Iacobus Leodiensis [Iacobus de Montibus, Iacobus de Oudenaerde



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Iacobus Leodiensis [Iacobus de Montibus, Iacobus de Oudenaerde]. 52

Iacovelli, Mercurio. 53

IAML. 53

Iannaccone, Anthony (Joseph) 53

WORKS 53

BIBLIOGRAPHY 54

Ianus, Martin. 54

IASA. 54


Iaşi 54

BIBLIOGRAPHY 55

IAWM. 56

Ibach. 56

BIBLIOGRAPHY 56

Ibarra (Groth), Federico 57

WORKS 57

dramatic 57

vocal 57

instrumental 58

BIBLIOGRAPHY 58

Ibert, Jacques (François Antoine Marie) 58

WORKS 61

dramatic 61

operas 61

ballets 61

incidental music 61

film scores; selective list 62

other works 62

orchestral 62

vocal 62

songs 62

other works 63

chamber and instrumental 63

for 3 or more insts 63

for 2 insts 63

for pf 63

other solo instrumental 63

cadenzas 63

BIBLIOGRAPHY 64

Ibn ‘Abd al-Rabbīh [Abū ‘Umar Ahmad ibn Muhammad] 64

BIBLIOGRAPHY 64

Ibn al-Nadīm [Abū l-Faraj Muhammad ibn Ishāq al-Warrāq al-Baghdādī] 65

WRITINGS 65

BIBLIOGRAPHY 65

Ibn al-Tahhān 65

WRITINGS 66

BIBLIOGRAPHY 66

Ibn Bājja [Avenpace] 66

WRITINGS 66

BIBLIOGRAPHY 66

Ibn Rushd [Abū l-Walīd Muhammad; Averroes] 67

BIBLIOGRAPHY 67

Ibn Sīnā [Abū ‘Alī al-Husayn; Avicenna] 67

WRITINGS 68

BIBLIOGRAPHY 68

Ibn Zayla [Abū Mansūr al-Husayn ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Umar] 68

