys and of their importance, see R. A. Skelton & R. V. Tooley, “The Marine Surveys of James Cook in North America, 1758-1768,” in R. V. Tooley, The Mapping of America (London: Holland, 1980), pp. -206. ($400-800)
10. [BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. ZIMMERMANN, Henry. Zimmermann’s Account of the Third Voyage of Captain Cook, 1776-1780. Translatedc by Miss U. Tewsley...With a Few Explanatory Notes.... Wellington: W. A. G. Skinner, Government Printer, 1926. Alexander Turnbull Library Bulletin #2. 49 pp., text illustrations (title pages), 2 photographic plates (Death of Cook), folded map. 8vo, original grey printed wrappers, stapled. Small stain at lower right, otherwise very good.
First edition in English of Zimmermann’s work, based on the Mannheim, 1781, edition. Beaglehole III, p. ccvi. Beddie 1634. O’Reilly-Reitman 425. Strathern 631(iii). Wickersham 6573d. This is a different translation from that done by Michaelis and French (see item 10 below). ($100-200)
11. [BIBLIOGRAPHY & SUPPORTING MATERIAL]. ZIMMERMANN, Heinrich. Zimmermann’s Captain Cook. An Account of the Third Voyage of Captain Cook around the World, 1776-1780, by Henry Zimmermann...and Translated from the Mannheim Edition of 1781 by Elsa Michaelis and Cecil French. Toronto: Ryerson, . xiv, , 120 pp., photographic frontispiece (scene), 1 folded map, text illustrations (title pages, maps). 8vo, original blue cloth, spine gilt-lettered, device gilt on upper cover, partly unopened. Spine spotted and faded, cloth faded and spotted, interior very clean. A very good copy.
Limited edition (#234 of 250 copies). Beaglehole III, p. ccvi. Beddie 1635. O’Reilly-Reitman 426. Strathern 631(iv). This is the second translation into English, the first being published in 1926 (see item 10 above). The four charts by Lieutenant James Burney appear here for the first time, and the documentation is considerably more extensive than in the 1926 edition. ($150-300)
B. COOK’S THREE VOYAGES
“Cook earned his place in history by opening up the Pacific to western civilization” (Printing & the Mind of Man)
12. HAWKESWORTH, John. An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, and Successively Performed by Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Cartaret, and Captain Cook, in the Dolphin, the Swallow, and the Endeavor: Drawn up from the Journals which Were Kept by the Several Commanders, and from the Papers of Joseph Banks, Esq.... London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1773. 4 vols. as follows:
Vol. I: , xxxiv, , 456 pp.
Vol. II: xiv, 410 pp.
Vol. III: 395 [1, blank] pp.
Atlas: 26 maps (11 folding), 26 plates (4 folding).
Total for First Voyage: 52 leaves of copper-engraved plates (scenes, views, Natives, flora, fauna).
Second and preferred edition (first edition 1773) of the official account, with Dalrymple’s response to the first edition and the map of the Straits of Magellan, neither of which appeared in the first edition; pagination begins anew in each vol. Bagnall 2514n. Beaglehole I, pp. cclxiii-ccliii. Beddie 650. Borba de Moraes I, pp. 394-395. Cox I, pp. 19-20 & 56-57: “One of the literary triumphs of the day.” Davidson, pp. 49-50 (“preferable to obtain a later issue”). Hill II:783 (“considered the best one”). Hocken, pp. 10-11. Holmes 5n. Kroepelien 535n. National Maritime Museum: Voyages 565. O’Reilly-Reitman 367. Palau 112562. Sabin 30934n.
COOK, James. A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World. Performed in His Majesty’s Ships the Resolution and Adventure, In the Years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775. Written by James Cook, Commander of the Resolution. In which Is Included, Captain Furneaux’s Narrative of His Proceedings in the Adventure during the Separation of the Ships.... The Third Edition. London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1779. 3 vols. as follows:
Vol. I: xxxix, , 378 pp.
Vol. II: , 396 pp., 1 folding letterpress table.
Atlas: Plates 49 plates (1 folding), 14 maps (4 folding).
Total for Second Voyage: 63 copper-engraved leaves of plates (scenes, views, Natives).
Third (and preferred) edition (first edition, 1777) of the official account, here with Discourse corrected. Bagnall 1398n. Beaglehole II, pp. cxliii-cxlviii. Beddie 1226 (incorrectly giving publication date as 1770). Cox I, p. 59n. Davidson, pp. 51-52 (“collectors tend to favor [this] edition in preference to the others”). Cf. Holmes 24. Printing & the Mind of Man 223: “Cook earned his place in history by opening up the Pacific to western civilization and by the foundation of British Australia. The world was given for the first time an essentially complete knowledge of the Pacific Ocean and Australia, and Cook proved once and for all that there was no great southern continent, as had always been believed. He also suggested the existence of Antarctic land in the southern ice ring, a fact which was not proved until the explorations of the nineteenth century.” Rosove 77.A3 (calling in error for 64 plates). Sabin 16245.
A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean. Undertaken, by the Command of His Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere. Performed under the Direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, in His Majesty’s Ships the Resolution and Discovery; in the Years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780.... The Second Edition. London: Printed by H. Hughs for G. Nicol and T. Cadell, 1785. 4 vols. as follows:
Vol. II: , 548 pp., 4 folding plates, 5 maps (2 folding).
Vol. III: , [1, verso blank], 556 pp., 1 folding plate, 5 maps (1 folding), 1 folding table.
Total for text: 16 maps, 6 plates.
Atlas: 2 folding maps, 61 plates.
Total for Third Voyage: 87 copper-engraved leaves of plates.
Second (and preferred) edition (first edition 1784). Bagnall 1399n. Beaglehole III, pp. cxcviii-cciv. Beddie 1552. Cox I, p. 63n. Davidson, pp. 52-53. Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 85. Hocken, pp. 23-24 (“This and the third are the best editions”). Holmes 47n. Howes C729a. Cf. Lada-Mocarski 37n. National Maritime Museum: Voyages 587. O’Reilly-Reitman 434. Sabin 16250. Strathern 126(ii). Wickersham 6557n.