WRITINGS 69

BIBLIOGRAPHY 69

Ibo music. 69

Ibrahim, Abdullah [Brand, Dollar; Brand, Adolph Johannes] 69

BIBLIOGRAPHY 69

and other resources 69

recordings 70

Ibrāhīm al-Mawsilā. 70

Ibrahimi, Feim 70

WORKS 71

dramatic 71

vocal 71

instrumental 72

BIBLIOGRAPHY 72

Ibrāhīm ibn al-Mahdī 72

BIBLIOGRAPHY 73

Ibsen, Henrik 73

WORKS 73

BIBLIOGRAPHY 74

Ibycus 74

WRITINGS 74

BIBLIOGRAPHY 74

Icart, Bernar. 75

Iceland. 75

1. Pan-Nordic roots. 75

2. Traditional vocal musics. 76

(i) Pre-1400: courtly and domestic verse, incantations. 76

(ii) Post-1400: rímur, lausavisur, song-dances, tvísöngur. 77

3. Indigenous instruments. 78

(i) Pre-1400. 78

(ii) Post-1400. 79

4. Christian traditions. 80

5. European art music. 81

6. 20th-century trends. 82

BIBLIOGRAPHY 83

and other resources 83

recordings 84

Ichiyanagi, Toshi 84

WORKS 85


WRITINGS 85

BIBLIOGRAPHY 85

Iconography. 86

I. Introduction 86

1. Terminology. 86

2. Method. 86

II. Sources 87

1. Manuscript and book illustration. 88

(i) Theoretical texts. 88

(ii) Narrative and synthesis. 89

2. Pictures with no direct textual base. 90

3. The single picture. 90

4. Instruments. 91

5. Stage decorations, record jackets. 92

6. Contextual sources: performance sites. 92

7. Music after pictures. 93

III. Themes 93

1. Religious themes. 93

(i) The Christian and Jewish world. 94

(ii) Islamic and Buddhist images. 95

(iii) Images of rituals. 95

(iv) Myths. 95

2. Secular themes. 95

3. Symbolic representations. 96

(i) Allegory. 96

(ii) Emblem, still life, vanity images. 97

4. Portraits. 98

5. Synaesthetics. 99

(i) Visualization of content and process of music. 99

(ii) Visualization of structures. 100

IV. Depictions 101

1. Instruments. 101

2. Scores. 102

3. Performance. 103

4. Dance. 103

BIBLIOGRAPHY 104

a: bibliographies 104

b: method and history 105

c: collected works, series 105

d: catalogues 106

e: european art 107

f: instruments, notation and performance (europe) 112

g: folk music 114

h: non-european art 115

i: instruments and performance (outside europe) 116

j: the musical instrument as an image 118

k: contextual sources (performance sites) 118

l: portraits 119

m: music and the visual arts 120

ICTM. 121

Ictus 121

Idakka [itekka, edakkya]. 122

BIBLIOGRAPHY 122

Idée fixe 122

Idelsohn, Abraham Zvi 123

WRITINGS 124

EDITIONS 125

BIBLIOGRAPHY 125

Idiophone. 125

APPENDIX 126

Ieuan Gwyllt. 129

Ifalik. 129

IFMC. 129

Ifukube, Akira 129

WORKS 129

WRITINGS 130

BIBLIOGRAPHY 130

Igbo music. 130

1. Musical instruments. 130

2. Musical occasions and ensembles. 132

3. General musical features. 133

BIBLIOGRAPHY 134

and other resources 134

recordings 134

Iges (Lebrancon), José 135

WORKS 135

BIBLIOGRAPHY 136

Iggy Pop [Osterberg, James Newell] 136

Iglesias Álvarez, Antonio 136

WRITINGS 137

Ignacio, Rafael 138

WORKS 138

BIBLIOGRAPHY 138

Ignannino, Pater Angelo [Ignanimus, Angelus] 139

Igumnov, Konstantin (Nikolayevich) 139

BIBLIOGRAPHY 139

Ikebe, Shin'ichirō 140

WORKS 140

WRITINGS 141

IITM. 141

Ikenouchi, Tomojirō 141

WORKS 141

WRITINGS 142

Ikhwān al-Safā’ [‘Brethren of Purity’]. 142

WRITINGS 142

BIBLIOGRAPHY 142

Ikil [ikel]. 143

BIBLIOGRAPHY 143

and other resources 143

Ikonomov, Boyan Georgiyev 144

WORKS 144

Ikonomov, Stefan 144

WORKS 145

Ikuta Kengyō 145

BIBLIOGRAPHY 146

Il Conte, Bartolomeo. 146

Ileborgh, Adam 146

BIBLIOGRAPHY 147

Ileborgh Tablature. 147

Iliev, Konstantin 148

WORKS 148

vocal and dramatic 148

instrumental 149

BIBLIOGRAPHY 149

Iliński, Count Jan [Janusz] Stanisław 149

WORKS 150

BIBLIOGRAPHY 150

Il'insky, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich 150

WORKS 150

WRITINGS 151

Illario [Ylario; Illarius, Johannes] 151

Illica, Luigi 151

BIBLIOGRAPHY 152

Illinois, University of, School of Music. 152

BIBLIOGRAPHY 152

Illouz, Betsy. 153

Il Verso [Lo Verso; Versus], Antonio 153

WORKS 155

madrigals 155

motets 155

instrumental 155

editions 155

lost works 155

BIBLIOGRAPHY 156

Imai, Nobuko 157

Imbault, Jean-Jérôme 157

BIBLIOGRAPHY 158

Imbert, Hugues 158

WRITINGS 159

Imboccatura 159

Imbrie, Andrew (Welsh) 159

WORKS 160

operas 161

instrumental 161

vocal 161

BIBLIOGRAPHY 161

Īmene. 162

Imer, Teresa. 162

Imhove, Peter. 162

Imitation. 162

Imitation mass. 163

IMM. 163


Immer, Friedemann 164

Immerseel, Jos van. 164

Immyns, John 164

BIBLIOGRAPHY 164

Imperfect cadence [half cadence; half close; semi-cadence] 165

Imperfect consonance. 165

Impressionism. 165

1. Aesthetic and scientific principles. 165

2. Stylistic innovation. 167

3. Social and political associations. 169

4. Neo-Impressionism and post-Impressionism. 170

BIBLIOGRAPHY 171

and other resources 171

Impressions, the. 173

BIBLIOGRAPHY 173

Imprimerie du Conservatoire. 173

Impromptu. 173

Improperia 174

Improvisation. 174

I. Concepts and practices. 175

1. Concepts. 175

2. Improvisation in musical cultures. 176

3. Models or points of departure. 177

4. A sampling of genres. 179

BIBLIOGRAPHY 181

II. Western art music. 183

1. Introduction. 184

2. History to 1600. 185

(i) Ensemble improvisation. 186

(ii) Ornamentation. 189

(iii) Improvisation on ‘perfect instruments’. 190

3. The Baroque period. 191

(i) Early 17th-century Italian practice. 191

(ii) 17th-century English practice. 195

(iii) French practice. 196

(iv) Later italianate embellishments. 198

(v) Varied reprises. 200

(vi) Melodic variations. 202

(vii) Cadenzas. 202

(viii) Continuo realization. 203

(ix) Complete pieces. 204

4. The Classical period. 206

(i) Instrumental music. 206

(a) Improvised embellishments. 206

(b) Free fantasies and other improvised pieces and passages. 209

(c) Continuo in piano concertos. 209

(ii) Vocal music. 210

5. The 19th century. 212

(i) Instrumental music. 213

(ii) Vocal music. 216

6. The 20th century. 219

BIBLIOGRAPHY 220

treatises and methods 220

general studies 222

instrumental 224

vocal 226

III. Jazz. 228

1. Introduction. 228

2. Solo and collective improvisation. 229

3. Improvisation and form. 230

4. Techniques and procedures. 232

(i) Paraphrase improvisation. 232

(ii) Use of motifs and formulae. 232

(iii) Formulaic improvisation. 233

(iv) Motivic improvisation. 234

(v) Interrelated techniques. 235

(vi) Modal improvisation. 235

5. Intangible elements. 236

(i) Extra-musical meaning. 236

(ii) Risk and repetition. 236

BIBLIOGRAPHY 237

theory and analysis 237

pedagogical texts 238

Impulse. 239

IMRO 239

IMS 239


In alt 239

Inbal, Eliahu 239

BIBLIOGRAPHY 240

Incalzando 240

In campo aperto. 240

Inca music. 240

1. Introduction. 240

2. Musical instruments of the Tahuantinsuyo. 242

3. Huacas: the place of ritual and its musical instruments. 243

4. Inca festivals and dance. 244

5. Inca parades, processions and customs. 245

6. Andean music at the beginning of the Colonial era. 245

BIBLIOGRAPHY 246

Incardona, Federico 247

WORKS 247

BIBLIOGRAPHY 248

Incatenatura 248

BIBLIOGRAPHY 248

Ince, Kamran 249

WORKS 249

Incertus Theologus Orthodoxus [Romanus] 250

Incidental music. 250

1. Definitions. 250

2. Outside dialogue scenes. 252

3. Within dialogue scenes. 256

(i) Dance and song. 256

(ii) Supernatural music. 258

(iii) Mélodrame. 260

4. Full sets and changing circumstances. 261

5. Afterlives. 263

BIBLIOGRAPHY 265

Incipit 266

Incledon, Charles [Benjamin] 266

BIBLIOGRAPHY 267

Incorporated Society of Musicians (ISM). 267

Incredible String Band. 268

Incudine 268

Indeterminacy. 269

India, subcontinent of. 269

I. The region: cultural context and musical categories. 269

1. Land and people. 270

2. Music and musicians. 273

(i) The South Asian musical realm. 273

(ii) Art music. 274

(a) Legitimizing criteria. 274

(b) Northern and southern styles. 275

3. Musical categories. 277

(i) Ritual and ceremonial music. 277

(ii) Representational music. 278

(iii) Devotional songs and musical form. 279

(a) Tamil: the oldest songs. 279

(b) Gīta-govinda: the model form. 280

(c) Devotional poetry in north India. 280

(d) Kanada and Telugu devotional songs. 281

(e) Muslim devotional music. 282

4. Social change. 282

II. History of classical music 283

1. Introduction. 283

2. To the mid-16th century. 285

(i) The ancient period. 285

(a) Treatises. 285

(b) Instruments in iconography. 288

(c) References in general literature. 288

(ii) The medieval period. 289

(a) Treatises. 289

(b) Traditions. 290

3. Music and theory after the 16th century. 292

(i) History of music theory in the modern period. 293

(ii) South Indian sources for mela (scale-type). 293

(iii) 16th- and 17th-century rāga-rāginī treatises. 294

(iv) Deccani and western Indian treatises. 296

(v) Eastern Indian treatises. 297

(vi) Treatises leading to modern Hindustani theory. 297

4. Oral traditions after the 16th century. 299

(i) The Karnatak tradition. 299

(ii) Hindustani traditions from the 17th century to the mid-19th. 303