Condition report for the set: 8 vols., 4to (text) and 3 vols., folio (atlases). The set is uniformly bound in full contemporary tree calf, spines elaborately tooled in gilt and with red and olive green morocco gilt-lettered spine labels. Some minor scuffing and shelfwear, a few joints starting but holding, a few closed tears and paper flaws. Overall a superb set, text and plates very fine and fresh in good, dark impressions. The set is to be preferred as it is found here, with all the plates and maps bound in separate volumes, which avoids folding of many of the plates (some of which are mounted), allowing the plates to be enjoyed and studied optimally. Rarely found thus. Third voyage text and all atlases with engraved armorial bookplates of Alexander Speirs on pastedowns (provided in facsimile in the first and second text vols.; however all vols. have the same contemporary pressmark in ink manuscript on title pages). The Death of Cook plate is not present in the second voyage (as is often the case); it was issued and inserted after publication and is found in few copies.
These official accounts of Cooks’ three voyages constitute a unique record of the most important series of Pacific explorations ever undertaken. Cook was the supreme navigator of the eighteenth century, and as Beaglehole notes: “There are statutes and inscriptions, but Geography and Navigation are his memorials” (Life of Captain James Cook, p. 713). Although Cook enjoyed a measure of confidence from the Admiralty, it was not until his first circumnavigation that he became famous and entrusted with even more such voyages. The first voyage, organized at the request of the Royal Society to observe the Transit of Venus at Tahiti, left in August, 1768, and returned in July, 1771, having accomplished all its objectives and made several additional discoveries. One important aspect of this account is its foreshadowing of Cook’s conclusion that the elusive Southern Continent did not exist. In more concrete terms, Cook was the first European to set foot in and to circumnavigate New Zealand and discovered Botany Bay.
John Hawkesworth was entrusted to write the account, much to the disgruntlement of Alexander Dalrymple, who, along with others, viciously attacked his rival. Hawkeworth’s rendition of the voyage has been criticized because the reader was unable to distinguish between his voice and that of Cook. It is theorized that the Sturm und Drang caused by the attacks hastened his death. It was not until 1893 that Cook’s original journal was published and readers could see exactly what Cook wrote, as opposed to what Hawkesworth interpolated or provided.
Cook’s second voyage was intended specifically to discover if the Southern Continent existed by sailing around the world as far south as possible. The expedition left England in July, 1772, and returned July, 1775, after again circumnavigating the earth. On this voyage, Cook proved definitively that there was no merit to the antipodean theory, and he and his crew became the first Europeans to sail below the Antarctic Circle. Cook also made other significant explorations of the Pacific before returning home, such as the discovery or re-discovery of Easter Island, the Tonga Islands, and Tahiti. One of the reasons this voyage is famous is that of the whole crew only a single man was lost, and scurvy was effectively prevented.
Although the official narrative is generally by Cook and he was assigned to write it, John Douglas had a large hand in its completion. Again, this is another of the narratives that became embroiled in controversy. J. R. Forster, the naturalist on the voyage, believed he was delegated to write the work but could not come to terms with the Admiralty, who gave the assignment to Cook himself. Not to be outdone, Forster supposedly persuaded his son to write a version, and that publication preceded the official account, again setting off acrimonious literary debates.
Having apparently settled the question of the Southern Continent on his second voyage, on the third voyage Cook was dispatched to the other end of the globe to search for the Northwest Passage. Leaving in July, 1776, the ships returned in October, 1780. Again, Cook was successful in his mission and the idea of such a passage was fairly laid to rest after the expedition returned. More important to modern readers, however, is the fact that Cook discovered Hawaii, thereby opening up another entire exotic civilization to European view. Regrettably, Cook lost his life in those islands, and Clerke, his successor, also lost his later in the voyage. The expedition returned under the command of King.
Again, it fell to Douglas to prepare the official narrative for publication; King prepared his own narrative, which completes the work. Because of Cook’s death, European interest in this voyage was more intense than that shown in the previous voyages, and hyperbole would be too mild to quantify the horrified reaction to the news of his demise. For more on the third voyage, the most important of the voyages for Pacific Northwest, see Item 25 herein.
Immediately after publication of this voyage, the wheels of publication commerce began to grind and have ground on ever since. Cook’s voyages have been in print continuously ever since in one form or the other.
“Cook's three voyages form the basis for any collection of Pacific books” (Hill 358). The accumulated iconography contained in the three voyages gave Europe in many cases its first real depictions of Pacific cultures because Cook was the earliest explorer to make extensive use of professional artists to capture scenes, events, and people. When one considers that not all of the drawings were published, that some were not published until the twentieth century, and that many remain unpublished to this day, the breadth of his visual accomplishments becomes clear. Because Europeans eventually altered many of the civilizations and environments they encountered by such activities as proselytizing and introducing exotic species such as goats and rabbits, Cook’s depictions of civilizations encountered are crucial tranches de vie capturing their subjects at a time before they were altered or obliterated forever. (For more on the iconography of Cook’s voyages, see Joppien & Smith). Landforms, which tend to be permanent, are also captured for the first time in his works and many of his observations on geography and his maps remain correct to this day. Cf. Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 695-699, 701.
(11 vols.) ($30,000-60,000)
“First Published Account of Cook’s First Circumnavigation”--Streeter
13. [COOK’S FIRST VOYAGE]. [MAGRA, James (attributed)]. A Journal of a Voyage round the World, In His Majesty's Ship Endeavour, In the Years 1768, 1769, 1770, and 1771; Undertaken in Pursuit of Natural Knowledge, at the Desire of the Royal Society: Containing All the Various Occurrences of the Voyage, with Descriptions of Several New Discovered Countries in the Southern Hemisphere; and Accounts of their Soil and Productions; and of Many Singularities in the Structure, Apparel, Customs, Manners, Policy, Manufactures, &c. of Their Inhabitants. To which is Added, A Concise Vocabulary of the Language of Otahitte. London: T. Becket and P. A. De Hondt, 1771. , 130,  pp. 4to, contemporary polished calf, red and green gilt-lettered morocco spine labels. Spine labels chipped with loss, small pieces wanting from spine, upper hinge separated, lower hinge starting, first few leaves lightly foxed. With old library label and printed book label of Thomas W. Streeter on front pastedown, with his pencil notes on flyleaf. Overall, a very good copy internally.