(iii) Hindustani traditions from the mid-19th century to the 20th. 306

(a) Discipular gharānā: Agra and Gwalior. 307

(b) Court gharānā: Jaipur and Rampur. 309

(c) Other gharānā and the later 20th century. 310

5. Classical music, the state and the middle class. 311

6. Indian music and the West. 312

III. Theory and practice of classical music. 314

1. Tonal systems. 315

(i) Svara. 315

(ii) History of tonal systems. 316

(a) Ancient Indian terms: grāma, śruti, mūrcchanā. 317

(b) The tonal system of the Sangīta-ratnākara. 318

(c) The development of the Karnatak general scale. 319

(d) The development of the Hindustani general scale. 320

(iii) Scale-types in modern theory. 322

(iv) The 22 śruti in modern theory. 323

2. Rāga. 324

(i) The concept. 324

(a) Rāga as melody type. 324

(b) Non-structural aspects. 325

(c) Origins, number and change. 326

(ii) Historical development of rāga systems. 328

(iii) Rāga in Hindustani music. 329

(a) Development of rāga theory. 329

(b) Hindustani rāgas in practice. 331

(iv) Rāga in Karnatak music. 334

(v) Hindustani and Karnatak rāgas. 336

3. Melodic elaboration. 337

(i) Ornamentation. 337

(a) Gamaka in the treatises. 337

(b) Gamaka in Karnatak music. 338

(c) Gamaka in Hindustani music. 339

(ii) Improvisation. 340

(a) Principles. 340

(b) Historical background. 341

(c) The exposition of a Hindustani rāga. 342

(d) The exposition of a Karnatak rāga. 344

4. Rhythm and tāla. 345

(i) Terms for rhythm and metre. 345

(ii) Historical development of tāla systems. 347

(iii) Tāla in Karnatak music. 349

(a) The formal system. 349

(b) The informal system. 349

(iv) Tāla in Hindustani music. 351

5. Compositions, genres and performance of vocal music. 355

(i) Compositions. 355

(ii) Improvisation on compositions. 357

(a) Returns to a given motif (pratigrahanikā). 358

(b) Repetition with variation (bhañjanī). 360

(iii) Genres and performance: Hindustani music. 361

(a) Dhrupad. 361

(b) Khayāl. 362

(c) Thumrī. 364

(iv) Genres and performance: Karnatak music. 365

6. Instrumental traditions. 368

(i) Chordophones. 368

(a) Vīnā and bīn. 370

(b) Sitār and sarod. 370

(c) Sārangī and violin. 374

(ii) Aerophones. 374

(iii) Membranophones. 375

(a) Mrdangam and pakhāvaj. 375

(b) Tablā. 378

(iv) Idiophones. 382

(v) Ensembles. 382

(a) The concert ensemble. 384

(b) Ceremonial ensembles. 385

7. Aesthetics. 386

BIBLIOGRAPHY 389

reference sources 389

general texts 389

treatises and commentaries 392

other historical sources 395

early history 395

general and later histories 396

indian music and the west 396

hindustani music 397

karnatak music 400

instruments 403

aesthetics 404

IV. Semi-classical genres. 404

1. Thumrī, dādrā and tappā. 404

2. Ghazal. 406

BIBLIOGRAPHY 408

thumrī 408

ghazal 409

V. Chant 409

1. Tarannum. 409

2. Sāmavedic chant. 411

BIBLIOGRAPHY 412

and other resources 412

VI. Religious musics 412

1. Hindu. 413

2. Muslim. 416

(i) Majlis. 417

(ii) Qavvālī. 417

(iii) Mīlād. 418

(iv) Modern trends. 419

3. Christian. 419

(i) The Syrian churches. 419

(ii) The Catholic church. 420

(iii) The Protestant churches. 421

4. Sikh. 421

5. Jain. 423

BIBLIOGRAPHY 425

hindu 425

muslim 426

recordings 428

christian 428

syrian churches 429

catholic church 429

protestant churches 430

sikh 430

jain 430


VII. Local traditions 431

1. North India. 431

(i) Non-professional musicians. 431

(a) Women’s music. 431

(b) Men’s music. 433

(c) Specialist repertories. 434

(ii) Professional musicians. 435

(a) Manganiyārs. 436

(b) Bhopās. 436

(c) Mendicants. 438

(d) Processional bands. 440

2. South India. 441

(i) Vocal performance. 441

(a) Women's song. 442

(b) Epic and narrative traditions. 443

(c) Devotional group song. 445

(ii) Instrumental musics. 446

(a) Temple ensembles. 446

(b) Band musicians. 447

3. Ādivāsī music. 447

4. Local traditions and classical music. 449

5. Music and cultural change. 450

BIBLIOGRAPHY 452

general texts 452

north india 452

south india 454

ādivāsī music 455

recordings 455

VIII. Film and popular musics 456

1. Film music. 456

(i) Production. 458

(ii) Style. 458

(iii) Singers. 460

(iv) Instrumentation. 461

(v) Social impact. 461

2. Popular music. 462

(i) Non-film musics to 1980. 462

(ii) The impact of cassettes. 464

3. Jazz. 467

BIBLIOGRAPHY 468

recordings 470

IX. Dance 470

1. Classical dance styles. 471

(i) Theory and sources. 471

(ii) Bharata-nātyam. 473

(iii) Kathak. 474

(iv) Kathakali. 475

(v) Kūcipūdi. 476

(vi) Manipuri. 477

(vii) Mohiniāttam. 478

(viii) Odissi. 479

2. Local traditions. 480

(i) Dance-dramas. 480

(a) Chau. 480

(b) Rāsalīlā. 481

(c) Terukkūttu. 482

(d) Yaksagāna. 482

(ii) Calendrical, life-cycle and festival dances. 483

(iii) Dances of trance and ritual. 485

(iv) Ādivāsī traditions. 486

3. 20th-century trends. 486

(i) Modern dance. 486

(ii) Dance in film. 487

(iii) New Asian dance music. 488

BIBLIOGRAPHY 488

treatises and general sources 488

classical dance 489

local traditions 489

modern and contemporary trends 490

recordings 490

X. Research 490

India, Sigismondo d'. 492

Indianapolis. 492

1. Early concert life. 492

2. Orchestras. 493

3. Opera. 493

4. Education. 494

5. Ragtime and jazz. 494

BIBLIOGRAPHY 494

Indiana University School of Music. 495

Indie music. 495

BIBLIOGRAPHY 496

Indonesia (Bahasa Indon. Republik Indonesia). 496

I. General 496

1. Cultural and musical geography. 496

(i) Introduction. 496

(ii) National and regional culture. 497

(iii) Musical overview. 498

(a) Scales and metres. 500

(b) Genres and ensembles. 501

BIBLIOGRAPHY 512

and other resources 512

recordings 513

2. History. 515

(i) Pre-colonial. 515

(ii) Colonial. 517

(iii) Post-colonial. 519

BIBLIOGRAPHY 520

3. Instruments. 521

(i) Idiophones. 522

(ii) Membranophones. 523

(iii) Aerophones. 524

(iv) Chordophones. 525

BIBLIOGRAPHY 527

II. Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa 528

1. Bali. 528

(i) Introduction. 528

(a) History. 530

(b) Performance contexts. 531

(ii) Musical principles. 532

(a) Tuning systems. 532

(b) Notation. 533

(c) Instruments. 533

(d) Performing practice and musical structure. 543

(e) Kotekan. 544

(f) Form. 545

(iii) Gamelan ensembles. 547

(a) Pre-Hindu Balinese instruments. 548

(b) ‘Old’ ensembles. 548

(c) ‘Middle’ ensembles. 551

(d) ‘New’ ensembles. 553

(e) Bamboo ensembles. 555

(iv) Vocal genres. 556

(v) Dance and theatre. 557

(vi) Wayang kulit. 560

BIBLIOGRAPHY 561

general 561

instruments, ensembles and repertory 562

dance, theatre and wayang 564

2. Lombok. 565

(i) Music of the Sasak. 565

(ii) Music of the Balinese. 567

(iii) Wayang. 568

(iv) Dance. 569

3. Sumbawa. 569

BIBLIOGRAPHY 570

recordings 571

III. Central Java 571

1. History. 572

2. Musicians. 574

3. Instruments and ensembles. 576

4. Fundamentals of gamelan music. 577

5. Regional styles and repertory. 583

6. Performance contexts. 586

(i) Klenèngan. 587

(ii) Theatre. 588

(iii) Dance. 591

7. Non-gamelan genres. 592

8. Research. 593

BIBLIOGRAPHY 594

General 594

dance and theatre 597

collections of notation and instructional manuals 598

IV. East Java 599

1. Introduction. 600

2. Gamelan halus. 601

(i) Pathet. 601

(ii) Wayang kulit. 602

(iii) Pancer technique. 603

3. Kasar ensembles. 605

(i) Saronen and reyog. 605

(ii) Music of the Osinger. 606

BIBLIOGRAPHY 609

V. West Java 611

1. Sunda. 611

(i) Introduction. 611

(ii) Genres and ensembles. 613

(a) Vocal music. 613

(b) Village music. 613

(c) Tembang Sunda. 615

(d) Kacapian. 615

(e) Gamelan ensembles. 616

(iii) Instrumental tunings. 619

(a) Saléndro. 619

(b) Pélog degung. 619

(c) Sorog. 619

(iv) Pitch. 620

(v) Notation. 620

(vi) Form. 621

(a) Sekar alit. 621

(b) Sekar ageung. 621

(c) Mamaos and kakawén. 622

(vii) Melody. 622

(a) Kawih and sénggol. 622

(b) Vocal scales. 622

(viii) Dance and theatre. 623

(a) Martial art and dance. 623

(b) Theatre. 624

BIBLIOGRAPHY 625

recordings 626

2. Cirebon. 627

BIBLIOGRAPHY 629

VI. Sumatra 629

1. Overview. 630

2. Selected musical cultures and regions. 631

(i) Batak. 631

(ii) Toba. 632

(iii) Karo. 633

(iv) Mandailing and Angkola. 634

(v) Simalungun. 635

(vi) Pakpak (Dairi). 635

3. Melayu. 635

(i) Petalangan. 636

(ii) The Melayu of North Sumatra. 636

4. The islands of Nias and Mentawai. 638

(i) Nias. 638

(ii) Mentawai. 638

5. Minangkabau. 638

6. Aceh. 640

(i) Acehnese. 640

(ii) Gayo. 640

BIBLIOGRAPHY 641

a: general 642

b: batak 642

c: melayu 644

d: minangkabau 645

e: nias, mentawai and aceh 646

f: recordings 646

VII. Outer islands 647

1. Kalimantan. 647

(i) Introduction. 647

(ii) Instruments and instrumental music. 648

(iii) Vocal performance. 651

(iv) New directions. 652

BIBLIOGRAPHY 652

2. Maluku. 654

(i) Central Maluku (Kabupaten Maluku Tengah). 654

(ii) South-east Maluku (Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara). 655