First edition (first issue with the dedication leaf suppressed in the second issue) of the first printed account of Cook’s first voyage and his discovery of the eastern coast of Australia. Bagnall 3324. Beaglehole I, pp. cclvi-cclxiv. Beddie 693. Cox I, pp. 54-55. Davidson, pp. 53-54. Hill II:1066 (second issue). Hocken, p. 9. Holmes 3. Kroepelien 215. O'Reilly-Reitman 362. Sabin 4246 & 16242. Streeter Sale 2405 (this copy).
The Journal was published two months after Cook’s return and nearly two years before Hawkesworth’s 1773 official Account of the Voyages. Although publisher Becket’s dedication is fulsome, the dedicatees, James Solander and Joseph Banks, promptly withdrew association with this clandestine publication, insisting that the dedication be withdrawn. Wood, in Discovery of Australia, attributed authorship to an American seaman, James Magra (also known as Matra). Beaglehole discusses the authorship problem at length, and while not rejecting Magra, he does feel that there is evidence indicating some other person may be the author. See also: Alan Frost, The Precarious Life of James Mario Matra: Voyager with Cook, American Loyalist, Servant of Empire (Melbourne, 1995).
The work is a short, but interesting narrative of Cook’s first voyage, which relates his visits to Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia, New Guinea, Batavia, and Rio de Janeiro. The author is noteworthy because he is one of the few to criticize Cook in any meaningful way. Despite problems with the accuracy of the text, this work will always hold the place of being the first account of that voyage and the first account in print of the Australian coast. In translation, it also gave the French their first account of that voyage. ($30,000-60,000)
first official account of Cook’s first voyage
14. [COOK’S FIRST VOYAGE]. HAWKESWORTH, John. An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, and Successively Performed by Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, and Captain Cook...Drawn up from the Journals which Were Kept by the Several Commanders, and from the Papers of Joseph Banks.... London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1773. 3 vols., as follows:
Vol. I: , xxxvi, , -138, 139/360, [1, blank], , -676 pp. (140-359 omitted in numbering), 20 (17 folding; maps, charts, views).
Vol. II: xv , 410 pp., 22 plates (19 folding; maps, charts, scenes, views, fauna, antiquities, costume).
Vol. III: , -799 [1, blank], 9 plates (6 folding; figures, antiquities, scenes, views, maps, charts, fauna).
Total: 51 copper-engraved plates(maps, charts, views, etc.)
3 vols., 4to, full contemporary tree calf (skillfully rebacked, original gilt-lettered and decorated calf spines and labels preserved). Light shelf wear, corners bumped; some offsetting of plates, a few tears in leaves expertly mended, light scattered browning and foxing, including plates; in Vol. II, River Thames plate trimmed at top into neat line with very slight loss. With printed bookplate of Thomas Ballantyne Hyslop affixed to front pastedown of each volume. Overall a very good set with plates in strong impressions.
First edition of the first official account of Cook’s first voyage, commissioned by the British Admiralty. According to Holmes, early issues have continuous pagination (as here) and were bound without the later added “Chart of the Streight of Magellan” (not present in this copy). This copy has the directions for placing the cuts (Vol. I, sig. f, bound between sig. e and B), which according to Holmes, are found in later issues of the first edition. Beaglehole I, ccxlii-ccliii. Beddie 648. Cox I, pp. 19-20, 56-57. Davidson, pp. 49-50. Hill I, p. 139. Hill II:782. Hocken, pp. 10-11. Holmes 5. JCB III:1863. Kroepelien 535. O’Reilly-Reitman 367. Palau 112562. Sabin 30934 (“This is the Narrative of Cook’s first voyage and forms an indispensable part of a series of Cook’s voyages. The first edition is preferred for its plates”).
Although Cook had proved his worth to the Admiralty on his Newfoundland surveys, it was his first circumnavigation on the Endeavour, recounted here, that secured his access to further and more important commands. Sent to Tahiti to observe the Transit of Venus, Cook successfully completed that task before setting off on a veritable discovery cruise around the Pacific meant to establish British preeminence in the area and claim territory for the nation. Before he was done, he would discover or map many new geographical features, among them the Society Islands, New Zealand, and the east coast of Australia in a voyage that documented nearly 5,000 miles of coastline and lasted about three years. The voyage also helped discredit even further the so-called counterpoise theory and the existence of a Terra Australis. Other voyages covered here in Volume I include those by Byron, Carteret, and Wallis, during which were discovered and charted such places as Pitcairn Island, the Gilberts, and Tahiti.
The glories accorded Cook by Hawkesworth in this edition brought forth a furious response this same year from the eclipsed Alexander Dalrymple, who was not alone. As Beaglehole dryly remarks, “Connoisseurs of abuse, indeed, may do worse than study the observations made, from time to time, upon his production” (I, ccxliii). This edition has been criticized because Hawkesworth fails to distinguish between his own statements and those of Cook himself, a situation not remedied until 1893 when Wharton edited Cook’s original account.