(iii) North Maluku (Kabupaten Maluku Utara) 655

BIBLIOGRAPHY 656

3. Nusa Tenggara Timur (the Eastern Lesser Sundas). 657

(i) Flores. 658

(ii) Roti. 659

(iii) Savu. 659

(iv) Sumba. 660

(v) West Timor. 661

BIBLIOGRAPHY 662

4. Sulawesi. 662

(i) Introduction. 662

(ii) Instruments. 663

(iii) Genres and ensembles. 664

BIBLIOGRAPHY 667

general 667

south sulawesi 668

north sulawesi 669

VIII. Pan-Indonesian musical developments 669

1. Popular music. 669

(i) 1890–1918. 670

(ii) 1920–42. 671

(iii) 1942–9. 672

(iv) 1950–65. 673

(v) 1965 to the late 1990s. 674

BIBLIOGRAPHY 677

2. New composition. 678

BIBLIOGRAPHY 682

Indy, (Paul Marie Théodore) Vincent d’ 682

1. Life. 683

2. Teaching and criticism. 684

3. Works. 686

WORKS 688

operas 688

orchestral 688

sacred vocal 689

secular vocal 689

chamber and band 690

songs 690

keyboard 691

piano 691

organ and harmonium 692

educational 692

editions and arrangements 692

opera editions 692

other works 692

WRITINGS 692

BIBLIOGRAPHY 693

monographs and collections of articles 693

other literature 693

Infantas, Fernando de las 694

WORKS 695

BIBLIOGRAPHY 695

Inflection [inflexion]. 695

BIBLIOGRAPHY 698

Information theory. 698

BIBLIOGRAPHY 700

Ingalls, Jeremiah 701

BIBLIOGRAPHY 702

Inganno (i) 702

BIBLIOGRAPHY 703

Inganno (ii) 703

Ingegneri [Ingegnieri, Ingignieri, Ingignero, Inzegneri], Marc’Antonio 703

1. Life. 704

2. Works. 705

3. Influence. 706

WORKS 707

sacred vocal 707

secular 707

BIBLIOGRAPHY 708

Ingelius, Axel Gabriel 708

BIBLIOGRAPHY 709

Ingenhoven, Jan 709

WORKS 710

BIBLIOGRAPHY 710

Inghelbrecht, D(ésiré)-E(mile) 710

WORKS 711

WRITINGS 712

BIBLIOGRAPHY 712

Inghilleri, Giovanni 712

Ingignieri [Ingignero], Marc’Antonio. 713

Inglott, William [Englitt] 713

BIBLIOGRAPHY 713

Ingólfsson, Atli 713

WORKS 714

BIBLIOGRAPHY 714

Inharmonicity. 714

BIBLIOGRAPHY 715

Inisisri 715

Initial ascent. 715

Ink Spots, the. 716

Inner Asia. 716

1. Historical connections. 717

2. Secular contexts. 719

3. Religious contexts. 720

(i) Folk-religious practices. 720

(ii) Shamanism. 721

(iii) Tantric Buddhist practices. 722

BIBLIOGRAPHY 723

and other resources 724

recordings 725

Inner Temple. 725

Innes, Frederick Neil 725

BIBLIOGRAPHY 726

Innocentio del Cornetto. 726

In Nomine 726

1. Origin. 726

2. The 16th-century consort In Nomine. 727

3. The 17th-century consort In Nomine. 728

4. In Nomines for keyboard and other media. 729

5. Other In Nomines. 729

6. Contemporary comment. 729

7. Later use of the In Nomine. 731

EDITIONS 733

BIBLIOGRAPHY 733

Innsbruck. 733

1. Church music. 734

2. The Hofkapelle; secular music to 1750. 735

3. Secular music from 1750. 736

BIBLIOGRAPHY 738

Inoue, Michiyoshi 739

Insanguine [Monopoli], Giacomo (Antonio Francesco Paolo Michele) 739

WORKS 740

operas 740

sacred 741

other works 741

BIBLIOGRAPHY 741

In seculum. 742

BIBLIOGRAPHY 742

Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique [IRCAM]. 742

BIBLIOGRAPHY 743

Institute for Studies in American Music [ISAM]. 743

Institute of Jazz Studies. 743

Institute of Musical Art. 744

Institute of Renaissance and Baroque Music. 744

Institut für Neue Musik und Musikerziehung. 744

Instituto Español de Musicología. 744

Instrument 744

Instrumental modifications and extended performance techniques. 745

1. Introduction. 745

2. Keyboard instruments. 746

(i) The piano. 746

(ii) Others. 749

3. Strings. 749

(i) The guitar. 749

(ii) Others. 750

4. Wind. 751

(i) Brass. 751

(ii) Woodwind. 752

5. Percussion. 753

BIBLIOGRAPHY 754

Instrumentation and orchestration. 756

1. Middle Ages and Renaissance. 756

2. Baroque orchestration. 758

3. 1750 to 1800. 765

4. 19th century. 769

5. Impressionism and later developments. 775

6. Popular musical theatre. 779

BIBLIOGRAPHY 781

a: general 781

b: medieval and renaissance 781

c: baroque 782

d: classical 783

e: 19th century 785

f: impressionism and later development 785

g: musical theatre 786

Instrumentenkunde 786

Instrumentos de madera 786

Instruments, classification of. 786

1. Introduction: the classification system of Hornbostel and Sachs. 795

2. Precursors. 797

3. Extensions. 798

4. Other 20th-century approaches. 799

5. The study of classification systems. 802

BIBLIOGRAPHY 805

Instruments, collections of. 806

1. The earliest collections. 807

2. Medieval. 809

3. Renaissance to 1800. 809

4. Since 1800. 812

5. List of collections. 815

algeria 815

algiers. 815

angola 816

dundo. 816

luanda. 816

argentina 816

buenos aires. 816

buenos aires. 816

buenos aires. 816

la plata. 816

la plata. 816

san salvador de jujuy. 816

australia 816

brisbane. 817

nedlands. 817

sydney. 817

austria 817

göttweig. 817

graz. 817

graz. 817

graz. 817

graz. 817

graz. 817

innsbruck. 818

innsbruck. 818

linz. 818

salzburg. 818

vienna. 819

vienna. 819

vienna. 819

vienna. 819

azerbaijan 819

baku. 819

belgium 819

antwerp. 819

antwerp. 820

antwerp. 820

bruges. 820

brussels. 820

brussels. 820

ghent. 821

ghent. 821

gooik. 821

liège. 821

tervuren. 821

benin 821

porto-novo. 821

bolivia 822

la paz. 822

brazil 822

belém. 822

rio de janeiro. 822

rio de janeiro. 822

rio de janeiro. 822

são paulo. 822

são paulo. 822

bulgaria 822

blagoevgrad. 822

haskovo. 822

sofia. 822

sofia. 823

burkina faso 823

gaoua. 823

ouagadougou. 823

burundi 823

gitega. 823

cambodia 823

phnom penh. 823

cameroon 823

bamenda. 823

foumban. 823

yaoundé. 823

canada 823

arva, on. 823

calgary. 823

calgary. 824

edmonton, ab. 824

hauteville, pq. 824

hull, pq. 824

hull, pq. 824

hull, pq. 824

kitchener, on. 824

minesing, on. 824

montreal. 824

st john, nb. 824

toronto. 825

vancouver. 825

vancouver. 825

victoria, bc. 825

yarmouth, ns. 825

central african republic 825

bangui. 825

chad 825

abéché. 825

chile 825

santiago. 825

china 826

beijing. 826

beijing. 826

beijing. 826

changsha. 826

hong kong. 826

shenyang. 826

urumxi. 826

wuhan. 826

colombia 826

bogotá. 826

bogotá. 826

bogotá. 826

medellín. 827

congo 827

brazzaville. 827

croatia 827

split. 827

zagreb. 827

zagreb. 827

zagreb. 827

zagreb. 827

cuba 827

havana. 827

czech republic 827

banská bystrica. 827

brno. 828

brno. 828

brno. 828

kraslice. 828

opava. 828

prague. 828

prague. 828

prague. 829

prague. 829

prague. 829

denmark 829

århus. 829

copenhagen. 829

copenhagen. 829

copenhagen. 829

lyngby, copenhagen. 830

ecuador 830

cuenca. 830

quito. 830

egypt 830

cairo. 830

cairo. 830

estonia 830

tallinn. 830

tartu. 830

ethiopia 830

addis ababa. 831

fiji 831


suva, viti levu. 831

finland 831

helsinki. 831

kaustinen. 831

turku. 831

turku. 831

varkaus. 831

france 831

l’aigle. 831

angoulême. 831

arles. 831

avignon. 831

bayonne. 831

bordeaux. 832

bordeaux. 832

bourg-en-bresse. 832

bourg-la-reine. 832

cannes. 832

chartres. 832

la couture-boussey. 832

ecouen. 832

gien. 833

ivry-la-bataille. 833

jenzat, allier. 833

jenzat, allier. 833

lille. 833

lourdes. 833

lyons. 833

lyons. 833

mcon. 833

marseilles. 833

mirecourt. 833

montebéliard. 833

montluçon. 834

nancy. 834

nantes. 834

nice. 834

nice. 834

paris. 834

paris. 834

paris. 834

paris. 834

paris. 835

paris. 835

paris. 835

paris. 835

paris. 835

paris. 836

paris. 836

paris. 836

paris. 836

paris. 836

paris. 836

paris. 837

périgueux. 837

perpignan. 837

rennes. 837

sainte maxime. 837

saint germain-en-laye. 837

saint michel-sur-orge. 837

strasbourg. 837

le thoronet. 837

toulouse. 837

tulle. 837

versailles. 838

french polynesia 838

papeete, tahiti. 838

punaauia, tahiti. 838

gabon 838

libreville. 838

gambia 838

banjul. 838

georgia 838

tbilisi. 838

tbilisi. 838

germany 838

albstadt-ebingen. 838

apolda. 839

augsburg. 839