Hawkesworth utters this prophetic statement, which came all too true later in Cook’s case: “I cannot however dismiss my Readers to the following narratives, without expressing the regret with which I have recorded the destruction of poor naked Savages, by our firearms, in the course of these expeditions.... [I]t must be considered, that if such expeditions are undertaken, the execution of them must be intrusted to persons not exempt from human frailty; to men who are liable to provocation by sudden injury, to unpremeditated violence by sudden danger, to error by the defect of judgment or the strength of passion...so that every excess thus produced is also an inevitable evil” (I, xvii). ($5,000-10,000)
“he held a pencil, not a musket”
15. [COOK’S FIRST VOYAGE]. PARKINSON, Sydney. A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas, in His Majesty’s Ship, the Endeavour. Faithfully Transcribed from the Papers of the Late Sydney Parkinson, Draughtsman to Joseph Banks, Esq. on His Late Expedition, with Dr. Solander, Round the World. Embellished with Views and Designs, Delineated by the Author, and Engraved by Capital Artists. London: Printed for Stanfield Parkinson, and Sold by Richardson and Urquhart, Evans, Hooper, Murray, Leacroft, and Riley, 1773. xxiii [1, blank], 212, [2, errata] pp., 27 copper-engraved plates, most after Parkinson’s original art work (Natives, artifacts, costumes, sailing vessels, scenes, view), copper-engraved map (Map of the Coast of New Zealand Discovered in the Years 1769 and 1770, by I. Cook, Commander of His Majesty's Bark Endeavour. [lower right below neat line] B. Longmate sculpsit. 4to (34 cm tall), contemporary marbled boards expertly rebacked and with new corners in recent sympathetic tan calf, spine with gilt decorations in compartments, original gilt-lettered red morocco label retained, spine with raised bands, original endpapers retained. Boards moderately rubbed (with a few voids) and with a few ink spots, interior fine except for occasional foxing and offsetting to plates. Overall a fine copy, with the plates in strong impression. Contemporary ink inscription on front pastedown of Nicholas Nicholas dated 1773. Sabin, John Russell Bartlett, and Rich all note “Large Paper,” the misinterpretation of which has given rise to the apparent myth of large paper copies.
First edition, first issue (without the added two leaves of Parkinson’s letters, rarely found here). Bagnall 4466. Beaglehole I, pp. ccliii-cclv. Beddie 712. Davidson, pp. 54-56. Cox I, p. 58. Hill I, pp. 223-224. Hill II:1308. Hocken, p. 12-13. Holmes 7. JCB III:1875. Kroepelien 944. National Maritime Museum Voyages 564. Pritzel 6935: “Plants for use of food, medicine, etc. in Otaheite p. 35-50.” O’Reilly-Reitman 371. Rich, p. 577. Sabin 58787. Streeter Sale 2406. Wickersham C6557a.
Parkinson (1745?-1771) was one of the tragic figures of Cook’s first voyage, both in life and to a certain extent in death. Of humble Quaker origins, he came to Banks’ notice and was offered the position of draughtsman on Cook’s first voyage, a position he filled to apparently universal applause. He did not survive long, however, after the expedition left Batavia and was buried at sea, a young man full of promise who remained unrealized to a large extent.
Upon the Endeavour’s return to England, his brother, Stanfield, attempted to recover his brother’s effects from Banks, apparently believing he had been made executor of his brother’s estate in a will signed before Sydney left England. In a plot worthy any Renaissance playwright, the story of Stanfield’s efforts to recover his brother’s possessions is recounted here in the Preface, which was actually written by Dr. William Kenrick. Banks is portrayed in the Preface as a deceiving, scheming, and underhanded man who would do or say practically anything to keep possession of Sydney’s better materials, including his writings. Even the intervention of John Fothergill could not smooth things over, although in the end Banks somewhat relented and lent Sydney’s papers to Stanfield. Despite the usual disclaimers of hating to say such things about men of “whose superior talents and situation in life better things might be expected” (p. v), Kenrick and Stanfield lay on the lash with relish. The entire performance is an interesting insight into eighteenth-century publishing imbroglios, situations that would be repeated in publications relating to Cook’s next two voyages. Banks bullying performance is herein ironically commented upon visually in the frontispiece, which is a fine, delicately rendered portrait of Sydney that no doubt raised sympathies in the reader’s mind for its subject.
Stanfield and Kenrick lost no time in getting the papers edited and ready for press, although Sydney’s journal was not available and is apparently lost. Even in that enterprise, however, they were frustrated by others more powerful than they. Hawkesworth obtained an injunction stopping publication of Parkinson’s work until his own official account had appeared, although Parkinson, because he was Banks’ private employee, was under no compunction to withhold publication until the official account had appeared. In an apparent fit of pique, and probably egged on by Banks, Hawkesworth omitted any mention of Parkinson’s name in his account. In the end, all this intrigue and nastiness seems to have hastened Stanfield’s death.
Be all that as it may, Parkinson’s Journal and its accompanying plates are early, rich sources for Cook’s first voyage, and the modern reader may regret the possibilities lost when Sydney Parkinson slipped into the seas. An accomplished observer and also something of a linguist, Parkinson recorded early vocabularies and observations about South Sea languages and “may fairly be said to have inaugurated the study of Pacific linguistics” (Joppien & Smith).
Parkinson also recounted in a lively, graceful, insightful way incidents and observations of the people and places encountered on the voyage. Parkinson, for example, early on recognized the sometimes improper use of firearms against the natives, a situation that disturbed Cook himself and has continued to draw comments from modern scholars. He recounts an instance in which a Native managed to seize a piece of cloth from a sailor: “... but as soon as the young man had taken it, his companions paddled away as fast as possible, shouting, and brandishing their weapons as if they had made a great prize; and, being ignorant of the power of our weapons, thought to have carried it off securely; but a musket was fired at them from the stern of the ship: the young man fell down immediately, and it is probable, was mortally wounded, as we did not see him rise again. What a severe punishment of a crime committed, perhaps, ignorantly!” (p. 104). As Joppien & Smith note: “...he held a pencil, not a musket” (Vol. I, p. 23).
Beaglehole (I, pp. cclxviii-ccllxxi), discusses in general the hundreds of images left by this talented amateur artist. In this work, which gave Europeans early views of the South Pacific, the drawings were engraved on copper by John Newton, Richard Barnard Godfrey, Thomas Chambers, Samuel Middiman, Peter Mazell, W. Darling, and Barak Longmate (the elder), who engraved the map. No doubt, the care and expense that Stanfield was exerting to create a beautiful and expensive monument to his brother may also have excited Hawkesworth’s jealousies. It is generally conceded that the images in this volume are the most handsome of the first voyage.
The engravings in this volume reveal a draughtsman of surprising ability and insight. The views of the Tahitian natives produced here are the only form in which those are known, the originals being lost, although it is his renderings of Maoris that are some of the more famous and widely reproduced such views from the first voyage. He seemed especially fascinated by tattoos and recorded several faces in which such ornamentation figured prominently. His depictions of Natives are engaging, lifelike, and animated. He also drew numerous pictures of plant life apparently, but in a final twist of publishing fate, both he and his brother had their revenge on Banks, who apparently persuaded Hawkesworth to omit Parkinson’s name from the twenty-three illustrations by him that appeared in the official account. When the modern edition of Cook’s Florilegium (see no. 18 below) appeared, it included some of Parkinson’s drawings, which indicates that even though Hawkesworth may have suppressed all mention of him in the official account, Banks apparently thought enough of him to have his drawings transferred to copper plates at the time. With that publication, Parkinson finally was repaid in part the debts owed his abilities by those who conspired against him. ($8,000-16,000)
Paul Revere Engraving & Thomas W. Streeter’s copy
16. [COOK’S FIRST VOYAGE]. HAWKESWORTH, John. A New Voyage, Round the World in the Years 1768, 1769, 1770, and 1771; Undertaken by Order of His Present Majesty, Performed by, Captain James Cook, in the Ship Endeavour, Drawn up from His Own Journal, and from the Papers of Joseph Banks.... New York: James Rivington, 1774. , 17 [1, blank], 4, , 260 pp. (223-229 for 222-228), 1 copper-engraved folded frontispiece (Dramatic Interlude & Dance given by the Indians of Ulietea performed by two Women & Six Men with three Drums, lower right: P[aul] Revere scp.), 1 copper-engraved folded map (untitled folding map of the world showing Cook and Bougainville’s voyages; lower right: Pretracted by B[ernard]. Romans) + , 250 pp. (147 for 247), 1 copper-engraved folded frontispiece (A New Zealand Warriour and Two Natives of New Holland.). 2 vols., 8vo, full contemporary American speckled sheep, red gilt-lettered leather spine labels. Spines and labels faded and rubbed, minor voids to sheep, corners bumped, Vol. I joint weak, all hinges starting or open though holding, scattered light to moderate foxing and staining throughout, including plates. Vol. I, pp. 91-92 with small void costing a few letters, tear mended at Vol. I, p. 151 (no loss). Map missing small section of lower left corner into neat line. Overall a very good copy in original condition of the much-sought edition with patriot Paul Revere’s work. With book label of Thomas W. Streeter on Vol. I pastedown and contemporary ink signature of T. Cary on both title pages. Exceptionally rare.
First American edition, second issue (with subscriber list ending on p. 17 and Cook’s name spelled correctly on title) of the first publication of Cook’s first voyage to appear in the British North American colonies. Andrews, Revere, pp. 53-55. Beddie 656. Brigham, Revere, pp. 102-105. Evans 13324. Holmes 9. Kroepelien 538. Sabin 16269 & 30936. Streeter Sale 2407 (this copy): “The frontispiece by Paul Revere and the Romans map make this a distinguished book.” Wroth, “The Early Cartography of the Pacific,” pp. 227-228. Not in Hill. This edition is based on Vols. II and III of the 1773 London edition published by Strahan & Cadell. Although the plate in Vol. II is not signed, it is attributed to Revere by Andrews. Brigham, however, rejects the attribution.
The frontispiece of Tahitian girls dancing déshabillé in Vol. I is based on Plate VII in Vol. II of the 1773 London edition of Hawkesworth, here considerably reduced and showing somewhat vaguer anatomical correctness than the London edition. The frontispiece to Vol. II shows a New Zealand warrior and New Holland warriors, based on Plates 15 and 27 in Parkinson’s Voyage, 1773. The map, however, seems to be an original American contribution to Cook iconography. Romans’ map shows the entire circumnavigation, a route not shown in the London edition and apparently “pretracted” by Romans partially from the text. Hordern House discusses the map, commenting: “The highly important first American publication of Cook’s first voyage, the first American work to publish details of the Australian east coast, with a map which is the first serious American depiction of a complete Australian continent” Parsons Collection 91.
A classic case of colonial piracy, brought out by Rivington to rival and undercut the imported London edition: “Whosoever would purchase the English Edition of the late Voyage round the World ... must give Three Guineas for it; which excessive price has engaged James Rivington’s Proposing to the public, a complete edition of that work...for one dollar and a half” (quoted in Holmes). Judging from the subscribers’ list, the interest in the work was intense and widespread. Subscriptions came in from all parts of the British North America colonies, including Quebec, Jamaica, Antigua, and Dominica. People of all social classes subscribed, including luminaries such as John Adams, William Franklin, and Silas Deane. Numerous printers also took subscriptions, no doubt for resale. The five subscribers at Pensacola were likely recruited by engraver Bernard Romans himself, George III’s botanist for West Florida, as is noted by his name in the first subscribers’ list. ($10,000-20,000)
First Publication of Botanical Plates from the First Voyage
17. [COOK’S FIRST VOYAGE]. Captain Cook’s Florilegium. Lion and Unicorn Press, 1973. Text printed in various ink colors, 30 uncolored engravings. Folio (64 x 49 cm), black Nigerian goatskin and Japanese silk, housed in a black buckram clamshell case (by Zaehnsdorf). Very fine, as issued, with prospectus (lightly browned), list of subscribers, and other ephemera laid in. Provenance: Anthony Rota.
First edition, limited edition (#56 of 100 copies, fully subscribed). Beddie 935. Carter, p. 268. Stafleu V, p. 852. See also Joy Law, Captain Cook's Florilegium: A Note on its Production (Lion & Unicorn Press, 1976).