baden-baden. 839

bad krozingen. 839

bad säckingen. 839

berlin. 839

berlin. 839

berlin. 840

berlin. 840

biebrich. 841

blankenburg im harz. 841

bochum. 841

bonn. 841

borgentreich. 841

bremen. 841

brunswick. 842

brunswick. 842

brunswick. 842

buchholz. 842

butzbach. 842

celle. 842

celle. 842

cologne. 842

cologne. 843

cologne. 843

crailsheim. 843

darmstadt. 843

eisenach. 843

erlangen. 843

erlangen. 844

erlangen. 844

föhrden-barl. 844

frankfurt. 844

frankfurt. 844

frankfurt. 844

frankfurt. 844

frankfurt an der oder. 844

fuldatal. 845

füssen. 845

garbsen. 845

gotha. 845

göttingen. 845

göttingen. 845

goslar. 845

halle. 845

hamburg. 846

hamburg. 846

hamburg. 846

hamburg. 846

hannover. 846

harburg, donauwörth. 847

heidelberg. 847

hersbruck. 847

ingolstadt. 847

kiel. 847

kisslegg: 847

leipzig. 847

leipzig. 847

leitzenburg; 848

lindau. 848

linz am rhein. 848

lissberg, hessen. 848

lübeck. 848

mannheim. 848

marienburg, lower saxony. 848

markneukirchen. 849

meiningen. 849

mittenwald. 849

munich. 849

munich. 849

munich. 850

munich. 850

münster. 850

nuremberg. 850

passau. 851

regensburg. 851

rüdesheim am rhein. 851

siegen. 852

sigmaringen. 852

sinsheim. 852

sondershausen. 852

stuttgart. 852

stuttgart. 852

trossingen. 852

uhingen. 852

waldkirch, freiburg. 852

wasserburg am inn. 852

zwickau. 853

ghana 853

accra. 853

legon. 853

greece 853

athens. 853

athens. 853

athens. 853

nafplion. 853

guatemala 853

guatemala. 853

guinea 853

nzerékoré. 854

hungary 854

budapest. 854

budapest. 854

budapest. 854

budapest. 854

budapest. 854

budapest. 854

budapest. 855

budapest. 855

eggenburg. 855

kecskemét. 855

sopron. 855

india 855

ahmedabad, gujarat. 855

alwar. 855

amreli, gujarat. 855

baroda, gujarat. 855

baroda, gujarat. 856

bhubaneswar. 856

bolpur, w. bengal. 856

bombay. 856

bombay. 856

calcutta. 856

calcutta. 856

calcutta. 856

calcutta. 856

calcutta. 856

calcutta. 856

calcutta. 856

chhindwara. 857

delhi. 857

dharampur, gujarat. 857

goa. 857


gauhati, assam. 857

gauhati, assam. 857

gauhati, assam. 857

gwalior, madhya pradesh. 857

jaipur, rajasthan. 857

lucknow, uttar pradesh. 857

madras. 857

madras. 857

murshidabad, w. bengal. 858

mysore, karnataka. 858

nagpur, maharashtra. 858

new delhi. 858

new dehli. 858

new dehli. 858

new dehli. 858

patiala, punjab. 858

pudukkottai, tamil nadu. 858

pune, maharashtra. 858

pune, maharashtra. 858

rajkot, gujarat. 858

shillong. 858

varanasi, uttar pradesh. 859

indonesia 859

denpasar, bali. 859

jakarta, java. 859

medan, n. sumatra. 859

rengat, riau. 859

siak sri indrapura. 859

surakarta, java. 859

tanjung pinang, riau archipelago. 859

yogyakarta. 859

iran 859

tehran. 859

tehran. 860

tehran. 860

tehran. 860

ireland, republic of 860

dublin. 860

israel 860

be’er-sheba‘. 860

haifa. 860

herzliyya. 860

jerusalem. 860

tel-aviv. 860

tel-aviv. 861

italy 861

assisi. 861

bari. 861

bergamo. 861

bologna. 861

bologna. 861

bologna. 861

brescia. 862

brugherio, lombardy. 862

castelfidardo. 862

cremona. 862

cremona. 862

cremona. 863

cremona. 863

faenza. 863

florence. 863

florence. 863

florence. 863

florence. 863

forlì. 864

genoa. 864

isola bella, lake maggiore. 864

magliano alfieri. 864

mantua. 864

merano. 864

milan. 864

milan. 864

milan. 865

modena. 865

naples. 865

naples. 865

novara, piemonte. 865

palermo. 865

palmi. 866

parma. 866

pesaro. 866

quarna sotto, piemonte. 866

rimini. 866

rome. 866

rome. 866

rome. 867

rome. 867

savio. 867

siena. 867

turin. 867

turin. 867

trieste. 867

vatican city. 868

venice. 868

venice. 868

venice. 868

venice. 868

verona. 868

verona. 869

ivory coast 869

abidjan. 869

jamaica 869

kingston. 869

japan 869

fuchū. 869

hamamatsu. 869

higashi-kurume, tokyo. 869

kyoto. 869

kyoto. 869

kyoto. 870

matsue, shimane. 870

matsutō, ishikawa. 870

nagoya. 870

nagoya. 870

nara. 870

nara. 870

nara. 870

osaka. 870

osaka. 871

sakura. 871

shimane. 871

shimane. 871

shimane. 871

shimonoseki, yamaguchi. 871

tokyo. 871

tokyo. 871

tokyo. 872

tokyo. 872

tokyo. 872

tokyo. 872

tokyo. 872

tokyo. 872

tokyo. 873

tokyo. 873

tokyo. 873

uwajima, ehime. 873

yamanashi. 873

kazakhstan 873

almaty. 873

almaty. 873

kenya 873

nairobi. 873

nairobe. 873

kyrgyzstan 874

bishkek. 874

korea 874

seoul. 874

latvia 874

riga. 874

riga. 874

lithuania 874

vilnius. 874

macedonia 874

skopje. 874

madagascar 874

antananarivo. 875

malaysia 875

kota kinabalu, sabah. 875

kuala lumpur. 875

kuching. 875

melaka. 875

pecan, pahang. 875

pecan, pahang. 875

mali 876


bamako. 876

mexico 876

cozumel. 876

mexico city. 876

mexico city. 876

mexico city. 876

mexico city. 876

mexico city. 876

mexico city. 876

morocco 877

rabat. 877

tétouan. 877

netherlands 877

amsterdam. 877

amsterdam. 877

amsterdam. 877

amsterdam. 877

amsterdam. 877

amsterdam. 877

amsterdam. 877

amsterdam. 877

asten. 878

bennekom. 878

berg-en-dal. 878

delft. 878

egmond-aan-zee. 878

elburg. 878

groningen. 878

the hague. 878

helmond. 879

leeuwarden. 879

leiden. 879

leiden. 879

monnickendam. 879

nijmegen. 879

oudkerk. 880

rotterdam. 880

spaarndam. 880

utrecht. 880

utrecht. 880

utrecht. 880

vlaardingen. 880

voorburg. 880

zaandam. 880

new zealand 880

auckland. 881

auckland. 881

dunedin. 881

wellington. 881

wellington. 881

niger 881

niamey. 881

nigeria 881

benin city. 882

jos. 882

lagos. 882

lagos. 882

norway 882

bergen. 882

drammen. 882

elverum. 882

jakobsli. 882

lillehammer. 882

oslo. 882

oslo. 883

skien. 883

trondheim. 883

pakistan 883

karachi. 883

lahore. 883

saidu sharif. 883

papua new guinea 883

boroko. 883

port moresby. 883

paraguay 883

asunción. 883

peru 884

lima. 884

philippines 884

bontoc, luzon. 884

butuan city. 884

cagayan de oro. 884

cebu city. 884

manila. 884

manila. 884

manila. 884

manila. 884

marawi. 884

pasay city. 884

quezon city. 885

zamboanga. 885

poland 885

biecz. 885

bydgoszcz. 885

częstochowa. 885

gdańsk. 885

kraków. 885

kraków. 885

łańcut. 885

opatówek. 885

poznań. 886

przemyśl. 886

rzeszów. 886

szydłowiec. 886

warsaw. 886

warsaw. 886

warsaw. 886

warsaw. 887

warsaw. 887

wrocław. 887

zakopane. 887

portugual 887

belém. 887

coimbra. 887

lisbon. 887

lisbon. 887

lisbon. 888

mafra. 888

ponta delgada, azores. 888

queluz. 888

romania 888

bucharest. 888

bucharest. 888

bucharest. 888

bucharest. 888

cluj-napoca. 888

cluj-napoca. 889

russia 889

moscow. 889

moscow. 889

moscow. 889

moscow. 889

novgorod. 889

st petersburg. 890

st petersburg. 890

st petersburg. 890

st petersburg. 890

rwanda 890

butare. 890

senegal 890

dakar. 890

dakar. 890

singapore 891

singapore. 891

slovakia 891

bratislava. 891

martin. 891

slovenia 891

ljubljana. 891

ljubljana. 891

ljubljana. 891

maribor. 891

novo mesto. 891

ptuj. 892

south africa 892

cape town. 892

east london. 892

grahamstown. 892

johannesburg. 892

johannesburg. 892

johannesburg. 892

rondebosch, cape town. 892

spain 892

avila. 893

barcelona. 893

bilbao. 893

carbonero el mayor, segovia. 893

gijon. 893

madrid. 893

madrid. 893

madrid. 893

madrid. 894

madrid. 894

madrid. 894

madrid. 894

madrid. 894

madrid. 894

madrid. 894

orense. 894

pamplona. 894

urueña, valladolid. 894

sri lanka 895

colombo. 895

swaziland 895

lobamba. 895

sweden 895

borås. 895

eskilstuna. 895

falun. 895

gävle. 895

göteborg. 895

göteborg. 895

helsingborg. 895

kalmar. 896

karlskrona. 896

kristianstad. 896

landskrona. 896

linköping. 896

lund. 896

örebro. 896

östersund. 896

skara. 896

skellefteä. 897

stockholm. 897

stockholm. 897

stockholm. 897

stockholm. 897

stockholm. 897

stockholm. 898

uppsala. 898

vänersborg. 898

switzerland 898

appenzell. 898

l’auberson. 898

basle. 898

basle. 898

basle. 899

berne. 899

binningen. 899

brienz, berne. 899

burgdorf. 900

burgdorf. 900

chexbres. 900

chur. 900

ebnat-kappel. 900

einsiedeln. 900

frauenfeld. 900

geneva. 901

geneva. 901

geneva. 901

le locle. 901

lichtensteig. 901

lucerne. 901

lucerne. 902

lustmüle. 902

neuchtel. 902

rheinfelden. 902

rivaz, vaud. 902

roche. 902

st gallen. 902

seewen, solothurn. 902

steffisburg. 903

utzensdorf. 903

wädenswil. 903

winterthur. 903

zimmerwald, berne. 903

zollikon. 903

zürich. 903

zürich. 904

zürich. 904

zürich. 904

taiwan 904

taibei. 904

taibei. 904

tajikistan 904

dushanabe. 904

tanzania 904

dar es salam. 904

zanzibar. 904

thailand 904

bangkok. 904

tunisia 905

carthage. 905

le bardo. 905

sidi ben-saïd. 905

tunis. 905

turkey 905

ankara. 905

istanbul. 905

istanbul. 905

konya. 905

konya. 905

uganda 905

kampala. 905

ukraine 905

kiev. 906

united kingdom 906

aberdeen. 906

barnard castle. 906

belfast. 906

belfast. 906

birmingham. 906

birmingham. 906

birmingham. 906

bournemouth. 906

bradford. 907

brentford, middx. 907

brighton. 907

bristol. 907

broadway, worcs. 907

cambridge. 907

cambridge. 907

cambridge. 907

cardiff. 907

chichester. 907

douglas, isle of man. 907

dundee. 908

east clandon, surrey. 908

edinburgh. 908

edinburgh. 908

edinburgh. 908

edinburgh. 908

glasgow. 909

glasgow. 909

goudhurst, kent. 909

hailsham, e. sussex. 909

huddersfield. 909

ipswich. 909

keighley. 909

kidderminster. 910

kilmarnock. 910

kingston upon thames. 910

leeds. 910

leeds. 910

leicester. 910

leicester. 910

lewes. 910

lisbellaw, co. fermanagh. 910

liverpool. 910

london. 910

london. 911

london. 911

london. 911

london. 911

london. 911

london. 911

london. 911

london. 912

london. 912

london. 912

london. 912

london. 913

maidstone. 913

manchester. 913

manchester. 913

merthyr tydfil. 913

morpeth. 913

newcastle upon tyne. 913

northleach. 913

oxford. 913

oxford. 914

oxford. 914

oxford. 914

saffron walden, essex. 914

st helier, jersey. 914

sheffield. 915

shipley, w. yorks. 915

spalding, lincs. 915

swindon. 915

torquay. 915

totnes, devon. 915

twickenham. 915

warrington. 915

wigan. 915

wootton bassett, wilts. 915

york. 915

united states of america 916

abilene, tx. 916

albuquerque. 916

ambridge, pa. 916

ann arbor. 916

ashburnham, ma. 916

bakersfield, ca. 916

baltimore. 916

bartlesville, ok. 917

bellevue, wa. 917

beloit, wi. 917

bennington, vt. 917

berea, ky. 917

berkeley. 917

berkeley. 917

bethlehem, pa. 917

bismark, nd. 917

bloomfield hills, mi. 917

bloomington, in. 917

boise, id. 918

boston. 918

boston. 918

boston. 918

boston. 919

boston. 919

bowling green, ky. 919

browning, mt. 919

burlington, vt. 919

cambridge, ma. 919

cambridge, ma. 919

cambridge, ma. 919

carbondale, il. 919

charleston, sc. 919

charlottesville, va. 920

chicago. 920

chicago. 920

cincinnati. 920

claremont, ca. 920

clarksdale, ms. 920

cleveland. 920

colorado springs, co. 921

concord, nh. 921

corning, ny. 921

costa mesa, ca. 921

davenport, ia. 921

deansboro, ny. 921

dearborn, mi. 921

decorah, ia. 922

denver. 922

detroit. 922

detroit. 922

edwardsville, il. 922

elmira, ny. 922

flagstaff, az. 922

franklin, pa. 922

hartford, ct. 922

harvard, ma. 922

homer, ny. 923

honolulu. 923

houston. 923

indianapolis, in. 923

iowa city, ia. 923

ivoryton, ct. 923

jacksonville, al. 923

kalamazoo, mi. 923

kenosha, wi. 923

kent, oh. 924

lawton, ok. 924

le mars, ia. 924

lewisburg, pa. 924

lincoln, ne. 924

litiz, pa. 924

los angeles. 924

los angeles. 924

los angeles. 924

los angeles. 925

los angeles. 925

los angeles. 925

manhattan, ks. 925

manoa, hi. 925

memphis. 925

middletown, ct. 925

milwaukee. 925

minden, ne. 925

monroe, mi. 925

nashville, tn. 925

nashville, tn. 925

nazareth, pa. 926

nazareth, pa. 926

newark, nj. 926

new haven, ct. 926

new haven, ct. 926

new orleans. 926

newton, ma. 927

new york. 927

new york. 927

new york. 927

new york. 927

new york. 928

new york. 928

new york. 928

new york. 928

norris, tn. 928

north newton, ks. 929

oakland, ca. 929

oberlin, oh. 929

oklahoma city, ok. 929

oklahoma city, ok. 929

oklahoma city, ok. 929

onchiota, ny. 929

orono, me. 929

philadelphia. 929

phoenix, az. 929

pine bluff, ar. 930

pittsburgh. 930

pittsburgh. 930

portland, me. 930

portland, or. 930

portland, or. 930

potsdam, ny. 930

poughkeepsie, ny. 930

providence, ri. 930

provo, ut. 931

red wing, mn. 931

rochester, ny. 931

rolling hills, ca. 931

st johnsbury, vt. 931

st joseph, mo. 931

st paul. 931

st paul. 931

salem, ma. 931

salem, sc. 931

salt lake city. 932

san diego. 932

san diego. 932

san francisco. 932

santa ana, ca. 932

santa barbara, ca. 932

santa barbara, ca. 932

santa fe. 932

seattle. 932

seattle. 933

seattle. 933

seattle. 933

shelburne, vt. 933

sitka, ak. 933

stanford, ca. 933

sterling, co. 933

sturbridge, ma. 933

superior, wi. 933

tallahassee, fl. 933

tallahassee, fl. 933

toluca lake, ca. 934

topeka, ks. 934

tucson, az. 934

tulsa. 934

tulsa. 934

urbana-champaign, il. 934

urbana-champaign, il. 934

urbana-champaign, il. 935

vermillion, sd. 935

warrensburg, mo. 935

washington, dc. 935

washington, dc. 936

washington, dc. 936

washington, dc. 936

washington, dc. 937

wichita, ks. 937

wichita, ks. 937

wilbraham, ma. 937

williamsburg, va. 937

williamstown, ma. 937

wiscasset, me. 937

york, pa. 937

uruguay 938

montevideo. 938

montivedo. 938

uzbekistan 938

samarkand. 938

tashkent. 938

tashkent. 938

tashkent. 938

tashkent. 938

venezuela 938

caracas. 938

caracas. 938

vietnam 939

saigon. 939

yugoslavia 939

belgrade. 939

belgrade. i 939

belgrade. 939

belgrade. 939

zaïre 939

bukavu. 939

kinshasa. 939

zambia 939

livingstone. 939

mbala. 940

zimbabwe 940

harare. 940

BIBLIOGRAPHY 940

general 940

inventories 941

periodicals 942

catalogues of major loan exhibitions 942

Instruments, conservation, restoration, copying of. 944

BIBLIOGRAPHY 948

Instruments and technology. 949

BIBLIOGRAPHY 953

Intabulation 954

BIBLIOGRAPHY 957

Intavolatura 957

BIBLIOGRAPHY 958

Intensity. 958

Interlochen. 958

Interlude 958

Intermède [intermédie, intramède, entremets] 959

BIBLIOGRAPHY 961

Intermedio [intromessa, introdutto, tramessa, tramezzo, intermezzo] 962

1. Introduction. 962

2. Early types. 963

3. Intermedi and Renaissance dramatic theory. 965

4. Intermedi and the chorus in tragedy. 967

5. Intermedi in Florence: 1518–89. 969

6. Intermedi and opera in the 17th century. 975

BIBLIOGRAPHY 977

Intermezzi. 980

Intermezzo (i). 980

Intermezzo (ii) (It). 980

BIBLIOGRAPHY 984

Intermezzo (iii). 984

International Alliance for Women in Music [IAWM]. 985

BIBLIOGRAPHY 986

International Association of Music Information Centres (IAMIC). 986

International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres 989

BIBLIOGRAPHY 990

International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives 991

International Bruckner Society. 991

International Composers’ Guild. 991

BIBLIOGRAPHY 991

International Congress on Women in Music. 992

International Council for Traditional Music [ICTM]. 992

Internationale Bruckner-Gesellschaft. 993

Internationale Ferienkurse für Neue Musik. 993

Internationale Gesellschaft für Jazzforschung 993

Internationale Gesellschaft für Musikwissenschaft 993

Internationale Gesellschaft für Neue Musik 993

Internationale Musikgesellschaft. 994

Internationale Vereinigung der Schall- und Audiovisuellen Archive 994

Internationales Musikinstitut 994

Internationales Musikzentrum 994

Internationales Repertorium der Musikikonographie 994

Internationales Repertorium der Musikliteratur 994