The story of the appearance of these plates, based on drawings made during the first voyage, is one of fortunate preservation. Bank’s, upon his return to England, commissioned copperplate engravings of artwork done by him, Daniel Solander, and Sydney Parkinson. More than 700 plates were cut and proofs were taken, but the project never got beyond that stage, and the plates ended up in the British Museum. In 1900-1905, a series of 318 plates based on the proofs produced by lithography appeared under the general title Illustrations of Australian Plants.... It was not until the present edition, however, that any reproductions pulled from the original copperplate engravings were ever done. Produced after over twelve years of planning, as discussed by Law, this work is considered one of the finest botanical books ever printed. ($10,000-20,000)
“First Printed Account of Man’s Entry into the Region South of Antarctic Circle”—Spence
18. [COOK’S SECOND VOYAGE]. [MARRA, John]. Journal of the Resolution’s Voyage, in 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775. On Discovery to the Southern Hemisphere, by which the Non-Existence of an Undiscovered Continent, between the Equator and the 50th Degree of Southern Latitude, is Demonstratively Proved. Also a Journal of the Adventure's Voyage, in the Years 1772, 1773, and 1774. With an Account of the Separation of the Two Ships, and the Most Remarkable Incidents that Befel each... London: F. Newbery, 1775. xiii , 328 pp., 1 copper-engraved folded map (untitled map showing the routes to the Pacific), 5 copper-engraved plates (scenes, views). 8vo, contemporary sheep laid down, spine with raised bands (rebacked with nineteenth-century calf, earlier red gilt-lettered red morocco spine label retained). Spine faded, headcap neatly restored, upper joint split and lower hinge professionally strengthened. Binding rubbed, stained, and with some voids (some filled at time of rebacking in the nineteenth century). Scattered foxing and staining to text, more pronounced towards end of text block. Map in fine condition, some mild staining to a few plates. Contemporary ink signature of H. Edwards, surgeon, Carnavan, 1776, on title page and an ink manuscript note apparently in his hand on p. 19. A fair copy of a very rare book.
First edition, first issue (with D2 uncancelled), of the first authentic account of Cook’s second voyage to be published and the “first printed account of man's entry into the region South of Antarctic Circle” (Spence). Beaglehole II, pp. cliii-clv.Beddie 1270. Cox I, pp. 58-59. Davidson, p. 60: “A vital second voyage item.” Hill I, p. 160. Hill II:1087. Hocken, p. 14: “A very rare account.” Holmes 16. Kroepelien 809. O’Reilly-Reitman 379. Rosove 214.A1. Sabin 16247. Spence 758. Streeter Sale 2408.
Although this work seems to be the product of a fairly illiterate man who just happened to come upon an editor who knew how to inflate his story to the point that it filled a volume, it is nevertheless considered valuable for many of the details it adds about the second voyage, many of which did not appear in the official account published eighteen months later. Apparently Marra’s ghost writer was David Henry, who was in charge of the Gentleman’s Magazine. As Beaglehole remarks: “He had already had experience in compiling voyages, and would have had no difficulty in knocking together Marra’s journal, or notes, and other materials” (Vol. II, p. cliv).
Among material not found in the official account is the story of how Joseph Banks and his associates came to withdraw from the voyage, leaving the Forsters to fill their places. Another interesting sidelight is that Marra includes the first reports of mirages in the Antarctic region (see below).
Newbery also seems to have had a good sense of public appetite for this work because he went to the trouble and expense of having six copperplates engraved for illustrations, probably not a cost borne by Marra himself. The map is the first to show a ship track that went south of the Antarctic Circle and one of the plates is the first to show a landscape from the area.
Launched to discover the truth about the rumored Southern Continent, Cook’s second voyage laid to rest the theory of its existence. The author’s entry for January 26, 1774, may serve to sum up the entire question: “At eleven crossed the antarctic circle to the southward for the 2d time, and hauled up S. E. by E. where they were persuaded land was. But to their great disappointment, the farther they sailed, the farther the land seemed to bear from them; and at length it wholly vanished” (p. 123). Cook did predict, however, that Antarctica would be found farther south.
Of almost equal importance to its geographical discoveries, however, are the revelations the voyage held for maritime health. Of 118 men on the voyage, only one died of disease. The diary entry for November 6, 1773, notes: “But while the crew was thus kept to labour, the greatest attention was paid to their health: they had every day plenty of celery, scurvy-grass, and other wholesome plants to boil with their pease, in which likewise a quantity of portable soup was always an ingredient” (p. 101). On December 9, 1773, the entry notes: “This day, by Doctor’s order, served pickled cabbage to the ship’s company” (p. 109). So valuable a substance was cabbage that Cook ordered four tons of the salted variety for the voyage in addition to a novel carrot marmalade. Thus, insensibly, did medical science make great inroads into preserving health on long ocean voyages. ($7,500-15,000)
“Indispensable Supplement to Cook”—Beaglehole
19. [COOK’S SECOND VOYAGE]. FORSTER, Johann Georg Adam. A Voyage Round the World, in His Britannic Majesty’s Sloop, Resolution, Commanded by Captain James Cook, during the Years 1772, 3, 4, and 5. London: B. White, J. Robson, P. Elmsly, and G. Robinson, 1777. xviii, , 602, [2, errata leaf] pp., 1 copper-engraved folding map (Chart of the Southern Hemisphere According to the Latest Discoveries: With the Tracks of the Resolution, Capn Cook; and the Adventure, Capn Furneaux; from 1772, to 1775)+ , 607 [1, blank] pp. 2 vols., 4to, contemporary full polished calf, marbled endpapers (very skillfully rebacked with new period-style extra-gilt-decorated spine with gilt-lettered red and green leather spine labels, raised bands). Binding lightly scuffed and worn, Vol. I upper hinge starting. Interiors fine. Map crisp and excellent. A very good set.
First edition, with mispaginations as called for in Rosove but without cancel leaves in Vol. I.Bagnall 2012. Beaglehole II, p. cxlviii-clii (“indispensable supplement to Cook”). Beddie 1247. Cox I, pp. 6061. Davidson, pp. 61-62. Hill I, p. 108. Hill II:625. Hocken, pp. 16-17. Holmes 23. Kroepelien 450. Meadows 274. National Maritime Museum: Voyages 478. O’Reilly-Reitman 382. Rosove 132.A1: “Scarce.” Sabin 25130. Spence 464.
Forster’s alternative account of Cook's second voyage was published some six weeks before the official account. The author and his father, Johann Reinhold, sailed as naturalists on Cook's second voyage aboard the Resolution. Cook made the first crossing of the Antarctic Circle on this voyage, discovered the South Sandwich Islands and dispelled the idea of a Great Southern Continent. Although originally it was supposedly intended that the senior Forster would write the official account of the voyage, a dispute arose over payment, and this unofficial account written by them both was issued under the son's name only and in advance of the official account printed by Strahan and Cadell the same year.
Although this is an important and necessary addition to Cook's account, it was, nevertheless, criticized on grounds of authorship and its failure to acknowledge material derived from Cook's journal. Beaglehole, however, charitably remarks, “Whatever may be thought of the Forsters, and their relations with their fellow human beings, it must be admitted that this is a remarkable performance for a young man of twenty-two.... [T]here is more than one passage that, no doubt not in the front rank of English satirical or descriptive writing, yet has a force and charm beyond the reach of a great number of English professional writers of the time” (I, pp. cxlix-cl). Both volumes contain examples of indigenous music. ($4,000-8,000)
20. [COOK’S SECOND VOYAGE]. WALES, William. Remarks on Mr. Forster’s Account of Captain Cook’s Last Voyage round the World, in the Years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775. London: J. Nourse, 1778. , 110 pp. 8vo, late nineteenth- or early twentieth-century three-quarter brown polished calf over blue marbled boards, raised bands, gilt-lettered tan spine label. Binding worn and rubbed, missing lower third of spine, corners bumped. Front hinge open but holding, title page lightly foxed, scattered pencil marks, light browning and staining to a few leaves, with the deletion on p. 48. Old ink shelf marks on front pastedown and upper right blank margin of title page; ink stamp of Admiralty Library on front pastedown; cancelled Office Hydrographical ink stamp on title page.
First edition of one of the rarest Cook pieces. Beaglehole II, pp. cli-ii. Beddie 1292. Cox I, p. 61. Davidson, p. 61 ("an extremely rare item"). Hocken, p. 19. Holmes 30. Kroepelien. 1335. O’Reilly-Reitman 388. Rosove 343.A1.b. Sabin 101031. Spence 1236. Streeter Sale 2413. Not in Hill.
This merciless attack is in response to remarks made by George and John Forster in their A Voyage Round the World (see lot 20 above) and, more particularly, in reaction to John’s Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Sandwich. Wales (1734?-1798) was a mathematician who accompanied Cook on his second and third voyages primarily to make various astronomical and mathematical observations. Forster had had the bad grace to cast aspersions on Cook, Wales, and some of Cook’s officers in his hastily published account of the second voyage. In a vituperative mood, Wales castigates both father and son, advancing the proposition that the narrative was published under the son’s name merely to protect and hide his father’s illegal role in the work. Going through Forster’s book page by page, Wales refutes many points and interpretations advanced there, at one point even accusing the Forsters of fornicating with Native women (p. 55). Wales’ indignation at Forster’s remarks about the Natives is palpable. In general, history seems to agree that the Forsters did not deserve the treatment they received here. John Knox Laughton in the DNB (“Forster, Johan”) states Wales attacked “with more ill-nature than good judgment,” and Davidson concludes Wales’ “attack really arose from the ill-feeling that developed towards these German scientists” (p. 62). ($20,000-40,000)
“A few copies of these pages were issued separately for the benefit of owners of earlier editions”—Holmes
21. [COOK’S SECOND VOYAGE]. WALES, William. [Caption title]: “A Defence of the Arguments Advanced, In the Introduction to Captain Cook’s Last Voyage, Against the Existence of Cape Circumcision.” [London, 1785]. 557-564 pp. 4to, untrimmed. No evidence of ever having been bound. Light browning at upper blank margins, edge curling. Preserved in blue morocco folding case. Laid in is a typed page of David Magee’s cataloguing notes on his letterhead.
First quarto printing.Not in Rosove. A publisher’s overrun of signature 4D of Vol. III of Cook, A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, third edition (London: Hughes for G. Nicol & T. Cadell, 1785). Although printed as part of the third edition of Cook’s Voyage, Wales’ essay was apparently considered sufficiently important that extra copies were printed for those who desired them as separates. Thus, this sheet is sometimes found bound in various publications relating to or by Cook to which it does not properly belong. Its survival here as a sheet that has never been bound into another publication is believed to be unique. This is probably the most elusive separate publication relating to Cook and his voyages. Cf. Beddie 1553. Cf. Holmes 47 (“A few copies of these pages were issued separately for the benefit of owners of earlier editions”).
The existence of Cape Circumcision, thought to be part of the rumored Southern Continent, was debated for decades. Originally discovered by Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier in 1739, the Cape’s existence could not readily be confirmed by others because Bouvet made navigational errors that misplaced his discovery. Despite weeks of sailing and searching among ice floes and storms, Cook himself was unable to find it on his second voyage, one purpose of which was expressly to locate the place and claim parts of it for Great Britain. Wales wrote this essay to refute certain statements put forward by Le Monnier. Wales defends Cook’s observation as accurate while concluding about the place itself: “... I believe the English nation, to whom he so ostentatiously replies, are well convinced, not only of the non-importance, but the non-existence of it.”