Internationale Stiftung Mozarteum 994

Internationale Vereinigung der Musikbibliotheken 994

International Federation of Jeunesses Musicales. 995

International Folk Music Council 995

International Institute for Comparative Music Studies and Documentation. 995

International Institute for Traditional Music [IITM]. 995

BIBLIOGRAPHY 996

International League of Women Composers [ILWC]. 996

International Library of African Music [ILAM]. 996

International Musical Society. 997

International Music Centre 997

International Music Company. 997

International Music Council 997

BIBLIOGRAPHY 999

International Musicological Society [IMS] 999

International Music Publications [IMP]. 1000

International Repertory of Musical Iconography. 1000

International Repertory of Music Literature. 1001

International Society for Contemporary Music 1001

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1002

International Society for Jazz Research 1003

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1003

International Society for Music Education [ISME]. 1003

International Society of Organbuilders. 1004

Interpretation. 1004

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1007

Interrupted cadence [deceptive cadence; false cadence; false close] 1008

Interruption 1008

Intertextuality. 1008

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1009

Interval. 1010

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1017

Interval class. 1018

Intonation (i). 1018

Intonation (ii). 1018

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1021

Intonation (iii). 1022

Intonazione 1023

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1024

Intrada [entrada] 1024

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1025

Intramède. 1025

Introduction (i) 1025

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1027

Introduction (ii). 1027

Introdutta 1027

Introit (i) 1028

1. Definition. 1028

2. Origins. 1028

3. Repertory and texts. 1029

4. Musical style. 1030

5. Later history. 1032

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1034

Introit (ii) 1035

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1036

Intromessa. 1036

Inuit music. 1036

Invention. 1036

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1038

Inventionstrompete 1039

Invernici [Invernizzi], Ottavio. 1039

Inversion 1039

Inverted cadence. 1040

Invertible counterpoint. 1040

Invitatory 1041

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1044

Inzegneri, Marc’Antonio. 1045

Inzenga (y Castellanos), José 1045

WORKS 1045

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1046

Ioachimescu, Călin 1046

WORKS 1046

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1047

Ioanne a Cruce Clodiensis. 1047

Ioannidis, Yannis 1047

WORKS 1048

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1048

Ioannotus, Camillus. 1048

Ionian. 1048

Ion of Chios 1049

WRITINGS 1050

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1050

Iorgulescu, Adrian 1051

WORKS 1051

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1051

Iovenardi, Bartolomé. 1051

Iowa, University of, School of Music. 1052

Ipavec, Benjamin 1052

WORKS 1052

stage 1052

choral 1053

songs 1053

instrumental 1053

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1053

Ipleer, Joseph. 1053

Iporre Salinas, Humberto 1053

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1054

Ippolitov-Ivanov [Ivanov], Mikhail Mikhaylovich 1054

WORKS 1055

operas 1055

other works 1055

WRITINGS 1056

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1056

Ira. 1056

Iradier [Yradier] (y Salaverri), Sebastián de 1056

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1057

Irakere. 1057

RECORDINGS 1058

Iran, 1058

I. Pre-Islamic 1058

1. Introduction. 1059

2. 3rd millennium bce. 1060

(i) Arched harps. 1060

(ii) Bull lyres. 1061

(iii) Trumpets. 1061

3. 2nd millennium bce. 1062

(i) Angular harps. 1062

(ii) Lutes. 1063

4. 1st millennium bce. 1063

(i) Elamite harp ensembles. 1063

(ii) Royal and ritual music. 1064

(iii) Achaemenid period, 550–331 bce. 1065

5. Sassanian period, 224–651 ce. 1065

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1068

II. Classical traditions 1070

1. History. 1071

2. Theory of intervals and scales. 1072

3. The modal system. 1075

4. Composed music. 1076

5. Musical instruments and vocal techniques. 1078

6. Music education and performance. 1079

7. Modern developments. 1080

III. Regional and popular traditions 1081

1. Introduction. 1082

2. Ritual and ceremony. 1083

(i) Zekr. 1083

(ii) Nowheh. 1084

(iii) Ta‘ziyeh and Rowzeh. 1085

(iv) Daily life. 1086

(v) Therapy. 1086

3. Instruments and ensembles. 1087

4. Sung poetry. 1090

(i) Lyric genres. 1090

(ii) Narrative genres. 1091

5. Entertainment. 1093

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1094

and other resources 1094

classical music traditions and general 1094

regional and popular music traditions 1095

recordings 1097

Iranzo y Herrero, Agustín 1097

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1098

Iraq, Republic of 1098

I. Geographical and historical background 1098

II. Art music and related traditions 1100

1. Iraqi art music (‘maqām’). 1100

2. Islamic religious chanting. 1102

3. The Prophet's birthday ritual (‘mawlīd’). 1103

4. Sufi ritual (‘dhikr’). 1103

5. The Baghdad ‘ūd school. 1104

III. Vernacular traditions. 1104

1. Social contexts. 1105

(i) General. 1105

(ii) Shi‘a popular religious ceremonies. 1106

(iii) Rituals of spirit possession. 1107

2. Musicians. 1107

3. Songs. 1108

(i) Melismatic. 1108

(ii) Metrical. 1110

4. Instruments. 1111

IV. Modern developments 1112

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1113

recordings 1115

IRCAM. 1116

Ireland 1116

I. Art music 1116

1. To 1700. 1116

2. Since 1700. 1117

3. Northern Ireland. 1121

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1122

II. Traditional music 1124

1. General. 1124

2. History. 1125

3. Composition, performance and transmission. 1128

4. Songs and singing. 1129

5. Instrumental music. 1131

6. Instruments. 1132

7. Groups and bands. 1135

8. Dancing. 1136

9. Collecting and publishing. 1137

10. Sound recording, radio and television. 1138

11. Research. 1139

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1139

general 1139

instrumental music collections 1140

song collections 1140

Ireland [Hutcheson], Francis 1141

Ireland, John (Nicholson) 1142

1. Life. 1142

2. Works. 1143

WORKS 1145

vocal 1145

instrumental 1145

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1146

Irgens-Jensen, Ludvig (Paul) 1146

WORKS 1147

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1147

Irian Jaya. 1148

Iriarte [Yriarte], Tomás de 1148

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1148

Iribarren, Juan Francés de. 1149

Irino, Yoshirō 1149

WORKS 1150

operas 1150

dramatic and vocal 1150

instrumental 1151

WRITINGS 1151

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1151

Irish harp (i) 1151

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1153

Irish harp (ii). 1153

Irish Music Rights Organisation [IMRO]. 1153

Irish National Opera. 1153

Irish whistle. 1153

Irízar y Domenzain, Miguel de 1153

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1154

Irman, Regina 1155

WORKS 1155

Iron Maiden. 1155

Irshai, Yevgeny Markovich 1156

WORKS 1157

WRITINGS 1157

Iruarrízaga (Aguirre), Luis 1157

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1158

Irving, Washington 1158

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1159

Isaac [Isaack], Mr 1159

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1159

Isaac [Lelong], Adèle 1160

Isaac, Bartholomew. 1160

Isaac [Ysaak, Ysac, Yzac], Henricus [Heinrich; Arrigo d’Ugo; Arrigo Tedesco] 1160

1. Life. 1160

2. Works. 1163

(i) The Ordinary of the Mass. 1163

(ii) The Proper of the Mass. 1166

(iii) Motets. 1169

(iv) Songs. 1172

3. Significance and reception. 1175

WORKS 1176

masses and mass sections 1176

cyclic settings of the proper of the mass 1177

alphabetical index 1190

other settings of the proper of the mass 1192

motets 1192

songs and textless works 1193

doubtful works 1195

misattributed works 1195

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1196

Isaac ben Moses. 1201

Isaack [Isaac], Bartholomew 1201

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1201

Isaaco, Isacchino. 1202

Isaacs, Gregory [Cool Ruler] 1202

Isaacs, Mark 1202

WORKS 1203

selected recordings 1203

Isabella Leonarda [Leonardi, Anna Isabella] 1203

WORKS 1204

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1204

Isabella of Castile. 1205

Isacco Argiropulo. 1205

Isaiah the Serb 1205

Isaksson, Madeleine 1206

WORKS 1206

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1206

ISAM. 1206

Isamitt (Alarcón), Carlos 1206

WORKS 1207

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1207

Isbin, Sharon 1208

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1208

ISCM. 1208

Iseler, Elmer 1208

Iselin, Ludwig 1209

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1209

Iselin Liederbuch 1209

Isfahānī, al- [Abū’ l-Faraj ‘Alī ibn al-Husayn] 1209

WRITINGS 1210

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1210

Isham [Isum], John 1211

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1211

Issāq al-Mawsilā. 1211

Ishchenko, Yury Yakovlevich 1211

WORKS 1212

WRITINGS 1212

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1213

Ishii, Kan 1213

WORKS 1213

stage 1214

Operas 1214

Ballets 1214

other works 1214

Ishii, Maki 1214

WORKS 1215

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1215

Ishiketa, Mareo 1216

WORKS 1216

operas 1216

other works 1216

Isicathamiya. 1216

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1217

and other resources 1217

Isidore of Seville 1217

EDITIONS 1219

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1219

Isis. 1220

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1220

Isla, (Diego) Cristóbal de 1221

WORKS 1221

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1221

Island. 1222

Islamic religious music. 1222

I. General 1222

1. Introduction. 1223

2. The legal status of music. 1224

3. Qur'anic recitation. 1225

4. The call to prayer 1226

5. Calendrical and weekly observances. 1227

(i) Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj). 1228

(ii) Ramadan. 1228

(iii) Ceremonies for the Prophet. 1229

6. Prayers, praises and devotional songs. 1229

II. Sufism and popular Islam 1230

1. Sufi music. 1230

2. Popular Islam. 1231

3. Dhikr and sufi ritual. 1233

4. ‘Mawlid’. 1234

5. The Mevlevi ayin. 1235

6. Chishtī Sufism. 1236

III. Shi‘a Islam 1236

1. Mourning ceremonies. 1237

(i) Gatherings and processions. 1237

(ii) Ta‘ziye. 1237

2. Heterodox sects. 1238

(i) Alevi and Bektaşi. 1238

(ii) Ahl-e Haqq. 1239

3. Zūrkhāne. 1239

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1239

and other resources 1239

a: historical sources in arabic 1239

b: general 1240

c: qur'anic recitation 1241

d: the call to prayer 1242

e: festivals and ceremonies 1242

f: sufi music and mysticism 1243

g: sufi dance 1244

h: music of the shī'a 1245

i: heterodox sects 1245

j: recordings 1246

Isle of Man. 1246

1. Cultural and musical origins. 1246

2. Church music after 1800. 1247

3. Social music after 1800. 1247

4. Traditional music. 1248

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1250

Isler, Ernst 1250

WRITINGS 1251

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1251

Isley Brothers. 1251

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1252

ISM. 1252

Ismagilov, Zagir Garipovich 1252

WORKS 1253

stage 1253

vocal 1253

instrumental 1254

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1254

Ismaïl, Aly 1254

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1255

Ismailov, Abduhashim 1255

RECORDINGS 1255

ISME. 1255

Isnard. 1256

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1256

Isnardi, Paolo 1256

WORKS 1257

sacred 1257

secular 1257

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1257

Iso [Yzo, Yso], Pierre 1258

WORKS 1258

stage 1258

sacred vocal 1258

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1258

Isochronic. 1259

Isoiar, Nicolò. 1259

Isoir, André 1259

Isola, Gaetano 1259

WORKS 1260

sacred 1260

stage 1260

other works 1261

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1261

Ísólfsson, Páll 1261

WORKS 1262

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1262

Isomelism 1262

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1263

Ison 1264

Isoré, Guillaume. 1264

Isorelli, Duritio. 1264

Isorhythm 1264

1. Medieval theory. 1265

2. Development of the term. 1266

3. Isorhythmic motets. 1267

4. England, Italy: isorhythm outside motets. 1268

5. Generic status; limits of the term. 1270

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1272

Isouard, Nicolò [Nicholas; Nicolas; Nicolo] [Isoiar, Nicolò; Nicolò de Malt(h)e] 1273

1. Life. 1273

2. Works. 1275

WORKS 1276

stage 1276

other works 1277

all unpublished; MSS chiefly in F-Pc, Pn 1277

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1278

Isoz [d’Isoz], Kálmán 1278

WRITINGS 1279

Israel. 1280

I. Art music 1280

1. Before 1948. 1280

(i) 1880–1918. 1280

(ii) 1919–30. 1281

(iii) 1931–48. 1282

2. East–West encounters. 1283

3. Since 1948. 1284

(i) Ensembles and venues. 1284

(ii) Composition. 1285

(iii) Instruction, research and publication. 1286

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1286

II. Folk and popular music 1287

1. Before 1948. 1287

(i) Era of the First Immigration (1882–1903). 1287

(ii) Eras of the Second and Third Immigrations (1904–14, 1919–23). 1287

(iii) Eras of the Fourth and Fifth Immigrations (1924–48). 1288

2. After 1948. 1289

(i) Folk music. 1289

(ii) Popular music. 1291

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1292

III. Arab music 1292

1. Folk music. 1292

2. Urban music. 1293

Israel Festival. 1294

Israeli Music Publications. 1295

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1295

Israel Piano Trio. 1295

Israel Quartet. 1296

Israelyan, Martun 1296

WORKS 1297

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1297

Issandon, Jean. 1297

Isserlis, Steven (John) 1297

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1298

Istanpitta 1298

Istel, Edgar 1298

WRITINGS 1298

Istesso tempo, l' 1299

Istituto di Studi Verdiani. 1300

Istomin, Eugene (George) 1300

Istrate, Mircea 1300

WORKS 1300

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1301

Ištvan, Miloslav 1301

WORKS 1302

WRITINGS 1303

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1303

Istvánffy, Benedek 1304

WORKS 1304

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1304

Isum, John. 1304

Italian overture. 1305

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1305

Italian sixth chord. 1305

Italy. 1305

I. Art music 1306

1. Plainchant. 1306

2. Early secular music. 1308

3. Renaissance. 1310

4. 17th century. 1314

5. 18th century. 1317

(i) General observations. 1317

(ii) Musicians' lives. 1318

(iii) Opera. 1320

(iv) Sacred music. 1324

(v) Instrumental music. 1325

6. 19th century. 1328

(i) Opera. 1328

(ii) Church music. 1333

(iii) Instrumental music. 1334

(iv) Musicology. 1335

(v) Cultural systems and aesthetics. 1336

7. 20th century. 1338

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1344

general 1344

opera 1344

miscellaneous studies 1346

II. Traditional music 1349

1. General features. 1349

2. Narrative singing. 1351

3. Lyrical singing. 1354

4. Other vocal repertories. 1356

(i) Children's songs. 1356

(ii) Work songs. 1356

(iii) Other polyphonic practices. 1357

5. Music in ritual. 1357

6. Dances and instruments. 1359

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1362

a: bibliographies, reviews, surveys 1363

b: general studies 1363

c: regional and local studies 1364

d: anthropological studies 1365

e: vocal music, general 1366

f: vocal repertories 1366

g: instruments and instrumental music 1367

h: dance and theatre 1368

i: folk and art music 1368

j: historical sources 1369

k: minority groups 1369

l: discographies 1369

Ite missa est. 1370

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1370

Iten [Itten], Wolfgang [Vital] 1371

Itiberê, Brasílio (da Cunha Luz) 1371

WORKS 1372

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1372

Itier, Bernardus 1372

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1373

Iturbi, José 1373

Iturriaga, Enrique 1373

WORKS 1374

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1374

Ivanoff [Ivanov], Nicola [Nikolay] (Kuz'mich) 1375

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1375

Ivanov, Georgi. 1375

Ivanov, Lev Ivanovich 1376

Ivanov, Mikhail Mikhaylovich (i) 1376

WRITINGS 1376

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1377

Ivanov, Mikhail Mikbaylovich (ii). 1377

Ivanov-Boretsky, Mikhail Vladimirovich 1377

WRITINGS 1377

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1378

Ivanovich, Cristoforo 1379

WORKS 1379

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1379

Ivanovici, Iosif 1380

WORKS 1380

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1380

Ivanov-Kramskoy, Aleksandr (Mikhaylovich) 1380

Ivanovs, Jānis 1380

WORKS 1381

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1382

Ivanschiz [Ivanschitz, Ivanschütz, Ivanscics, Ivančić, Ivančič], Amandus 1382

WORKS 1382

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1382

Iversen, Henri. 1383

Ives, Charles (Edward) 1383

1. Unusual aspects of Ives’s career. 1383

2. Youth, 1874–94. 1385

3. Apprenticeship, 1894–1902. 1386

4. Innovation and synthesis, 1902–8. 1389

5. Maturity, 1908–18. 1390

6. Last works, 1918–1927. 1393

7. Revisions and premières, 1927–54. 1395

WORKS 1397

orchestral 1398

symphonies 1398

orchestral sets 1402

sets for chamber orchestra 1403

overtures 1404

marches 1404

other orchestral 1405

band 1406

chamber ensemble 1406

string quartets 1406

sonatas for violin and piano 1407

other chamber 1407

piano 1408

sonatas 1408

studies 1409

marches 1410

other works 1410

two pianos 1411

organ 1411

choral 1411

sacred (more than one movement) 1411

psalms 1412

other sacred 1413

secular works for chorus and ensemble 1413

secular partsongs 1414

songs 1414

arrangements 1443

WRITINGS 1443

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1443

a: catalogues, bibliographies and reference works 1443

b: collections of articles 1444

c: life and works 1444

d: studies of the music 1446

e: studies of individual works or genres 1449

orchestral 1449

band 1450

chamber 1450

piano 1451

choral 1451

songs 1451

Ives [Ive, Ivy], Simon 1452

WORKS 1453

vocal 1453

instrumental 1454

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1454

Ivey, Jean Eichelberger 1455

WORKS 1455

BIBLIOGRAPY 1456

Ivo [Yvo] Barry 1456

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1456

Ivo de Vento. 1456

Ivogün, Maria [Kempner, Ilse] 1457

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1457

Ivory Coast. 1457

Ivrea Codex 1457

Ivy, Simon. 1457

Iwaki, Hiroyuki 1457

Izarra, Adina 1458

WORKS 1458

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1459

Iznaola, Ricardo 1459

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1459







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