Cape Circumcision was finally sighted again by U. S. whalemen in 1808, although it was not until 1822 that anyone actually made landfall on it. Renamed several times, it is known today as Bouvet Island and is the remotest place on Earth. It is uninhabited and possessed by Norway, although it has its own top-level Internet domain name (.bv). ($5,000-10,000)
Early Views of Alaska, the Northwest Coast & Hawaii
22. ELLIS, William. An Authentic Narrative of a Voyage Performed by Captain Cook and Captain Clerke, in His Majesty’s Ships Resolution and Discovery During the Years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780; in Search of a North-West Passage between the Continents of Asia and America. Including a Faithful Account of All Their Discoveries, and the Unfortunate Death of Captain Cook.... London: G. Robinson, J. Sewell, and J. Debrett, 1782. , 358 [1, blank] pp., 8 plates, 1 folding map + , 347 [1, blank], 13 plates (p. 318 misnumbered 319). Total: 21 copper-engraved plates, 1 copper-engraved folding map (A Chart, Shewing the Tracks and Discoveries in the Pacific Ocean, Made By Capt. Cook, and Capt. Clerke, in His Majesty's Ships Resolution and Discovery, in the Years 1777, 1778, 1779, 1780. [below neat line]: Mr. Smith sculp't. Bow Lane. 36.5 x 36 cm). 2 vols., 8vo, full contemporary tree calf, spines gilt with red and green morocco spine labels, marbled endpapers. Spines with minor sympathetic restorations, labels lightly chipped, bindings lightly shelf worn, joints of Vol. 1 starting, map with tear at juncture with book block (no loss), occasional minor offsetting from plates, otherwise a fine copy, with half titles present. Ink inscription on front flyleaf of Vol. I dated 1820: “Bought by auction at the sale of the late W. N. Holloway’s effects. Chas. Trevor.” Small ink stamp of H. Holloway at lower blank margin of both titles.
First edition. Beaglehole III, p. ccvii. Beddie 1599. Cox II, p. 26. Davidson, pp. 65-66. Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 41 (“important supplement to the official account”). Hill I, p. 95. Hill II:555. Hocken, p. 20. Holmes 42. Howes E122. Joppein & Smith III, pp. 204-215. Judd 59. Kroepelien 399. Lada-Mocarski 35. National Maritime Museum: Voyages 589. O’Reilly-Reitman 427 (“observateur assez pénétrant”). Pilling 1203. Sabin 22333. Strathern 164. Streeter Sale 3476: “One of the first published accounts of Captain Cook’s third voyage, during which he discovered the Sandwich Islands and acquired much data on Alaska and the Northwest coast. Ellis’s delightful plates are also among the earliest published on these areas. The plates by Choris did not appear until almost forty years later.” Wickersham 6555.
Ellis was a surgeon’s mate on the voyage; his “assistant surgeon” rank as mentioned on the title pages was a nonexistent grade. Despite having a naval career so promising that Captain Clerke recommended him on his deathbed to Sir Joseph Banks, Ellis, in a Dickensian moment of “pecuniary embarrassment,” forfeited any such prospects by selling his narrative and drawings for its plates to a publisher for a low-ball price. In so doing, he violated the Admiralty’s injunction that all journals be turned in by those who kept them. He also violated Banks’ sense of propriety, and even Ellis’ explanation of his situation failed to move the great man, who bluntly told him that he could not ever help him further his naval ambitions. He died in July, 1785, after falling from a ship mast in Holland.
Although his naval career failed, Ellis’ career as an author and interpreter of the Pacific has secured his fame. Appearing about two years before the official account of the third voyage, Ellis’ narrative is an early publication of its events, including Cook’s death. Ellis was an astute observer, and his remarks on the differences between Natives of the various islands are important records of those civilizations before they were drastically altered by continued contact with Europeans. His drawings, which include subjects in Hawaii, the Northwest Coast, and Alaska, are very early views of these regions. The plates were engraved variously by James Heath, William Walker, Joseph Collyer (Heath’s mentor), and Edmund Scott. The map was engraved by Matthew Smith.
Ellis’ version of Cook’s death relates that Cook was attempting to retreat when he was killed, although he states Cook was clubbed and stoned to death rather than killed by a stab wound. In reviewing the whole unfortunate melee, he concludes: “In short, the whole appears to have been caused by a chain of events which could no more be foreseen than prevented!” (Vol. II, p. 111). (2 vols.) ($8,000-16,000)
Miserable but Exceptionally Rare American Edition
23. [COOK’S THIRD VOYAGE]. [RICKMAN, John]. An Authentic Narrative of a Voyage to the Pacific Ocean: Performed by Captain Cook, and Captain Clerke, in His Britannic Majesty’s Ships, the Resolution, and Discovery, in the Years, 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780. Including, a Faithful Account of All Their Discoveries in this Last Voyage, the Unfortunate Death of Captain Cook, at the Island of O-why-ee, and the Return of the Ships to England under Captain Gore. Also a Large Introduction, Exhibiting, an Account of the Several Voyages Round the Globe; with an Abstract of the Principal Expeditions to Hudson’s Bay, for the Discovery of a North-West-Passage...By an Officer on Board the Discovery. Volume the First [and Volume the Second].Philadelphia: Robert Bell, in Third-Street, price two-thirds of a dollar, 1783. , -96, 99-112 + -229 , [2, ads] pp. (complete). 2 vols. in one, 8vo, contemporary sheep, raised bands, red gilt-lettered morocco spine label and old paper sticker on spine. Binding abraded and worn but very lightly restored, front hinge professionally reinforced, endsheets darkened and moderately stained, pages uniformly browned and soiled, first few leaves waterstained with minor paper losses professionally restored at upper right blank corners (not into text). A fair, unsophisticated copy of a remarkably rare Cook title, humbly printed and in typical fatigued condition for United States imprints of that era, ungraciously reviewed by Gentleman’s Magazine (London, 1797) as “a miserable edition.”
First American edition of Rickman’s account of Cook’s third voyage, itself first published in London, 1781. Davidson, p. 64 (listing it as one of the “five other items” in addition to the official account that collectors should seek). Eberstadt 132:242. Evans 17921 (incorrectly attributed to William Ellis). Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 54 (illustrated at p. 47): “Very rare.” Graff 3501 (erroneously stating): “This Philadelphia edition of Rickman is the first American book dealing with the West Coast explorations, and with Cook’s third and last voyage.” Hildeburn, Pennsylvania 4294. Holmes 38n. Hordern House, Parsons Collection 122: “The Phil32>115>